TRABAJO REALIZADO POR:

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26 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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TRABAJO REALIZADO PO
R:






POR:


YESSENIA DUQUE POSAD
A









PROFESOR:


GERMAN LEAL
















SENA
-
MEDELLIN

2010


1. IS IEEE: INSTITUT
E OF ELECTRICAL AND
ELECTRONICS ENGINEER
ING (INSTITUTE OF EL
ECTRICAL AND ELECTRO
NICS ENGINNEERS)

2.
WHICH IS THE EIA: EL
ECTRONIC INDUSTRIES
ASSOCIATION (ELECTRO
NICS INDUSTRY ASSOCI
ATION)

3.
WHICH IS THE TIA: TE
LECOMMUNICATIONS IND
USTRY ASSOCIATION (T
ELECOMMUNICATIONS IN
DUSTRY ASSOCIATION)

4.
WHICH IS THE ISO: A
SET OF QUALITY STAND
ARDS AND CONTINUOUS
Q
UALITY MANAGEMENT, E
STABLISHED BY THE IN
TERNATIONAL ORGANIZA
TION FOR STANDARDIZA
TION (ISO).

5.
WHICH IS THE OSI: OF
FERS TO APPLICATIONS

(OR USER) CAN ACCESS

THE SERVICES OF OTHE
R LAYERS AND DEFINES

THE PROTOCOLS USED B
Y APPLICATIONS TO EX
CHANGE DATA, SUCH

AS EMAIL (POP AND SM
TP), BASE MANAGERS
DATA AND FILE TRANSF
ER PROTOCOLS (FTP)

6. IS NETWORKING: A
TERM USED TO REFER T
O TELECOMMUNICATIONS

NETWORKS IN GENERAL.


7.
WHICH IS THE INTEROP
ERABILITY: PROPERTY
SYSTEMS CAN BE PREDI
CATED OF QUITE DIFFE
RENT NATUR
E, SUCH AS COMPUTER
SYSTEMS (IN WHICH CA
SE IT MAY BE ANALOGO
US TO THE
IDEA OF TECHNOLOGICA
L NEUTRALITY STANDAR
D) OR RAIL.
IT IS PART OF THE SE
MANTIC FIELD OF STAN
DARDIZATION.

8.
WHICH ARE VOICE AND
DATA NETWORKS: VOICE

OVER INTERNET PROTOC
OL, ALSO CALLED
VOICE OVER IP, VOIP,

VOIP (BY ITS INITIAL
S IN ENGLISH) IS A G
ROUP OF RESOURCES TH
AT
ENABLE VOICE SIGNAL
TRAVELING OVER THE I
NTERNET USING A
IP PROTOCOL (INTERNE
T PROTOCOL).
THIS MEANS THAT SEND
S THE VOICE SIGNAL I
N DIGITAL FORM IN PA
CKETS RATHER
THAN SENDI
NG IN DIGITAL OR ANA
LOG, VIA TELEPHONE C
IRCUITS USED ONLY AS

A CONVENTIONAL PSTN
TELEPHONE COMPANY (S
HORT FOR PUBLIC SWIT
CHED TELEPHONE NETWO
RK,
NETWORK
PUBLIC SWITCHED TELE
PHONE).

9.QUE IS IBM: INTERN
ATIONAL BUSINESS MAC
HINES OR IBM (NYSE:
IBM) (COLLOQUI
ALLY KNOWN AS BIG BL
UE) IS A MULTINATION
AL COMPANY THAT MANU
FACTURES AND SELLS T
OOLS,
PROGRAMS AND COMPUTE
R
-
RELATED SERVICES.
IBM IS HEADQUARTERED

IN ARMONK (NEW YORK,

USA) AND IS ESTABLIS
HED AS SUCH SINCE JU
NE 15, 1911, BUT HAS

BEEN OPERATING SINCE

1888.

10. WHICH IS AT T: A
T & T CORPORATION (A
BBREVIATION OF ITS F
ORMER NAME, AMERICAN

TELEPHONE AND TELEGR
APH, NYSE: AT & T) I
S A U.S. TELECOMMUNI
CATIONS COMPANY. PRO
VIDES
VOICE, VIDEO, DATA A
ND INTERNET BUSINESS
ES, CUSTOMERS AND GO
VERNMENT AGENCIES.
DURING IT
S LONG HISTORY, AT &

T HAS BEEN, AT TIMES
, THE LARGEST TELEPH
ONE COMPANY IN
THE WORLD, CABLE TV
OPERATOR OF THE LARG
EST U.S. AND WAS EVE
N CLASSIFIED AS A MO
NOPOLY.
IN 2005 JOINS ITS RI
VAL SBC COMMUNICATIO
NS.

11. IS IBDN: THE INT
ERNET MOVIE DATABASE

(IMDB,

CASTILIAN 'DATABASE
INTERNET MOVIE ") IS

AN ONLINE DATABASE O
F INFORMATION RELATE
D TO FILMS, DIRECTOR
S, PRODUCERS, ACTORS
,
TELEVISION SHOWS, VI
DEO GAMES, PLAYERS D
UBBING AND MORE RECE
NTLY, FICTIONAL CHAR
ACTERS THAT APPEAR I
N THE MEDIA. THE IMD
B WAS OPENED

ON OCTOBER 17, 1990,

AND IN 1998
WAS ACQUIRED BY AMAZ
ON.COM.


THE IMDB CONTAINS A
COMPREHENSIVE LIST O
F FILMS, SHORTS, DOC
UMENTARIES, VIDEO GA
MES AND TELEVISION P
ROGRAMS WORLDWIDE, I
NCLUDING SUMMARIES,
QUIZZES, AND TRADE
DATA ERRORS.

12. WHICH IS THE TI
A: AGF (TECHNICAL RE
SEARCH AEROTERRÁQUEA
) STANDS FOR A FICTI
TIOUS ORGANIZATION O
F THE SERIES MORT AN
D PHIL. ITS MISSION
IS TO SERVE AND PROT
ECT THE
CITIZEN FROM THE OFF
ENDERS. THE AGF IS A

PARODY, CREATED BY F
RANCISCO IBÁÑEZ, U.S
. CIA ORGANIZATION.
IN RETU
RN, THE ABBREVIATION

FOR THE AGENCIES ARE

NAMED AS RIVAL
CRIMINAL GRANDMOTHER

(GROCERY WARFARE AGE
NTS ABERRANT SPECIAL
ISTS IN TROUBLE) OR
NIECE (UNION ORGANIZ
ING NATIONAL ATHLETI
C INTER REIVINDICANT
ES BUNS)

13. TIA/EIA
-
568
-
B THREE STANDARDS TH
AT ADDRESS C
OMMERCIAL WIRING TEL
ECOMMUNICATIONS PROD
UCTS AND SERVICES. T
HE THREE OFFICIAL ST
ANDARDS: ANSI/TIA/EI
A
-
568
-
B.1
-
2001,
-
B.2
-
B.3
-
2001
-
2001.

TIA/EIA
-
568
-
B STANDARDS WERE FIR
ST PUBLISHED IN 2001
. SUBSTITUTED TIA/EI
A
-
568
-
A SET OF STANDARDS T
HAT ARE OBSOLETE.

PER
HAPS THE BEST KNOWN
FEATURE IS THE ALLOC
ATION OF TIA/EIA
-
568
-
B.1
-
2001 PAIRS PIN / 8
-
WIRE CABLES AND 100
OHMS (TWISTED PAIR C
ABLE). THIS ALLOWANC
E IS KNOWN AS T568A
AND
T568B, AND IS OFTEN
NAMED (ERRONEOUSLY)
AS TIA/EIA
-
568A AND TIA/EIA
-
568B.

14. IS IEC: I
NTERNATIONAL ELECTRO
TECHNICAL COMMISSION

(IEC OR IEC, FOR ITS

ACRONYM OF ENGLISH I
NTERNATIONAL ELECTRO
TECHNICAL COMMISSION
) IS AN ORGANIZATION

OF
STANDARDIZATION IN E
LECTRIC FIELDS, ELEC
TRONIC AND RELATED T
ECHNOLOGIES. MANY ST
ANDARDS ARE DEVELOPE
D IN CONJU
NCTION WITH THE ISO
(ISO / IEC).

THE CEI, FOUNDED IN
1904 DURING THE INTE
RNATIONAL ELECTRICAL

CONGRESS OF ST. LOUI
S (USA), WHOSE FIRST

PRESIDENT WAS LORD K
ELVIN, WAS BASED IN
LONDON UNTIL 1948 WH
EN HE
MOVED TO GENEVA. COM
POSED OF NATIONAL ST
ANDARDS BODIES

IN THE AREAS LISTED,

THE MEMBER COUNTRIES

IN 2003 WERE FROM TH
E CIS MORE THAN 60 C
OUNTRIES.

A CIS IS OWED THE DE
VELOPMENT AND DISSEM
INATION OF STANDARDS

FOR SOME UNITS OF ME
ASUREMENT, PARTICULA
RLY THE GAUSS, HERTZ
, AND WEBER, AS WELL

AS THE FIRST
PROPOSA
L FOR A SYSTEM OF ST
ANDARD UNITS, THE GI
ORGI SYSTEM, WHICH E
VENTUALLY BECAME INT
ERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF

UNITS.

15. THAT IS ANSI: AN
SI C IS A STANDARD P
UBLISHED BY THE AMER
ICAN NATIONAL STANDA
RDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)

FOR THE C PROGRAMMIN
G LANGUAGE IT IS REC
OMMEND
ED THAT SOFTWARE
DEVELOPERS IN C THAT

MEET THE REQUIREMENT
S DESCRIBED IN THE D
OCUMENT TO FACILITAT
E CODE PORTABILITY.

16. WHICH IS THE ITU
: INTERNATIONAL

TELECOMMUNICATION UN
ION) HAVE FORMED A S
TRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

WITH

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZA
TION (WTO, WORLD TRA
DE ORGANIZATION).

17. THAT IS ANSI Y32
.9
-
1972: GRAPHICAL SYMB
OLS FOR ELECTRICAL W
IRING AND

LAYOUT DIAGRAMS USED

IN ARCHITECTURE AND
BUILDING CONSTRUCTIO
N

18. WHICH IS THE ASM
E: AMERICAN SOCIETY

MECHANICAL ENGINEE
RS

19. IEEE 802 IS: A S
TUDY OF STANDARDS OF

THE INSTITUTE OF ELE
CTRICAL AND ELECTRON
ICS ENGINEERS (IEEE)
, WHICH ACTS ON COMP
UTER NETWORKS, AND A
CCORDING TO ITS OWN
DEFINITION OF LOCAL
AREA NETWORKS (LAN,
IN ENGLISH LAN) AND
NETWORKS METROPOLITA
N AREA (MAN

IN ENGLISH). THE NAM
E IS ALSO USED TO RE
FER TO IEEE 802 STAN
DARDS
PROPOSED, AND SOME O
F WHICH ARE WELL KNO
WN: ETHERNET (IEEE 8
02.3) OR WI
-
FI (IEEE 802.11), BL
UETOOTH IS EVEN TRYI
NG TO STANDARDIZE ON

THE 802.15 (IEEE 802
.15 .)

IT FOCUSES ON DEFINI
NG THE L
OWER LEVELS (ACCORDI
NG TO THE OSI REFERE
NCE MODEL OR ANY OTH
ER MODEL), NAMELY SU
BDIVIDES THE SECOND
LEVEL, LIAISON, IN T
WO SUBLEVELS,
THE LOGICAL LINK, IN
CLUDED IN 802.2, AND

ACCESS MEDIUM. THE R
EST OF THE STANDARDS

SET OUT BOTH THE PHY
SICAL LEVEL, AS THE
MEDIA ACCESS SUBLAYE
R.

20. IS TOKEN RING: T
OKEN RING NETWORK IS

AN ARCHITECTURE DEVE
LOPED BY IBM IN THE
1970S WITH A LOGICAL

TOPOLOGY AND TECHNIC
AL RING TOKEN PASSIN
G ACCESS. TOKEN RING

IS
INCLUDED IN THE IEEE

802.5 STANDARD. OBSO
LETE BY THE POPULARI
TY OF

ETHERNET AND NOW IS
USED IN NETWORK DESI
GNS.

THE IEEE 802.5

THE IEEE 802.5 IS A
STANDARD BY THE INST
ITUTE OF ELECTRICAL
AND ELECTRONICS ENGI
NEERS (IEEE), AND DE
FINES A LOCAL AREA N
ETWORK LAN IN RING C
ONFIGURATION (RING),

WITH
TOKEN
-
PASSING METHOD (TOKE
N
) AND MEDIUM ACCESS
CONTROL. THE SPEED O
F ITS STANDARD IS 4
OR 16 MBPS

THE DESIGN OF A TOKE
N RING NETWORK WAS A
TTRIBUTED TO E. E. N
EWHALL IN 1969. INTE
RNATIONAL BUSINESS M
ACHINES (IBM) FIRST
PUBLISHED ITS TOKEN
RING TOPOLOGY IN MAR
CH
[1982], WHEN THE COM
P
ANY FILED PAPERS FOR

THE IEEE 802 PROJECT
. IBM TOKEN RING ANN
OUNCED A PRODUCT IN
1984 AND IN 1985 IT
BECAME A STANDARD AN
SI / IEEE.

IT IS ALMOST IDENTIC
AL AND FULLY COMPATI
BLE WITH THE NETWORK

OF IBM TOKEN RING. I
N FACT, THE IEEE 802
.5 SPECIFICATION WAS

M
ODELED AFTER THE TOK
EN RING, AND STILL S
HADING
THE DEVELOPMENT. IN
ADDITION, THE IBM TO
KEN RING SPECIFIES A

STAR, WITH ALL END S
TATIONS ATTACHED TO
A DEVICE THAT IS CAL
LED MULTISTATION ACC
ESS UNIT (MSAU). IN
CONTRAST, IEEE 802.5

DOES NOT SPECIFY A T
OPOLOGY
, ALTHOUGH VIRTUALLY

ALL IEEE 802.5 IMPLE
MENTED BASED ON A ST
AR, AND ALSO SPECIFI
ES A TYPE OF MEDIA,
WHILE TOKEN RING
NETWORKS USING IBM'S

INFORMATION FIELD SI
ZE ROUTING.

THE IEEE 802.5 FRAME

SUPPORTS TWO BASIC T
YPES: TOKENS AND COM
MAND FRAMES AND DATA
. T
HE TOKEN IS A PATTER
N THAT CIRCULATES AR
OUND THE RING IN ONE

DIRECTION OF
MOVEMENT. WHEN A STA
TION WANTS TO TRANSM
IT AND TOKEN PASSES
THROUGH IT, TAKE IT.

IT CAN ONLY REMAIN I
N HIS POSSESSION A C
ERTAIN TIME (10 MS).

HAVE A LENGTH OF 3 B
YTES
AND CONSISTS OF

A START DELIMITER, A
N ACCESS CONTROL BYT
E AND AN END DELIMIT
ER. AS FOR THE FRAME
S OF COMMANDS AND DA
TA MAY VARY IN SIZE
DEPENDING ON THE SIZ
E OF THE
FIELD OF INFORMATION
. THE DATA FRAMES HA
VE INFORMATION FOR H
IGHER PROTOCOLS, WHI
LE COMMAND FRAMES CO
NTAIN
CONTROL INFORMATION.


20. WHICH IS LAN: A
LOCAL AREA NETWORK,
LOCAL NETWORK OR LAN

(LOCAL AREA NETWORK
OF ENGLISH) IS THE I
NTERCONNECTION OF SE
VERAL COMPUTERS AND
PERIPHERALS. ITS
EXTENSION IS PHYSICA
LLY LIMITED TO A BUI
LDING OR A NEIGHBORH
OOD OF 200 METER
S, OR RELAYS COULD R
EACH A FIELD DISTANC
E OF 1 KILOMETER. IT
S WIDER APPLICATION
IS THE
INTERCONNECTION OF P
CS AND WORKSTATIONS
IN OFFICES, FACTORIE
S, ETC.

THE TERM LOCAL NETWO
RK INCLUDES BOTH HAR
DWARE AND SOFTWARE N
ECESSARY TO INTERCON
NECT THE VARIOUS DEV
ICES AND INFORMATION

PROCESSING.

21: IT'S WAN NETWORK
S ARE SPREAD OVER A
LARGE GEOGRAPHIC ARE
A. CONTAINS A COLLEC
TION OF MACHINES DED
ICATED TO RUNNING US
ER PROGRAMS (HOSTS).

THESE ARE CONNECTED
BY THE NETWORK THAT
CARRIES MESSAGES FRO
M ONE HOST TO ANOTHE
R
. THESE HOST LAN ACC
ESS TO THE SUBNET OF

THE WAN BY A REUTER.

THEREFORE TEND TO BE

POINT TO POINT
NETWORKS

THE SUBNET HAS SEVER
AL ELEMENTS:

-

LINES OF COMMUNICATI
ON: MOVE BITS FROM O
NE MACHINE TO ANOTHE
R.

-

SWITCHING ELEMENTS:
SPECIALIZED MACHINES

THAT
CONNECT TWO OR MORE
TRANSMISSION LINES.
ARE OFTEN CALLED ON
WALKERS OR REUTERS.

EACH HOST IS THEN CO
NNECTED TO A LAN WHI
CH IS THE TREADMILL
THAT IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR SENDING THE INFO
RMATION FOR THE SUBN
ET.

A WAN CONTAINS NUMER
OUS WIRES CONNECTED
ON A PAIR
OF WALKERS.
IF TWO WALKERS WHO D
O NOT SHARE CABLE WI
SH TO COMMUNICATE, T
HEY MUST DO SO THROU
GH AT
INTERMEDIATE WALKERS
.
THE COMPLETE PACKET
IS RECEIVED IN EACH
OF THE INTERMEDIATES

AND STORED THERE UNT
IL THE REQUIRED OUTP
UT LINE IS FREE.

YOU CAN SET WAN S
YSTEMS OR SATELLITE
RADIO GROUND WHERE E
ACH WALKER IS IN AN
ANTENNA THAT CAN SEN
D AND RECEIVE INFORM
ATION. BY THEIR NATU
RE, SATELLITE NETWOR
KS
WILL BROADCAST.

TODAY THE INTERNET P
ROVIDES HIGH SPEED W
AN, AND THE NEED FOR

PRIVATE NETWORKS WAN

HAS BEEN DRAST
ICALLY REDUCED WHILE

USING VPN ENCRYPTION

AND OTHER TECHNIQUES

THAT NETWORK DEDICAT
ED TO CONTINUALLY RI
SE.

NORMALLY THE WAN IS
A PEER TO PEER NETWO
RK, IE PACKET SWITCH
ED NETWORK. WAN NETW
ORKS MAY USE SATELLI
TE COMMUNICATION SYS
TEMS OR RADIO. IT WA
S THE AD
VENT OF
LAPTOPS AND PDAS THA
T BROUGHT THE CONCEP
T OF WIRELESS NETWOR
KS.

22. WHICH IS THE MAC
: IN COMPUTER NETWOR
KS THE MAC ADDRESS (
ENGLISH ACRONYM FOR
MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL

OR MEDIA ACCESS CONT
ROL) IS A 48
-
BIT IDENTIFIER (HEXA
DECIMAL
SIX BLOCKS) THAT UNI
Q
UELY CORRESPONDS TO
AN ETHERNET NETWORK.

ALSO KNOWN AS THE PH
YSICAL ADDRESS AS TO

IDENTIFY NETWORK DEV
ICES. IT IS INDIVIDU
AL, EACH DEVICE HAS
ITS OWN SPECIFIC MAC

ADDRESS AND CONFIGUR
ED BY THE IEEE (THE
LAST 24 BITS) AND TH
E MANUFACTURER (THE
FIRST 24 BITS
) USING THE OUI. MOS
T OF THE PROTOCOLS T
HAT WORK AT
LAYER 2 OF THE OSI M
ODEL USING ONE OF TH
REE NUMBERING HANDLE
D BY THE IEEE: MAC
-
48, EUI
-
48 AND EUI
-
64 WHICH HAVE BEEN D
ESIGNED TO BE GLOBAL
LY UNIQUE IDENTIFIER
S. NOT ALL
COMMUNICATIONS PROTO
COLS USE MAC AD
DRESSES, AND NOT ALL

PROTOCOLS REQUIRE GL
OBALLY UNIQUE IDENTI
FIERS.

23. WHICH IS 802.2:
ARE STANDARD FOR LOG
ICAL LINK CONTROL (L
LC) STANDARD FOR CON
NECTIVITY

24. WHICH IS 802.1:
THEY ARE PLOTTING AN
D MANAGEMENT STANDAR
DS FOR LAN / WAN AND

PLOTTING MEDIA
ACCESS CONTROL REMOT
E (MAC)

25. THAT IS 802.3: A
RE STANDARD FOR MULT
IPLE ACCESS OF TETEC
CIÒN CARRIER AND DET
ENTION OF COLLISIONS

(CSMA / CD) CARRIER
SENSE MULTIPLE ACCES
S WITH COLLISION
DETECTION) THIS IS B
ASICALLY THE STANDAR
D ETHERNET

26. WHICH IS 802.
4: STANDARD ACCESS M
ETHOD FOR TRANSMITTI
NG BUS SIGNALS

27. WHICH IS THE 802
.5: ARE STANDARD FOR

THE ACCESS METHOD TO
KEN RING LAN / MAN

28. WHICH IS THE 802
.6: ARE STANDARDS FO
R INFORMATION EXCHAN
GE BETWEEN SYSTEMS

29. WHICH IS THE 802
.7: ARE STANDARDS FO
R BROADBAND WIRED LA
N

30. WHICH IS THE 802
.8: ARE STANDARD FOR

OPTICAL FIBER TECHNO
LOGY

31. THAT IS THE 802.
9: ARE STANDARDS FOR

INTEGRATED SERVICES,

LIKE VOICE AND DATA

32. WHICH IS 802.10:

ARE STANDARD FOR THE

S
ECURITY IMPLEMENTATI
ON LAN / MAN

33. THAN 802.11: ARE

STANDARD FOR WIRELES
S CONNECTIVITY WOOL.

THIS IS A TECHNOLOGY

THAT SUPPORTS CISCO
AND NETWORK INITIATI
VES WIRELESS NETWORK

FROM MANY VENDORS

34. WHICH IS 802.12:

ARE STANDARD FOR THE

ACCESS METHOD OF
CLAIM PRIORITY. THIS

WAS THE PRIMITIVE ME
THOD OF CONNECTIVITY

OF 100 MBPS ETHERNET

OR WAS NOT RING NETW
ORK

35. WHICH IS 802.14:

ARE STANDARD FOR LOC
AL AND METROPOLITAN
NETWORKS, INCLUDING
METHODS OF ACCESS TO

BROADBAND CABLE

36. WHICH IS 802.15:

THEY ARE

FOR WIRELESS PERSONA
L AREA NETWORKS (WPA
N WIRELESS PERSONAL
AREA NETWORK)

37. 802.16 IS: ARE S
TANDARDS FOR BROADBA
ND FIXED WIRELESS

38. IS WPAN: WIRELES
S PERSONAL AREA NETW
ORKS, WIRELESS PERSO
NAL AREA NETWORK OR
PERSONAL AREA NETWOR
K OR PERSONAL AREA N
E
TWORK IS A NETWORK O
F COMPUTERS
FOR COMMUNICATION BE
TWEEN DIFFERENT DEVI
CES (AS COMPUTERS, I
NTERNET ACCESS POINT
S, CELL PHONES, PDAS
, DEVICES AUDIO, PRI
NTERS) NEAR THE ACCE
SS POINT. THESE
NETWORKS ARE USUALLY

A FEW METERS AND PER
SONAL USE AS WELL AS

OUTSID
E IT.

39. IS RUNNIG WI
-
FI (PRONOUNCED IN SP
ANISH / W
ɪ
F
ɪ

/ AND ENGLISH / WA
ɪ
FA
ɪ

/) IS A TRADEMARK OF

THE WI
-
FI ALLIANCE (FORMERL
Y WECA: WIRELESS ETH
ERNET COMPATIBILITY
ALLIANCE),
THE TRADE ORGANIZATI
ON THAT ADOPTS THIS
TEST AND CERTIFY TEA
MS TO MEET STANDA
RDS RELATED TO 802.1
1 WIRELESS LOCAL ARE
A NETWORKS.

40. THAT IS TCP / IP
: TRANSMISSION CONTR
OL PROTOCOL (SPANISH

TRANSMISSION CONTROL

PROTOCOL) OR TCP IS
ONE OF FUNDAMENTAL I
NTERNET PROTOCOLS. I
T WAS CREATED
BETWEEN 1973 AND 197
4 BY VINT CERF AND R
OBERT K
AHN.

MANY PROGRAMS WITHIN

A DATA NETWORK COMPR
ISED OF COMPUTERS CA
N USE TCP TO ESTABLI
SH CONNECTIONS BETWE
EN THEM THROUGH WHIC
H CAN SEND A DATA FL
OW. THE
PROTOCOL GUARANTEES
THAT DATA WILL BE DE
LIVERED TO ITS DESTI
NATION WITHOUT ERROR
S AND IN THE SAME OR
D
ER THEY WERE TRANSMI
TTED. IT ALSO PROVID
ES A MECHANISM FOR
DISTINGUISHING DIFFE
RENT APPLICATIONS WI
THIN A SINGLE MACHIN
E, THROUGH THE CONCE
PT OF PORT.

TCP SUPPORTS MANY OF

THE MOST POPULAR INT
ERNET APPLICATIONS,
INCLUDING HTTP, SMTP
, SSH AND FTP.

41. WHA
T IS TIA/EIA
-
568
-
B.3: SPECIFIES THE C
OMPONENTS AND TRANSM
ISSION SYSTEMS FOR F
IBER OPTIC CABLING

42. THAT IS: TIA/EIA
-
569
-
A: THE COMMERCIAL BU
ILDING STANDARD FOR
TOURS AND

TELECOMMUNICATIONS S
PACES. THE STANDARD
SPECIFIES THE PRACTI
CES

DESIGN AND CONSTRU
CTION WITHIN THE BUI
LDINGS, INCLUDING SU
PPORTING

TELECOMMUNICATIONS E
QUIPMENT AND MEDIA.
SPECIFIC STANDARDS

DAN FOR ROOMS OR ARE
AS AND ROUTES WHERE
EQUIPMENT IS INSTALL
ED AND

TELECOMMUNICATIONS F
ACILITIES.


43. TIA/EIA
-
570
-
A IS: IS THE STANDAR
D FOR TEL
ECOMMUNICATIONS CABL
ING

RESIDENTIAL AND SMAL
LER COMMERCIAL. SPEC
IFICATIONS

CABLING INFRASTRUCTU
RE WITHIN THIS STAND
ARD INCLUDE SUPPORT

FOR SECURITY, AUDIO,

TELEVISION, SENSORS,

ALARMS AND

INTERCOM. THE STANDA
RD MUST BE IMPLEMENT
ED IN BUILDINGS

FURTHER
, EXTENSIONS AND REN
OVATIONS OF BUILDING
S OF ONE OR MORE

TENANTS.

44. IS TIA/EIA
-
606: THE STANDARD AD
MINISTRATION OF TELE
COMMUNICATIONS INFRA
STRUCTURE AND COMMER
CIAL BUILDINGS INCLU
DES STANDARDS


THE LABELING OF THE
WIRING. THE STANDARD

SPECIFIES THAT E
ACH UNIT

CONNECTING HARDWARE
MUST HAVE A UNIQUE I
DENTIFICATION. THE

IDENTIFIER MUST BE M
ARKED ON EACH UNIT C
ONNECTION

HARDWARE OR ON ITS L
ABEL. WHEN USING IDE
NTIFIERS IN AREAS

WORK, THE CONNECTION

OF STATIONS SHOULD H
AVE A LABEL ON THE P
LATE,

ON THE CHASSIS OR TH
E CONNECTOR ITSELF.
ALL LABELS

MUST MEET THE REQUIR
EMENTS OF LEGIBILITY
, PROTECTION AGAINST

DAMAGE

AND ACCESSIONS SPECI
FIED IN UL969 STANDA
RD.

45. TIA/EIA
-
607 IS: IS THE STAND
ARD REQUIREMENTS AND

GROUNDING

CONNECTING COMMERCIA
L BUIL
DING TELECOMMUNICATI
ONS SUPPORTING

A MULTI
-
VENDOR ENVIRONMENT A
ND PRODUCTS AND PRAC
TICES

GROUNDING FOR DIFFER
ENT SYSTEMS CAN BE I
NSTALLED ON

CUSTOMER PREMISES. T
HE STANDARD SPECIFIE
S THE EXACT POINTS O
F

INTERFACE BETWEEN TH
E GROUNDING SYSTEMS
OF THE BU
ILDING AND

SETTING EARTHING EQU
IPMENT

TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
AND DETERMINES THE G
ROUND CONFIGURATIONS


THE BUILDING NEEDED
TO SUPPORT THESE TEA
MS.

46. IS ANSI/TIA/EIA
-
526: ANSI/TIA/EIA
-
526
-
7 AND ANSI/TIA/EIA
-
526
-
14

THEY HAVE A STANDARD
IZED METHOD FOR TEST
ING FIBER OPTIC CABL
ES.

TIA/EIA
-
526
-
7 INCLUDES MEASURING

THE OPTICAL POWER LO
SS

PLANTS INSTALLED SIN
GLE
-
MODE FIBER OPTIC CAB
LES. TIA/EIA
-
526
-
14A

INCLUDES MEASURING O
PTICAL POWER LOSS IN

PLANTS INSTALLED

IN MULTIMODE FIBER O
PTIC CABLES.


ANSI/TIA/EIA
-
5
98 DESCRIBES




THE COLOR CODING SYS
TEM USED

47. WHICH DESCRIBES
ANSI/TIA/EIA
-
598 COLOR CODING SYS
TEM USED IN FIBER OP
TIC CABLES LARGE (UP

TO A COUPLE DOZEN OF

FIBERS).

48: IT IS MULTIMODE:

OPTICAL FIBER IS A M
EDIUM OF TRANSMISSIO
N COMMONLY USED IN D
ATA
NETWORKS, A VERY FIN
E LINE OF TRANSPAREN
T MATERIAL, GLASS OR

PLASTICS, WHICH SENT

PULSES OF LIGHT REPR
ESENTING THE DATA TO

TRANSMIT. THE LIGHT
BEAM IS COMPLETELY C
ONFINED AND IS SPREA
D THROUGH THE FIBER
CORE AT AN ANGLE OF
REFLECTION ABOVE THE

CRITICAL ANG
LE OF TOTAL REFLECTI
ON, ACCORDING TO SNE
LL'S LAW. THE LIGHT
SOURCE MAY BE LASER
OR LED.

THE FIBERS ARE WIDEL
Y USED IN TELECOMMUN
ICATIONS, AS THEY AL
LOW LARGE AMOUNTS OF

DATA SENT AT A GREAT

DISTANCE, WITH SPEED
S SIMILAR TO RADIO O
R CABLE. THEY ARE TH
E
ULT
IMATE MEANS OF TRANS
MISSION TO BE IMMUNE

TO ELECTROMAGNETIC I
NTERFERENCE, ARE ALS
O USED FOR LOCAL NET
WORKS, WHERE THEY NE
ED TO TAKE ADVANTAGE

OF FIBER
OPTICS OVER OTHER ME
ANS OF TRANSMISSION.


49. WHICH IS SINGLE
MODE:

FIBER IS CLASSIFIED
ACCORDING TO THEIR T
YPE OF CONSTRUCTION
AND METHOD OF PROPAG
ATION OF LIGHT RAYS,

IN ADDITION TO THEIR

TRANSMISSION CAPACIT
Y (BANDWIDTH) AND EA
SY
TO ATTACH TO THE RIG

CONNECTIONS.




A SINGLE
-
MODE FIBER IS AN OPT
ICAL FIBER IN WHICH
ONLY

ONE MODE OF LIGHT PR
OPAGATES. IS ACHIEVE
D BY REDUCING THE DI
AMETER OF FIBER CORE

TO A SIZE (8.3 TO 10

MICRONS) THAT
ALLOWS ONLY ONE MODE

OF PROPAGATION, IT I
S TRANSMITTED STRAIG
HT. THE DISTANCE RAN
GES FROM 2.3 KM TO 1
00 KM UP AND USE CEN
TER WITH HIGH
-
INTE
NSITY LASER CANNON.
UNLIKE MULTIMODE FIB
ER, SINGLEMODE FIBER

CAN REACH GREAT DIST
ANCES AND TRANSMIT H
IGH BIT RATES.

MONO
-
MODE FIBER USES A SI
MPLER SYSTEM. IT ONL
Y ALLOWS ONE MODE OF

PROPAGATION. A SINGL
E BEAM OF DIRECT LIG
HT AND MORE INTENSE,

AND THEREFOR
E MORE BANDWIDTH AND

GREATER DISTANCES.

50. THAT IS ACE: THE

ASSOCIATION OF COMPO
NENTS, ASSEMBLIES AN
D MATERIALS ELECTRON
ICS (ACE)

IT REPRESENTS THE EL
ECTRONICS INDUSTRY S
ECTOR COMPRISING MAN
UFACTURERS AND

SUPPLIERS OF PASSIVE

AND ACTIVE ELECTRONI
C COMP
ONENTS, ASSEMBLIES A
ND

ASSEMBLIES OF COMPON
ENTS, AND EQUIPMENT
AND COMMERCIAL AND I
NDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES.

ECA PROVIDES COMPANI
ES A DYNAMIC LINK TO

A NETWORK AND PROGRA
M

ACTIVITIES THAT PROV
IDE COMMERCIAL AND T
ECHNICAL INFORMATION
, RESEARCH

MARKET TRENDS A
ND ANALYSIS, ACCESS
TO INDUSTRY LEADERS
AND GOVERNMENT, AND
TECHNICAL TRAINING A
ND EDUCATION.

51: THAT IS CEA: THE

ASSOCIATION OF CONSU
MER ELECTRONICS (CEA
) UNITES MORE THAN 6
50

COMPANIES WITHIN THE

TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
FOR THE CONSUMER

U.S. TO PROVIDE E
XCLUSIVE INFORMATION

AND RESEARCH

MARKET UNPRECEDENTED

NETWORKING OPPORTUNI
TIES WITH DEFENDERS
AND

BUSINESS LEADERS, CU
RRENT EDUCATIONAL PR
OGRAMS AND TECHNICAL

TRAINING,

EXHIBITION IN INTENS
IVE PROMOTION PROGRA
MS, AND REPRESENTING

THE VOICE

INDUSTRY, W
HILE PROMOTING AND A
DVANCING THE NEEDS A
ND INTERESTS

MEMBERS.

52. IS GEIA: ASSOCIA
TION GOVERNMENT ELEC
TRONICS TECHNOLOGY A
ND INFORMATION

(GEIA) FORMS THE GOV
ERNMENT MARKET SECTO
R OF THE ASSOCIATION

OF

ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIE
S (EIA). REPRESENTS
HIGH
-
TECH I
NDUSTRIES

DO BUSINESS WITH THE

U.S. GOVERNMENT ITS
MEMBERS ARE COMPANIE
S

SOLUTIONS THAT PROVI
DE ELECTRONIC AND IN
FORMATION TECHNOLOGY

(IT) TO

GOVERNMENT. GEIA STU
DIES THE MARKET FOR
THE WIRING, ENABLING

TECHNOLOGIES

AND THE PRODUCTS AND

SERVICES FOR AD
VANCED ELECTRONIC EN
TITIES

DEFENSE AND CIVILIAN

GOVERNMENT. THEN, DE
VELOP FORECASTS AND
OTHER


53. THE ASSOCIATION
IS JEDEC SOLID STATE

TECHNOLOGY JOINT COU
NCIL

ELECTRON DEVICE ENGI
NEERING (JEDEC) IS T
HE STANDARDIZATION B
ODY

SEMICONDUCTOR ENGINE
ERING E
IA. JEDEC WAS FORMED
, INITIALLY IN

1960 AS A JOINT ACTI
VITY BETWEEN EIA AND

NEMA TO TREAT

STANDARDIZATION OF D
ISCRETE SEMICONDUCTO
R DEVICES IN 1970 IS


EXPANDED TO INCLUDE
INTEGRATED CIRCUITS.