Text To Speech

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17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Lorinda Tait

Text To Speech

Presented by Lorinda Tait

Lorinda Tait

GOALS: To Improve


understanding of assistive technology.


knowledge of various text to speech tools.


ability to navigate through various
programs.


knowledge of resources for implementation
of text to speech.



knowledge of web sources for digital text


Lorinda Tait

Agenda


Pretest


Assistive Technology


Types of Text Readers


Word Processing Software


Research rationale for
tools


Use word processing
software


Use text reader software






Use scanning software


Learning about
sources for electronic
books


Learning about
sources for products.


Post test

Lorinda Tait

30 years of research


National Institute of
Child Health and
Human Development
centers
-

students who
have not obtained
reading skills by
second grade are likely
to remain poor readers
later in school.


Approximately 20% of
children have
difficulty acquiring
reading skills,
particularly awareness
of sound symbol
relationships.


Lorinda Tait

Definition of Assistive Technology (AT)



The Individuals with Disabilities Education
Act (IDEA) defines assistive technology
devices as “any piece of equipment, or
product system, whether acquired
commercially off the shelf, modified, or
customized, that is used to increase,
maintain, or improve functional
capabilities of children with disabilities.”

Lorinda Tait


Examples
-

No/low tech tools




pencil grip, slantboard, highlighter pen or tape, forearm support for
work station, large print books, books with page separators, wrist
rest, eye gaze communication system, communication picture board,
color coded planners, “smart charts”, carbonless notebooks for note
taking, teacher’s notes


Assistive technology is a continuum covering
no/low
-
tech, mid
-
tech, and high
-
tech tools,
strategies, and services that match a person’s needs,
abilities, and tasks.

Lorinda Tait


Mid
-
tech tools

calculators, talking calculators, tape recorders (analog and
digital), Franklin Homework Wiz, Franklin Language Master,
personal digital assistants, switches to use with communication
devices or computers



High
-
tech tools



portable & software word processors, computers, software
such as text readers, screen readers, organizational and
authorable software, voice recognition systems, input devices
for cursor control, alternative keyboards, and augmentative
communication hardware and software, cause and effect
software.

Lorinda Tait

Why Use Technology?



…to accomplish tasks that would be

difficult or impossible to

accomplish without
assistance

in the available

time

with the available
resources



Lorinda Tait

Universal Text

Reader


Toolbar present on

desktop to start
-
stop

reading


Can read in any

application: browser,

word processor, email


i.e. Text Assist, Read&Write



Word Processor

with text to speech

Capabilities


Self
-
contained word

processor


Reads typed text, or

text copied & pasted

From clipboard


i.e. Write:Outloud, Intellitalk





Scan and Read System


Interfaces OCR, scanner,

and text to speech with

word processor


May or may not include

Graphics, or link

directly to Internet



i.e.Scan&Read, Read&WriteGold,,


Kurzweil 3000


4 Categories of Text Readers

Portable Text Reader


Uses converted text to speech files in MP3 player

Uses portable tape recorder (Books on Tape)


i.e. Text Aloud w MP3 player, books on tape

Lorinda Tait


The features vary a great deal, so prioritize the features that would benefit your
students the most.
A MUST
: adjustable reading rate and different voices!



The decision depends on the number of students, the age of the students, and
what reading tasks and objectives are to be addressed with a text reader.

i.e. For independent reading of textbooks, help with writing, or studying





Do you want the student to read back his/her writing to proof read assignments,
or read chapters in textbooks with text and graphics or both?




Is reading information on the Internet of importance to your students? Do they
want to use it for email?




Does the program have to be easy to operate?




Does the reading voice have to articulate words well?



What is your budget? $20 or $2000?


Selecting Text Readers

Lorinda Tait

Word Processors



Oral words are
correlated to printed
words. Highlights
words as spoken.
Speaks for feedback
on writing.


Students’ words are
added to the dictionary




Talking dictionary and
talking spell checker
so students can hear
the sound of the words
they choose.


Increase sight word
recognition by hearing
words and sentences
as written.

Lorinda Tait

Word Processors


Write:Outloud ($99.95)


Constant auditory
feedback. Allows use of
colors. For example it has
been shown that many
ADHD find green text on
purple highly stimulating,
can see spaces between
words better, can edit
better. Homonyms in the
dictionary.



Intellitalk II ($139) It is a
word processor, however
it makes templates


to
create a worksheet. It will
read the question to them.
Go to palette, speech
balloon


word bank
palette. Spell checker
with large fonts. Gives
students access to the
curriculum and locked
worksheets.

Lorinda Tait

Word Processors


Type & Talk v4 from Text Help. ($169)
Multi platform


Mac and PC. Speech, word
prediction, speaking spell checker,
homophone support, dictionary, word
wizard. Target age 7 to 11.

Lorinda Tait

Target population for
Electronic Text Readers



Developing spelling skills need support



Can spell phonetically, but who cannot
spell accurately



Who need rate enhancement


This can make reading and writing less
stressful and less tiring


Lorinda Tait

Text to Speech


Helps students to become independent



Reinforces letter and word recognition

Lorinda Tait

Text to Speech


Screen readers
-
Software that works with a
speech synthesizer to provide verbalization
for everything on the screen in any software
application
-

including menus, text,
graphics, and punctuation.


www.ReadPlease.com (Free).


www.
Wemedia.com (Free)


Microsoft website: ereader (Free)

Lorinda Tait

Why text to speech?


Used for students who
need to have auditory
feedback for what they
type or read.


Students can have ability
to hear the letter, the
word, sentence and
paragraph as it is typed, as
a double check.



Can change text or
background color
preferences to help them
discriminate and separate
words.


Instead of purely text
menus, buttons with
symbols or auditory cues
used.


Can be used with
directions or instructions
to see if visual/auditory
feedback help
comprehension.

Lorinda Tait

How the brain reads


Left hemisphere
-

phoneme producer

helps vocalize words.
The
word analyzer

pulls words apart into
syllables and
phonemes and letters
which are linked to
sounds


The automatic detector
automates process of
recognizing words.


These work
simultaneously.


The more the auto
detector is activated
the better it functions.

Lorinda Tait

Dyslexia


Neurological glitch prevents them from
easily gaining access to both the word
analyzer and automatic detector.
Compensation strategies
-

lean on phoneme
producer and use right side of brain to get
visual clues from accompanying pictures.


www.interdys.org

website for the
international dyslexia association

Lorinda Tait

Does the student need
graphics?


Picture It
-

software program that puts
pictures with words and auditory feedback.


Pix Writer
-

software program that allows
the student to write with pictures and
auditory feedback.


Sound to Symbols


Clicker 4

Lorinda Tait

Text

Readers


Doc Reader,
Text Cloner,


Text Help: Read
& Write


Portable reader
Roadrunner


Lorinda Tait


Text Reader Programs

Text Assist
www.textassist.com


Screen Reader
www.texthelp.com


Text Aloud $20 (35 copies under $500):
www.nextup.com,

Ultimate Reader/E
-
Reader. CASTeReader
$199.95 www.cast.org .



Lorinda Tait

Digitized Books On Line


http://ulc.cast.org


Talking Books on line
http://www.starfall.com

(sound
out the words with visual
reinforcement)


MP3 Files for younger students
(Sleeping Beauty, Snow White,
Rapunzel):
www.candlelightstores.com


http://www.netlibrary.com/

Lorinda Tait

More Books


Library of Michigan
http://www.mel.org


Amazon.com website $4.00 some less some more.


Microsoft Reader (free)
http://www.Microsoft,com/reader/download.asp


www.ldresources.com/etext


www.netlibrary,com


www.gutenberg.net


Get a subscription:
http://bookshare.org/web/Welcome.html


KidBook


create electronic talking books (free)
http://www.switchintime.com


Lorinda Tait

Modeled Reading


Hear stories read aloud by a professional
narrator with electronic books. Students
gain background knowledge before reading
the story independently.


Start
-
to
-
Finish Books

Lorinda Tait

Commercial Electronic Books


UKanDu Little Books (Don Johnston
Incorporated)


Living Books (Random House/
Broderbund)


Wiggle Works (Scholastic)


Lorinda Tait

When it may not be helpful


Technology does not help all poor
readers.


Problems integrating the auditory and
visual information

Lorinda Tait

Companies


Don Johnston


26799 W. Commerce Dr.,
Volo, IL 60073


800
-
999
-
4660
www.donjohnston.com


Mayer
-
Johnson, Inc


P.O. Box 1579


Solana Beach, CA


92075
-
7579


800
-
588
-
4548


www.mayer
-
johnson.com


Slater Software, Inc


351 Badger Lane


Guffey, CO 80820


877
-
306
-
6968
www.slatersoftware.com


Lorinda Tait

Companies


Inspiration Software. Inc


7412 SW Beaverton
Hillsdale Highway


Portland, OR 97225
-
2167


503
-
297
-
3004


www.Inspiration.com




Technology For
Education, Inc.


7328 Braden Trail


Inver Grove Hts., MN


55076


800
-
370
-
0047
www.tfeinc.com



Lorinda Tait

Companies


Intellitools,Inc., 55 Leveroni Court, suite 9,
Novato, CA 94949 ph. 800
-
899
-
6687
www.intellitools.com


Premier Programming Solutions, P.O. Box
359, DeWitt, Mi. 48820 ph. 517
-
668
-
8188
www.premier
-
programming.com

Lorinda Tait

Last but not Least