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26 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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1)
EALRY CHRISTIAN
ARCHITECTURE

2)
ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

3)
THE CAROLINIAN, OTTONIAN
AND ROMANESQUE
ARCHITECTURE

4)
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE



CHRISTIAN BASILICA
: rectangular
building with
an apse for the altar at one end and a straight line,
interpreted as path
.



San Vitale Dome:
dome of heaven
served as a point of
departure.



Mosque, palace, the tomb, and the fort: principal building
types of Islam

Great Mosque of Samarra

Mausoleum
Taj

Mahal

of Agra, India


St. Michael Church in Northern
Germany

Pope and emperor join hands in perfect
quality.


characterized by bay system, cross
-
or groin
-
vaulting, semi
-
circular arches for the opening in the walls
, massive
enclosing walls, and the incorporation of towers into
the church building proper.

St. Marks Cathedral in Venice


Pointed arch, the flying buttress and the rib
vault
that reflects the transcendental character of
Gothic culture

Notre Dame de Paris

Salisbury Cathedral in France

1)
THE RENAISSANCE
ARCHITECTURE IN ITALY

2)
THE BAROQUE
ARCHTIECTURE



Structures follow the
system of rectangles
and circles



man standing in the
center of the dome
revealing
self
-
sufficient
individuality of man
,
acting not by the grace
of God, but more by the
power of his own
agency.


Palazzo
Rocelli

in Florence

Pazzi

Chapel in Florence


original
meaning of
the term
“Baroque”
was
odd,
irregular
and
grotesque


St. Peter’s
Basilica



availability of new
building materials,
iron
and steel


the
materials that
revolutionized the whole
building industry.


SEVERN BRIDGE IN ENGLAND

EIFFEL TOWER IN PARIS

1)
POST AND LINTEL

2)
CANTILEVER

3)
ARCH

4)
DOME

5)
VAULT

6)
TRUSS



This consists
of a
horizontal
beam called
lintel and
two vertical
posts to
support it.



STONEHENGE


has
two
vertical posts
for support and
a
horizontal
beam
with one
end more
extended than
the other.



consists of
several wedge
-
shaped blocks
of stone
called
voussoirs

held
together by a key
stone.



Arch of Triumph in Paris


a large
hemispherical
roof or ceiling
that looks like
in a converted
cup.



“Dome of the Rock” in Jerusalem



This is an
arched
structure of
masonry
usually
forming a
roof or
ceiling.



The truss
consists of a
braced
framework of
beams
or bars
forming
one or
more triangles.





MATERIALS OF NATURE (DIRECT PRODUCT OF
NATURE)


STONE


WOOD


MATERIALS MANUFACTURED OR MADE BY MAN


CERAMIC MATERIALS


METALS


CONCRETE MATERIALS


PLASTICS


INDIGENOUS MATERIALS