The Future of Innovation in Tropical Agriculture: Opportunities and Responsibility for the Brazilian Agricultural Innovation Sector

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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The Future of Innovation in
Tropical Agriculture:
Opportunities and Responsibility
for the Brazilian Agricultural
Innovation Sector

Labex
-
Korea Experience and
Foresight

Gilberto Silber Schmidt

Labex
-
Korea Coordinator

WHY KOREA?

Some time ago …..

And Now …..

Agribusiness

Just comparing ……..

Brazil

Korea

high Technology


Green growth

Trends in Agricultural
Research



Development of high
-
yielding rice variety;




The variety
-
based cultivation technologies were rapidly


transferred to the farms;




Rice
-
self
-
sufficiency.



Development of year
-
round production system for fresh


vegetables (plastic utilization)


White Revolution;





Improved nutrition and development of a variety of food.



Reduction in labor requirement through mechanization;



Improved cropping technologies;



Improvement of eating quality and functionality.



Increased demand for high value
-
added and functional
products;




Development of eco
-
friendly agricultural technologies




Production of bio
-
materials, transgenic crop and animals;




Operation of Bio
-
Green 21 project.

Strategy of
R&D
and
TT

922 Studies

90 Projects


Future High
-
Technology


1.
Biotechnology

2.
Bio
-
resources

3.
Insect Industry

4.
Automated system

5.
Climate Change


On
-
Farm
Technology


1.
Food security

2.
Hot &Herbal
Production

3.
Animal Production

4.
Regional agric.
Promotion

5.
Forage crop
production

6.
Eco
-
friendly farming

7.
Energy
-
saving


Agro
-
Food
Technology


1.
Food Safety

2.
Food functionality

3.
Korean Traditional
foods

36 Programs

3 Fields and 15
National Agenda

Agenda Sys.

Research

Extension

(Extension Bureau)

Local Extension
Organizations

Farmers

(Farmhouse)

Region
-
specific Crop

Experiment Station

Administration &

Agricultural Cooperative

Vertical System

Research

Extension

(Extension Bureau)

Local Extension
Organizations

Farmers

(Farmhouse)

Region
-
specific Crop

Experiment Station

Administration &

Agricultural Cooperative

Linked System

Feedback

Fused System

Development of farm
-
derived research themes Technology extension to farmhouses

Rapid Technology dissemination & Promotion
for “Small but Strong”

17,000 farmhouses
participated in 2009

Norway

ICARDA

Russia

Uzbekistan

Mongolia

China

Canada

USA

CIMMYT

Brazil

Argentina

CIP

Chile

AVRDC

Japan

FFTC

IRRI

Philippines

Vietnam

BI


Nepal

Myanmar

Thailand

Brunei

Indonesia

ICRISAT

ILRI

IITA

Hungary

Germany

UK

France

Netherland

Algeria

Israel

Ghana

Peru

Bolivia

More than 57 countries, 10 Int’l Research Institutes


demands and opportunities

Technology to Cope With Environmental Change



Mitigation of the impact by climate change


-

Developed scenarios of changing cultivation location


-

Forecast technology on sudden outbreak of crop disease




Development of new varieties adapted to climate change


-

Rice, Apple, etc.




Development of varieties of subtropical crops


-

Fruits (Mango, Dragon Fruit), Vegetables (Artichoke and Okra)

Recent Major Achievements

Eco
-
Friendly and Sustainable Agriculture






Resources recycling with low
-
cost and high
-
efficiency



-

Producing bio
-
gas and liquid fertilizer from livestock manure


(Distribution of SCB (Slurry Composting & Biofiltration) facility




Energy saving technique and Bioenergy development


-

Geothermal heat pump system


-

LED technology for farming


-

Cultivation of rapes rich in oleic acid for biodiesel production




Substitutes of Agricultural Chemicals


-

Increase green manure crop cultivation: Hairy vetch


-

Disease prevention techniques using natural enemies,


microorganism and natural materials


-

Established “Soil Information System”





Recent Major Achievements

Improvement of Quality and Market Competitiveness



Improve competitiveness and developed market


-

Technology to produce high
-
quality beef


-

Quality improvement of horticulture products


-

Disease prevention of livestock and crop


-

Insect control and weed management




Promotion of cultivation, dissemination & export of Korean


Varieties


-

Strawberry, chrysanthemum, orchid, rose and kiwi



Recent Major Achievements

New Growth Engine and Future Agricultural Technology



Develop new bio
-
materials through biotechnology


-

Artificial eardrum and bone using silk protein


-

Natural antibiotics made from been venom




Bio
-
medication/organs by transgenic animals


-

Bio
-
medication from swine milk


-

Chickens to produce eggs containing medicinal protein



Recent Major Achievements

New Growth Engine and Future Agricultural Technology



Functional products for preventing adult disease


-

Rice rich in dietary fiber, essential amino acids, etc.


-

“Read Yeast Rice” with low cholesterol




Color potato & Sweet Potato


-

Anti
-
aging and skin brightening effect




Non
-
hardening rice cake



Fully automated animal and plant factory


-

Graffiting robot, vegetable planting machine, weeding robot, etc.



Recent Major Achievements

Ongoing projects ,
opportunities and demands

Ongoing Projects

Swine breeding and genetics to improve meat quality and
weight daly gain on terminal sire line

Exchange of Genetic Resources and work together on
Crossroads, Genetics, Taxonomy and Improving Mushroom
cultivation.

Exchange of Genetic Resources and Working in Germplasm
Evaluation, Selection and Development of New Shares
Improvement in Strawberry

Platform for First and Second Generation Biofuels
Production from Sweet Sorghum Feedstock

Exchange and Regeneration of Plant Genetic Resources and
Criopreservation

new projects (
rda
)

Biotechnology on Animal Production


Genome Analyses and Genomic Selection for the Production Traits in Cattle;



Development of technique for utilization of microbes to improve productivity of
the chicken.

Protection Production System and Automation

Structure optimization and energy
-
saving climate control techniques for
greenhouse

Technology Transfer for Smallholder

Mechanization and automation

Rice

Genetic Resource exchange and processing

new opportunities and demands



Applied Biotechnology for Food and Feed


Additives




Biofuels and by
-
products from animal waste




Development of cosmetics and "Life Cares"


from biodiversity, "




Second generation of biofuels production

Promoting Agricultural Innovation for Nurturing Smallholder Farmers




Promoting Protected Horticulture through dissemination Greenhouse


Farming and Automation;




Enhancing Environmental
-
Friendly Farming and high Agricultural Product;




Promoting smallholder development on management of cooperative or


associative, on risk management and empowerment of regional actors to rise


funds in innovative way;




Policy recommendation to facilitate exchange of agriculture and animal


production goods between the two countries, particularly in regard to expedite


government approval procedures from both sides (Market accessibility)




Developing Stallholders market in Brazil with focus on Strengthening Post
-


Harvest Technology;




Developing Smallholders production system in Brazil with focus on


mechanization and automation for save
-
labor and reducing food waste.



Medicinal and Aromatics Plants and Phytochemistry;




Renewable energy and by
-
products from biomass;




Reduction of greenhouse gas emission in the livestock industry;




Advanced methodologies for lab. Analysis;




Isolating bioactive compounds from plant sources;




post harvest technology to reduce losses and adding value to
final products;




Use of nanotechnology on agriculture production and processing

32

The future is not to be given,

but to be created.

Embrapa

Agroenergy


R&D Strategy


RDA Agenda


Basi c Sci ence i n
Agri cul tural Technol ogy



Envi ronmental &
conservati on for
sustai nable agri culture;



Commerci al i zati on of
agro
-
bi ol ogi cal resources;



Safety management of
agri cul tural products;



Producti on
automati on, energy
savi ng, and farmi ng
safety;



Pl ant bi otechnol ogy;



Agro
-
food
devel opment and
added
-
val ue
enhancement



Col l ecti on/preservati on/
uti l i zati on of geneti c
resources.


Stabl e suppl y of food and
val ue enhancement



Stable
production rice;


Increase self
-
sufficiency of
upland crop;


Food
functionality and
added
-
value
enhancement;


Farmland use
efficiency
environment
-
friendly crop
production.



Qual i ty and val ue
enhancement of
horti cul ture and
herbal crop


Development of
horticultural
varieties and
productivity
increase;


Stable
production of
ginseng and
added
-
value
enhancement;


Production
environment
and
commercializati
on of
horticultural
and herbal
crops.



Qual i ty and
producti vi ty
enhancement of
l i vestock


Collection and
improvement
of animal
genetic
resources;


Enhancement
of livestock
productivity;


Environment
-
friendly
production of
safe livestock
products.


Collaborative
research on
bioengineering
commercialization;


Collaborative
research on climate
change adaptation
technology.



Core technol ogy
devel opment
strategi es

Sera
que

deve

ser
usado

Linkage among different Agricultural Sectors

Exchange with opinion leaders

Cooperation with Central and Local Government
and agencies

Cooperation with private sectors & academia



Through regular program &



Committee for 15 agenda
programas




Personnel exchange



Council between Institutes and MIFAFF



Universities and Private Research Institutions


Industries

Traditional
food
production
agriculture

Stable food
supply

Maintenance
of
agricultural
foundation

Medical Materials
Industry


Artificial bone,
antibiotics,
vaccines, etc

Environmental
Industry


Living
horticulture,
natural healing

Energy Industry


Bio
-
energy,
renewable energy

By
-
products

Food Industry


Traditional food,
functional foods,
beverage, etc

Carbon
Credits


Maximizing
Carbon
uptake

Green
Landscape


Green Village,
Green
tourism

Direction of Green Technology Development