Kl d M t Knowledge Management: NEA Views NEA Views

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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K l d M t
K
now
l
e
d
ge
M
anagemen
t
:
NEA Views
NEA

Views
Presentation to the
JAEA International Workshop on
Knowledge Management Systems
T k D b 2009
T
o
k
yo,
D
ecem
b
er
2009
B Forinash NEA Secretariat
B
.
Forinash
,
NEA

Secretariat
1
Th I t f K l d
Th
e
I
mpor
t
ance o
f

K
now
l
e
d
ge
Consolidation and Transfer
Consolidation

and

Transfer

The NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee
id tifi k l d lid ti d t f
id
en
tifi
es
k
now
l
e
d
ge conso
lid
a
ti
on an
d

t
rans
f
er as a
“pillar” supporting its operation and that of member
o
r
ga
ni
sat
i
o
n
s
:
o ga sat o s
“ R a d i o a c t i v e w a s t e m a n a g e m e n t d e m a n d s the accumulation of a broad
base of multi-disciplinary knowledge, addressing complex technical
and social considerations Information is required by many parties

and

social

considerations
.
Information

is

required

by

many

parties
. . .
“The … growing importance of subjects such as reversibility and
retrievability, stepwise decision making, flexibility and adaptability,
transfer or responsibilities between institutional actors institutional
transfer

or

responsibilities

between

institutional

actors
,
institutional

controls, avoidance of human intrusion, surveillance, monitoring and
confidence building all depend for their success on the transfer of
information to future generations, especially in the short term but
increasingly on longer and longer time scales.
2
An Action Plan is needed for
K l d M t
K
now
l
e
d
ge
M
anagemen
t
I th “ h t” t d d

I
n
th
e

s
h
or
t”

t
erm: over
d
eca
d
es
• To guide operations and ensure adequate records in
the event of accidents
the

event

of

accidents
• To provide flexibility in adapting to new information
gained in the future
T ll l
t t l t b h d

T
o a
ll
ow
l
ong-
t
erm managemen
t
goa
l
s
t
o
b
e reac
h
e
d

In the long term:

In

the

long

term:
• To provide knowledge that allows future generations to
make informed decisions.
3
Issues in Knowled
g
e Mana
g
ement
g g

What information should be preserved?

What

information

should

be

preserved?

Why should it be preserved? (vital to safety,
facilitates adaptability of scientific or social
facilitates

adaptability
,
of

scientific

or

social

interest)

Who is the audience?

 ﵥ 﩯ﹳ   ﹳ磻



ﵥ

﩯ﹳ

オﱤ



ﹳ磻

How should it be preserved?

Where should is be preserved?
4
Tools and Priorities for the Short Term

Exchange of international experience

Optimising communication tools and adopting
suitable formats for reports, etc.

Maintaining repositories of information and
ex
p
ert knowled
g
e that are readil
y
accessible to
p g y
g u i d e o p e r a t i o n s

ﹴ﹧
拾葉
 ﹧ ﱥ﹩﹧

ﹴ﹧

拾葉


﹧

ﱥ﹩﹧

拾塞鸞異ﱥﬠﱩ﹧
葉說︠ﹳエﱥﹴ
說ﹳ
5
Tools and Priorities for the Long Term

Availability of information to support decision-
making processes spanning long time periods
making

processes

spanning

long

time

periods
• Systematically organising and maintaining information

Anticipating needs of future decision makers
Anticipating

needs

of

future

decision

makers

Organising programmes to capture and retain
institutional knowled
g
e
g
• Retaining documentation on how decisions were
reached and on the associated bases

Managing tacit knowledge through investment in human

Managing

tacit

knowledge

through

investment

in

human

resources and skills training

﹧  

ﵩ﹩﹧

 ﹥ ュ 

﹧

ァ



ﵩ﹩﹧



﹥

ュ



ﱥョﱥ﹥エ
6
Some further thoughts:

Organisational issues, including knowledge
mana
g
ement, are directl
y
relevant to the safet
y
case
g y y
and should not be considered peripheral.

It is important not only to retain information, but also to
maintain
it in order toensure that it remainsaccessible
maintain
it

in

order

to

ensure

that

it

remains

accessible
.
•Technology is an issue to be considered.

﹯ ョﱹ    ﵥﹴ  ﭥ  

﹯

ョﱹ



ﵵ



ﵥﹴ



ﭥ





葉說︠ョ若ﹴ
 拾ョゥオﱤ
 磻ﺔﭮキﱥ拾ﱬ

During periods of organisational transformation,
knowledge management deserves particular attention
knowledge

management

deserves

particular

attention
.
7