C1 - The Impact of CAD on the Design Process

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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C1
-

The
Impact of
CAD

on
the Design Process


Consider CAD drawing, 2D, 3D, rendering and
different types of
modelling
.


Consider product design, architecture and
graphic design.


The ability to link graphic screens together in
such a way as to simulate motion or a process.


The ability to simulate a real situation on the
screen and interact with it in a near
-
natural
way.


Refer to different design contexts.


Consider costs, client needs and development
time.


Consider how this helps to reduce full
-
scale
prototyping, which leads to a reduction in
tooling costs,
labour

costs, energy and
materials.


Also known as force feedback technology


Haptic

technology works by using mechanical
actuators to apply forces to the user


By simulating the physics of the user’s virtual
world, it is possible to compute these forces
into real time.


The recording of human and animal movement
by any means


For example
, by video, magnetic or electro
-
mechanical devices.


Input devices should include…



a scanner


3D scanner


digital camera


graphics tablet


Haptic

technology allows
the user to become part of a
computer simulation and to
interact with it, enabling the
designer to observe the
user’s performance, so as to
design a better outcome.


Haptic

technology can also
be used in situations where
it may prove difficult to
train in the real
environment.


Haptic

technology is also
used in feedback devices
used in home entertainment
consoles.


Capturing a number of
users’ movements will allow
designers to design better
ergonomic products.


Motion capture allows the
designer to understand the
users’ physiological
requirements.



CAD packages no
longer ask the user to
draw in an
orthographic view.


Software has been
developed to allow
users to design from
any 3D view.


3D facilities allow
complex screen
images that can be
annotated to create a
range of useful data.


The data can be used
in CAM systems.


For example…


Orthographic drawings


Presentation virtual product images.


Revolve:


Allows the users to revolve a sketch around an axis.


The revolve can be between 0
°

and 360
°
.


Extrude Profile command


Creates a feature by extruding a sketch profile to a
given dimension.



Starts with a 3D shape in which the designer
removes material to build the design


Starts with an initial sketch in which the
designer builds the design.


Bottom up: Additive Design


Top down: Subtractive Design


A realistic picture of the final model, offering
some machining data.


Surface models contain no data about the
interior of the part


Solid models are clear representations of the
final part.


They provide a complete set of data for the
product to be realized.


Solid
modelling

techniques contain
more information for
the designer in order
to produce a 3D
model using CNC
(computer numerical
control) or RP (rapid
prototyping)
technologies.


Surface
modelling

has
no wall thickness.



The calculation and simulation of unknown
factors in products using CAD systems.


For example, simulating the stresses within a welded
car part.


For example, the maximum load of a vehicle
and the stresses acting upon the vehicle from
the differences in terrain.


Consider costs, type of environment, weather
and the user when testing vehicles.