Zimbabwe Council for Higher Education (ZIMCHE)

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28 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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FUNDING STRATEGIES


Presentation by Mr. G. T.
Gurira

Principal Director HR, Admin and Finance

Role of Higher Education in
National Development


The role of higher education in national development is uncontested



Higher education and its constituent institutions have an immense
social and public responsibility



Higher education avails to society a critical mass of citizenry who
possess the capability to engage the most intractable problems of
society



It produces the skilled graduates, professionals and intellectuals with
the stamina to drive economic, social and political development

The Zimbabwe Higher Education
Sector

The Zimbabwe higher education sector has undergone massive expansion
since 1980


From one public university at independence it now has 15 universities,
nine (9) public and six (6) private


The system is expected to grow even larger in 2012 with the addition of
three new public universities and probably one private university i.e.
the Reformed Church in Zimbabwe


The current enrolment in our higher education system is in excess of
55000

FUNDING



THE CHALLENGES


The effects of massification i.e. increased numbers in
higher education is a world wide phenomena from
which Zimbabwe and other developing nations have
not been spared


Increased enrolments have a direct bearing on quality
assurance


The major challenge is how do you provide quality
education in a context of increased numbers against a
background of limited and dwindling funding


Challenges (cont.)


Currently the entirety of our public higher education
institutions are heavily dependent on the fiscus for capital
and recurrent expenditures


On average it is estimated 80% of budgetary support is
from the
fiscus
, 15% fees and 5% from other sources


This is obviously unsustainable: there is need for HEIs to
diversify funding sources especially in a context where the
cake is getting smaller


The crisis of our institutions is worsened/exacerbated by
the formidable economic, social and political challenges
encountered by our nation in the ten years following the
onset of the land reform programme (2001 to 2010).



Challenges cont....


When the macro economic environment took a nose dive, the
institutions could not escape the irresistible vortex triggered by
the land revolution.



Resultant scenario:



-

massive

brain

drain



-

lack

of

infrastructural

development

(given

that





most

of

our

institutions

were

born

during

this





most

challenging

period

in

the

history

of

our





nation)
.



-
inability

of

higher

education

institutions

to

deliver

on

v



their

mandates
.


-
low

staff

morale




The three pillars of a successful
higher education system

1.
Planning(ensuring all planning documents align
with educational planning).i.e. Higher and
Vocational education

2.
Quality assurance (as discussed)

3.
Funding


-

Percentage of national budget that goes to higher
education


-
Institutional funding arrangements


-
Student educational support arrangements

FUNDING STRATEGIES


Situation in institutions has slightly improved
following the signing of the Global Political
Agreement (GPA)


Institutions are back to the normal semester system
and enrolments have improved.


The real challenge is to prepare our HEIs for global
competitiveness


Public HEIs and private HEIs are expected to be
innovative in devising funding strategies if they are to
survive


Funding strategies (cont.)

Suggested strategies
:


PPPs


where private player performs service delivery on administrative
function and assumes associated risks in return for a predetermined fee


PPPs described by the Honourable Minister S. Mudenge as one of the
practical and viable strategies to mobilise resources for our HEIs


Joint Ventures (JVs) with willing partners in academic related ventures
e.g. Printing Press and Publishing House


Commercial Agriculture


example of Chinhoyi University joint
venture with Chinese firm.


Short courses/ programmes


Collaborative Research/Consultancies


Centres of excellence


Industrial doctorates and incubation centres


Fundraising e.t.c e.t.c

Thank you