COMP 204 Homework 1

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COMP 204 Homework 1

Answer the following questions based on your reading of the text book, the module key points, and the
instructor’s presentation this week.

1.

[3 points]

The textbook lists four examples of popular communications tools: instant messaging,
blogs, podcasting, and wikis.

Identify at least two other communications tools that network
technologies have enabled, provide a general description for each, and a web
-
link to an example
product that implements such a tool.




2.

[3 points]

A network consists of four elements: protocols, messages, medium, and devices. Alice
wants to send a letter from US to her friend Ivan in Russia. Identify the four network elements
that
are used in this scenario. Also, list the steps that take place in order to carry out this task.




3.


[4 points]

Compare and contrast circuit
-

and packet
-
switched networks.

What kinds of
applications are reasonable for each kind of network? Why?




4.


[5 poi
nts]

Priority queuing as a means of ensuring quality of service is a hotly debated political
topic in networking and is often discussed under the heading of “Network Neutrality.”

From the
perspective of an internet service provider, summarize the argument
s against network neutrality.

From the perspective of a broadband consumer, summarize the arguments for network
neutrality.




5.


[3 points]

What is segmentation?

What are its advantages and disadvantages?




6.


[3 points]

How are the following three concepts interrelated:

LAN, WAN, and internetwork?




7.


[3 points]

What would you consider the biggest advantage of architecting the network
communications in a layered model?




8.


[6 points]

A layered model for computer network

communications is typically implemented in
high level applications, the operating system's network protocols, and the physical hardware of
the device.

Such an implementation is typically called a "network stack" because the last data
encoding at the send
er will correspond to the first data decoding performed at the receiver.

Consider an e
-
mail client sending a message to an e
-
mail server located on the same Ethernet
network.

Both machines use TCP/IP to communicate over Ethernet, and the mail client and
server
both use the SMTP protocol to talk to the server.

Describe the transformation process that the e
-
mail message goes through as it moves down the stack on the client and then up the stack on the
server.