product manufacturer

mutebabiesΒιοτεχνολογία

6 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

213 εμφανίσεις

1.
Explain that transportation plays a vital role in the operation of
other technologies, such as manufacturing, construction,
communication, health and safety, and agriculture. (ITEA,
STL 18
-
J)

2.
Analyze transportation systems such as land, water, air, and
space.

3.
Explain that intermodalism is the use of different modes of
transportation in an interconnected system that moves people
and goods. (ITEA, STL 18
-
K)

4.
Explain that durable goods are designed to operate for a long
period of time, while non
-
durable goods are designed to
operate for a short period of time. (ITEA, STL 19
-
N)

5.
Explain that marketing involves establishing a product’s
identity, conducting research on its potential, advertising it,
distributing it, and selling it. (ITEA, STL 19
-
R)

6.
Classify manufacturing systems as being customized
production, batch production, or continuous production.


Modern manufacturing technologies
produce quality goods at low prices,
enhancing the quality of life for many
people.



To familiarize students with the
functioning and organization of
manufacturing enterprises.

Show Video


Manufacturing Movie

Answer the following questions:

a. What was the “real time” duration of the process shown?

b. What are some things that manufacturers have to do before
a product is assembled?

c. What resources were used to assemble the product?

d. Who controlled the processes we saw?


Speculate on the impacts of manufacturing on
individuals, society, economics, politics, and
the environment.





PRODUCT MANUFACTURER

Petroleum

A. Caterpillar, Inc.

Autos and auto parts

B. Exxon Mobil

Electronics/electrical equipment

C. GE

Food

D. GM

Chemicals

E. IBM

Computer systems/office
equipment

F. Merck & Co., Inc

Metals

G. Nestlé SA

Pharmaceuticals

H. Procter & Gamble Co.

Industrial equipment

I. ThyssenKrupp AG

Publishing/printing

J. Verizon Communications, Inc.

Working in small groups match the names of leading
manufacturers with their products.

Manufacturing remains the world’s economic power
source.

Read the article found in Pick up >> Tech Sys>>
IndustryWeek Manufacturing or



(
Industry Week
, April 2005,
www.industryweek.com/ReadArticle.aspx?ArticleID=89
0&SectionID=40
)

The annual global ranking of the largest manufacturing
firms proves that publicly held companies continue to
be the power generators of the world’s wealth.

Petroleum

the petroleum
industry’s revenue giant is Exxon
Mobil.

Autos and auto parts

GM produced
the highest revenues in 2000 among
the 70 manufacturers in the motor
-
vehicle and auto
-
parts industry.

Electronics/electrical equipment

among the 115 companies in the
electronics/electrical equipment
industry on the list, GE had the
highest revenues

$129.4 billion.

Food

Switzerland’s Nestlé SA
produced the highest revenues.

Chemicals

although 2000 was a rough year for
Cincinnati
-
based Procter & Gamble Co., it
nevertheless posted the highest revenues ($40.0
billion) of the 101 companies in the IW 1000
chemicals sector.

Computer systems/office equipment (IBM faced
many challenges in 2000, but it posted the most
revenues

$88.4 billion

of the 31 companies
on the list that make computer systems and
office equipment.)

Metals (ThyssenKrupp AG earned
$35.1 billion, the highest revenues
among the 79 companies in the
metals industry.)

Pharmaceuticals (Merck & Co. Inc. took in
$40.4 billion, the highest revenue figure among
the 33 pharmaceutical manufacturers on the
IW 1000, while Amgen Inc. had the highest
profit margin

31.4%).

Industrial equipment (Among the
65 industrial
-
equipment producers
on the IW 1000, Caterpillar Inc.
generated the most revenues

$20.2 billion.)

Publishing/printing (Verizon Communications
Inc. had the highest revenues

$63.4
billion

of IW 1000 companies that are
engaged in publishing. Verizon, one of the
largest publishers of telephone directories,
also posted the best profit margin

17%

in
the industry.)

Production activities that result in
structures is called construction.

Production activities either result
in a product or a structure.

Production activities that result in
products

is called manufacturing.

Manufacturing processes have been
changed by improved tools and
techniques based on more thorough
scientific understanding, increases in
the forces that can be applied and
the temperatures that can be
reached, and the availability of
electronic controls that make
operations occur more rapidly and
consistently.

Non
-
durable goods are designed
to operate for a short period of
time.

Durable goods are designed to
operate for a long period of time

Manufacturing systems may be
classified into types, such as:

Customized production

Batch production

Continuous production

Marketing involves establishing a
product’s identity, conducting
research on its potential,
advertising it, distributing it, and
selling it.


Biotechnology has applications in such
areas as agriculture, pharmaceuticals,
food and beverages, medicine, energy,
the environment, and genetic
engineering.


Medical technologies include prevention and
rehabilitation, vaccines and pharmaceuticals,
medical and surgical procedures, genetic
engineering, and the systems in which health
is protected and maintained.

Transportation plays a vital role in the
operation of other technologies, such as
manufacturing, construction, communication,
health and safety, and agriculture.


Intermodalism is the use of different
modes of transportation, such as
highways, railways, and waterways as
part of an interconnected system that can
move people and goods easily from one
mode to another.


Product manufacturing
(secondary manufacturing)

Resources processing
(primary manufacturing)

Genetic materials

Fossil fuel materials

Minerals

Mechanical processes

(producing lumber and plywood)

Thermal
processes

(producing steel,
glass, refining
petroleum)

Chemical and
electrochemical
processes

(producing
aluminum)

Casting and molding

Forming

Separating

Conditioning

Assembling

Finishing

Manufacturing is part of a larger system that
captures, develops, produces, and markets
creative ideas and includes:

a. Research and development

b. Production

c. Marketing

d. Industrial relations

e. Financial management

Students working in groups will research,
design, and fabricate a display depicting a
primary manufacturing process (mechanical,
thermal, chemical or electromechanical).

The student groups will make an oral
presentation to the class and other audiences
on their research.

You may not use someone else’s original work.

These are examples only….

You may not use someone else’s original work.

This is only an example….

Producing Aluminum

Chemical / Electrochemical Process

Mine Bauxite Ore

Process the Bauxite

Transfer Ore to Reduction


Crucible for Forming

Holding and
Alloying Furnace

Smelting
Process

Producing Aluminum

Chemical / Electrochemical Process

Mine Bauxite Ore

Process the Bauxite

Transfer Ore to Reduction


Crucible for
Forming

Holding and
Alloying
Furnace

Smelting
Process


http://www.aptv.org/Factorie
s/index.asp