genetic engineering

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16 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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April 4, 2002

Send in the Clones?

Tests


More feedback? Make an appointment
/ drop by office hours.


Re
-
evaluation? Put concerns in writing
and resubmit paper. (Evaluation may
decrease.)


Wachbroit:
Genetic Encores


Cloning

is not of
ethical concern,
despite problems
with
genetic
engineering

and
reproductive
technologies


Apparent problems
do not bear out

Value of human individualism?

1.
Seems to be based on belief in genetic
determinism:

=
df

Genes determine everything about us (despite
environment and chance events)


Scientifically unacceptable

2.
No “open future” in thought and deed


not unusual; at most, a matter of bad parenting,
not particular to cloning

3.
Predictable problems are not decisive of the
quality of life

Cloning better than other
reproductive technologies


Ambiguous identities/lineages shared
problem


No conflict between social and
biological family organization

Better than genetic
engineering


Notions of perfection won’t amplify
existing social advantage


Less selective, so less treatment of
child as a product

Benefits



Transplant scenario


Infertility treatment

Wajcman:

Delivered Into Men’s Hands


Like other forms of
technology,
reproductive
technologies “operate
within and reinforce pre
-
existing social
inequalities.” (274)


Always subject to ritual
and political
acceptability

History of feminist responses
to reproductive technology


Early 20th century: sex ed movement


1970s: women’s reproductive role as a
source of oppression


1980s: against medical intervention as
a source of patriarchal control


What value reproductive
technology?


Not simply a matter of why people
choose it [effective valence]


Depends to a degree on intention of
development, control of resources
[intended valence] but
not

a conspiracy


Current social climate determines what
is considered valuable and gets
developed