Corporate Sustainability & Green Practices - Andrew Cmu

learnedbawledΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

80 εμφανίσεις

Morgan Midgett

Kishore Jayakumar

Susan Hannes

Daniel In

Pavan Yalamanchili


Introduction


As consumers are becoming more environmentally
aware and energy costs are rising, businesses have to
adapt environmentally
-
friendly practices to keep up
with the changing times


Many business owners are afraid of the costs of
switching to greener practices; however, small
investments can reap large gains. Green practices can
save money while keeping customers happy and
helping the planet

Definition and Examples


Green computing is the study and practice of using computing
resources efficiently.


According to Wikipedia, there are 4 steps to green computing:


Green use



reducing the energy consumption of computers and
other information systems as well as using them in an environmentally
sound manner


Green disposal



refurbishing and reusing old computers and
properly recycling unwanted computers and other electronic
equipment


Green design



designing energy
-
efficient and environmentally
sound components, computers, servers, cooling equipment, and data
centers


Green manufacturing



manufacturing electronic components,
computers, and other associated subsystems with minimal impact on
the environment

Examples Continued


turning off computers when not in use, or at least
putting them in "sleep mode"


using energy efficient monitors and cooling systems


using firewalls, anti
-
virus and anti
-
spyware to reduce
amount of eWaste


properly recycling old computers and unwanted
computer equipment


printing on both sides of the paper

Background Information


In 1992, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
launched Energy Star, a voluntary label awarded to
computing products that succeed in minimizing use of
energy while maximizing efficiency


Resulted in the widespread adoption of sleep mode among
consumer electronics


The
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

(
ACPI
) specification is an open standard for unified
operating system
-
centric device configuration and power
management. ACPI, first released in December 1996,
defines platform
-
independent interfaces for hardware
discovery, configuration, power management and
monitoring.


Working, Sleep, Stand by, hibernate, shut down

Using Sleep Mode


The EPA has estimated that providing computers with
“sleep mode” reduces their energy use by 60 to 70
percent


and ultimately could save enough electricity
each year to power Vermont, New Hampshire, and
Maine, cut electric bills by $2 billion, and reduce
carbon dioxide emissions by the equivalent of 5
million cars.

Why?


Businesses want to save money by conserving energy
and materials


Due growing awareness and concern about global
warming/climate change, there has been a societal
shift towards more environmentally
-
sustainable
practices, and in order to keep consumer support,
businesses must adapt greener practices

Positive Aspects and Benefits


Reduces ecological footprint


Uses less energy


Reduces carbon emissions


Reuses and recycles materials (computer parts, paper/office
supplies)


Educates people and raises awareness about eco
-
friendly
practices


Energy
-
efficient building design


Saves businesses money


Uses less energy


Purchase less materials


Use less paper


Challenges


Sometimes, adapting to green practices may cost more
money in the short
-
term


But it will save in the long
-
term


Businesses may be unwilling to change practices out of
habit


People’s laziness and forgetfulness (turning off
monitors, recycling)


General apathy about environment


Lack of awareness about environment

Opinion


It is a corporation’s responsibility to employ green practices
when it comes to computing.


Even if there are financial costs in the short
-
term, the long
-
term environmental benefits outweigh them


Long
-
term economic impact


Resources will be gone if there is not enough conservation


The
tragedy of the commons

refers to a dilemma described in an
influential article by that name written by Garrett Hardin and first
published in the journal
Science

in 1968.

The article describes a
situation in which multiple individuals, acting independently, and
solely and rationally consulting their own self
-
interest, will
ultimately deplete a shared limited resource even when it is clear
that it is not in anyone's long
-
term interest for this to happen.