THE CONCEPT OF SUNSTAINABILITY

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28 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

63 εμφανίσεις

Earth


Daniela G.
Camhy
, Anja
Lindbichler

PHILOSOPHICAL

INQUIRY
:

THE
CONCEPT

OF

SUNSTAINABILITY

EARTH


ABSTRACT

2

The

planet

E
arth

is

the

fifth

largest

in

the

solar

system

and

the

third

closest

to

the

Sun
.

The

Earth

has

the

highest

density

of

any

planet
.

Its

diameter

is

more

than

12
,
700

km

and

it

has

existed

for

about

4
.
6

billion

years
.

It

is

the

home

of

all

known

living

organisms
.


The

mass

of

the

Earth

is

composed

mainly

of

iron

(
32
,
1

%
),

oxygen

(
30
,
1

%
),

silicon

(
15
,
1

%
),

magnesium

(
13
,
9

%
),

sulfur

(
2
,
9

%
),

nickel

(
1
,
8

%
),

calcium

(
1
,
5

%
)

and

aluminum

(
1
,
4

%
)
.

The

remaining

1
,
2
%

are

traces

of

other

elements
.


According

to

seismic

measurements

the

structure

of

the

Earth

consists

of

mainly

three

layers
:

the

Earth’s

core,

the

mantle

and

the

crust
.

These

layers

are

separated

by

seismic

discontinuity

zones

of

each

other
.

The

Earth's

crust

and

the

uppermost

part

of

the

upper

mantle

together

form

the

so
-
called

lithosphere
.

The

lithosphere

ranges

between

50

and

100

km

in

thickness

and

is

divided

in

so
-
called

tectonic

plates
.







As

the

Sun

and

the

other

planets

the

Earth

originated

about

4
.
6

billion

years

ago

from

the

compression

of

the

solar

nebula
.

It

is

now

generally

accepted

that

during

the

first

100

million

years

the

Earth

was

exposed

to

an

intense

bombardment

by

asteroids
.

In

contrast

to

the

moon,

on

Earth

almost

all

impact

craters

have

been

removed

by

geological

processes
.


Because of the conversion of the kinetic energy of the asteroids on impact into heat during the
heavy bombardment and by the heat production of the radioactive decay the young Earth was
heated until it was mostly melted. As a result, there was a gravitational differentiation of the
Earth into a core and mantle. The heaviest elements, especially iron, sank into the center of the
planet, whereby heat was produced. Lighter elements, especially oxygen, silicon and aluminum,
rose up and formed silicate minerals, which mainly make up the rocks of the Earth's crust.

3

4

Nicolás de
Lekuona
,
Untilted
,
1935,
Collection

Siblings

Lekuona

Source:
www.prometheud
-
bildarchiv.de


5

Guiseppe
Arcimboldo
, Die Erde,
1570,
Private Property

Source:
www.prometheus
-
bildarchiv.de

6

Discussion

plan:

Reality

What

is

reality
?

What
is the
difference between
reality and
truth
?

Is
there existence or
reality beyond our
subjective
perception?

How

real
is

reality
?

What
is the
difference between
realness
and
reality
?

What
is the
difference between
real
and reality?

What
is the
difference between
reality and
illusion
?

How

important

is

reality

for

humans
?

7

Alfred Kubin, Unser aller Mutter Erde,
Our

Mother Earth 1901
-
1902
, Freiburg

Source:
www.prometheus
-
bildarchiv.de

Clemens Brentano

Schwalbenwitz

Wahrlich, wahrlich, ich sage euch,

Himmel und Erde sind sich gleich.

Spricht der Himmel: Werde!

Da grünt und blüht die Erde!

Spricht die Erde: Sterbe!

Da wird der Himmel ein lachender Erbe.

Sterne sah ich blinken und sinken,

Den Mond in der Sonne ertrinken,

Die Sonne stieg in die Meere,

Ohne
daß

sich ein
Fünklein

verlöre.

Feuer und Wasser hassen sich,

Erde und Wasser umfassen sich,

Luft und Feuer entzünden sich,

Erde und Feuer ersticken sich,

Erde und Luft
umkühlen

sich,

Luft und Wasser umspielen sich,

Aber alles ist Liebe, Liebe, Liebe,

Und wenn sich alles empörte, verzehrte,


verschlänge,

Daß

gar nichts bliebe, bliebe doch Liebe

Die Hülle, die Fülle, die Menge

Source: Lei tner, Anton G.: „Feuer, Wasser, Luft & Erde. Di e Poesi e der El emente“, Phi l i pp Recl am jun.,
Stuttgart 2003, S. 157.


8

MUSIC

Gustav Mahler

Das Lied der Erde _Satz 4_ Von der
Schönheit

The Song
of

the

Earth



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGxZl_LpPv8

31 Oktober
2012


FILM

Yann Arthus
-
Bertrand

HOME

Documentary
,
France
2009


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqxENMKaeCU&list=UUsO1AOwtvyPFWnxDNy9pMqw


Am 26. August 2013

11

Discussion

plan.

Climate

justice

What do we owe
future generat
ions?

Do future

generations have

r
ights?

Do future
generations do
have the right to a
healthy
environment
?


How can emission
allowances be shared?

: How do regulated entities
acquire emissions
allowances?

Climate change
-


what prize will future
generations have to pay?

ARTICLE

Brenner, Harald

Die Entstehung der Erde

The
O
rigin
of

the

Earth

Deutschland 2012



You

find
the

article

at
:

http://www.planet
-
wissen.de/natur_technik/weltall/entstehung_des_lebens/entstehung_
der_erde.jsp

31
October

2012


13

Discussion

plan:

Beginning

and

end

What was at the
beginning of the
universe?

C
an
one imagine
the
beginning of all
beginnings?

Has
the universe
been here forever
or did it have a
beginning?

Was
the Big Bang the
beginning of
the
universe?

How
can one
imagine a spatial end
of the
universe?

What
will
follow after the
end of the
universe?

What happened
before
earth has
evolved?