МИНОБРНАУКИ РОССИИ Федеральное государственное ...

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1


МИНОБРНАУКИ РОССИИ


Федеральное г
осударственное
бюджетное
образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования

«Омский государственный технический университет»











МОЯ СПЕЦИАЛЬНОС
Т
Ь


MY SPECIALITY

Методические указания













Омск

Издательство ОмГТУ

2012

2



Составители
:

Н. П. Андреева,

С .В.
Богомолов









М
етодические указания
содержа
т
аутентичные

тексты
для чтения
на
ан
г
лийском языке

по
автоматизаци
и

производства, мехатроник
е
,
информационны
м

технологи
ям

и ко
м
плекс обучающих упр
ажнений

для
овладения

професси
о
нальной
терминологией и

развития

навыков устной речи.

Предназначены для студентов
II

курса ФИТиКС, изучающих английский
язык для профессионального общения.








Печатается по решению редакционно
-
издательского совета

Омского

государственного технического университета

3


СОДЕРЖАНИЕ



Unit
I
.
A
utomation of technological processe
s
......
……………
...
………………
.

4

Unit II
.
M
echatronics
………………….………………………………
...
…….
. 10

Unit III.

J
obs in computing
…………………
…………………
...
……………
.
.

16

4



Unit I

AUTOMATION
OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES


1.
Read and translate the text

Text A. My Speciality

bachelor’s degree



степень

бакалавра

to

coin



вводить

в обращение

intelligence



интеллект, умственные способности

programmed

command



запрограммированная команда

feedback

control



управление с обратной связью

execution



выполнение

thorough

knowledge



глубокие знания

technical

drawing



технический рисунок, черчение

electrical engineering



электротехника

strength of materials



сопротивление

материалов

machine

parts



д
етали машин

automated

control

systems



автоматизированные системы управления

engineering

subjects



технические предметы

humanities



гуманитарные предметы

scientific

world

outlook



научное мировоззрение

to

equip



оборудовать

installation



оборудование
, установка

design

bureau



конструкторское бюро

term

paper



курсовая работа

graduation

paper



выпускная квалификационная работа

to

carry

out



проводить, выполнять (исследование)

research

work



исследовательская работа

highly
-
skilled



высококлассный


I am a second year student of Omsk State Technical University, the department
of Information Technologies and Computer Systems. I specialize in the field of
aut
o-
mation of technological processes

and after 4 years of studies I’ll get a
bachelor’s
degree

and

become an automation engineer.

Automation in its broad sense is the application of machines to tasks once pe
r-
formed by human beings or to tasks that would otherwise be impossible. The term a
u-
tomation was
coined

in the automobile industry about 1946 to des
cribe the increased
use of automatic devices and controls in mechanized production lines. This term is
now widely used in connection with a variety of systems in which there is a signif
i-
cant substitution of mechanical, electrical, or computerized action fo
r human effort
5


and

intelligence
. In general usage, automation can be defined as a technology co
n-
cerned with performing a process by means of
programmed commands

combined
with automatic

feedback control

to ensure proper
execution

of the instructions.

To bec
ome skilled specialists in automation we are trained in fundamental sc
i-
ences and special subjects. As future engineers we get
thorough

knowledge

of phy
s-
ics, mathematics,
technical drawing
,
electrical engineering
,
strength of mat
e
rials
,
machine parts
, theor
y of mechanics, automation and
automated control sy
s
tems
.
The development of automation technology has become increasingly dependent on
the use of computers and computer
-
related technologies, so we also study compu
t
er
science. Apart from the
engineering su
bjects
, we are offered a wide program of
h
u-
manities
. A great attention is paid to such subjects as history, philosophy, foreign
languages as well as to the development of the
scientific world outlook

of the future
engineers. We are taught by a highly
-
quali
fied staff of professors and teachers. Our
practical training and laboratory works are done in the laboratories
equipped

with
modern
installations
, apparatuses and devices. Theoretical training is combined with
scientific work at the scientific centres and

students’
design bureaus
. It is also co
m-
bined with practical training at the advanced enterprises. Besides, we write our
term
papers

and
graduation papers

on the problems connected with automation of tec
h-
nological processes and control. We operate experim
ental and industrial installations,
carry out

research work
, read scientific literature which deals with our speciality.
All these help to turn a student into a
highly
-
skilled

engineer, ready for independent
work.


2
. Answer the questions to the text.

1.

How
long does it take to become a bachelor in automation engineering?

2.

What is the origin of the term ‘automation’?

3.

How is it defined now?

4.

What subjects do students study to become skilled automation engineers?

5.

What is the role of research work in training futu
re automation engineers?


3
. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words
(from the word list to the text A)

1.

To become a … … … automation engineer one has to take a 4
-

or 5
-
year Un
i-
versity course and obtain … … … knowledge in fundamentals of the profe
s-
sion.

2.

I h
ave to see my academic advisor to discuss the topic of my future … … … .

3.

Students of our department study both … … … subjects and … … … .

4.

At the students’… … … that are … … … with up
-
to
-
date apparatuses and …
… … , future engineers can practice in designin
g automated … … … .

6


5.

Automation is the technology of performing a process by means of the … … …
united with automatic … … … that ensures … … … of instructions.

6.

It is known that … … … of the future engineers is developed through carrying
out … … … work, read
ing scientific literature, and working in the scientific
centres during University studies.


4. Read a
nd translate the text

Text B. Three Types of Automation

fixed automation



жесткая

автоматизация


programmable automation



программируемая

автоматизация

flexible automation



гибкая

автоматизация

processing operations



производственные

операции

cam



кулачок, эксцентрик

gear



зубчатое колесо, шестерня

wiring



электропроводка

production

rate



производительность труда

transfer

line



автоматическая поточ
ная линия

assembly

machine



сборочная установка

in

batches



партиями, комплектно

production

run



производственный цикл

numerical
-
control machine tool



станок

с

ЧПУ


Three types of automation in production can be distinguished: (1)
fixed aut
o-
mation
, (2)

programmable automation
, and (3)
flexible automation
.

Fixed automation, also known as “hard automation,” refers to an automated
production facility in which the sequence of
processing operations

is fixed by the
equipment configuration. In effect, the prog
rammed commands are contained in the
machines in the form of
cams, gears, wiring
, and other hardware that is not easily
changed over from one product style to another. This form of automation is charact
e
r-
ized by high initial investment and high
production
rates
. It is therefore suitable for
products that are made in large volumes. Examples of fixed automation include
m
a-
chining transfer lines

found in the automotive industry, automatic
assembly m
a-
chines
, and certain chemical processes.

Programmable automatio
n is a form of automation for producing products in
batches
. The products are made in batch quantities ranging from several dozen to
several thousand units at a time. For each new batch, the production equipment must
be reprogrammed and changed over to acc
ommodate the new product style. This r
e-
programming and changeover take time to accomplish, and there is a period of no
n-
productive time followed by a
production run

for each new batch. Production rates
7


in programmable automation are generally lower than in
fixed automation, because
the equipment is designed to facilitate product changeover rather than for product
specialization. A
numerical
-
control machine tool

is a good example of programm
a-
ble automation. The program is coded in computer memory for each dif
ferent product
style, and the machine tool is controlled by the computer program. Industrial robots
are another example.

Flexible automation is an extension of programmable automation. The disa
d-
vantage with programmable automation is the time required to r
eprogram and change
over the production equipment for each batch of new product. This is lost production
time, which is expensive. In flexible automation, the variety of products is sufficiently
limited so that the changeover of the equipment can be done v
ery quickly and aut
o-
matically. The reprogramming of the equipment in flexible automation is done off
-
line; that is, the programming is accomplished at a computer terminal without using
the production equipment itself. Accordingly, there is no need to group

identical
products into batches; instead, a mixture of different products can be produced one
right after another.


5
.
Text
-
based activity. Specify which of the following characteristics, given in
Russian, have to do with fixed, programmable, and flexible

automation.

Fixed Automation

Programmable Automation

Flexible Automation

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...



автоматизация производства с помощью быстропереналаживающих
ус
т
ройств;



автоматизация производства механическими средствами;



ав
томатизация производства средствами ЧПУ;



характеризуется производством продукции партиями;



производительность труда невысока, вследствие простоя оборудования во
время переналадки;



разные типы продукции выпускаются один за другим, без промедления;



характери
зуется высокой производительностью труда;



главный недостаток


время, затраченное на смену программы и
оборудов
а
ния;



не допускает переналадки под производство другой продукции;



подходит для производства продукции в больших объемах;



возможна переналадка обо
рудования под производство новой продукции;



последовательность операций зависит от конфигурации оборудования;

8




замена оборудования для производства нового типа продукции
осуществ
я
ется автоматически


6. Read
the text

and do the following tasks:

-

l
ook through
the job ads and say which position(s) you would apply for and why.

-

write a CV (see p. 30 for an example).


Text C. JOB ADS

Rubber Manufacturing Company

(Twinsburg, OH, USA) is looking for an Aut
o-
mation Engineer. This position will be responsible for automa
tion and control systems
design, specification, programming, simulation and testing, and start
-
up assistance.
Candidates needs to have a proven track record in engineering leadership as well as
the ability to develop and implement standard engineering prac
tices, and provide d
e-
tailed documentation upon project completion. The pay range for this position is
$60k
-
$70k annually, depending upon experience.

* * *

Regeneron

(Rensselaer, NY, USA) is currently seeking a talented and motivated A
u-
tomation Engineer to
join our Technical Operations Department reporting to the Ma
n-
ager of Engineering Support. This position is responsible for automation and controls
systems design, specification, programming, simulation and testing, change control,
start
-
up, and support to
manufacturing in a cGMP environment.
Requirements:



BS/BA in Science, Engineering or Software Programming



3
-
5 years direct experience programming, designing and maintaining industrial
control systems in a pharmaceutical or biopharmaceutical industry.



A mini
mum of 5 years experience in the design/build/programming of PLC and
data acquisition systems.

* * *

Technisource

(Oak Brook, IL) is looking for a Senior QA Automation Engineer for
this contract
-
to
-
hire opportunity with our customer in the Western Suburbs.

Respo
n-
sibilities
:



Develop automation test cases from technical specifications and stories, analyze
system test plans, and possess the ability to convert these test cases into autom
a-
tion scripts.



Collaborate with software developers in the design, developm
ent, and maint
e-
n
ance of QTP automation scripts.



Create and maintain test scripts and test traceability matrices that measure the
quality of software products, releases, and features throughout the software life
cycle.



Execute manual test cases to meet grou
p deadline dates.

9




Fully own the automated test process as it relates to automation development and
execution of Corporate System applications.

* * *

Professionals Inc

has an Automation Engineer opportunity available north of Syr
a-
cuse, NY. As an Automation
Engineer, you will be responsible for the support, e
n-
hancements and continued development of Plant and Manufacturing Automation Sy
s-
tems.
Key
Responsibilities include
:



Maintenance of existing systems



Extensive engineering knowledge related to planning and c
onducting projects,
and resolving complex engineering problems



Willingness to keep current with technology and bring forth improvements in
process control, process automations and process management systems

Requirements
:



Bachelor’s in Engineering or relate
d discipline



5+ years of manufacturing automation experience



Programming experience with Microsoft Visual Studio / Development tools and
C# or VB.Net programming



Experience with HMI / SCADA systems, SQL programming, building client /
server applications, a
nd working in an IT environment are all strong plusses

* * *

ATI Allegheny Ludlum
, a world class specialty metals producer, is currently seeking
a talented, highly motivated, and technically excellent Process Automation Engineer
for a Position located in t
he Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. The Position includes r
e-
sponsibility for computer systems implemented as mission critical automation and
control systems in an industrial environment. The Position will work with Production,
Quality, Information Technology
, Technical Services, and Process Engineering d
e-
partments to accomplish goals related to process and quality improvements, cost r
e-
duction, equipment obsolescence/integration, and automation improvement. The su
c-
cessful candidate must exhibit a strong attent
ion to detail, have the ability to deliver
high
-
quality, well documented solutions, and be able to work effectively with min
i-
m
al instruction.

A BS degree in Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science, or
equivalent from an accredited co
llege/university is required.

We offer an excellent salary, bonus, comprehensive benefit package and relocation if
necessary.


7
.

Prepare a topic for oral reproduction
“My Speciality is Autom
a
tion”


10


Unit II

MECHATRONICS


1. Read and translate the text

Tex
t A. My Spesiality

bachelor’s degree



степень

бакалавра

to

coin



вводить

в

обращение

to

merge



объединять
,
сливать

legitimacy



легитимность
,

законность

to

encompass



охватывать

array



массив
,
множество

actuator



привод

sensor



датчик

intelligent

control



управление с применением систем

искуств. интелле
к
та

motion

control



управление перемещениями

thorough

knowledge



глубокие знания

technical drawing


технический

рисунок
,
черчение

electrical engineering



электротехника

strength of materials



сопротивление

материалов

machine parts


д
етали

машин

automated control systems


автоматизированные

системы

управления

engineering

subjects



технические предметы

humanities



гуманитарные предметы

scientific

world

outlook



научное мировоззрение

to

equip



оборудовать

installation



оборудование
, установка

design

bureau



конструкторское бюро

term

paper



курсовая работа

graduation

paper



выпускная квалификационная работа

to

carry

out



проводить, выполнять (исследование)

research

work



исследовательская работа

highly
-
skilled



высококлассный


I am a second year student of Omsk State Technical University, the department
of Information Technologies and Computer Systems. I specialize in the field of
m
e
c
h-
atronics

and after 4 years of studies I’ll get a
bachelor’s degree

and become a
m
e
ch
a
tronics en
gineer.

The term "mechatronics" was
coined

by a Japanese engineer from Yasukawa
Electric Company in 1969 to reflect the
merging

of mechanical and electrical eng
i-
11


neering disciplines. Until the early 1980s, mechatronics meant a mechanism that is
electrified,

later
-
on it came to mean engineering that is the boundary between m
e-
cha
n
ics and electronics. Mechatronics gained
legitimacy

in academic circles in 1996
with the first publications on the problems of mechatronics in scientific journals. This
term was then
defined as
"The synergistic integration of mechanical engineering with
electronics and intelligent computer control in the design and manufacturing of i
n-
du
s
trial products and processes."

Today, the term mechatronics
encompasses

a large
array

of technologie
s, many of which have become well known in their own right.
Normally the following fields fall, at least in part, under the general category of
m
e
chatronics: modelling and design, system integration,
actuators and sensors
,
i
n-
tell
i
gent control
, robotics, ma
nufacturing,
motion control
, vibration and noise co
n-
trol, micro devices and optoelectronic systems, automotive systems, etc.

To become skilled specialists in mechatronics we are trained in fundamental
sciences and special subjects. As future mechatronics e
ngineers we get
thorough

knowledge

of physics, mathematics,
technical drawing
,
electrical engineering
,
strength of materials
,
machine parts
, theory of mechanics, automation, electronics,
computer
-
related technologies, computer science. Apart from the
engin
eering su
b-
jects
, we are offered a wide program of
humanities
. A great attention is paid to such
subjects as history, philosophy, foreign languages as well as to the development of the
scientific world outlook

of the future engineers. We are taught by a hig
hly
-
qualified
staff of professors and teachers. Our practical training and laboratory works are done
in the laboratories
equipped

with modern
installations
, apparatuses and devices.
Theoretical training is combined with scientific work at the scientific ce
ntres and st
u-
dents’
design bureaus
. It is also combined with practical training at the advanced e
n-
terprises. Besides, we write our
term papers

and
graduation papers

on the problems
connected with mechatronics. We operate experimental and industrial install
ations,
carry out

research work
, read scientific literature which deals with our speciality.
All these help to turn a student into a
highly
-
skilled

engineer, ready for independent
work.


2
. Answer the questions to the text A.

1.

How long does it take to becom
e a bachelor in mechatronics engineering?

2.

What is the origin of the term ‘mechatronics?

3.

How is it defined now?

4.

What subjects do students study to become skilled mechatronics engineers?

5.

What is the role of research work in training future mechatronics engin
eers?




12


3
. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words
(from the word list to the text A)

1.

To become a … … … mechatronics engineer one has to take a 4
-

or 5
-
year
University course and obtain … … … knowledge in fundamentals of the pr
o-
fession.

2.

I have to see my a
cademic advisor to discuss the topic of my future … … … .

3.

Students of our department study both … … … subjects and … … … .

4.

At the students’… … … that are … … … with up
-
to
-
date appar
a
tuses and …
… … , future engineers can practice in their pr
o
fession.

5.

Mecha
tronics is the field that … … … mechanical and electronic disciplines.

6.

Mechatronics … … … a large number of technologies, such as … … … and
sensors, motion … … …, etc.

7.

It is known that … … … of the future engineers is developed through carrying
out … … … w
ork, reading scientific literature, and working in the scientific
centres during University st
u
dies.


4. Read and translate the text


Text B. Mechatronics Engineering

precision engineering



точное

м
а
шиностроение

mechanical engineering


машин
о
строение
,
инженерная

механика

electrical engineering


электроте
х
ника

power system



система

энергоснабжения

biomedical engineering



биомедицинская

техника

CNC
(=computerized and numerically controlled)

machine tool



станок

с

ЧПУ

collision detection



обнаружение

возможных

столкновений

global positioning system

(GPS)


глобальная

навигационная

система

robotic system


роботизированная система

software engineering


разработка программного обеспечения

di
shwasher



посудомоечная машина

motor vehicles


автотранспортные средства

manufacturing plant


производственное предприятие

surgical devices



хирургические и
н
струменты

graduate



выпускник (вуза)

design engineer



инженер
-
проектировщик

software engineer



инженер
-
программист

project planner



специалист по по
д
готовке проекта

product designer



разработчик и
з
делия

project manager



начальник прои
з
водства

13


What is Mechatronics?

Mechatronics refers to the eff
i-
cient and effective integration of m
e-
chanical sy
s
tems and electronics. It is a
blend of mechanics and electronics, and
has come to mean the synergistic use of
precision engineering
, control theory,
computer science, m
a
thematics, sensor
technology to design enhanced or
"smart" products, processes and sy
s-
tems. It integrates the classical fields of
mechanical engineering
,
electrical
engineering
, mathematics, and co
m-
puter science/information technology.
Its application areas range from
power
systems

to transportation, optical tel
e
communications,
biomedical e
ngineering
, etc.
Mechatronic systems are almost everywhere you look: computers, disk drives, phot
o-
copiers, fax machines, washing m
a
chines,
CNC machine tools
, robots, etc. Today’s
modern cars are also mechatronics product with the usage of electronic engine

ma
n-
agement system,
collision detection, global positioning system
, and others. The f
u-
ture is virtually unlimited for mechatronics, and much of it is here today.
Robotic sy
s-
tems

and components are already as small as a few microns and researchers are inve
s-
tigating nano
-
technologies using mechatronic systems for implantation into the h
u-
man body to repair or replace da
m
aged physiological functions. The next two decades
will see an explosion of automated mechatronic systems infiltrating our lives more
and more

every year


impro
v
ing our quality of life and our knowledge of the world
and u
n
iverse we live in.


What do Mechatronics Eng
i
neers do?

Mechatronics combines m
e
chanical, electrical and
software engineering

in the
design, development and control of diverse
systems used in a range of industries i
n-
cluding manufacturing, medicine and the service industries. E
x
amples of mechatronic
systems include aircraft,
dishwashers
,
motor vehicles
, aut
o
mated
manufacturing
plants
, medical and
surgical devices

and systems, rob
ots of all types, many toys, a
r
t
i-
ficial organs and many others. Mechatronics engineers are therefore involved in a
l-
most every possible industry at levels from applications development to manufactu
r-
ing and advanced research.


Where do Mechatronics Engineers

work?

14


Graduates

with a Mechatronics degree can take up careers in a wide spectrum
of industries including robotics, aerospace, chemical, defense, automotive, and man
u-
facturing industries where complex software plays a major role, as well as in bus
i-
nesses
that require extensive computer support, such as banking and commerce. Co
n-
tributions can be made to these industries in a variety of roles including
design eng
i-
neer, software engineer, project planner, product designer

and
project manager
.


6. Read
the tex
t

and do the following tasks:

-

l
ook through the job ads and say which position
(s) you would apply for and why;

-

write a CV (see p. 30 for an example).


Text C. JOB ADS


Position
:
Senior Project Engineer, Automation

Location: California

Job Description:
This engineer will participate in engineering research, design, d
e-
velopment and the continuous improvement of in
-
house automation projects in a high
volume manufacturing environmen
t. This position requires a BS or MS degree in E
n-
gineering, and 7 or more years of experience in Mechatronics, including designing
and developing complex electronic/electro
-
mechanical systems and components; pr
o-
ject management experience; ability to docume
nt and communicate details effe
c
tiv
e-
ly; strong problem solving skills and creativity; 3D CAD skills and proficiency with
standard computer applications. The ideal candidate will have experience with robust
automation equipment for high volume manufacturing
; system integration and encl
o-
sure design. Apply online.

* * *

Position
:
Controls and Mechatronics Professor

Location: California

Job Description:
The Mechani
cal Engineering Program at San Francisco State Un
i-
versity (SFSU) has an opening for a tenure
-
track faculty in the field of Controls and
Mechatronics. We seek applicants who excel in both teaching and research. The su
c-
cessful candidate must be capable of pu
rsuing externally supported research and must
be interested in developing new courses and labs. We offer a competitive salary, e
x-
cellent benefits and an exceptional startup package. A Ph.D. in Mechanical Enginee
r-
ing or a related field and an excellent reco
rd of publications in scholarly journals and
conferences are required. This faculty member will also actively collaborate with ot
h-
er SFSU engineering programs, particularly with Electrical and Computer Enginee
r-
ing. Industrial experience is highly desirable
.

* * *

15


Position
:
Aeromechanical/Mechatronics Engineer

Location: the United States

Job Description:
The Cyprus Institute has been awarded a four
-
year grant to develop
and operate a flee
t of Autonomous Flying Platforms for Atmospheric and Earth Su
r-
face Observations (APAESO) and is securing funding for an Autonomous Underw
a
ter
Vehicle (AUV) program. In the framework of these projects we are looking for an
aeromechanical/mechatronics engine
er to carry out payload design, aircraft modific
a-
tions and perform testing. This will also include design and possible modification of
existing instruments for atmospheric observations. The engineer will be involved in
operational flights and also have the

opportunity to participate in other projects i
n-
cluding Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs). Strong skills in mechatronics and
scientific instrumentation, fabrication and troubleshooting are essential. Previous e
x-
perience with miniaturized sensors is hig
hly desirable.

* * *

Position
:

Tester
-

Mechatronics Systems

Location: the Netherlands

Job Description:
We are currently look
ing for a Tester who has experience in testing
mechatronics systems. These systems will be mission and Real Time critical systems.
Experience in VXWorks, Linux or Pro Engineer would be great. Hydraulic
kno
w
ledge would be a bonus. Please call for more infor
mation. Square One is acting
in its capacity as an employment business in relation to this vacancy. Square One e
m-
braces diversity and will treat everyone equally: Please see our Website for more

* * *

Position
:
Mechatronics Engineer

Location: the United States

Job Description:

Design and develop career opportunities in mechatronic design r
e-
sponsible for system modeling, control design, sensor and actuator selection and eva
l-
uation of high performance em
bedded control systems.

Minimum Qualifications:
BSME or BSEE with 3
-
5 years experience utilizing
S
o
lidWorks, Cosmos, Floworks, Matlab/Simulink

* * *

Position
:
Electromechanical Designer

Location: Scotland

Job Description:
Designing and developing a range of products and equipment, you
will work alongside an established team in an office environment.

Minimum Qualifications:
An experienced electromec
hanical designer, you should
be fluent in at least one CAD package. Ideally you will own your own seat and be
able to take that to client offices.

7.
Prepare a topic for oral reproduction
“My Speciality is Mechatro
n
ics”

16


Unit I
II

JOBS IN COMPUTING


1.
Rea
d and memorize words and word combinations:

computer animator



разработчик
мультимедиа
;

real time data transmission



передача

данных

в

реальном

времени
;

technical

writers



производитель
инструкций для информационно
комп
ь
ютерных систем
;

hardware

engineer



разработчик
аппаратного обеспечения
;

a

database

analyst



аналитик базы данных
;

network

analyst



аналитик
компьютерных

сетей
;

web

designers
,
webmasters



разработчики интернет страниц
;

software

engineer



инженер программного обеспечения
;


security

specialist



специалист по защите информации
;

network

or

compute
r

system

administrators



администраторы сетей
и
н
тернет и компьютерных систем
;

database

administrators



администраторы баз данных
;

computer

operators



операторы по компьютерам
;


help

desk

technicians



специалисты по техническому обслуживанию
;

computer

t
raining

instructors



инструкторы по работе с компьютерами
;

teleworker

/
telecommuter



работник удаленного офиса
;

online

teacher



преподаватель дистанционного обучения;

to

practice

telemedicine



проводить медицинское обследование
;

virtual

operations



в
иртуальные действия
;

to

be

keen

on

smth
.



увлекаться чем
-
либо
;

prof
ou
nd

knowledge



глубокие

знания
;

bachelor’s degree



степень

бакалавра
;

ma
g
est
r
y and post
-
graduate courses



магистратура

и

аспирантура
;

a

programming

expert



эксперт

в

программировании
;

a logical mind


логический
ум
;

to work through a problem



решить

проблему
;

academic qualifications



профессиональное

образование
;

С
,
С
+, Delphi, Java, Visual Basic developers



разработчик

языков

пр
о
граммирования

С
,
С
+, Delphi, Java, Visual Basi
с
;

to
subscribe to



подписаться
;

Microsoft Systems Journal



журнал

«
системы

Микрософт
»
;

a decent book



подходящая

книга
;

a

computer

consultant



консультант

по

компьютерам
;

a

raft

of

exams



множество

(
куча
)
экзаменов
;

17


contractors



специалисты, работающие по

контракту
;

consultancy



оказание консультаций
;

Microsoft

Certified

Systems

Engineer

Exams



экзамены на сертификат
инженера систем Микрософт
;

Netware
Certification



сертификат по работе с аппаратными сетями
;

a

junior

consultancy

position



пост заместит
еля консультационной
фи
р
мы
;

to roll up major solutions



развертывать

большие

решения
;

to make the leap



делать
скачок
;

IT manager



менеджер IT
;

to manage projects



управлять
проектами
;

maintenance

of

servers



техническое

обслуживание

серверов
;

install
ation

of

software



установка

программного

обеспечения
;

to

buy

off

the

shel
f



покупать с прилавка магазина
;

hardware

and

software

expertise



проверка
аппаратного и программного
обеспечения
;

to

divert

career



продвигаться по карьерной лестнице
;

to

take

r
esponsibility



взять

на

себя

ответственность
;

to be responsible



отвечать
за

что
-
либо
;

to be in charge off

-

быть ответ
ственным
;

technical qualifications



технические
навыки
;

requirements

-

требования
;

a computing support job



работа

по

обслуживанию
;

t
o be stuck in a job



быть

«
заваленным
»
работой
;

to

upgrade

ones

skillset

-

усовершенствовать

набор

навыков
;

MCP


Microsoft Certified Professional



специалист

с

дипломом

Микр
о
софт

to do the course



пройти
обучение
.


2.
Match English and Russian equivale
nts:

1.

A logical mind

2.

C, C+ developer

3.

Microsoft System

4.

A computer consultant

5.

To make the leap

6.

IT manager

7.

Maintenance servers

8.

Installation of software

9.

To buy off the shel
f

a.

Разработчик языка С, С+

b.

Консу
льтант по компьютерам

c.

Менеджер информационных технологий

d.

Те
хническое обслуживание серверов

e.

Установка программного обеспечения

f.

Быть ответственным

g.

Покупать с прилавка магазина

h.

Неисправность

i.

Логический ум

18


10.

To be in charge of

11.

To upgrade one’s skillset

12.

Troubleshoot

j.

Системы Микрософт

k.

Усовершенствовать набор

l.

Сделать скач
ок

3. Read and translate international words
:

1.

a

computer consultant

2.

a

programming

expert

3.

Microsoft

system

4.

e
xpertise

5.

t
echnical

qualification

6.

w
eb

designers

7.

c
omputer

system

administrators

8.

c
omputer

operators

4. Make up sentences
:

1.

Control, processing, compute
r data, compu
ter operators.

2.

Graduating, academic qualifications, after, students, get, the university
.

3.

Are C, C+, everywhere, developers, in demand
.

4.


Subscribe, are, you, to, if, want, computer science, Microsoft systems journal, to
know
.

5.

Can, IT managers,

work, as, contractors
.

6.

To be in charge of consultancy firm, computer maintenance
.

7.

A major, information technology, mankind, in the development made, has, the
leap
.

8.

Is in charge of, the research, data bases, databas
e analyst, development, and, of.

9.

Manage,
efficiency, of, and, data bases, the ac
curacy, database administrators.

10.

Have, apart from, an IT manager hardware and soft
ware expertise, will, over five

years, typically, experience in the industry
.


5. Fill in the gaps with these word
-
combinations
:

softwa
re engineer; computer security specialist;
blog administrator; help desk tec
h-
nician;
DTP operator;
hardware engineer; network administrator;
webmaster


1. A

…………….

designs and develops IT devices.

2. A

…………….

writes computer programs.

3. A

…………….

edits an
d deletes posts made by contributors to a blog.

4. A …………….

uses page layout software to prepare electronic files for
publi
c-
tion.

5. A

…………….

manages the hardware and software that comprise a
network.

6. A

…………….

designs and maintains websites.

7. A

…………….

works with companies to build secure computer systems.

8. A …………….

helps end
-
users with their computer problems in person,
by email
or over the phone.


19


6. Read
and translate the text

My Speciality

I
am a second year student of Omsk State Technical Univers
ity,
the department
of
Information Technologies and Computer S
ystems.
I specialize in the field of
IT

and after 4 years of studies I’ll get a
bachelor’s degree

and become a computer eng
i-
neer.

The first large
-
scale electronic computer, the Electronic Numeri
cal Integrator
and Computer (ENIAC
), became operational in 1946.
It contained approximately
18,000 electronic vacuum tubes
of
the size of light bulbs that controlled the flow of
electric current. The ENIAC, which weighed 30 tons and occupied about 1,500
sq
uare feet of floor space


a huge machine compared to today’s standards


was able
to perform a scientific calculation involving the multiplication of found numbers in
approximately 9 milliseconds (9/1,000ths of a second). Since that time, the technol
o-
gy u
sed in the design and production of computers has
accelerated at remarkable
pace.

M
ost

ICT
-
related

jobs

(ICT


Information and Communication Technologies)
h
ave
d
eveloped
t
o
meet

t
he
n
eed
t
o
a
nalyze,
d
esign, develop,

manage
o
r
s
upport
c
omputer
s
oftware,
h
ar
dware
o
r
ne
tw
orks.

All
t
he
p
eople
in
volved

i
n
t
he
diffe
rent
s
tages
o
f
d
evelopment
o
f
a

c
omputer
pro
j
ect,

i
.e.

analys
ts
,
p
rogrammers,
s
upport
spec
i
alis
ts
,

e
tc.
a
re
c
ontrolled
b
y
a

pr
o
j
ect

manager.

A
d
atabase
a
nalyst

i
s
i
n
c
harge
o
f
t
he
r
esearch
a
nd
d
evelopm
ent
o
f databases,
networ
k

analysts
s
tudy
t
he
n
etwork
r
equirements
a
nd
r
ecommend
t
he most
s
uitable
t
ype
o
f
networ
k
;

systems
a
nalysts
d
ecide
w
hat
ICT

s
ystem
wil
l

cater

f
or the
r
e-
quireme
nt
s

o
f
a

sp
eci
fi
c

i
nstitution.
Web

d
esigners,
also
c
alled
webmasters,

c
re
ate
a
nd
m
aintain
w
eb
p
ages
a
nd
w
eb
a
pplications for
websites.

Software
e
ngineers,
e
ither
a
pplication
p
rogrammers
o
r
s
ystems programmers,
pl
an,

d
esign, and
t
est
c
omputer
p
rograms
.
Hardware
e
ngineers
d
esign and
d
evelop
ICT

d
evices
.
Security
s
pecialists
s
peci
alize
i
n
t
he
d
esign
o
f
s
oftware
a
nd hardware
t
o
prote
ct

i
nformation
from
malware
:
vir
u
ses,

spyware,

e
tc.
Network

o
r
c
omputer
s
ystems administrators
i
nstall
a
nd
m
aintain
n
etworks.

Database
a
dministrators
m
anage
t
he
a
ccuracy and
e
fficiency
o
f
databases.

Comp
uter
o
perators
c
ontrol computer
d
ata processing.

Help
d
esk technicians
a
re
i
n
c
harge
o
f troubleshoot
ing
,

the solution
o
f
t
echnical
p
roblems
.

Computer training
i
nstructors
o
r
trainers

teach
p
eople how
t
o
u
se
h
ardware
a
nd
s
oftware
.

Technical writers
w
rite
t
h
e
i
nstructions
f
or
ICT

systems.

To become skilled computer engineers we study both general purpose subjects
and special ones. Having got profound knowledge in physics, higher mathematics,
descriptive geometry, technical drawing, and electrical engineering
we are to be
trained in control systems, as well. Apart from special subjects we are also involved
in mastering general purpose subjects. Our theoretical training is done alongside with
20


scientific research work at the University computer centre and major c
omputer co
m-
panies of our city.

Our studying is also combined with practical training at the up
-
to date ente
r-
prises of our city.

The teaching staff of our university is presented by highly qualified
professors and teachers.

During the course of studying we
are to prepare term papers and at the end we
are supposed to defend graduation papers on the problems concerning computer sy
s-
tems and operational systems, word processing, data base, programming, progra
m-
ming languages, ICT systems, networks, Web
-
design and

so on and so forth.

A qualified specialist should bear in mind that carrying out research work is
singularly important as well as reading scientific literature. After receiving the bach
e-
lor’s degree, those students who are keen on science, are able to con
tinue their educ
a-
tion in
magestry and post
-
graduate courses
. All these factors are of great help in
developing into sensible, responsible and skilled engineer in computing.


7
.
Answer the questions to the text:

1.

How long does it take to become a bachelor in

computer

engineering?

2.

What
is the origin of the

first

large
-
scale electronic

computer
?

3.

What technology is used in computer
?

4.

What subjects do students study to become skilled computer engineers?

5.

What kinds of jobs are found in computing?

6.

What functions do
these specialists perform?

7.

Where

are

the

students

able

to

continue

their

education
?


8
.
Classify

these

jobs
u
nder
t
he
heading

t
hat
b
est
d
escribes
their

f
unction
:


software
e
ngineer
,



help
d
esk
technician
,




database atimmistrator
,

trainer
,





network
a
nalyst,





systems
analyst
.

hardware
engineer
,



network

administrator
,


a …
………..


b ……

c

……..




d

…….

e



…..


f

…….


g


..
…..




h
.
.
.

9
.
M
ake

up true
s
enten
ces
a
bout
jobs
:


A
technical
,




designer
,


controls
all

t
he
opera
ti
ons

a
nd
p
eople
i
n
a

pr
o
j
ect
,

A
p
roject
,





writer
,


wittes
d
ocumentation
o
f
a

p
rogram
o
r
d
evice
,

A
web
,





specialist
,




plans
a
nd
k
eeps

w
e
bsites

u
pdated
,

A security
,



manager
,



designs
a
pplications
aga
in
st

viruses
.


21


10
. What

jobs

a
re
being

o
ffered
in

t
hese
advertisements?

We
are

s
eeking
a

p
erson
t
o
o
perate
p
e-
ripheral
computer
e
quipment;
a
nd
p
erform

report
distribution
d
uties
a
nd
b
ackup procedures
o
n our
s
ervers.

Major
R
esponsibilities



Operating

printers

a
nd
u
nloading
reports from
t
he
p
rinter
a
nd
d
istributing
t
hem through
t
he
internal

m
ail
s
ystem



Performing
b
ackups
o
n
v
arious
operating systems



An
alysing
a
nd
t
roubleshooter
problems
i
n the
D
ata
C
entre
r
eported
b
y
H
elp Desks
o
r IT
s
upport
associates
.



The

s
uccessful
c
andidate wi
l
l
b
e
responsible
f
or
maintaining

logical and
p
hysical
d
atabase
models

a
s well
a
s
managing

t
he
d
atabase.

Job
R
equ
irements




Bachelor's
d
egree
in

C
om
puter




Science,
a

r
elated field
or
equivalent
e
xperience



A
n
alytical

s
kills
a
nd
a
pr
oficie
n
cy

in
developing
stru
c
tured logic.




11
.
Complete
t
he
t
ext
w
i
th

w
ords
f
ro
m

the vocabulary
:

The
u
se
o
f
ICT

h
as
c
aused
t
he
d
evelopment
o
f
n
ew
w
ays

o
f
w
orking
.

P
eople
n
o
longer
n
eed

to
b
e
s
tuck
i
n
a
n
off
i
ce

Laptops,

t
he
I
nternet
a
nd
wi
reless
t
echnologies
a
llow

(
1
)

……… .

W
hat's
m
ore,
t
here
a
re
m
ore
a
nd
m
ore
p
eople
w
ho
h
ave
de
ci
ded

t
o

b
ecome

(
2)

………

a
nd
s
o
h
ave
n
o
n
eed
t
o
t
ravel
t
o
w
ork
a
t
a
ll.

The
I
nternet
h
as
a
lso
e
nabled
d
octors
t
o
p
ractise
(
3)
………
a
nd
e
ducators
t
o
w
ork
as
(
4)
………… .
I
CT
t
echnologies
h
ave
i
ntroduced
c
hanges
i
n
t
he
a
rtistic

w
orld,

t
oo
.

C
artoons
a
re
n
ow
m
ade
b
y
(
5)

…………

a
nd
(
6)

……………
produce
m
aterials
r
eady
f
or
publication
.


12
. Answer the questions.

1. How have computers changed the way
of
you work or study?

2.
What are

the advantages and disadvantages that

teleworking might have for you?


13.
Read the information about different jobs in IT and define what kinds of
specialists
are presented
:

I'm 35 years old and I really enjoy working on the Web.

I use Macromedia Drea
m-
weaver to design, develop,
market and maintain web pages. For the last two years,
I've
been working for a successful TV company, where I'm
responsible for updating

their
website regularly.

I started working in a computer support centre about
three years ago. People phone
and ask for help with
things like:
my internet connection doesn't work, my

hard
drive
has crashed, I think

I've got a virus, l get a lot of error
m
essages,
etc. I talk to the users,
identify the problem and try to fix it. It's called troubleshooting.

22


I've got a degree in Electronic Engineering and I've


been with International Me
r-
cury Computers for t
w
o years. In my job, I design, develop and test co
mputers comp
o-
nents, microprocessors, sound boards, etc. I work
closely with a software engineer to
ensure that the
software is compatible with the hardware.

I've been working for Novell, a leading provider of
Net services software, since 2006. I
plan and c
arry
out
measures to make networks more secure. In other words
I try to protect
information from viruses and system
crashes. I'm also in charge of assigning access pas
s-
words
to employees.


14
.

Define what kinds of jobs are performed by these specialists
:

1.

W
ebmaster
;

2.

Help
-
desk troubleshooter
;

3.

Applications programmer
;

4.

Security specialist
;

5.

Systems programmer
.


15
.

Read
the
texts

A, B, and C

and fill in the table:


A

B

C

1.

J
ob title




2.
N
ature of work




3.
F
ormal qualif
i-
cations




4.
P
ersonal qual
i-
ties




5.
T
echnical skills




6.
H
ow to get
started




7.
H
ow to make
progress





A.

How to become a programming expert

The primary requirements for being a good programmer are nothing more than a
good
memory, an attention to detail, a logical mind and the abili
ty to work through a
problem in a
methodical manner breaking tasks down into
smaller, more manageable
pieces.
However, it's not enough just to turn up for a job

interview with a logical mind as
your sole qualification. An employer will want to see some sor
t of formal qualification
and a proven track

record. But if you can show someone an
impressive piece of software
23


with your name on it, it will count for a lot more than a string of
academic qualific
a-
tions.

So what specific skills are employers looking for?

The Windows market is boo
m-
ing and there's a demand for good C, C++, Delphi, Java and Visual
Basic d
e
velopers.
Avoid older languages such as
FORTRAN and COBOL unless you want to work
as a
contract programmer.

For someone starting out, my best advice would
be to subscribe to the progra
m-
ming magazines
such as Microsoft Systems Journal. Get one or two
of the low
-
cost “st
u-
dent” editions of C++, Visual
Basic and Delphi. Get a decent book on Windows
pr
o-
gramming. If you decide programming is really
for you, spend
more money on a trai
n-
ing course.

B.

How to become a Computer Consultant

The first key point to realise is that you can't

know everything. However you
mustn't become
an expert in too narrow a field. The second key
point is that you
must be interested in your

s
ubject. The third key point is to differentiate
between
contract work and consultancy. Good

contractors move from job to job every few
months. A consultant is different. A consultant
often works on very small timescales
-

a few days
here, a week there, but

often for a core collection

of companies that keep
coming back again and
again.

There's a lot of work out there for people who know Visual Basic, C++, and so
on. And there are
lots of people who know it too, so you have to be
better than them.
Qualificat
ions are important. Microsoft has a raft of exams you can take, as
does
Noxell, and in my experience these are very useful pieces of paper. University degrees

are useless. They merely prove you can think, and
will hopefully get you into a job
where you can

learn something useful. Exams like Microsoft Certified Systems
Engineer are well worth doing.
The same goes for network Certification.
However,
this won't guarantee an understanding of the product, its positioning in the market,
how it relates to other pr
oducts and so on. That's
where the all
-
important experience
comes in.

Here's the road map. After leaving university you
get a technical role in a
company and spend your
evenings and weekends learning the tools of your
trade
-

and getting your current emplo
yer to pay
for your exams. You don't stay in one
company
for more than two years. After a couple of hops
like that, you may be in a
good position to move into a junior consultancy position in one of the
larger
consultancy companies. By the age of 30,
you'v
e run big projects, rolled out major
solutions and are well known. Maybe then it's time to make the leap and run your
own life.



24


C.

How to become an IT Manager

IT managers manage projects, technology and people. Any large organisation
will have at least one
IT manager responsible for ensuring that
everyone who actually
needs a PC has one and
that it works properly. This means taking responsibility for the
maintenance of servers and the installation of new software, and for staffing a
help
-
desk and a support g
roup.

Medium to large companies are also likely to have
an IT systems manager.
They
are responsible for
developing and implementing computer software

that supports the
operations of the business.
They're responsible for multiple development

projects and
ov
ersee the implementation and support of the systems. Companies will have two or
three major systems that are probably bought off the shelf and then tailored by an in
-
house
development team.

Apart from basic hardware and software expertise,
an IT manager w
ill typically
have over five years
experience in the industry. Most are between 30 and 45. Since IT
managers have to take responsibility for budgets and for staff, employers look for both
of these factors in any potential
recruit.

Nearly all IT managers ha
ve at least a first degree if
not a second one as well. I
n-
terestingly, many of
them don't have degrees in computing science. In any case, the best
qualification for becoming a manager is experience. If your personality is such
that
you're unlikely to be as
ked to take responsibility for a small team or a project, then
you
can forget being an IT manager.

1
6
.
Fill in the gaps with prepositions
for, since, ago, until
:

Dear Mr
.

Scott,

I am writing to apply for the position of Senior Programmer, which
was adve
r-
ti
sed on 28th March in
The Times.

I graduated in May 2002 and did a work placement with British
Gas as part
of my degree. Before
taking my present job I worked for a year with NCR. I stayed
in this job (1)
……………..

March

2004.

(2)……….

the last three years I h
ave been working as a software engineer for I
n-
telligent
Software. I have designed four programs in COBOL for comme
r
cial
use, and
(3)………..

January I have been writing programs in C for use in large retail chains.

These have been very
successful and we have
won several new contracts in the UK and
E
u
rope on the strength of my
team's success.

Two years (4)……..

I spent three months in Spain testing our programs and a
l
so
made
several visits to Italy, so I have a basic knowledge of Spanish
and Italian. I now feel
ready for more
responsibility and more challenging work, and would welcome the
o
p-
portunity to learn about a new
industry.

I enclose my curriculum vitae. I will be available for an interview at any time.

25


I look forward to hearing from
y
ou.

1
7
.
Answer the qu
estions:

1.

Which job is Sarah Brown applying for?

2.

Where did she see the advertisement?

3.

How long has she been working as software engineer?

4.

What type of programs has she written?

5.

When did she spend three months in Spain?


1
8
.
Read and d
efine particular featu
res of the
s
e

specialists:


Job
Ad
s.

Digitum
-
UK

SENIOR PROGRAMMER
required by DIGITUM
-
UK
,

a leading suppl
i
er of
business systems to the
insurance industry.

You will be able to work on the full range of software
development activ
i
ties
-

analysis, design, cod
ing,
testing debugging and implementation. At least two
years'

experience of COBOL or C++ is necessary.

As we are active in Europe, fluency in French, Italian or another European
language is desirable.

Don't miss this opportunity to learn new skills and de
velop your career.

Send
your CV to
CHRIS SCOTT, PERSONNEL
MANAGER,
DIGITUM
-
UK, 75
PARKSHILL STREET, LONDON SW14 3DE


DTP operator
required for a leading
financial magazine.

We are looking for a bright, competent
Q
uarkXPress operator with at least three yea
rs'
experience in design and la
yout. Skills in Photocopy, Freehand or
Illustrator an a
d-
va
n
tage.

Ability to work in a team and to tight

deadlines is vital.

Please apply in writing, with CV and samples of your work, to Tom Parker, Production
Manager, Financi
al Manthly, Stockton Street, London ES1A 4WW

Or apply online:

Apply now.


Senior programmer



DIP oper
a
tor

1. logical reasoning

2. patience and tenacity

3. being good with figures

4. imagination

5. self
-
discipline

26


6. accuracy

7. l
eadership skills

8. efficiency

9. creativity

10. drawing skills

1
9
.
Read the text and answer the questions
:

1.
What advice is given for someone who is
stuck in a computing support job?

2.
What questions should you ask yourself if
you
are thinking
of getting extra
training?

3.
What computer program is mentioned in the
text?

4.
Name two ways of studying that are mentioned in the text.

5.
What two factors will be affected by your
level of experience?

6.
Why is it important to become used to
answering
exam questions?

7.
What factors help you decide whether the
course will be suitable or cost e
f-
fective?

8.
What happens if you don't upgrade your
certification?


20. Read and translate the text

Becoming Certified

Suppose you're a support engineer. You're st
uck
in a job you don't like and you
want to make a
change. One way of making that change is to
improve your market
a-
bility to potential employers by upgrading your skill
-
set. If you're going to train
yourself up however, whose training should you undertake?

If you need certificates,
whose
certificates should they be? Even if you get those
certificates, how certain can
you be that your
salary will rise as a result? One solution is the
range of certifications
on offer from Microsoft.

Microsoft offers a large a
rray of certification
programme
r
s aimed at anyone
from the user of a
single program such as Microsoft Word, to
someone who wants to
become a certified
support engineer. There are a myriad of
certificates to study for
too. If you're the proud
holder of any
of those qualifications, then you're entitled to
call yourself a Microsoft Certified

Professional (MCP).

Once you've decided which track you want to take, you should consider just
how qualified you
already are in terms of experience and
knowledge. Will you

need to go and take some

courses with a training company, or are you the
type who
can make good use of self
-
study materials? How much time do you g
e
nuinely have
to
devote towards this? Will your employer pay
for your course? Will it grant you
leave to go
and
do the course
-

assuming you can find one
-

on
either a full
-
time or
part
-
time basis?

27


The key question here is experience. This will not
only influence the amount of
work you'll have to do to get up to speed for the exams, it could also
mean the di
f-
ference between passing or failing the exam.

While you're busy learning all you need to know
for your certification, the
practice exams are an absolute godsend. They show you the type of
questions you'll
encounter, and they familiarize you with the structu
re of the exam. This is
essential
if you want to pass: the exams have time
limits, and you need to get used to answe
r-
ing the requisite number of questions within the allotted
time. It's as simple as that.

If you decide training course will help you out, do
n't let the title of a course
alone convince you
that it will be suitable or cost effective. Find out
exactly what
the course offers and whether there
are pre
-
requisites for attendants. You should a
l
so
find out what the training company is prepared to
do i
f attendants don't have the
minimum
knowledge necessary to be on the course.

As exams are replaced by 'updated' ones, you
need to upgrade your certific
a
tion
to stay current.
Ultimately it's your responsibility to make sure you
stay up to date.
If you don't
, you lose your certification until you take an update.

As a support engineer, you get the satisfaction of
knowing that you passed a
tough test, and the happy knowledge that your network manager is sweating a bit
over the fact that you could be
head
-
hunted

at any time.

QUALIFICATIONS



Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
(MCSE)

GCSEs design, install, support and troubleshoot information systems. GCSEs are
network gurus,
support technicians and operating system experts.



Microsoft Certified Solution Developer
(MCSD)

MSc's use development tools and platforms to create business solutions.



Microsoft Certified Product Specialist
(MCPS)

MCPSes know all about at least one Microsoft operating system. Some also specia
l
ize

in
other
Microsoft products, development tools
or
desktop applications.



Microsoft
Certified Trainer (MCT)

MOTs teach others about Microsoft
products
using the Microsoft Official Curriculum at
Microsoft Authorized Tec
h
nical
Education
Centres.


21
.
Read the text again and define
w
hich qualification would

be
most useful if
you
wanted to
do

each of the following:

a.

be
an operating system exp
ert;

b
.

troubleshoot
systems
;

с
.

teach computing
;

d
.

design business solutions
.


28


22
.
Mark the following statements as

True

or

False
:

a.

Microsoft offers
а

large range o
f certification
programme
r
s to study.

b
.

You
must get an advanced certificate before
you
can call yourself
а

Microsoft
Certified
Professional.

c.

All Microsoft training courses involve
а

period of full
-
time study.

d.

Practice exams allow
you
to become fami
liar

with the structure of the exams.

e.

You
can decide on the suitability of
а

course

by its title.

f
. I
t is your responsibility to make sure that

your certification is kept
up
to date.

g
.

Gaining
а

certificate is likely to make
you

more attractive to oth
er employers.


23
. W
ork
i
n
p
airs.
S
tudy
t
hese
j
ob requirements.
T
hen
t
ry
t
o
m
atch the
r
equirements
t
o
t
he
l
ist
o
f
j
obs
w
hich
follows:


1

2

3



at
l
east
5

y
ears
(
2
a
t
s
e
nior level

i
n:
U
nix,
S
Y
BASE

or
ORACLE,
N
T
o
r
W
indows
2000,

Terminal Server, TCP/IP,
Inte
rnet.



strong
project
m
anagement
(2 years)



willingness
t
o
t
ravel
abroad



able
t
o
m
anage,
l
ead
a
nd develop
a

t
eam



knowledge
o
f
C
,
C++,

Delphi



experience
o
f object
-
oriented design
w
ithin
a

c
ommercial environment



ability
t
o
d
eliver
s
oftware projects
a
gainst
a
g
reed schedules
a
nd
within

agreed
estimates



p
roven
t
rack
r
ecord
i
n
the delivery
o
f
e
-
solutions
i
n banking
environment



knowledge
o
f
U
nix,
N
T
a
nd Oracle



w
illingness
t
o
t
ravel

internationally


4

5

6



minimum
4

y
ears
l
ifecycle development
e
xperience



demonstra
ble
s
kills
u
sing VB, SQL,
RDBMS



able
t
o
d
evelop
c
ore
s/w



excellent
c
ommunication
skills



m
inimum
o
f
1
8
m
onths
commercial
e
xperience
o
f
Web development



k
nowledge
o
f
H
TML,
J
ava, ASP



full
p
ortfolio
o
f
URLs

a
s
examples



experience
o
f
N
T,
Exchange,
S
QL
S
erver,
M
o
nitoring Software,
Verta,

T
CP/IP



s
olid
g
rasp
o
f tworking



2
t
o
5

y
ears
e
xperience
i
n a
n
etwork
environment


a.
V
isual
B
asic
D
eveloper;

b.
I
T
E
ngineer
(
Network
&

D
atabase);

c.
W
eb
D
eveloper;

29


d.
N
etwork
S
upport;

e.
E
-
commerce
C
onsultant;

f.
T
eam
Le
ader.


24
.
W
ork
i
n
p
airs,
A

a
nd
B
.
C
hoose
o
ne
o
f
t
he
c
omputing
c
areers from
t
he
l
ist
p
rovided.
Y
our
p
artner
m
ust
f
ind
o
ut
w
hat
y
our
j
ob
i
s
b
y asking
o
nly
Y
es/No
q
uestions.
Y
our
p
artner
c
annot
a
sk

Are
y
ou
a

programmer,
e
tc?



Student A

1.
Systems Analyst

S
tudies methods of working within an organization to decide how tasks
can be done
efficiently by computers. Makes a detailed analysis of the employer's requir
e
ments and
work patterns to prepare a report on
different options for using inform
a
tion technology.

This may involve
consideration of hardware as well as software. Either uses standard
computer packages or writes a specification for programmers to adapt
existing software
or to prepare new software. May oversee the
implementation and testing of a system
and acts as a link between the user and the programmer.

2. Software Engineer/Designer

Produces the programs which control the internal operations of
computers. Converts
the system analyst's specification to a logical series of steps. Translates these into
the a
p-
propriate computer language. Often
compiles programs from libraries or sub
-
programs,
combining these to make up a complete systems program. Designs, tests and improves
programs for computer
-
aided design and manufacture, business
appl
i
cations, compute
r
networks and games.

3. Computer Services Engineering Technician

Can be responsible for installation, maintenance or repair of computers
and ass
o
c
i-
ated equipment. Installs hardware, ranging from personal
computers to mainframe m
a-
chines, and tests by runni
ng special software. Some technicians carry out routine se
r
vi
c-
ing of large mainframe systems,
aiming to avoid breakdowns. Others are called in to
identify and repair
faults as quickly as possible usually by replacing faulty parts. Work
can
also involve upg
rading machines usually on customers' premises.

4. Network Support Person or Computer Engineer:
Network Support

Maintains the link between PCs and workstations connected in a
network. Use tel
e-
communications, software and electronic skills and knowledge of
the networking sof
t-
ware to locate and correct faults. This may involve work with the contro
l
ling software,
on the wiring, printed
circuit boards, software or microchips on a file server, or on c
a-
bles
either within or outside the building.

Student B

1.
Comp
uter Salesperson

30


Advises potential customers about available hardware and sells
equipment to suit
individual requirements. Discusses computing needs
with the client to ensure that a sui
t-
able system can be supplied.
Organizes the sale and delivery and, if n
ecessary, install
a-
tion and
testing. May arrange support or training, maintenance and consult
a
tion.
Must
have sufficient technical knowledge.

2. Applications Programmer

Writes the programs which enable a computer to carry out particular
tasks. May
write new

programs or adapt existing programs, perhaps
altering computer packages to
meet the needs of an individual company.
When writing a new program, follows a
specification provided by a
systems analyst. Devises a series of logical steps and co
n-
verts these to
the appropriate computer language. Checks programs for faults and
does
extensive testing.

3. Systems Support Person

Systems support people are analyst programmers who are responsible
for maintai
n-
ing, updating and modifying the software used by a
company. S
ome specialize in
software which handles the basic operation
of the computers. This involves use of m
a-
chine codes and specialized
low
-
level computer languages. Most handle applic
a
tions
software. May
sort out problems encountered by users. Solving problems
may involve
amending an area of code in the software, retrieving files and data lost
when a system
crashes and a basic knowledge of hardware.

4. Hardware Engineer

Researches, designs and develops computers, or parts of computers and
the comp
u
t-
erized elemen
t of appliances, machines and vehicles. Also
involved in their manufa
c-
ture, installation and testing. May specialize in different areas: research and develo
p-
ment, design, manufacturing.
Has
to be aware of cost, efficiency, safety and enviro
n-
mental factors
as well
as engineering aspects.


25
. Study
t
he
CV

o
f
P
aul. Then
w
rite your
o
wn
CV

i
n
t
he
s
ame
w
ay.
F
or
t
he
p
urpose
o
f
t
his
t
ask,
y
ou can invent
e
xperience
a
nd
a
ssume
y
ou
h
ave
p
assed
a
ll
y
our
examinations.


Curriculum V
itae

Paul W Cain

Personal details
:

Dat
e of birth:
3
0/5/79

Address:

7 Linden Crescent, Stonebridge EH21 3TZ

Email:

p.w.cair@btinternet.com

Education
:


1991
-
1995 Standard grades in Maths, English, Spanish,

31


Computer Studies, Geography, Science, J
ames High School
;

1996
-
1997
HNC in Computing Maxwell College
;

1997
-
1999
HND in Computing Support Maxwell College
.

Other qualifications
:

Jan 2000 CITE

Work experience
:

IT support consultant Novasystems

Novasystems is an IT compa
ny that provides a complete range of computing
services
for its corporate clients.

My experience includes:



advising clients on IT issues and strategies
;



1st line customer telephone support
;



database design
;



configuration and installation of hardware and so
ftware to clients' specific
a
tions
;



network administration and implementation
;



PC assembly
.

I have knowledge of these areas:



Windows 2000 Server/Professional
;



Office 97, 2000
;



Sage Line 50 & 100
;



Windows 95/98
;



TCP/IP Networking
;



Windows NT4 Server/Workstat
ion
;



Exchange Server 5.5
;



Veritas Backup Exec for NT
.

Hobbies and interests
:


Volleyball
.

Referees

1.

Academic Dr L. Thin, IT Department, Maxwell College
;

2.

Wo
r
k

Ms Y. Leith, Personnel Officer, Novasystems
.