Biotech Lect-1 - lectureug4

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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An Introduction to
Biotechnology

LECTURE 1:

Biotechnology; 3 Credit hours


Atta
ur

Rahman

School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB)

National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)

Dr

Vacanti
, a transplant surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital
in Boston and Jeffrey
Borenstein
, micro
-
engineering expert at the
nearby Draper Lab are looking at growing more complex tissues.

Belgian Blue Cattle which is famous for their double muscling due to a gene that
suppresses the production of
Myostatin
.

Bovine
somatotropin

hormone is important for growth, development, and other
bodily functions of all animals. In the 1930s, it was discovered that injecting
bST

into lactating (milk
-
producing) cows significantly increased milk production.

America produced 500 million gallons of
biodiesel and
Europe produced
2.75
billion
, it adds up
.


Wastewater treatment plant could be the next
source of clean energy

Microbial Fuel Cell


Bacteria

to
produce

proteins for
medicine

or material
science

The 75
-
ha willow phytoremediation system at
Enköping
, central
Sweden: wastewater treatment plant (foreground), ponds for winter
storage of wastewater (background) and willow fields irrigated by
wastewater from sludge

Biotechnology


The office of the United States Congress defines
biotechnology;


“Any technique that uses living organisms or
substances from those organism, to make or
modify a product, to improve plant or animals, or
to develop microorganism for specific uses”


Thus biotechnology encompasses


Tools and techniques


Living organism i.e. plant, animal or microorganism


Products from these organism can be new or rare

Biotechnology


Biotechnology is multidisciplinary involving
naturals sciences;


Cell and molecular biology


Microbiology


Genetics


Physiology


Biochemistry to name a few


Engineering and computer sciences


Application of Biotechnology


Production of new and improved food


Live stocks


Industrial chemicals


Pharmaceuticals


Diagnostics tools


Recombinants
Vaccines


Protecting Environment


Protecting endangered species

Major areas of Biotechnology

Biotechnology

Microbial
Biotechnology

Animal
Biotechnology

Environmental
Biotechnology

Plant
Biotechnology

Health
Biotechnology

Course Contents Biotechnology


Fundamentals of biotechnology


Core Techniques in Biotechnology


DNA Technology


From DNA to proteins


Principals of recombinant DNA technology


Microbial Biotechnology


Products from microorganisms


Fermentation: principal and application


Food biotechnology


Plant Biotechnology


Plant tissue culture and applications


Genetically Engineered Plants


Applications of Plant genetic engineering


Bio fertilizers



Animal Biotechnology


Animal cell culture and characterization of cell lines


Application of animal cell culture


Transgenic animal technology


Environmental Biotechnology


Bioremediation


Phytoremediation


Utilization of biomass


Bio mining and bioleaching


Biotechnology in medicine and health care


Gene therapy


Xenotransplantation


Forensic Biotechnology


Human Genome Project


Impacts of biotechnology on human beings: Biotechnology Ethics