SCE Smart Grid Overview

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SCE Smart Grid Overview

Kimberly Davis

February 18, 2010

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Agenda


What is a Smart Grid?


What is driving Smart Grid initiatives?


What is SCE doing to make the Smart Grid a reality in
California?


How will the Smart Grid impact the Workforce?


How will the Smart Grid impact Higher Education?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

What is a Smart Grid?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

So What Makes a Grid Smart?


Combination of energy, engineering and information technology


A Smart Grid involves adding millions of smart electronic devices to
the grid


i.e., wireless technologies, meters, and chargers in electric cars


Adding the ability to:


Send and receive high resolution data


Produce actionable information


Use that information for more sophisticated intelligence and control


The Smart Grid will allow:


More efficient and effective transmission of power


Integration of more intermittent renewable generation


More efficient and effective maintenance practices


Faster restoration when outages are unavoidable


Increased customer choice

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

What is driving Smart Grid initiatives?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

~3500 gWh of EE
Savings (2009


11)

CA 2020: Energy Policy Initiatives

2020

2018

2016

2014

2012

2010

20%

Renewable
Generation


AB32 Reduce GHG Emissions to 1990 Levels by 2025

1 Million
Solar Roofs
Statewide

500 MW of Large Scale Solar Rooftop Generation

~7300 gWh of EE Savings
(2012


2020)

~ 600k
PEV’s
*

SmartConnect
DR Goals
(~1000 MW)

Zero
Energy
Homes
100%

50% of New
Homes are 35%
More Efficient
than T24

90% of New
Homes are 35%
More Efficient
than T24

33%
Renewable
Generation

(Proposed)

* SCE estimate of market adoption in SCE’s service area

1
st

Full Year of
MRTU Market
Operation

~100k
PEV’s
*

~25k
PEV’s
*

Policy Areas

Creation of
Storage
Market

RPS Bulk

Power Integration

RPS Distributed

Power Integration

Transportation

Electrification

Energy Efficiency

& Demand
Response

MRTU Support

Technologies

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

What is SCE doing to make the Smart Grid

a reality in California?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


SCE is doing its part to reduce greenhouse

gas emissions by providing its customers

with energy from renewable resources



Smart power delivery is needed to manage
greater diversity of supply and to optimize
existing capacity



Smart metering enables customers to
increase energy conservation and reduce
peaks while improving customer service
and operational efficiency



Plug
-
in electric vehicles will achieve
transportation sustainability and enable
distributed energy storage systems


Innovation in energy technology will deliver environmental & customer
benefits while supporting energy policy initiatives

SCE Strategy for a Clean Energy Future

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison












Integrate

and
manage new
sources of
renewable and
distributed energy
supply and
storage


Maximize
workforce
productivity,
effectiveness,
and safety by
using enabling
tools


Improve

capital
efficiency and
assets using
better intelligence
and technology
for optimal
system planning


Enable

the grid to
automatically
adjust to
changing loads
and supply
requirements



Empower
customers to
become “active”
participants in the
energy supply
chain managing
their own energy
consumption

SCE Smart Grid Vision

Grid Control

& Asset
Optimization

Renewable,
DER &
Storage

Integration

Smart

Metering

Smart

Customer

Solutions

& PEVs

Workforce

Effectiveness

A smarter grid will provide environmental benefits

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


Provide real
-
time voltage support to
mitigate volatility associated with
intermittent renewable energy resources


Increase transmission capacity to
integrate more bulk renewable energy
resources


Integrate large scale energy storage
systems as a parallel power source for
intermittent renewable energy supply

Renewables Integration

SCE leads the nation in renewable power, procuring 13 billion kWh’s per
year

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

CA Renewables Portfolio Standard


20% by 2010


Possibly 33% by 2020

(statute under consideration)


California Solar Initiative (CSI)


Goal to install 3,000 megawatts
(MW) of new, customer
-
owned
solar photovoltaic projects by
2017.


The CPUC provides incentives for
all solar installations in existing
structures.


CA Carbon Reduction Law (AB 32)


Reduce greenhouse gasses
(GHG) by 25% by 2025

California law and policy is driving the need for a smarter grid

2008 Renewables Summary
Biomass 7%
904 Million kWh
delivered
Geothermal 62%
7.84 Billion kWh
delivered
Wind 21%
2.57 Billion kWh
delivered
Small Hydro 4%
526 Million kWh
delivered
Solar 6%
731 Million kWh
delivered
Renewable & DER Growth

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


The need:

The growing complexity of
interconnected electric grids increases the
threat of blackouts and other challenges,
facilitating the need for a smarter electric
grid with wide
-
area measurement


Hardware:
Phasor measurement units
(PMUs) help identify remote system
disturbances, in advance, to prevent wide
-
scale power outages


Software:
Power System Outlook (PSO) is
a real
-
time tool that enables operators and
engineers to quickly and affordably analyze
synchrophasor measurement system data
from a large power grid

Phasor technology enables real
-
time system monitoring and reduces
outages

Synchrophasor Measurement System

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


Enable distributed energy
resources and storage to
support customer choice and
improve grid stability


Prevent catastrophic system
failures through innovative real
time power system analytics
and grid technologies


Minimize customer power
disruptions due to distribution
system failures through
expansive automation

Avanti
-

Circuit of the Future

Expand smart technology deployment from investments over the past
decade

Transmission & Distribution Automation

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


Choice to Manage Cost & Peak
Demand


Dynamic Pricing Options


Optional Demand Response Programs


Smart Communicating Thermostats


Outcome


Reduce Peak Load by 1,000 MWs



Energy Information Drives Conservation


Reduce Residential Energy
Consumption


Reduce GHG



Automated Self
-
Service


Remote Service Switch


Payment and Billing Options

© Copyright 2008, Southern California Edison

Smart Metering: Edison SmartConnect™

Enable customers to increase energy conservation and reduce peak loads

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Zero Net Energy Home

Engaging Customers in the Supply Chain

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Tehachapi Wind Energy Storage Project (TSP)


Deploy and evaluate an 8 MW utility
-
scale lithium
-
ion battery
technology to improve grid performance and aid in the integration of
wind generation into the electric supply.


The project will evaluate a wider range of applications for lithium
-
ion
batteries that will spur broader demand for the technology, bringing
production to a scale that will make this form of large energy storage
more affordable

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Irvine Smart Grid Demonstration (ISGD)


Will demonstrate an integrated, scalable Smart Grid system that
includes all of the interlocking pieces of an end
-
to
-
end Smart Grid
system
-

from the transmission and distribution systems to
consumer applications like smart appliances and electric vehicles.


The project will focus on the interoperability and interactions
between technologies and systems working at the same time
-

such
as communications networks, cyber
-
security requirements, and
interoperability standards.


Sub
-
project:


Workforce of the Future: Identify the Organizational Impacts and
Educational Curriculum Development to Produce the Next Generation
Utility Worker


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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

How will the Smart Grid Impact the Workforce?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Workforce Safety & Productivity

Enhance the safety and effectiveness of the future smart grid workforce


SCE is implementing technological
innovations to enable the efficient
management and transfer of data by
personnel to achieve the objectives
of a smarter grid and create an even
more productive and safer field
workforce:


Safer and more reliable system
operations


More cost
-
effective system
maintenance


Elimination of field manual data input


Transparent data collection and
maintenance

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Smart Grid Workforce Impact


The Smart Grid can help create durable jobs for Americans


At SCE, we directly employ around 16,000 people


51% minority and female employees, representing the diversity of the
customers we serve


Energy investments will create or save 3.5 million jobs


nearly
400,000 in California (source: President Obama EVTC Speech)


Energy efficiency programs create over 1,100 jobs, many of them in
the low
-
income communities we serve


Established breakthrough partnerships with service territory
universities and community colleges to train and retrain young
people to fit the well
-
paid jobs demanded by the power industry in
the future


from linemen to electrical engineers

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

How will the Smart Grid impact Higher
Education?

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Educational Preparation


The technology requires Engineers with a multi
-
discipline
understanding, as it pertains to the electric power system:


Knowledge of the interplay between information technology and
electrical, power, communications, controls, and electronics engineering


Ability to use the most current software and hardware tools for power
system modeling and analysis, specifically with ubiquitous distributed
generation


Knowledge of current ‘Smart’ equipment available to the utility and the
standards that guide their development and use


Knowledge of the technical requirements of planning, constructing,
operating, and maintaining an electrical power system

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

For more information on SCE’s Smart Grid strategy,
news, and updates, go to:
www.sce.com/smartgrid

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

Back
-
up

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison


On March 19, 2009, SCE’s Electric
Vehicle Technical Center hosted
President Barack Obama


The ingenuity of the scientists, engineers,
and workers at companies like Southern
California Edison will create the new jobs
and new industries of tomorrow


Federal government will invest $15 billion
a year to develop technologies like wind
power and solar power; advanced
biofuels, clean coal, and more fuel
-
efficient cars and trucks that are built right
here in America

“Day by day, test by test, trial by painstaking trial; the scientists, engineers, and workers
at this site are developing the ideas and innovations that our future depend upon.”

President Obama Visits Edison EVTC

-

President Obama

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© Copyright 2009, Southern California Edison

What is Needed to Realize a Smarter Grid?


Intelligent and communicating PEVs that integrate gracefully with
the grid.


Cost effective energy storage at bulk transmission and distribution.


Commercial products based on open, non
-
proprietary standards that
are secure.


Seamless and secure telecommunications infrastructure that
integrates millions of intelligent devices to produce actionable
information that is used to control the electric system.


Workforce with the skills and knowledge to engineer, build, operate
and maintain an electric grid with pervasive information technology
embedded.