EnerNex Chairman, CTO and Co-founder

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21 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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The Smart Grid and the EU Directive
-

An
Opportunity for Today's Innovators

Erich W. Gunther, PE, FIEEE

EnerNex Chairman, CTO and Co
-
founder

What is Smart Grid?


Like beauty, it is in the eye of the beholder


A collection of specific functionalities
among
hundreds


Various governments have explicitly highlighted a few


Varying functional priorities


Dependent on:


Stakeholder point of view


which changes from time to time


Geography, regulatory environment, existing infrastructure


Corporate leadership, end consumer demographics and needs


A collection of technologies and systems that
implement and manage these
functions


Grid modernization from source to consumption

Grid Modernization Challenges


Large stakeholder base


Multiple optimization
goals


Multiple engineering disciplines needed


Smart Grid must have demonstrable value


Multiple technological paths to achieving that value


Dynamic
range of technology life is wide and challenging to
mitigate


Pervasive deployment of renewable
-
variable and distributed generation


Electrification of transportation


System planning tools inadequate


Engineering assumptions/simplifications becoming less valid


A system of systems


presently managed using a silo based approach


Most
people


even some good power engineers
-

are
not system
thinkers


Entrepreneurship and Innovation 101


With change comes opportunity


From opportunity comes innovation


From innovation comes satisfaction, profit,
and hopefully an improved way of life for
those touched by what you develop


4

So what does that have to do with
Smart Grid?

5

Change is Opportunity


Every industry depends on energy
infrastructure


most critically so


Every aspect of the energy industry has never
seen so much change in supply, cost, politics,
and technology


Understand the change now, infer related
future changes, see the opportunity, act on it
with the best people you can muster

6

So What’s Changing?


Aging Infrastructure


no matter what else, this
is one inescapable fact and leverage point


Rising energy cost due to scarcer resources


Increasing (apparent) social responsibility


Technology awareness and utilization


Consumer empowerment over everything


Self centered, egotism


“I want it now” culture


EU and national policy


not always a good thing

7

Some Data


EU produces 48% of energy needs, dependency on imports
increasing


UK way better than most (Malta worst,

Denmark best


they export)


In Austria, 68% of electricity generation was

provided by renewable energy sources in

2009 while the EU average was of 18%.


EU energy targets: 20
-
20
-
20 BY 2020



emissions,
renewables
, efficiency (UK 15% renewable)


UK Climate Change Bill


carbon down 80% by 2050


UK household energy prices among the highest in EU

8

Opportunities


Consumer empowerment (measurement, demand response)


Energy efficiency related technology


Infrastructure improvement (the grid


lines, transformers)


Distributed renewable energy


photovoltaics


Bulk renewable energy
-

wind


System integration tools


Big data and analytics


Energy storage


Field device communications


Electrification of transportation


Labs for testing, compliance evaluation and certification

9

Systems Engineering Discipline


Development of conceptual, component & reference
models and architectures
allows you to examine smart grid implementations from a number of architecture
perspectives:

Operational
, System,
Technical


Technical capabilities required to
support smart grid functions


Component Architectures


Message Architecture


Reference Architecture


Open standards available to support
architecture


Vendor solutions and offerings


Enabling enterprise standards,
patterns and services


Use Cases and Business Scenarios


Requirements


Information Needs

Example


US “Green Button”


Common sense idea


consumers own energy use data, have
access to it in a standard format, apps and services available to
use it


a policy, a brand, a set of technologies


White House idea to first implementation in 90 days


Utilizes new, fast tracker technical standard (ESPI)


Lots of political haymaking, satisfied customers, market for
apps, low cost energy provider implementation


10 million customer accounts have access now, 20 million more
associated with utility commitments


> 70 vendors offering products and services


55 entrepreneurs participate in US
DoE

Apps for Energy contest
-

http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov/submissions


11

Motivation to Get it Right

12

Guy Kawasaki Rule on Entrepreneurship


Make Meaning, Get Going


Increase the quality of life


Right a wrong


Prevent the end of something good


Think different


Polarize people


Find a few soul mates


“the best people”

13

Best People
-

Smart
Grid Engineer Skills


Basic
electrical and electric
power engineering


Electronics, load
flow, short circuit, stability,
transients


Communications


Physical media, protocols, info models, networks, traffic analysis


Distributed Computing / Intelligence / Complex Systems


Software, agent based computing, local automation, stochastic processes


Security


Physical and cyber


Systems
of Systems Engineering


Integration, control
theory
, reliability, stability, security


Enterprise
Architecture


Databases, Service Oriented
Architecture


Business, Economics, and Regulation


Understanding the business, cost/benefit, business case


People Skills


Needed to break down silos in institutions and understand customer needs

Advice for Engineers and Technologists


Think globally


in system of systems terms


Systems engineering discipline is critical


Everything matters


Thoroughly understand power system


Thoroughly
understand system requirements


Evaluate widget and other actor interactions


Manage technology change


Understand the business case


Build in metric capture


Support dynamic optimization


Keep your eyes open


Don’t reinvent


collaborate
instead


Continuous learning and self improvement


Advice for
Employers


Clearly articulate your resource needs to universities


Reward universities who listen


projects, internships


Hire system thinkers


Avoid creating “
siloed
” professionals


Encourage continuous learning

and self improvement


Training programs, rotation


Collaborate with your peers


UCAIug
, SGIP


Keep your eyes open


Don’t reinvent


be aware of industry resources and use them


IEEE
Xplore


User communities
-

UCAIug



Summary


Change brings opportunity and profit


Critical infrastructure brings large customer base


Learn, Observe, Listen, Integrate, Collaborate


Apply technology from multiple disciplines


Understand the context of energy engineering


Be realistic but optimistic


Do something meaningful


Hire the best people


find soul mates


Have fun, make money


be an innovator!



17

Questions?


Links


IEEE Smart Grid


http://smartgrid.ieee.org/


IEEE
Xplore

-

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/



IEEE PES
-

http://www.ieee
-
pes.org/



European Energy 2020 Strategy
-



http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy2020



EU Energy Roadmap 2050
-

http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy2020/roadmap



Apps for Energy
-

http://appsforenergy.challenge.gov/submissions



Green Button


http://www.greenbuttondata.org/



EnerNex


http://www.enernex.com/


Contact


Erich W. Gunther


e.gunther@ieee.org

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