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10 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Preparing the Ground for Climate
Finance Readiness in the
Philippines




PANEL 2: Operationalizing the PSF

Enhancing the way
we confront climate
change

Inside the

People’s

Survival Fund

Broad stroke

Direct Access

Social Justice

Ownership & coherence

Mutual accountability



Fine print

Context beneath the text

C
reating
the
precedence
to establish effective climate
finance mechanisms in the Philippines

The People’s
Survival

Fund

A

domestic “rewards
fund” aimed at
addressing urgent
adaptation needs


T
o
finance adaptation
programs and projects
that are directly
supportive of the
objectives enumerated
in the Climate Change
Action Plans of local
government units and
communities

The People’s Survival Fund

Intended to
mainstreaming
climate change
at the local level

It’s a plumbing job.

Principles

PSF

Principles

PSF

PSF Principles

Coordination
& coherence
among
institutions

Community
-
driven projects
on adaptation

Community
ownership &
harmonization

A
lignment
with country
strategic
priorities

Mainstreaming of


climate change into

d
evelopment planning

Civil society
participation

Multi
-
stakeholder
processes

Results

Direct Access

Communities
not passing
through
intermediaries

Predictable and

long
-
term

Participation of civil
society

National Climate
Change Action Plan

Stable source of
funding intended for
long
-
term impacts

SPECIAL

FUND

FINANCING

NATIONAL TREASURY

ADAPTATION

Php

1,000,000,000

GAA

Augmented by donations, endowments,
grants, contributions

SOURCES OF
THE PSF

Where should it flow?

adaptation
activities in the areas of water
resources management, land
management, agriculture and fisheries,
health, infrastructure development,
fragile ecosystems including mountainous
ecosystems, and integrated coastal zone
management
;

improvement of the monitoring of
vector
-
borne diseases triggered by
climate change, and in this context
improving disease control and
prevention;

early warning
systems as part of
preparedness for
climate related
hazards;

serving as a guarantee for risk insurance
needs for farmers, agricultural workers and
other stakeholders

supporting institutional capacity
-
building, both for national
and local governments, in partnership with local
communities and civil society groups, for preventive
measures, planning, preparedness and management of
impacts relating to climate change, including contingency
planning, for droughts and floods in areas prone to extreme
weather events

USES OF THE

ADAPTATION
ACTIVITIES

Local

Government Units

Communities

Adaptation activities

where
sufficient information
is available to warrant such
activities

water resources
management

land
management

agriculture and
fisheries

natural ecosystems including
mountainous and coastal ecosystems

infrastructure
development

health

Monitoring of vector
-
borne diseases

Disease
control

Prevention

Forecasting

Early Warning

Preparedness for
climate
-
related
hazards

Institutional development for LGUs

partnership
with local communities and civil
society
groups

preventive
measures, planning,
preparedness and management of impacts

contingency planning

droughts
and floods in areas prone to
extreme climate events

partnership
with
local communities
and civil society
groups

preventive
measures, planning,
preparedness and management of impacts

contingency planning

droughts
and floods in areas prone to
extreme climate events

Strengthening
regional
centers
and
information networks
to support climate change adaptation
initiatives and projects

Serving as a
guarantee

for
risk insurance

needs for
farmers, agricultural workers
and other stakeholders

Community adaptation
support
programs by local organizations
accredited by the Commission

Who holds the wrench?

The Fund will be managed by a
PSF Board
composed
of Department
of
Finance,
CCC, Department
of Budget and
Management; National Economic and Development
Authority; DILG; PCW;
and representatives from
academe,
business sector and non
-
government
organizations

POWERS

FUNCTIONS

Promulgate policies that will maintain the
fiduciary character of the Board
;

Provide
overall strategic guidance in the
management and use of the fund,
including but not limited to the
development of funding windows for
various adaptation activities, including
counterpart funding arrangements, and
guidelines for project assessment,
approval and evaluation
;

Develop
social, financial and
environmental safeguards to be used in
project implementation
;

POWERS

FUNCTIONS

Identify
additional sources for the
fund


Issue
final approval of projects for the use
of the
fund


Adopt
a conflict of interest policy to
ensure that board members will not vote
on projects if they have a direct stake
therein


Ensure
an independent
3
rd

party
evaluation and auditing of activities
supported by the
fund

ROLE

OF THE

PSF

UTILIZATION

PSF

PSF

PROJECT PROPOSAL

EVALUATION

REVIEW


RECOMMENDING APPROVAL


FORMULATE MECHANISMS
FOR TRANSPARENCY AND
PUBLIC ACCESS TO INFO


NOT AN IMPLEMENTOR




LOCAL

ACCREDITATION

Commission
to develop
guidelines to accredit local
organizations seeking to access the
fund


Organizations
will be accredited based on criteria such
as organizational independence, track record in the
community and/or field of expertise, financial
management, and participatory practices

LOCAL

ACCREDITATION

Commission
to develop
guidelines to accredit local
organizations seeking to access the
fund


Organizations
will be accredited based on criteria such
as organizational independence, track record in the
community and/or field of expertise, financial
management, and participatory practices

CCC to develop
criteria


PSF

Level of risk and
vulnerability

Participation
of affected communities in
project design;

Poverty
reduction potential;

Cost
effectiveness and
sustainability;

C
o
-
benefits extending beyond
LGU
territory;

Maximization
of multi
-
sectoral

or cross
-
sectoral

benefits
;

Responsiveness
to gender

differentiated
vulnerabilities

Local CC Action Plan

Community
Participation

community
representatives
and/or NGO
counterparts may
participate as
observers in the
project identification,
monitoring and
evaluation process of
the
Commission

Transparency

Vulnerable

Marginalized

THE

WILL

TO

FACE

THE

FUTURE