5. ANSI standards on robots

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13 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 5 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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SAFE 645 Principles of

Occupational Safety


Overview of Automated
Processes and Equipment

1. Introduction

1.1. Why automate?








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2. Robots defined



Reprogrammable, multifunctional,
mechanical manipulators devices
designed to move material, parts, tools,
or specialized devices through variable
programmed motions to perform a
variety of tasks.


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2.1. Classification of robots




Servo robots




Nonservo robots


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2.2. Classification by robot


path





Point
-
to
-
point path




Controlled path




Continuous path


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3. Intrinsic safety built into


Robot design and operation



Hazard Analysis of the robot’s use, programming,
work environment, human error and maintenance
operations.



Encourages a combination of safeguarding
methods using both redundant and back
-
up
systems.



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4. Hazards associated with

robots








Control Errors




Human Errors



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4. Hazards associated with

robots





Working Envelope



Environmental Sources



Power Systems


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5. ANSI standards on robots





3.4.1. ANSI/RIA R15.06


“Safety Standard for Industrial Robots and
Industrial Robot Systems”


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5.
ANSI standards on robots

Four options for safeguarding
robots:





Presence sensing device






Barrier with an active interlock





Perimeter guard



Awareness barrier


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5.
ANSI standards on robots

Safeguarding the Teacher




A restricted speed of 10 inches per second
should be placed on any part of the robot
during training to minimize injury to the
teacher or programmer.



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5.
ANSI standards on robots


Other ANSI requirements for robots




moving parts protected




minimize the release of stored energy




protect the robot from radio frequency and electro magnetic
sources



emergency stops



operating controls outside working envelope



hostage controls




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5.
ANSI standards on robots


Installation and maintenance of robots



Employee Training




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presentation!