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22 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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BIOTECHNOLOGY

What is biotechnology?


BIOTECHNOLOGY

What is biotechnology?


Biotechnology is the use of
biological
systems

to make a product or solve a
problem.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Microbial biotechnology


Agricultural biotechnology


Animal biotechnology


Forensic biotechnology


Environmental biotechnology


Medical biotechnology


Biofuels

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Microbial biotechnology


BIOTECHNOLOGY


Historically, microbes (yeast & bacteria) were
used to make wine, beer, cheese & bread.


Microbial biotechnology uses these same
microbes: fungi, yeast & bacteria to
manufacture vaccines, medicines (like
penicillin) & anticancer drugs.


Bacteria eating virus approved as a food
additive.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Agricultural biotechnology



BIOTECHNOLOGY


The genetically engineered enzyme
chymosin

is used to make 60 to 70% of the cheese you
eat.


Bt
-
corn allows corn plants to resist the corn
borer.


Golden Rice
is genetically engineered to
contain
b
-
carotene which your body uses to
make vitamin A.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Animal biotechnology

BIOTECHNOLOGY


Biotechnology has produced new & improved
medicines & vaccines for animals.


Cloning techniques are being used to help
endangered species recovery.


Transgenic goats produce a nerve gas antidote
in their milk.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Forensic biotechnology

BIOTECHNOLOGY


Victim identification.


Criminal identification.


Crime scene analysis.


BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Environmental biotechnology

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Imagine a world where :


electricity is generated from trash or animal
waste.


bacteria help clean up oil spills by eating oil.


bacteria recycle styrene into biodegradable
plastic.


BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Medical biotechnology

BIOTECHNOLOGY


In 1982, Insulin became the first bio
-
engineered pharmaceutical.


The first bio
-
engineered vaccine was for
hepatitis B in 1986.


Gene Therapy


Disease prevention


Diagnostics


BIOTECHNOLOGY

Types of biotechnology:



Biofuels

BIOTECHNOLOGY

To replace fossil fuels:



Corn based ethanol
production.



Biodiesel from cooking
oil.



Methane production by
animal waste


BIOTECHNOLOGY

Other Careers Related to
Biotechnology




Regulatory officials

develop the guidelines for biotechnology research and the
development of new products and processes. They work with company,
government, or university researchers to review proposed research plans and assess
the safety of resulting products.



Public relations people

provide understandable information to the general
public about new biotechnology products and processes. They translate complex
scientific information about new discoveries for nonscientists.


Sales people

work with the dealers and distributors of biotechnology products.


Patent lawyers

who specialize in biotechnology help scientists, companies, or
universities protect their legal rights to new discoveries.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Possible Biotechnology Jobs



Biotechnology research technician



Biomanufacturing technician



Instrument calibration technician



Process development associate



Microbiology quality control tech.



Validation specialist



Environmental health/safety tech.



DNA forensic analysis technician



Facilities technician



Aseptic fill technician



Fermentation specialist



Starting salaries range from

$30,000 to $35,000!

?

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology Laboratories at the University of Georgia


College of Veterinary Medicine:



Animal Health Research Center



Monoclonal Antibody Facility



Poultry Diagnostic Research Center

Marine Sciences

Genetics Department

Horticulture Department

Entomology Department

Animal Science Department

Biological Sciences Department

Center for Ultrastructural Research

Bioexpression and Fermentation Facility

Complex Carbohydrate Research Center

Integrated Biotechnology Laboratories (IBL)

College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences

Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources

Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases

(Coverdell Center)






BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology Companies in Athens, GA

Aruna Biomedical, Inc.

BIOTECHNOLOGY

U.S. Government Biotechnology Laboratories in Athens, GA

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Suggested High School Courses:



Algebra



Chemistry



Biology



English



Computers

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotechnology Program Admission
Requirements:

SAT Critical Reading



460

SAT Mathematics




450

ACT English



20

ACT Math




19

or

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Skills Needed in Biotechnology Careers:



Enjoy learning




Good hand/eye coordination




Communication skills




Enjoy working with people


(Team work!)

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Contacts:




Amanda Latimer, MS.


(
Biotechnology Instructional Coordinator)


alatimer@athenstech.edu


phone 706
-
583
-
2889


websites:
www.athenstech.edu/public/biotech

www.athenstech.edu/GABioTechInst


This product was funded by a grant awarded under the President’s Community
-
Based Job Training
Grants as implemented by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment & Training Administration. The
information contained in this product was created by a grantee organization and does not necessarily
reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. All references to non
-
governmental
companies or organizations, their services, products, or resources are offered for informational
purposes and should not be construed as an endorsement by the Department of Labor. This product is
copyrighted by the institution that created it and is intended for individual organizational, non
-
commercial use only.