The IR theoretical approaches- a

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13 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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The IR theoretical approaches
-

a
framework for analysis


Typology of the IR theories


Structural comparison of the key IR approaches


Realism


Liberalism


Marxism and International Political Economy


Social Constructivism


Avenues for convergence

IR theories’ typology


The notion of the state as a principle actor in IR: key properties

-
exogenous/ endogenous characteristics

-
ideal (norms, identities)/ material (power, wealth) entity


Process/ structure factors in international politics

-
process
-
centred theoretical models

-
structure
-
centred


System/ unit variables: holistic and individualistic theoretical models


Role of the international institutions: instrumental/ autonomous
international institutions

(Based on Wendt, Alexander (1999)
Social theory of International
Politics

(Cambridge University Press)


The IR theories
-

a framework for
analysis (based on Walt, 1998)

COMPETING
PARADIGMS

REALISM

LIBERALISM

CONSTRUCTI
VISM

Main
theoretical
propositions

Self
-
interested
states compete for
power and security

Concern for power
overridden by
economic and
political
considerations

State behaviour
shaped by elite
beliefs, collective
norms and social
identities

Key unit of
analysis

States


States/ non
-
state
actors

Individuals/ elites

Foci

National security

Cooperation esp.
economic

Socialisation

Main
instruments

Military and
economic power

Economic
exchange and int.
institutions

Identities and
interests

Modern
theorists

Hans Morgenthau

Kenneth Waltz

Robert Keohane

Joseph Nye


Alexander Wendt

John Ruggie