Drake University EDDL243 Trends in Technology

maliciousgunΛογισμικό & κατασκευή λογ/κού

29 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 12 μέρες)

83 εμφανίσεις

Drake University
EDDL243

Trends in Technology

Credit Hours: 3
Instructional Resources
Textbook
Bitter, G., & Pierson, M. (2008). Using technology in the classroom (7th ed.). Boston: Allyn
and Bacon.
Video Series
Bitter, G., & Pierson, M. (2005). Video vignettes for using technology in the classroom (7th
ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Millennial Learners
http://www.nortellearnit.org/LearniT/resources/kids_in_action/millennials
Richardson, W. (2005). Weblogs [Video]. Posted to Weblogg-ed Weblog: http://weblogg-
ed.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/05/WebLoggingSmall.mov

Online Readings
Week 1
McHugh, J. (2005, October). Synching up with the iKid. Edutopia. Retrieved February 2, 2009,
from http://www.edutopia.org/ikid-digital-learner
Oppenheimer, T. (1997). The computer delusion [Electronic version]. Atlantic Monthly, 280(1),
45–62. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://www.tnellen.com/ted/tc/computer.htm
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon, 9(5), 1–6. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://www.marcprensky.com/writing/Prensky%20-
%20Digital%20
Natives,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf
02102009 Week 2
Barker, J. (2005). Finding information on the Internet: A tutorial. Retrieved September 6,
2006, from University of California Berkeley Library, Teaching Library Internet Workshops
Web site: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Strategies.html
Brush, L. (2003, July). Teaching information literacy: Tips and resources. Educators' eZine.
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=10810510
Fallows, D. (2005). Search engine users (parts 1, 5; pp. 1, 16–21). Retrieved September 6,
2006, from http://www.pewinternet.org/PPF/r/146/report_display.asp
Thompson, L. (2005, January 16). Educators blame Internet for rise in student cheating. The
Seattle Times. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/
html/education/2002152271_plagiarism16m.html
Week 3
7 things you should know about wikis. (2005). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7004.pdf
Alexander, B. (2006). Web 2.0: A new wave of innovation for teaching and learning?
EDUCAUSE Review, 41(2). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.educause.edu/apps/er/erm06/erm0621.asp?bhcp=1
Barrett, J. (2006, May/June). Social networking: A new tech tool and a new security concern
for teens and schools. Multimedia & Internet@Schools. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.mmischools.com/Articles/ReadArticle.aspx?ArticleID=11310
David, D. (2004, August 3). RSS could transform online communication. eSchool News Online.
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/showStory.cfm?ArticleID=5211
Jackson, L. (2006). Sites to see: Social bookmarking. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/sites/sites080.shtml
Piontek, J. (2004, December 1). Blogging in the Big Apple. Educators' eZine. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=53200212
Safe blogging: The promise and perils of blogging. (n.d.) Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.isafe.org/imgs/pdf/education/Blogging.pdf
Terdiman, D. (2004, October 8). Podcasts: New twist on Net audio. Wired News. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://www.wired.com/news/digiwood/0,1412,65237,00.html
Week 4
Garthwait, A., & Weller, H. G. (2005). A year in the life: Two seventh grade teachers
implement one-to-one computing. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 37(4),
pp. 361–377. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1c/7f/38.pdf
02102009 Texley, S., & DeGennaro, D. (2005). Should we ban instant messaging in schools? Learning &
Leading With Technology, 32(7), 6–8. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2a/19/6c.pdf
Weeks 5 & 6
Bull, G., & Kajder, S. (2005). Digital storytelling in the language arts classroom. Learning and
Leading with Technology, 32(4), 46–49. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://www.digitalstoryteller.org/docs/DigitalStorytelling.pdf
Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET): Questions & answers:
Curriculum and instruction. Retrieved August 23, 2006, from
http://caret.iste.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=
questions&topicID=2
Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET): Questions & answers:
Student learning. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://caret.iste.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=questions&
topicID=1
Shaw, R. (2004, October 1). Which online project is right for me? Educators' eZine. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=47902801
Week 7
Abram, S. (2005, March/April). The role of e-learning in the K–12 space (The Pipeline).
Multimedia & Internet@Schools, 19(3) . Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://www.mmischools.com/Articles/ReadArticle.aspx?ArticleID=9571. (Registration
required)
Blomeyer, R. (2002). Virtual schools and e-learning in K–12 environments. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://www.ncrel.org/policy/pubs/html/pivol11/apr2002c.htm
Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET): Questions & answers: Online
teaching and learning. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://caret.iste.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=evidence&answerID=49
Kiekel, J. (2006, March). Online teaching: How hard can it be? Educators' eZine. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.php?articleID=
180204169
Weeks 8 & 9
Deubel, P. (2006, January). Game on! T.H.E. Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.thejournal.com/articles/17788
Dede, C., Clarke, J., Jass-Ketelhut, D., Nelson, B., & Bowman, C. (2005). Students' motivation
and learning of science in a multi-user virtual environment. Retrieved September 6, 2006,
from
http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/muvees2003/documents/motivation_muves_aera_2005.pdf
02102009 McLester, S. (2005, October). Game plan. Technology & Learning, 26(3). Retrieved September
6, 2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=171202908
Ritter, S. (2001, February). What cognitive modeling has taught us about math learning—and
how that research is applied for improved achievement. Educators' eZine. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/WCE/archives/cogmodel.php
Week 10
Mandinach, E. B., Honey, M., Light, D., Heinze, C., Rivas, L. (2005). Creating an evaluation
framework for data-driven decision-making. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Research/NECC_Research_Paper_
Archives/NECC_2005/Mandinach-Ellen-NECC05.pdf
McIntire, T. (2003, November). Buying an assessment system: Five considerations.
Technology & Learning, 24(4). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=16000696
Milone, M. (2005, December). Leaders of the year 2005. Technology & Learning, 26(5).
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?
articleID=174907896
Course Description
Move beyond Internet searches and word processing in the computer lab. By matching current
trends in technology with sound educational research, this course delivers applications of
technology that will transform your classroom. It introduces the best professional resources
and the most exciting projects for students from blogs to software tutors powered by artificial
intelligence. The course also presents research on effective use of technology in the classroom
and connects you with colleagues who are using that technology. The course will help you
develop new classroom methodologies and discover where technology can take you and your
students.
Key Questions and Ideas
∞ What are the key trends developing in educational technology?
∞ Which technology applications are the most effective in the classroom?
∞ What are the ethical concerns of integrating new technologies? How can educators
address these concerns?
∞ Which technologies are passing fads, and which do you believe will have a lasting
influence on education?
∞ What are key competencies for teachers and students now? How might these change
in the future?
Goals and Objectives
The goal of this course is to challenge educators to reach the next level of technology
integration. Upon completion of the course, you will be familiar with many emerging
educational technology trends. You will also have some experience with new technologies and
how to maximize their use in the classroom.
02102009 As a result of completing the course, you will be able to do the following:
1. Adapt current teaching methods to include new technology integration opportunities
1.1 Use Internet search engines effectively and efficiently for research (Week 3)
1.2 Develop strategies for integrating common computing programs, presentation
systems, and personal digital devices into classrooms (Week 5)
1.3 Identify lessons that use technology as content or as support to teach content
(Week 6)
1.4 Develop a collaborative Internet or digital storytelling project that includes specific
learning objectives (Week 6)
1.5 Evaluate interactive tutors, games, virtual reality programs, or simulation programs
for use in the classroom (Weeks 8–9)
1.6 Write a technology lesson that integrates an interactive tutor, game, virtual reality,
or simulation program (Weeks 8–9)
1.7 Identify technology solutions for future use in your classroom (Week 10)
1.8 Adapt your current teaching environment to include an online component (Week 7)
2. Apply current research in the fields of education and technology to the integration of
technology into the classroom
2.1 Evaluate recommendations for educational change in response to technological and
social change (Week 2)
2.2 Summarize research findings on effective use of technology (Week 5)
2.3 Identify pros and cons of using common computing programs, presentation
systems, and personal digital devices in the classroom (Week 5)
2.4 Describe key components of technology integrated lesson plans that maximize
academic performance (Week 6)
2.5 List key components of a successful online course (Week 7)
2.6 Identify pros and cons of increasing distance learning offerings in public education
(Week 7)
2.7 Identify pros and cons of using computer games in the classroom (Weeks 8–9)
3. Identify emerging trends in technology and apply them to education
3.1 Summarize significant changes in technology during the last 20 years (Week 2)
3.2 Identify the effect of changes in technology on the educational system (Week 2)
3.3 Define information literacy and its relevance to classroom practice (Week 3)
02102009 3.4 Describe RSS, blogs, and social bookmarks and how you might use them in the
classroom (Week 4)
3.5 Summarize key aspects of collaborative Internet and digital storytelling projects
(Week 6)
3.6 Describe online learning and the factors driving its growth (Week 7)
3.7 Describe simulations in general and MUVE in particular (Weeks 8–9)
3.8 Describe the advantage of cognitive tutors and how you can use them in the
classroom (Weeks 8–9)
4. Lead other educators in the integration of technology
4.1 Inform other educators about 21st century information and communication tools
(Week 2)
4.2 Share research results and personal expertise by using Web publication tools (Week
4)
4.3 Make a recommendation to educational leaders regarding distance education (Week
7)
4.4 Develop plans for involving other teachers in technology integration (Week 10)
5. Select appropriate assessment methods and understand the use of technological tools
in assessment
5.1 Design appropriate assessment for a technology integrated lesson (Weeks 6, 8–9)
5.2 Identify technology tools for data collection (Week 10)
5.3 Define data-driven decision making (Week 10)
5.4 List key aspects of an effective assessment system (Week 10)
6. Identify ethical issues related to technology use
6.1 Describe how to minimize student plagiarism of Internet resources (Week 3)
6.2 Describe safety risks for students in online social environments and how to limit the
potential harm (Week 4)
6.3 Consider the impact of online learning on the digital divide (Week 7)
6.4 Weigh the importance of data collection versus students' privacy and safety (Week
10)
Accountability and Grading
Each week you will read text selections, view video segments (if applicable), engage in online
discussions with colleagues, and complete weekly assignments.
02102009 You will be graded and evaluated based on the Rubrics. Click to download the rubric.pdf.
Late assignments and discussion will not be accepted unless prearranged.
The point breakdown for all course assignments is as follows:
∞ Online Discussion (8 questions, 10 points per question): 80 points
∞ Synthesize/Apply/Reflect (7 assignments, 20 points each): 140 points
∞ Action Rearch Project: 195 points
Assignment 1: Planning the Inquiry
Part 1: Problem Statement 20 points
Part 2: Annotated Bibliography (draft for review) 10 points
Part 3: Advocated Solutions 15 points
Assignment 2: Implementing the Inquiry
Part 1: Implementation Plan 40 points
Part 2: Record of Progress 35 points
Assignment 3: Analyzing and Evaluating the Inquiry
Part 1: Reflective Assessment 40 points
Part 2: Annotated Bibliography (final) 20 points
Part 3: Appendix 15 points
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE: 415
Grading Scale
90–100% (374–415 points) = A
80–89% (332–373 points) = B
70–79% (291–331 points) = C
60–69% (249–290 points) = D
<59% (248 or fewer points) = F

Reference List
Print Resources
Calishain, T. (2003). Google pocket guide. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Media.
02102009 Healy, J. (1999). Failure to Connect: How computers affect our children's minds—For better or
worse. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Johnson, S. (2005). Everything bad is good for you: How today's popular culture is actually
making us smarter. New York: Riverhead Books.
McLester, S. (2005, November). Special report: Envisioning the future (part 3 of 3-part
series). Technology and Learning.
Oppenheimer, T. (2003). The flickering mind: The false promise of technology in the
classroom and how learning can be saved. New York: Random House.
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital game-based learning. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Richardson, W. (2006). Blogs, wikis, podcasts, and other powerful Web tools for classrooms.
Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Roblyer, M. D. (2006). Integrating educational technology into teaching (4th ed.). Upper
Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Online Resources
2Learn
http://www.2learn.ca/projects/projectcentre/projintro.html
American Association of School Administrators. (2002). Using data to improve schools: What's
working. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from http://aasa.files.cms-plus.com/PDFs/
Publications/UsingDataToImproveSchools.pdf
Branzburg, J. (2004, August). How to: Maximize Google. Technology & Learning, 25(1).
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/printablearticle/266
Brown, M. D. (2001). Handhelds in the classroom. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from the
Education World Web site: http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/tech083.shtml
Bull, G. (2005). Folk taxonomies. Learning and Leading With Technology, 33(1), 22–23.
Retrieved February 2, 2009, from http://eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1d/54/ee.pdf
Bull, G., & Bull, G. (2005). Looking at display technologies. Learning and Leading With
Technology, 32(6), 40–43. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2a/19/64.pdf
Bull, G., Bull, G., Garofalo, J., & Harris, J. (2002). Grand challenges: Preparing for the
technological tipping point. Learning & Leading With Technology, 29(8). Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://www.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Publications/
LL/LLIssues/Volume_29_2001_2002_/
May15/Bonus_Feature_Grand_Challenges_Vignettes.htm
Carter, K. (2001, May). Laptop lessons: Exploring the promise of one-to-one computing.
Technology & Learning, 21(10). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/TL/200105/laptops.php
02102009 Cavanaugh, C., Gillan, K., Kromrey, J., Hess, M., & Blomeyer, R. (2004). The effects of
distance education on K–12 outcomes: A meta-analysis. Retrieved September 6, 2006,
from http://www.ncrel.org/tech/distance/k12distance.pdf
Center for Digital Storytelling
http://www.storycenter.org
Center for Innovation in Engineering and Science Education (CIESE): Collaborative Projects
http://www.k12science.org/collabprojs.html
DeWitt, S., & Horn, P. S. (2005). Ubiquitous computing: Are we crazy? Learning and Leading
With Technology, 32(8), 6–8. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2a/19/bc.pdf
DigiTales: The Art of Telling Digital Stories
http://www.digitales.us/
Ferdig, R. E., & Trammell, K. D. (2004, February). Content delivery in the 'Blogosphere.'
T.H.E. Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.thejournal.com/articles/16626
Fryer, W. (2003, January). The opportunities and challenges of wireless computing. Educators'
eZine. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/
WCE/archives/weswire.html
Gaimaro, A. (2004, April). The basics of PowerPoint. Educators' eZine. Retrieved September 6,
2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=18400896
Gallagher, W. (2005, August). Putting reading assessment and achievement in the palm of
your hand. Educators' eZine. Retrieved May 31, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=165700702
Garofalo, J., Bull, G., Bell, R., & van Hover, S. (2003) Interactive whole-class display systems.
Learning and Leading With Technology, 32(2), 28–31. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2a/18/aa.pdf
Global SchoolNet
http://www.globalschoolnet.org/index.cfm
Hammond, T., Hannay, T., Lund, B., & Scott, J. (2005, April). Social bookmarking tools (I): A
general review. D-Lib Magazine, 11(4). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april05/hammond/04hammond.html
Hastings, J. (2005, November). InterWrite SchoolPad 400 Bluetooth wireless tablet.
SchoolLibraryJournal. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/
article/CA6277816.html
KIDPROJ
http://www.kidlink.org/KIDPROJ/
02102009 Lefever, L. (2004, April 30). Wikis described in plain English [Msg 1]. Message posted to
Common Craft Weblog: http://www.commoncraft.com/archives/000644.html
Levin, D., Arafeh, S., Lenhart, A., & Rainie, L. (2002). The digital disconnect: The widening
gap between Internet-savvy students and their schools. Retrieved September 6, 2006,
from the Pew Internet & American Life Project Web site:
http://www.pewinternet.org/report_display.asp?r=67
Lowe, P. (2002, December). Classroom Web sites: Renovating the classroom. Educators'
eZine. Retrieved September 6, 2006,from
http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/WCE/archives/pamlowe2.html
McLester, S. (2005, November). Game plan: Part 2, student gamecraft. Technology &
Learning, 26(4). Retrieved September 6, 2006,from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=173601950
Meyer, K. A. (2002). Quality in distance education. ERIC Digest. Retrieved February 2, 2009,
from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1a/8e/6c.pdf
Mostafa, J. (2005, February). Seeking better Web searches. Scientific American. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from
http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?chanID=sa006&colID=1&articleID
=0006304A-37F4-11E8-B7F483414B7F0000
Muir, D. (2005). Simply Del.icio.us: Online social bookmarking, or tagging for teaching.
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://personal.strath.ac.uk/d.d.muir/Delicious_Guide.pdf
North American Council for Online Learning
http://www.nacol.org/
Panettieri, J. (2006, January). Beyond borders. T.H.E. Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2006,
from http://thejournal.com/articles/17770_1
Penuel, W. R. (2005). Implementing a handheld program. Learning and Leading With
Technology, 32(6), 6–10. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/2a/19/3c.pdf
Penuel, W. R., Crawford, V., DeBarger, A. H., Boscardin, C. K., Masyn, K., & Urdan, T. (2005).
Teaching with student response system technology: A survey of K–12 teachers. Menlo
Park, CA: SRI International. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://ctl.sri.com/publications/downloads/Teaching_with_Audience_Response_
Systems_Brief_Report.pdf
Richardson, W. (2005). RSS: A quick start guide for educators. Retrieved September 6, 2006,
from http://weblogg-ed.com/wp-content/uploads/2006/05/RSSFAQ4.pdf
The River City Project
http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/rivercityproject/http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/mu
vees2003/animations.htm
Roberts, D. F., Foehr, U. G., Rideout, V. (2005). Generation M: Media in the lives of 8–18
year-olds. Retrieved September 6, 2006,, from the Kaiser Foundation Web site:
02102009 http://www.kff.org/entmedia/upload/Generation-M-Media-in-the
-Lives-of-8-18-Year-olds-Report.pdf [Note: this is an extremely large pdf file, 3.30 MB, so
be patient.]
Roland, J. (2003). Getting a handle on handhelds: Issues to consider before you buy. Learning
and Leading With Technology, 31(4), 6–11. Retrieved February 2, 2009, from
http://www.iste.org/content/navigationmenu/publications/ll/llissues/
volume_31_2003_2004_/december_january1/december-january_2003-2004.htm
Salpeter, J. (2005, February). Telling tales with technology. Technology & Learning, 25(7).
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=60300276
Salpeter, J. (2004, March). Data: Mining with a mission. Technology & Learning, 24(8).
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from http://www.techlearning.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?
articleID=18311595
Scott County Digital Storytelling Center
http://www.dtc.scott.k12.ky.us/technology/digitalstorytelling/cdst.html
Setzer, J. C., & Lewis, L. (2005). Distance education courses for public elementary and
secondary school students. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2005010
Shields, J., & Poftak, A. (2002, February). A report card on handheld computing. Technology &
Learning, 22(7). Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/db_area/archives/TL/2002/02/handheld.html
SimCity
http://simcity.ea.com/about/simcity4/flash.php
Starkman, N. (2006, March 16). Freedom to learn: Part 1-Hale to the program. T.H.E. Focus.
Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.thejournal.com/the/newsletters/thefocus/archives/?aid=18114
Sullivan, D. (2006). Nielsen netratings search engine ratings. Search Engine Watch. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from http://searchenginewatch.com/reports/article.php/2156451
Sydell, L. (2005, February 20). Wikipedia's growth comes with concerns. Weekend Edition
[radio broadcast]. Washington, DC: National Public Radio. Available online at
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4506421
Tech Head Stories: Digital Storytelling
http://tech-head.com/dstory.htm
Telecollaborate!
http://telecollaborate.net/education/index.html
United States Distance Learning Association (USDLA)
http://www.usdla.org/
Virtual Architecture
http://virtual-architecture.wm.edu/
02102009 Virtual High School
http://www.govhs.org/Pages/Welcome-Home
Web-based Education Commission. (2000). The power of the Internet for learning: Moving
from promise to practice. Retrieved September 6, 2006, from
http://www.ed.gov/offices/AC/WBEC/FinalReport/index.html [Note: the complete report,
at 5.4 MB, is available for download, or you can view it in five parts.]
Whiting, B. (2005, September). Interactive teaching and learning. Educators' eZine. Retrieved
September 6, 2006, from
http://www.techlearning.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=168600930


© 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

02102009