a machine that looks like a human being and performs various complex acts (as
walking or talking) of a human being;
a similar but fictional machine whose
lack of capacity for human emotions is often emphasized
an efficient insensitive person
who functions automatically
a device that automatically performs complicated often repetitive tasks
a mechanism guided by automatic controls
An ancient Greek engineer named Ctesibus made organs and water clocks with
Automatons: Swiss inventors Pierre and Henri
Automatic Scribe, a lifelike figure of a boy that could draw and write any message up to 40
Jacquard invents textile machine, which is operated by
Greek and Western mythology told of living statues and dragons teeth coming to life
as sentient or subservient beings
Homer wrote about maidens made of gold in Iliad
Steam Man of the Prairies
man powered by steam
Industrial Revolution spawned a technological tidal wave
century craze for animated objects
Early in 1739, Vaucanson presented his first complete automaton,
The Flute Player
at the Academie des Sciences. It was a lif
size figure capable of playing a flute.
Repertoire of 12 pieces of music.
The Tambourine Player
L’Automate de Maillardet
A stylographic fountain pen replace the original writing instrument (quill or brush)
It lowered its head,
positioned its pen and began to produce elaborate sketches.
Four drawings and three poems
cquard Loom & Punched Cards
Automated loom that transformed 19
century textile industry and became
inspiration for future calculating and tabulating machines
Charles Babbage developed
Herman Hollerith developed first commercial punch card equipment
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein
Man made of mechanical and human parts brought to life by a mad scientist
In Shelley’s book, Victor Frankenstein claime
d “benevolent intentions and thirsted
for the moment when I should put them in practice”
Asks us to confront ideas about human accountability, social alienation and nature
of life itself
Theme in movies that artificial life is something to fear and destroy
Karel Capek coined the term in 1917. In Czech robot means worker, but the English
translation retained the original word
Can Machines Be Intelligent
Ashimov’s “Runaround” establishes the three laws of robotics
McCulloch and Pitt prop
network architectures for intelligence
ENIAC is built at the University of Pennsylvania
Issac Asimov “I, Robot”
Turing Test proposed (Turing’s Computing Machinery and Intelligence)
Goertz designs 1
teleoperated articulated arm
Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics
A robot may not injure a human being or through inaction allow a human being to
come to harm
A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders
would conflict with t
he First Law
A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict
with the First or Second Law
AI named a Dartmouth computer conference, first meeting of McCarthy,
Minsky, Newell, and Simon
Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy established AI Laboratory at MIT
Some Progress Towards Intelligent Machines is Made
Rosenblatt introduces Perceptron
Samuel’s checkers program wins games against best human players
Unimation develops Uni
mate Robot System
Versatran is developed
first cylindrical robot
First commercial industrial robots
What the heck is intelligence?
Simon predicts, "by 1985 machines will be capable of doing any work a man
Minsky's "Semantic Information Processing"
Chomsky and Halle's "The Sound Pattern of English"
Minsky & Papert's "Perceptions" (limits of single
layer neural networks)
Neural Nets First Appear
Cooper and Eribaum found Nestor to develop neural net technology
C3Po and R2D2 in Star Wars
Robots Perform Tricks, Cause Problems
Raj Reddy founds Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University.
John Hopfield resuscitates neural
Chamberlain's RACTER `writes' book
2" reads sheet music and plays organ.
Kawasaki robot kills Japanese mechanic during malfunction.
Anderson's robotic Ping
Pong player wins against human.
lelland & Rumelhart's "Parallel Distributed Processing“ (Neural Nets)
Neural net startup companies appear.
vision revenue $300 million.
Minsky and Papert publish revised edition of "Perceptrons"
Some Real Robots:
6 legged walking robot.
rappel and walk autonomously over rough terrain in a harsh
environment; receive instructions from remote operators; demonstrate
sophisticated communications and control software; and determine how
much carbon d
ioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and sulfur dioxide exist in the steamy
gas emanating from fumaroles in the crater
Intuitive Surgical formed to design & market surgical robotic systems.
: Sojourner rover robot sends images of its travels on Mars.
: Honda showcases Asimo
: Sony introduces Sony Dream Robots (SDR)
: Sony releases 2
generation of Aibo robot dog.
: MD Robotics launches Space Station Remote Manipulator Systems (SSRMS)
ft. arm, called
the Space Station Remote Manipulator System, is part of
Canada's Mobile Servicing System maintenance and repair kit for the ISS.
Attached at the end of the arm is a 12
ft. "hand," or Special Purpose Dexterous
Manipulator, formed by a small robot that will
be used in jobs requiring more
refined and flexible control
How Robots Work:
Humans & Robots consist of:
A body structure
to move the body structure
A sensory system that receives information about the body and the surrounding
A power source to activate the muscles and sensors
that processes sensory information and t
ells the muscles what to do
Korea Plans To Build 2 Robot Theme Parks
November 13, 2007
The South Korean government Tuesday
announced plans to help build two robot theme parks as part of an effort to boost its
The government estimates the cost of the two parks at 1.48 trillion won ($1.6 billion
U.S.), and plans to con
tribute 50 billion won ($54 million U.S.) to the cost of each
site. Construction is set to begin in 2009, and work is slated to be completed by
2013, according to a
released on the South Korean government's Web
The theme parks will be built in Incheon, which is about 25 miles west of Seoul, and
Masan, a port city on the country's southern coast.
"The two cities will be developed as meccas for the country's r
obot industry, while
having amusement park areas, exhibition halls and stadiums where robots can
compete in various events," the ministry said in the statement.
The ministry also pointed out that South Korea's 766 billion won ($834 million U.S.)
industry ranks sixth in the world and is considered a key growth industry.
Robotics research and manufacturing efforts in Korea focus on service robots that
clean homes and provide entertainment.
Researcher: Humans will love, marry robots 2050
(Computerworld) An artificial intelligence researcher predicts
that robotics will make such dramatic advances in the coming years that humans
will be marrying robots by the year 2050.
Robots will become so human
having intelligent conversat
emotions and responding to human emotions
that they'll be very much like a new
race of people, said David Levy, a British artificial intelligence researcher whose
Love and Sex with Robots
," will be released on Nov. 6.
Gone, he says, will be the jerky movements and artificial
sounding voices generally
associated with robots. These will be highly human
like machines that people fall in
love with, becom
ing aides, friends and even spouses.
It may sound like science fiction, but Levy, who turned his book into an academic
Ph.D. dissertation at Maastricht University in The Netherlands this fall, said it's
something we've been moving toward for decades now.
What Can Personal Robots Do?
a) Entertainment robots: A typical example is Sony's Aibo. Robots of this kind are likely to
develop initially for entertainment applications where it does not matter if they make
mistakes (as they will be considered cute even
if they fail at something), and after a while
more useful applications will be gradually added. Aibo first appeared in canine form, then
as a lion cub, and next as a bear, and the fourth
generation model is in the form of a
re robots: These are care robots for the elderly and disabled, and are designed to
assist with movement, sight and listening
related tasks, and conveying the user's wishes to
others. They do not necessarily need to be in human form or be capable of movemen
an entire room could serve perfectly well as a robot.
(c) Rescue robots: Robots of this kind rescue victims of disasters such as earthquakes, and
are designed to find and recover survivors buried in rubble. In the future, robots could be
based at g
lobal robot bases for participation in disaster relief activities throughout the
world. Projects envisaged include Robots Sans Frontieres and Thunderbirds 21.
(d) Pet robots: These are robots that serve as a substitute for pet animals. Living together
h robots has a positive psychological (therapeutic) effect on humans. Pet robots can
liven up the lives of people living alone, and also seek outside help if something happens to
(e) Domestic robots: Such robots perform ordinary household tas
ks, such as cooking,
laundry and cleaning, as a member of the family. They can also act as playmates and
companions, and serve as doctors or nurses when a member of the family is ill. As they
operate in the environment in which humans live and should not f
eel out of place to
humans, they must be humanoid robots in the same form as humans.