the CIGRE approach

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16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Antonio Negri

Study Committee C3 “System Environmental Performance” Chair

Electric Power Sector and Environment:

the CIGRE approach

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Presentation Summary



Few words about CIGRE



The CIGRE Technical Committee Strategic Plan



Power Sector Environmental Challenges



Power Sector toward Sustainable Development



The Study Committee SC C3 and its activity

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems,
www.cigre.org

) is one of the leading worldwide organizations
on Electric Power Systems, covering their technical, economic,
environmental, organizational and regulatory aspects.

A permanent, non
-
governmental and non
-
profit International
Association, based in France, CIGRE was founded in 1921 and
has now almost 10,500 members in 80 Countries worldwide

About CIGRE

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009




A1

Rotating Electrical Machines


A2

Transformers


A3

High Voltage Equipment


B1

Insulated Cables


B2

Overhead Lines


B3

Substations


B4

HVDC and Power Electronics


B5

Protection and Automation


C1

System Development and

Economics


About CIGRE (2)



C2

System Operation and Control



C3

System Environmental Performance



C4

System Technical Performance



C5

Electricity Markets and Regulation



C6

Distribution Systems and Dispersed

Generation



D1

Materials and Emerging Test

Techniques



D2

Information Systems and

Telecommunication

CIGRE’s technical activities are split into 16 fields, each under
the responsibility of a Study Committee.

Approximately 200 Working Groups are active inside the 16
SC’s

The 16 SC’s are coordinated by a Technical Committee

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

About CIGRE (3)

Publications (see also
www.e
-
cigre.org
)

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

The CIGRE Technical Committee Strategic Plan

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

The CIGRE Technical Committee Strategic Plan (2)

STRATEGIC DIRECTION 2 : ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES


Envisage solutions to address the environmental concerns faced
by the electrical power sector


Envisage solutions to address the public acceptability issues
faced by the electrical power sector


Record the lessons learnt and solutions adopted worldwide


Study system efficiency solutions

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Power Sector Environmental Challenges

To respond and adapt to Climate Change

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Power Sector Environmental Challenges (2)

To ensure the environmental compatibility of plant operation, facing
issues like Air Pollution


Acid rains; Water resources; Impacts on
Territory

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Power Sector Environmental Challenges (3)

To face the extreme events and the natural hazards, improving system
safety and reliability

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Power Sector Environmental Challenges (4)

To obtain the public acceptance of plants and infrastructures

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Power Sector Environmental Challenges (5)

According to UCTE
-

Union for the Co
-
ordination of Transmission
of Electricity, average construction time in Europe are:



3
-

5 year for a GTCC (Gas Turbine Combined Cycle)
power plant



7
-

10 year for a HV OHL (High Voltage Overhead
transmission Line)

because of complexity of authorization procedures

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Society

Affordable and
accessible power

Environment

Acceptable impacts
(global, regional and
local scale)

Economy

Reliable power for development;
adequate investment and returns

S.D.

Sustainable

Development

From: WBCSD


Powering a Sustainable Future
-

2007

To find innovative ways to integrate SD practices into existing operations


To support future energy options that meet the expectations of
stakeholders as well as the sustainability needs


Power Sector toward Sustainable Development

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

The Power Sector is also part of the solution…



Expand and reinforce the grid



Diversify and De
-
carbonize the fuel mix


Increase the use of Renewable Energy
Sources and Materials



Increase electricity penetration in End Uses



Improve the efficiency

Power Sector toward Sustainable Development (2)


Improve the Stakeholders engagement and the
Communication

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

CIGRE and environmental issues

Inside CIGRE each of the 16 Study Committees is in
charge to deal with “specific” environmental issues

e.g. SC B2 deals with environmental impact and
technological mitigation measures of Overhead Lines

SC C3, as “horizontal” Study Committee deals with
Power System environmental issues from a “system”
point of view

The Study Committee SC C3

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009


The main goal of SC C3 is to present unbiased positions and produce
approaches on
Power System environmental performance and
impacts and on its implications for management, operation and
investment decisions
.

The
Electric Utilities

themselves are the main Target Group, specially
their executives and (environmental) managers.

The results produced by the SC should be of immediate use to that
group, either supporting decision making processes or providing
arguments for discussion with authorities or for communication with
other stakeholders.

Other main Target Groups are:



Authorities and Regulators



Public (in general), mass media, NGO’s

SC C3
-

Mission and Main Target Groups

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

The scope of SC C3 is categorised into the following main TDs:


TD 3

Public Acceptance of plants and infrastructures,



Stakeholders Engagement and Communication


SC C3 Technical Directions


TD 1

Power Systems development/operation and Environment


TD 2

Global environmental changes and Power Sector



TD 4 Power Sector Efficiency and Environment

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

SC C3 Work


WG C3.09

Corridor Management


At the moment there are 7 active Working Groups inside the SC C3:

WG C3.01

EMF and Health

WG C3.04

Stakeholders engagement and Communication in



Sustainable Development

WG C3.05

Environmental Impact of Dispersed Generation

WG C3.06

Strategic Environmental Assessment

WG C3.08

External Costs of Power Lines

JWG (B2, B4, C4) Electric Field and Ion Current Environment of HVDC



Transmission Lines.

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

SC C3 Publications

Already produced Technical Brochures:




WG C3.03

Utilities practices toward Sustainable Development

Summary in ELECTRA
N. 236 (February 2008)

TB N. 340 (www.e
-
cigre.org)




WG C3.02

Sustainable Development Performance Indicators


for Transmission System Operators


Summary in ELECTRA
N. 244 (June 2009)


TB N. 383 (www.e
-
cigre.org)

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

SC C3 Participation to international events


March 2009: International Workshop “International Standards to Promote Energy
Efficiency and Reduce Carbon Emissions” (Paris, France), organized by IEA, ISO
and IEC


June 2009: International Colloquium “Power Frequency Electromagnetic Fields


ELF EMF” (Sarajevo, Bosnia Erzegovina), jointly organized by SC B2, B4, C3 and
C4


July 2009: Symposium “Integration of Wide
-
Scale Renewable Resources into the
Power Delivery System” (Calgary, Alberta Canada), organized by CIGRE and
IEEE/PES


July 2009: International Colloquium “Sustainability and Environmental Assessment
Methodologies: The International Experience on Power Developments” (Recife,
Brazil)


September 2009: Seminar & International Workshop "Communication and
Participation in Environmental Management" (Medellin, Colombia), organized by
CIER
-

Commission for Regional Electrical Integration of Latin America

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

In the frame of


CIGRE General Session

Paris,
Palais des Congres

August 23
-

27, 2010


on Friday August 27
th

the Study Committee C3

will hold its Public Meeting dedicated to:


Innovative Environmental Studies for Power
Transmission Corridors


“External cost” accounting of environmental
and social impacts of Power Generation and
Transmission

CIGRE Paris Bi
-
annual General Session

International Colloquium “Renewable Energy Sources: Environmental and Social Issues”

Oporto (Portugal), 23rd September 2009

Thank you for the attention !






www.cigre
-
c3.org