TRANSIT TRACKING SYSTEM (TTS)

mountainromeInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

31 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

70 εμφανίσεις



TRANSIT TRACKING SYSTEM (TTS)

Initial Project and Group Identification Document



Fall 2010



Karl Banks

Chris Dorros

Monica Nguyen

Tyler Zaino












UNIVERSITY

OF
CENTRAL FLORIDA

2


TRANSIT TRACKING SYSTEM (TT
S)


I. Personnel

Group Members

Karl Banks
, CpE

kBanks@knights.ucf.edu

Chris Dorros
, CpE

cdorros@knights.ucf.edu

Monica Nguyen
, EE

Moni ca.nguyen@knights.ucf.edu

Tyler Zaino
, CpE

TZai no@knights.ucf.edu

Sponsors/Significant Contributors

Mr. David Norvell

Sustainability & Energy Management

The Uni versity of Central Florida

dnorvell@mail.ucf.edu

407
-
823
-
0970



II. Project Description

The University of Central Florida is the
third

largest University in the nation, consisting of nearly 53
,000

students.
There are two main means of transportation onto and around campus, shuttle and car. There is limited parking on
campus and the university is constantly expanding its buildings and parking. However, parking during prime hours of the
day is still

very hard to come by and can at times take at least thirty minutes to find a spot.

The university has provided a shuttle system for getting to and around campus; however, only a small fraction of
students will use the system because they do not know how
to use it as well as have a complete lack of trust in the
system. Students who do not have cars are forced to use the system, but are unhappy with the system due to late
busses and having no choice but to have “faith” that the bus will come and get them th
at day so they won’t miss their
class. Many students who do have cars and have the UCF shuttle system that can be used to their disposal choose not to
use it. Why would these students choose not to use the transportation system? Because they do not underst
and the
routes and do not know when the buses come and go. The main piece of information that a student may know about
the shuttling system is that “it comes every 15 minutes.” What happens when a student waits 15 minutes for that bus
and it doesn’t come a
s scheduled and in fact comes 10 minutes later?
The

student who spent that day giving the shuttle
a chance is discouraged to use the system again as they were late to class and may have missed something very crucial
to their education.

There are several t
ypes of shuttling services that the university provides; such as park and ride, shuttles from
neighborhoods near campus, and shuttles that go around the school. Few people know about the shuttle system called
“park and ride”, where a shuttle will come to a

parking lot near campus and shuttle the user to a convenient location on
campus.
There are also several neighbor
hoods that have a sole population of university affiliates that are provided with
the UCF shuttling service. Surprisingly there are also studen
ts who will park on campus and later have a class that is
across campus and instead of choosing to walk to class he/she will go to their car and try and park closer to their next
class, whether or not taking the time to move a car like that is time product
ive can be debated.

With such a large campus and population it is surprising that there are so many resources that are at the disposal of
students however many of them don’t know of these sources or do not want to bother with learning how to use the
res
ources available to them. There is no system for UCF that allows you to see where the busses are and how long it will
be until they get to you. There is also no way of knowing where shuttles are during the day, if employees are doing their
job, and whether

or not a bus is missing as well.

3


The goal of this senior design project is to create a system that is a quick and easy user
-
friendly system, which
provides students the comfort of knowing when the next bus will
arrive
. The purpose of creating a system of

this nature
would help increase the use of UCF shuttling and ultimately decrease traffic around the university.

I
nstead of making students go through the trouble of looking at bus route maps and learning where and when the
shuttles come
,

they will be ab
le to go to a web server, ideally download an application for their phone, that will show
the bus routes of where and when the next bus is coming. By making this information quick and easy to obtain UCF
affiliates will be more likely to use the university’
s shuttle services. The process of getting to school is therefore
streamlined and a student will feel as though it is less difficult and time consuming to take a shuttle to school.

Not only will the system be very beneficial to the university’s affiliates

it would also be very helpful to those in
charge of UCF’s transportation line. The system would allow administrators of work personnel to monitor where
employees are, if they are doing their job, and ultimately where exactly the UCF shuttles are

located

a
t all times.

A device that will receive power from the shuttle

s cigarette lighter adapter will transmit data to a radio tower,
which will be collected by a server and converted to be readily available for users of the system to see where busses are
locat
ed. The device would transmit data with an exact location at all times so that users can receive accurate
information and time estimates, therefore reducing any lack of trust in the transportation systems. The system would
also be cost effective so that al
l shuttle units will be able to have monitoring systems. An Ideal device would be created
that is small enough as not to impair the process of transportation and activities that occur. This system would
ultimately reduce traffic around campus as well as sa
ve UCF affiliates the hassle of parking and the cost of a parking
pass.




Figure 1a


On
-
Campus Shuttle Black Route

Figure 1b



On
-
Campus Shuttle Gold Route



4


III. Specifications & Requirements

Req. ID

Requirement Text

TTSR
-
001

The TTS

shall operate within a 3 mile line of sight radius of the main receiver tower.

TTSR
-
002

The TTS transmitter unit shall operate off of a standard 12V power supply unit via connection
through a cigarette lighter AC adapter.

TTSR
-
003

The TTS shall support
all shuttles both on campus and off campus.

TTSR
-
004

The TTS shall equip all 24 shuttles with their own unique transmitter unit.

TTSR
-
005

The TTS shall not require a monthly cellular contract to operate.

TTSR
-
006

The TTS shall operate for 10,000 users a
t any given time.

TTSR
-
007

The TTS shall update shuttle location data in real
-
time while a shuttle is active and en route.

TTSR
-
008

The TTS shall operate on an unlicensed radio frequency bandwidth (corresponding to one of
the following ISM frequency
ranges: 6.765
-
6.795 MHz, 13.553
-
13.567 MHz, 26.957
-
27.283
MHz, 40.66
-
40.70 MHz, 433.05
-
434.79 MHz, 902
-
928 MHz, 2.400
-
2.500 GHz, 5.725
-
5.875 GHz,
24
-
24.25 GHz, 61
-
61.5 GHz, 122
-
123 GHz, 244
-
246 GHz)

TTSR
-
009

The TTS shall operate with a minimum serial bau
d rate of 4,800.

TTSR
-
010

The TTS transmitter unit shall be no larger than 12” x 12” x 5”.

TTSR
-
011

The TTS transmitter unit shall weigh no more than 5 lbs.

TTSR
-
012

The TTS shall operate at all temperatures within the range 32° F to 120°F.

TTSR
-
013

The TTS receiver unit shall be waterproof and thoroughly resistant to continuous exposure to
severe weather conditions.

TTSR
-
014

The TTS shall support at a minimum an 8
-
bit encryption.

TTSR
-
015

The TTS shall provide GPS data accurate to a differential of

10 ft.

TTSR
-
016

The TTS web application shall transpose the real
-
time position of the shuttles on a labeled
map.

TTSR
-
017

The TTS web application shall allow its user to filter the map data by the route of each bus.

TTSR
-
018

The TTS web application sha
ll allow an administrator the capability of setting the status (in
service or out of service) of a shuttle.

TTSR
-
019

The TTS web application shall only display shuttles that are actively in service and on their
respective routes.

TTSR
-
020

The TTS web
application shall predict an estimated arrival time for each bus stop based on
5


Req. ID

Requirement Text

current location and previously accumulated data.

TTSR
-
021

The TTS shall record information including but not limited to: position coordinates, velocity,
time.


IV. Project
Block Diagram


Figure
2
a
-

Hardware Level Block Diagram


Block

Assigned To

Status

Mobile Tracking Device

Monica Nguyen

Research

Tracking Data Receiving Device

Monica Nguyen

Research

Data Acquisition / Database Server

Chris Dorros

To be acquired

Web
Server

Karl Banks

To be acquired

Table

1a
-

Hardware Level Block
Table


6



Figure
2
b

-

Software

Level Block Diagram


Block

Assigned To

Status

RF Receiver
-
> Database Interface

Chris Dorros

Research

Database

Tyler Zaino

Design

Web Application
(Server
-
side)

Tyler Zaino

Design

Web Application (Client
-
side)

Karl Banks

Design

iPhone App (OPTIONAL)

Karl Banks

Research

Android App (OPTIONAL)

Chris Dorros

Research

Table

1
b

-

Software

Level Block
Table



V. Project Budget and Financing

Part

Cost
Per Unit

Quantity

Total Cost


Garmin GPS 18x OEM PC

$84.99

24

$
2039.76


XTend
-
PKG 900 MHz, commercial, USB

$299.00

25

$
7475
.00


Web Hosting

$0.00*

N/A

$0.00*

7


Part

Cost
Per Unit

Quantity

Total Cost


iPhone S
oftware
D
evelopment
K
it

$99
.00

1

$99
.00

Total

$
9613.76

*Web hosting is readily
available through the University at no charge


This project was designed specifically to cater to the Universi
ty of Central Florida’s shuttle

system. Currently, no
system is in place to track the shuttle system. The project was proposed to the university,

and upon completion of a
working prototype, the university will then purchase the hardware needed to fit all of the shuttles in the current system.
Along with the purchase of the hardware for the system, the university will also be providing us with the w
eb space and
server space needed to store the data and to host the website.


VI. Project Milestone