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SmartGrids

Grids: where power meets
intelligence

Ronnie Belmans

K.U.Leuven, Belgium

ronnie.belmans @ esat. Kuleuven .be




Workshop 4Brabant.eu, 30 September 2010

Agenda


SmartGrids Vision: an evolution leading to a revolutionary result



The grid in transition



Enabling technologies



Need for RD&D



SmartGrids Platform

2

SmartGrids Vision

Regulation of

Monopolies

Innovation and

Competitiveness

Low Prices

And Efficiency

Primary Energy

Sources

Reliability and

Quality

Capacity

Nature

Preservation

Climate

Change

Kyoto and

Post
-
Kyoto

Environment

Drivers towards SmartGrids

3

SmartGrids Vision

User
-
centric

Stakeholder
ownership

Networks
renewal

Environmental
policy

Distributed and
central
generation

Demand response


Interoperable European
Electricity Networks

Liberalised

markets

Why SmartGrids?

4

SmartGrids Vision

Central & dispersed sources

Smart materials
and power

electronics

Central & dispersed

intelligence

Seamless integration

of new applications

End user real time

Information & participation

Multi
-
directional
‘flows’

5

SmartGrids Vision


6

Enable active
customer
participation

Accommodat
e all
generation
and storage

options

Enable new
products
services and
markets

Provide
power quality

for the 21
st

Century

Optimise
assets

and
operate
efficiently

Anticipate
and respond
to
system
disturbances

(self
-
heal)

Operate
resiliently
against
attack
and natural
disaster

Enable
fundamental
changes in
Transport and
Buildings

(Source: SmartGridNews.com)

SmartGrids Vision

20th Century Grid

21st Century Smart Grid

Electromechanical

Digital

Very limited or one
-
way communications

Two
-
way communications every where

Few, if any, sensors


“Blind” Operation

Monitors and sensors throughout


usage,
system status, equipment condition

Limited control over power flows

Pervasive control systems
-

substation,
distribution & feeder automation

Reliability concerns


Manual restoration

Adaptive protection, Semi
-
automated
restoration and, eventually, selfhealing

Sub
-
optimal asset utilization

Asset life and system capacity extensions
through condition monitoring and dynamic
limits

Stand
-
alone information systems and

applications

Enterprise Level Information Integration,
inter
-
operability and coordinated automation

Very limited, if any, distributed resources

Large penetrations of distributed,
Intermittent and demand
-
side resources

Carbon based generation

Carbon Limits and Green Power Credits

Emergency decisions by committee and

phone

Decision support systems, predictive
reliability

Limited price information, static tariff

Full price information, dynamic tariff,
demand response

Few customer choices

Many customer choices, value adder
services, integrated demand
-
side automation

7

SmartGrids Vision

a smart metering revolution?

a networks perspective


8

“an RTU at every service
head”

the portal to demand &
micro
-
gen services

operational visibility of
local networks

intelligent demand
control in emergencies

moving consumption

new services to delight
customers….

load
-
limiting & remote
disconnection

losses management &
rewards

SmartGrids Vision

9

Grid Infeed

SS

Energy

Storage


Aggregator and
manager of dispersed
power sources


Aggregator and
manager of ancillary
services for local
network and the grid

Aggregator


Manage constraints and
minimise losses


Utilise smart meter data


Manage asset condition / predict
failure events


Intelligent demand management
in emergencies

Optimiser


Energy efficiency


Customer overall particip.


Customer micro
-
gen types


Heat networks


Carrier communications


Integrator

(Source:
EON Central Networks)

New roles for Network Co’s

SmartGrids Vision

What is a SmartGrid?


A

SmartGrid

is

an

electricity

network

that

can

intelligently

integrate

the

actions

of

all

users

connected

to

it

-

generators,

consumers

and

those

that

do

both



in

order

to

efficiently

deliver

sustainable,

economic

and

secure

electricity

supplies
.


A

SmartGrid

employs

innovative

products

and

services

together

with

intelligent

monitoring,

control,

communication,

and

self
-
healing

technologies

to
:


better

facilitate

the

connection

and

operation

of

generators

of

all

sizes

and

technologies
;


allow

consumers

to

play

a

part

in

optimizing

the

operation

of

the

system
;


provide

consumers

with

greater

information

and

choice

of

supply
;


significantly

reduce

the

environmental

impact

of

the

whole

electricity

supply

system
;


deliver

enhanced

levels

of

reliability

and

security

of

supply
.


SmartGrids

deployment

must

include

not

only

technology,

market

and

commercial

considerations,

environmental

impact,

regulatory

framework,

standardization

usage,

ICT

(Information

&

Communication

Technology)

and

migration

strategy

but

also

societal

requirements

and

governmental

edicts
.

10

From passive towards active grids

Active distribution system has three
layers


1.
Copper based energy infrastructure
(electricity)


Optimized topology


Power electronic devices


2.
Communications layer


requirements of speed, quality, reliability,
dependability with costs


different communication technologies at the
same time


3.
Software layer


multiple software functions for normal
operation: doing locally and independently
the maximum number of functions,
reporting/requesting from the upper level the
minimum possible information necessary


network reconfiguration


self
-
healing procedures


fault management


forecasting, modeling and planning.

11

From passive towards active grids

New grid hierarchies

Microgrids






12

Local balance
between
energy (heat/electricity)
generation and load, at the
level of



A single customer



An industrial/commercial

complex



A distribution grid

subsystem

(Source: IEEE 1547)


From passive towards active grids

New grid hierarchies


13

Virtual Power Plants (VPP)

Flexible representation of load &
generation, acting as 1 entity towards
DSO/TSO

Cell concept (Denmark)

Hierarchical structure in the power system
in which each cell coordinates local
balance (market for DG), clears fault
situations and communicates with other
cells in energy trading

(Source: www.fenix
-
project.org)

(Source: Risö)

Funding options for SmartGrids

Examples of IFI projects

14

Mobile

Locator

GIS

Scada

132kV

66 or 33kV

11kV

LV

Fenix

Customer

Interface module

LV Automation

Redox Storage

On load
tapchanger
transformer

Superconducting

Fault Current Limiter

Lidar scanning

Hi res photography

PFT cable oil
leak location

Alternative fluid

Transformer

Alternative Trident line

With fibre optics

Woodhouse tower


Replacement

Synchronising

PMR

Remote

FPI

Line Tracker

& Line Sense

Intelligent


Universal

Transformer

1ph

Regulator

Storage

Under
-
grounding

Cable plough

On
-
line

condition

Monitoring

Cables

Lines & switches

Fault Level
Monitor

Earthing

Condition

LV Incipient

Fault
Programme

Autonomous Regional

Network Management

Circuit
Breaker
condition

Network Risk

Distribution

State Estimator

Fibre Optic

Temp Monitor

Wind Farm

Gen AVC

Broadband

Powerline

Carrier

Vista u/g

mapping

Thermal line assessment

Wood pole

disposal

Recycling

Excavated

Material

Optimising Voltage control /
Var performance of large
Wind Farm

Lightning

Protection

www.innovationsolutions.co.uk

Science Park Waterschei

-

Partners

Vito

K.U.Leuven

Nuhma

Xios

KHLim

Universiteit

Hasselt

Stad

Genk

Imec

LRM

Waterschei
-

from black gold to green
gold

Waterschei physical implementation

City of Genk:
innovative R&D companies

KUL

Vito

EIT

VSGP

GAF

IMEC

Infrastructure building




Specific laboratories


Control space smart grid


Lighting





Storage (electric
-

batteries &
heat)



Supporting services:


Mechanical workshop


Workshop ultracap or other


Workshop EMC & power quality


Workshop electricity


electronics



-

Hybrid drive train

-

Thermotechnical

lab

-

Climate room

-

Storage / warehouse

-

Chemical workshop

-

Calibration room

Result


EnergyVille:

Energy for green cities


General Context EIT & KIC InnoEnergy


A new collaboration
model
promoting

cross
-
national, cross
-
sectoral
and

cross
-
disciplinary
approaches to

knowledge sharing and
transfer for excellence in
innovation.


For the first time,

higher
education will interact on
an equal footing with
other partners.


Integrating the
“knowledge triangle”


The

European

Institute

of

Innovation

and

Technology

(EIT)

has

designated

the

InnoEnergy

consortium

as

one

of

its

first

3

KICs

(Knowledge

and

Innovation

Communities)

.



InnoEnergy's

partners

are

KULeuven,

VITO,

the

Technical

University

Eindhoven,

TNO

and

Eandis
.



InnoEnergy

will

combine

the

knowledge

and

experience

of

business,

research

and

education

for

the

development

of

intelligent

energy

efficient

buildings

and

cities
.


General Context EIT & KIC InnoEnergy

http://www.innoenergy
-
initiative.com/

EIT KIC Energy & InnoEnergy

EIT KIC Energy & InnoEnergy

VSGP (Vlaams Smart Grid Platform)


The

Flemish

Smart

Grid

Platform

focuses

on

the

development

of

smart

grids

in

Flanders

and

to

this

purpose

brings

together

all

relevant

parties

from

business,

research

and

government
.

Its

mission

is

to

develop

a

fully

operational

test

infrastructure

for

smart

grids

in

Flanders

by

2012
.

The

platform

comprises

working

groups

on

grid

intelligence,

in

home

intelligence

and

grid

connected

vehicles
.



Flemish SmartGrids Platform

smartgrid.be


research institutes


industrial partners


Eandis
(DSO)


Infrax
(DSO)


Alcatel


Lucent
(Telecom)


Belgacom
(Telecom)


Telenet
(Telecom)


Laborelec
(Engineering)


Niko
(Electronic equipment & domotica)


>80 companies showed interest


LINEAR+ project (Generaties, 10 M


funding)

25

Conclusion:

Action now!


26

2020 targets

2050 targets

and beyond

REQUIRE


application

of today’s
technologies

REQUIRE
development

of today’s technologies

REQUIRES
research

for tomorrow’s
technologies

These actions must be put in hand NOW

Ronnie Belmans


eMobility


September 2010, Venice


Thank you

for your attention !


http://www.smartgrids.eu

http://www.esat.kuleuven.be/electa

ronnie.belmans @ esat. Kuleuven .be


27