Core PDS, Department of Food & Civil Supplies by Sri A K ... - CIPS

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30 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Centralised Online Real
-
time Electronic PDS

CORE PDS, Chhattishgarh

COREPDS
-
मेरी मर्ज़ी


COREPDS Objectives


To improve Service Delivery



To empower beneficiary



To reduce Diversion



To Weed out Bad FPS



To Create Transparency

Every FPS has a POS device



Smart Ration card for a BPL beneficiary


Smart card has no biometrics. Uses
KMS supplied by NICHQ

5

5

Click to Issue PDS
Commodities through
SRC

6

6

Click to Process

7

7



Inserting Beneficiary’s SRC

8

8

Click if Beneficiary
Details are Correct

9

RC Number

10

Beneficiary Food
Balances

Member Details

RC Number

11

11

12

12

Select Member

Enter Quantities

13

13

Click to Issue

14

Transaction ID,
Quantities Issued,

Member ID,


TransactionDate

15

Success Report

Transaction ID,
Quantities Issued,

Member ID,


TransactionDate

16

16

17

17

Click to Print Receipt

Various Instruments for Authentication


With Smart Ration Card


With RSBY Card


With OTP


Without any mechanical authentication




Readily Scalable to
Aadhaar

Authentication


COREPDS

can

use

Aadhaar

authentication

whenever,

to

whoever

Aadhaar

is

available,

by

checking

a

flag

on

server




RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

1401010124061
1

Pratap Sahu

N

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

NA

RC Number,

Member ID


Server

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

N

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

NA

RC Number,

Member ID


Food A/C

Balances


Server

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

Y

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

143052789626

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

327692489563

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

165902789985

Member ID,

RC No.,

Finger Print


Server

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

Y

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

143052789626

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

327692489563

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

165902789985

Member ID,

RC No.,

Finger Print

Aadhaar No.,

Finger Print


Server

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

Y

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

143052789626

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

327692489563

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

165902789985

Member ID,

RC No.,

Finger Print

Aadhaar No.,

Finger Print


Server

Y/N

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

Y

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar

Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

143052789626

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

327692489563

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

165902789985

Member ID,

RC No.,

Finger Print

Aadhaar No.,

Finger Print


Server

Y/N

Food A/C

Balances

RISKS, CHALLENGES &

MITIGATION STRATEGY



Risk 1


Implementation

of

CORE

PDS

acts

against

the

interest

of

many

FPS

Agencies
.

It

is

not

wise

to

assume

that

FPS

will

sincerely

try

to

implement

CORE

PDS

Mitigation Strategy


When

one

FPS

says

that

the

POS

is

not

working

beneficiary

can

go

to

a

near

by

FPS
.

FPS

that

can

not

run

COREPDS

loses

its

business

to

other

FPSs
.



FPS

automation

without

portability

as

tried

in

some

States

is

difficult

to

sustain

Risk 2


In

the

initial

days,

all

FPSs

in

an

area

can

form

a

nexus

and

see

that

POSs

do

not

work
.

Mitigation Strategy


CGSCSC

operates

mobile

FPS

.

Mitigation Strategy



Whenever

a

report

is

received

that

many

FPSs

are

not

working

in

one

area,

these

trucks

will

be

sent

to

that

area
.

They

serve

the

beneficiaries

in

front

of

the

FPSs
.

Thus,

FPSs

who

do

run

CORE

PDS

shall

lose

their

business
.

Risk 3


Competition

does

not

help

if

everyone

is

bad
.

FPSs

may

intentionally

do

not

improve

their

service

to

prove

that

COREPDS

is

a

failure
.

Mitigation Strategy


Good

performers



NGOs,

Corporates

under

their

CSR



will

be

introduced



50

FPS

buildings

under

construction,

each

costing

10

lakhs



They

will

set

benchmark

for

service



Competition does not matter when all are bad.


NGOs,

trusts

and

social

activists

may

be

asked

to

run

additional

FPS

points

(in

addition

to

the

existing)

at

strategic

locations

to

introduce

real

competition
.

These

shops

also

replenished

with

the

PDS

commodities

not

with

the

cash


-

Sufficient

security

deposit


-

Strict norms for opening timings, display board etc.


-

No discrimination among beneficiaries


( Yet to be implemented)




Risk 4


Connectivity is either not available or
speed is not sufficient

Mitigation Strategy



Connectivity

Survey

was

done
.

GPRS

connectivity

is

available

at

all

the

7200

FPS

out

of

8000

FPSs
.


Location of
FPSs
in Raipur

Risk 5


Unreliable connectivity

Mitigation Strategy


COREPDS

by

design

is

an

online

system
.

But

it

allows

a

limited

offline

issues

also

in

case

of

connectivity

failure


(

3

for

a

beneficiary

and

100

for

an

FPS)


Offline

records

will

be

uploaded

whenever

Smart

card

is

inserted

in

a

connected

POS

device

or

through

FI

module

Risk 6


Too much dependency on SI

Mitigation Strategy


NIC

is

developing

all

web

services

required


1
st

version

of

POS

application

has

been

developed

by

SI
.

SI

handovered

the

source

code

to

NIC


NIC

has

sufficient

skill

set

for

maintenance

of

POS

software





COREPDS

Performance Indicators & Outcome



Reduction in Fake Issues


Change

in

percentage

of

sale

of

commodities

at

FPS



Reduction in Diversion

Indicator

Before
COREPDS

After
CORPDS

Remark

Sale of


BPL Grain


100%

95%

Prior

to

COREPDS,

FPSs

used

to

record

proxy

issues

and

declare

99

to

100
%

sale
.

After

introduction

of

Smart

card

/

OTP

authentication

the

sale

figure

have

reduced
.


Sale of

Kerosene


100%

75%

Sale of

APL Grain


80%

50%


Measurement of Portability



Churning Effect


The

%

of

beneficiaries

taken

commodities

from

other

than

attached

FPSs

in

the

total

beneficiaries

taken

commodities

in

that

month

will

be

calculated
.





Freedom to chose


Currently

20
%

of

beneficiaries

are

using

portability
.

Remaining

beneficiaries

are

taking

at

their

own

FPS,

but

now

with

their

choice

not

by

compulsion
.



At

this

context

I

want

to

refer

Amartya

Sen’s

quotation

which

is

as

follows



From 'Development as Freedom', p 27





"A

person

produces

the

same

commodities

in

the

same

way

and

ends

up

with

same

income

and

buys

the

same

goods,

she

may

still

have

very

good

reason

to

prefer

the

scenario

of

free

choice

over

that

of

submission

to

order"







Amartya

Sen

Winner of the noble prize in economics



Measurement of Portability



Weeding Out Bad FPSs:


%

of

FPSs

that

have

served

less

than

75
%

of

attached

beneficiaries

in

total

number

of

FPS

in

COREPDS

shall

be

measured


40

%

FPS

have

lost

more

than

25
%

business


Benefits


Reduced waiting time at FPS


Reduced number of trips to FPS


Behavioral change in FPS sales men


Weeding out bad FPS


Bribe money stopped at the root



First Times in the country


Portability is first time offered in PDS in the
country.



It is the first successful experiment to use
other department’s smart cards that is RSBY
cards with out duplicating the work



OTP authentication in PDS


Status


COREPDS

is

presently

operational

in

302

FPSs

in

4

Raipur,

Rajnandgaon
,

Durg

and

Mahasamund

cites

and

some

rural

FPS,

benefiting

3
.
0

Lakh

families
.

On

an

average

our

server

gets

20

transactions

per

minute
.


Thoughts For Debate

FPS automation without portability


FPS

automation

without

portability

creates

more

inconvenience

to

the

genuine

beneficiary



Portability in Rural areas?


Migrated
labourers



Most of the villages have more 3 FPSs
within 5 KM



To serve small villages at door steps



Social reasons





Is Biometric authentication necessary in PDS


Waive
-
off

facility



Friend

families



With

any

other

genuine

beneficiaries

authentication

Is Weighing Scale integration Helpful?


Under
-
weighment

is

due

to

disempowerment
.

Empower

the

beneficiary
.

No

need

to

integrate

weighing

scales

with

POS

device
.

What kind of FPS automation?


Online

system,

but

should

support

a

limited

offline

transactions


Aadhaar
-
based

Biometric

authentication

with

alternate

authentication

mechanism



RSBY

or

other

Smart

cards

for

quick

start

without

waiting

for

Aadhaar

saturation

and

to

allow

for

offline

transactions



What kind of PDS envisioned?


Empowered beneficiary



with choice of FPS,



choice of commodities



and choice to take cash in stead of commodities


NGOs/ MNC running ‘FPS chain’ treating
beneficiary as a valued customer, to capture
‘fortune at the bottom of the pyramid’


Mobile FPS to serve remotest villages at their
door steps




This kind of PDS is not a distant dream
with available technology and growing
political and
beurocratic

will for improving
PDS


A.K.Somasekhar

som@nic.in
,


94252 02643