Kinematics:
A
MOVING
experience
Kinematics Vocabulary
Unit 1
Magnitude
orders of magnitude
powers of 1
0
metric prefixes
factor label method
GUESS method
Distance
Vector
Scalar
Displacement
Distance
Velocity
Speed
Acceleration
constant/uniform
changing/varying
slope
increasing/decreasing slope
rate
axes
units
labels
Kinematics Objectives
Unit 1
use factor label method to convert metric prefixes
know
metric prefixes and orders of magnitude
use GUESS method to solve problems
be able to design an experimental process
be able to design and organize a data/results table for an experiment
solve problems involving dvat
memorize kinematics equations
rec
ognize the axes of a graph
describe the meaning of the slope of a graph
describe instantaneous motion from a graph
identify coordinate pairs from a graph
recognize mathematical trends in a set of
S432 Physics
Name:
Math Camp Scientific
Notation
Period:
Scientific
Notation
Expanded Form
Scientific
Prefix
1 x 10
24
1 000 000 000 000 000 000
000 000
Yotta

1 x 10
21
1 000 000 000 000 000 000
000
Zelta

1 x 10
18
1 000 000 000 000 000 000
Exa

1 x 10
15
1 000 000 000 000 000
Peta

1 x
10
12
1 000 000 000 000
Tera

1 x 10
9
1 000 000 000
Giga

1 x 10
6
1 000 000
Mega

1 x 10
3
1 000
Kilo

1 x 10
2
100
Hecto

1 x 10
1
10
Deca

1 x 10

1
0.1
Deci

1 x 10

2
0.01
Centi

1 x 10

3
0.001
Milli

1 x 10

6
0.000 001
Micro

1 x 10

9
0.000
000 001
Nano

1 x 10

12
0.000 000 000 001
Pico

1 x 10

15
0.000 000 000 000 001
Femto

1 x 10

18
0.000 000 000 000 000 001
Atlo

1 x 10

21
0.000 000 000 000 000 000
001
Zepto

1 x 10

24
0.000 000 000 000 000 000
000 001
Yocto

S432 Physics
Name:
Math Camp Factor Label 07
Period:
Show all work
1.
Convert 2.44 L to mL
2. Convert 45 654 mg to kg
3. Convert 4.7 km/h to m/s
4. Convert 4.00 m/s to km/day
5. Convert 6.72 mm to
m
㘮⁃潮癥牴‰⸰㔹㠠浧⁴漠
䭧
1.
Convert 1.7 Kg to cg
2. Convert 2.7 L to mL
3. Convert 0.71 cm/s to km/h
4. Conver
t
0.90 kg to mg
5. Convert 12 mL/s to L/hour
6. Convert 10 g to ng
1) 3.5 GL to ml.
2) 4.89 Kg/s to m/minute.
3) 6.34 km/h to m/s.
4) 7.99L to
䰮
S432 Physics
Name:
Math Camp Algebraic Manipulation
Period:
Solve the following equations for the indicated variable. Show all steps of your solution!
1. v
f
= v
i
+ at solve for t
2.
d= v
i
t + ½ a t
2
solve for a
3. v
f
2
= v
i
2
+ 2ad solve for v
i
4. F = ma solve for m
5. mgd = ½ mv
2
solve for v
6. v = f
solve for
7. solve for g
8.
solve for r
9.
solve for q
1
S432 Physics
Name__________________
dvt Practice
Period______
Use the equations relating distance, time, and, speed to find answers to the following questions.
Round
all answers to the nearest tenth. Be sure to include units.
Equatio
ns: v = d/t
d
=
v
x
t
t
=
d/v
Problem solving method
G
–
identify the givens with units
U
–
identify the unknowns with units
E
–
Write the correct form of the equation
S

Substitute with units
S

solve with units
NO Naked
Numbers
1. A car travels 125 km in 3.5 hours.
What is the
speed
of the car?
2. A student pulls a tape through a
ticker machine at a rate(speed) of 0.75
m/sec.
How much
tape will he pull through in
2.5 sec?
3. Another student pulls a tape thro
ugh
a ticker at a rate(speed) of 0.9 m/sec.
How
long
will this student take to pull
3.5 meters of tape through the ticker?
4. A plane travels 480 miles in 1.4
hours. How
fast (speed)
is the plane
moving?
5. How
long
will it take a motorcycle
traveling 65 km/hr to travel 140 km?
6. How far will the motorcycle in
problem #5 get in 45 minutes
(CAREFUL

change 45 minutes to
hours first)?
7. Light travels at a constant speed of
300,000,000 meters/sec. If yo
u could
travel at the speed of light , how
far
would you get in one minute (careful
with the units again)?
8. Traveling at the speed of light, how
long
will it take to cover 700,000 miles?
( speed of light = 186,000 miles/sec)
Physics
Name:
Position

time Graphs
1. Which car is:
at rest? __________
traveling “forwards” at the fastest rate? ____
traveling “backwards” ?__________
traveling with the slowest speed?__________
ends it’s
motion furthest from the origin? ______
2.
Here is a graph made by a car.
A)
During which time interval did it
first
travel in a positive direction?
B)
During which other time interval did it travel in a positive direction?
C)
During which
time intervals did the car travel in a negative direction?
D) During which interval does the car have the highest steady velocity?
3, Finally use the graph of a student walking.
A)
During
which time interval was the student traveling at her
greatest speed?
B)
During w
hich time interval was the student traveling at her
smallest
(nonzero) speed?
C)
During which time interval(s) was
she
at rest?
D)
What total distance did the
student
travel during the entire 44
seconds?
E)
What was the
student
's net displacement for the entire graph?
D)
What was the
student
's instantaneous speed at 6 seconds?
AP Physics
Name:_______________
More Graph Practice
1.Sketch
graphs of displacement vs. time and velocity vs. time for the following situations.
a)
A
cart originally at rest, uniformly gains speed in a positive direction, maintains that speed, and then uniformly loses its
speed finally coming to a stop
.
b) A cart originally at rest, uniformly gains speed in a positive direction, maintains that speed, uniformly loses its speed
coming to a stop, rests, uniformly gains speed in a negative direction, maintains that negative velocity, then uniformly
loses spee
d and comes to a final rest.
2. Use
the position

time graph shown
at the right
.
a)
What was the total distance traveled?
b)
What was the net displacement?
c)
What was the average speed for the entire 12 seconds illustrated?
d)
What was the average velocity for the entire 12 seconds illustrated?
Convert the position

time graph shown below to a velocity

time graph
3
. The three graphs below all represent the same motion.
a)
The cart in the above graphs in traveling in a positive direction.
True
False
b)
The cart is experiencing a constant positive acceleration.
True
False
c)
What is the cart's initial speed? ____________
d)
What is the cart's initial position? _
__________
e)
How much did the cart's velocity change from 2 to 14 seconds?
f)
What is the cart's final velocity at 14 seconds?
g)
How fast was the cart traveling at 8 seconds?
h)
How far did the cart travel between 2 and 14 seconds?
i)
What is the cart's final position at 14 seconds?
Physics 432
Name____________________
Kinematics
GRAPHING PRACTICE 2
PART I:
Observe the following graph made by a walking student and answer the following questions:
E
D
F
A
B
C
Time (s)
1. In which region(s) is this student as rest?_________
2. In which region(s) is this student moving away from the detector at constant
speed? _______
3. In which region(s) is this student traveling with the highest speed? ______
4. In which region(s) is this student walking towards the detector? _____
___
5. In which region(s) is this student at maximum displacement? ________
6. In which region is the student walking away from the detector? ________
7. In which region(s) is the student at maximum distance from the detector?___
8. Does the stud
ent ever run into the detector? Where? ________
9. In which region(s) is the student accelerating? ________
10. in which region(s) is the student’s speed in
creasing? _______
D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e
(m
)
PART II:
Observe the following motion graph made by a walking student and answer the questions.
D
C
B
Time(s)
A
E
F
11. In which region(s) is this student moving away from the detector at constant
speed? ________
12. In which region(s) is this student moving away from the detector? ______
13. In which region(s) is this student walking towards the detector? ___
____
14. In which region(s) is this student walking the fastest? ________
15. In which region(s) is this student at maximum dis
tance
? ________
16. In which region(s) is this student accelerating? ________
17. In which region(s) is this
student’s speed increasing? _______
18. Does the student come to a stop? Where? ________
V
e
l
o
c
i
t
y
(m/s)
Physics 432
Name________________
Kinematics
ANALYZING MOTION GRAPHS
You start off to school in the morning driving at 10 m/s down a side street for 4 minutes and then hit the
main road and then go 20 m/s for 3 minutes. Unfortunately, you hit a stop light where you have to wait
for 2 minutes. You then begin driving at 20
m/s and drive for another 5 minutes until you get to your
friend’s house. You have to wait for him to shower and get dressed which takes 5 minutes. You then have to
bactrack towards the school so you drive at 25 m/s for 3 minutes. You cruise into the lo
t just in time to
hear the 7:30 bell ring. Doh! Late again. . . .
Assuming that you change your speed very quickly, construct a graph of velocity vs. time on the graph
below. Be sure to label your axes & USE A PENCIL!!
VELOCITY vs. TIME
Teacher Check
In the space below, calculate the distance traveled in each section. Be sure to show all of your work and BE NEAT!
Based upon the
calculations above, draw a distance vs. time graph. Label your axes
DISTANCE
vs. TIME
S432 Physics
Name_________________________
VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION
Solve all of the problems below. Make sure you show your givens, the equation you are using, your work, and
an answer with correct units.
1.
A toy car crosses a 15 meter floor in 2
seconds. What is it’s velocity?
㈮
The same car crosses a 24 meter floor, how
long will it take?
3.
The batteries in this toy car run out and it
comes to a stop in 3 seconds, what is this
(negative) acceleration?
4.
A sports car can accelerate at a rate of 2.5
m/s/s. How long will it take to reach a
speed of 50 m/s?
5.
A train begins traveling at 5 m/s. Forty

five seconds later, the train is moving at 70
m/s. What was the acceleration of the train
during this
time?
6.
When dropped, most objects accelerate at
10 m/s/s. If an acorn falls from an oak tree
and takes 1.3 seconds to hit the ground,
how fast will it be going just before it
strikes?
Physics 432
Name______________________
Kinematics
Date____________________
KINEMATIC PRACTICE
1. You are driving down a street in a car at 55
m/s. Suddenly a child runs into the street. If it
takes you 0.75 s to react and apply the brakes,
how many meters will you have moved before
you begin to sl
ow down?
2. A race car can be slowed with acceleration
of

11m/s
2
.
a) If the car is going 55 m/s, how many meters
will it take to stop?
b) Repeat for a car going 110 m/s.
3. An astronaut drops a feather from 1.2 m
above the surface of the
moon. If the
acceleration of gravity on the moon is one
sixth the acceleration on earth, how long does
it take the feather to hit the surface?
4. Find the uniform acceleration that causes an
object's speed to change from 32 m/s to 96 m/s
in an 8.0 s
period.
5. Determine the final velocity of an object
traveling at 22 m/s is accelerated uniformly at
the rate of 1.6 m/s
2
for 6.8 s. What is its final
velocity?
V=55 m/s t = .75 s d =?
d = vt = 55 m/s * .75 s =
d =41.25 m/s
6. If a bullet leaves the muzzle of a rifle with a
speed of 60 m/s, and the barrel
of the rifle is
0.9 m long, at what rate is the bullet
accelerated while in the barrel.
7. A plane travels a distance of 5.0 x 10
2
m
while being accelerated uniformly from rest at
the rate of 5.0 m/s
2
. What final speed does it
attain?
8. A
stone falls freely from rest for 8.0 s.
a) Calculate its final velocity.
b) What distance does the stone fall during
this time?
9. A driver of a car going 9.0 m/s suddenly
sees the lights of a barrier 4.0 m ahead. If the
driver comes to a complete
stop and the
acceleration during braking is

10 m/s
2
,
determine if the car hits the barrier.
10. A tennis ball is dropped 1.20 m above the
ground. It rebounds to a height of 1.00 m and
comes to a complete stop.
a) With what speed does it hit the
ground?
b) With what speed does it leave the ground?
Physics 432
Name___________________________
Kinematics
Date_______________
KINE
MATIC PROBLEMS
1. Outraged at the
sight of seared animal
flesh being consumed in the backyard,
Lisa Simpson feels she must put an end to
Homer’s backyard BBQ. She pushes the
wheeled barbecue carrying the “pig de
resistance” at a speed of 4 m/s while Homer and Bart give
chase. When she re
aches a hill, she loses control of the pig
and it rolls down a hill. The pig reaches a speed of 34 m/s in
a time of 8 sec. Find the pig’s acceleration.
2. How far did the BBQ grill roll?
3. The pig reaches a level part of the road where friction
slows the pig down somewhat. The speed decreases to 20
m/s in 7 seconds. Determine this acceleration.
4. The cart hits a Duff can lying in the road which gets
stuck in the wheel causing the cart to slow down at a
greatly increased rate. It comes to
a stop in 8 seconds. Find
out how far the barbeque moves during this time.
5. The pig has unfortunately come to a
stop in the middle of a bridge. Just
before Homer reaches it, a sugar truck
hits the pig sending it over the bridge and it
begins to a
ccelerate from rest at a rate of 9.8 m/s/s. It
strikes the water, 25 meters below.
How fast is the pig going just before he hits the water?
Physics
Name:
Notes on a tossed ball
Her are position

time &
velocity

time graphs for a tossed ball.
a) Compare the time spent going up to the time spent falling
down.
b) Compare the final velocity to the initial velocity
c) What does the area of the shaded triangle represent?
d) What should the slope of
the velocity

time graph be?
e) Find the change in velocity from 0 to 1 seconds:
f) find the change in velocity from 4 to 6 seconds:
____________________________________
e) find the slope of the line
_______________________________
Now consider the
motion of this object thrown into the air
at the locations A

E
Where is
vf > 0 and d > 0
vf < 0 and d< 0
vf < 0 and d > 0
vf = 0 and d > 0
vf < 0 and d = 0
Putting the “G” in “guess”.
Now let's apply our knowledge to some problems that contain numerical data. In each of the following
scenarios, state the values of vi, a, and s.
A rock dropped from a 20 meter bridge falls into the river below.
A rock thrown upwards at 6 m/sec from a
20 meter bridge falls into the river below.
A rock thrown downwards at 6 m/sec from a 20 meter bridge falls into the river below.
Enter the password to open this PDF file:
File name:

File size:

Title:

Author:

Subject:

Keywords:

Creation Date:

Modification Date:

Creator:

PDF Producer:

PDF Version:

Page Count:

Preparing document for printing…
0%
Σχόλια 0
Συνδεθείτε για να κοινοποιήσετε σχόλιο