Sustainability issues related to MICs Country Offices ... - UNDG

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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RDT consultant’s report and the SG’s
report on MICs



UNDAF Workshop

15
-
16 December 2009, Amman




1

Introduction


Following RDT chair suggestion, this
presentation:


Outlines key recommendations of the Coffey
consultant’s

report for the RDT for MICs in
general and Algeria specifically


Summarizes the key elements of the August 2009
Secretary General’s report on development
cooperation in MICs


Proposes key strategic issues for discussion in
finding a shared vision for the way forward



2

Coffey report


The Coffey Report entitled:"Joint RDT Review of MICs
with Algeria as a Case Study,“ was commissioned to
"kick
-
start" discussions


The consultant’s report is
NOT

an RDT policy paper.


We do not need to finalize it as a position paper
-

indeed perhaps in many ways we need to move on to
the outcomes of the SG’s report given its more
definitive nature for the UN system


The report is simply a contribution to the ongoing
discourse at the regional and HQ levels on the role of
the UN in MICs


a number of the report’s ideas have
already permeated our discourse

3

Coffey report
(continued)


The
main
report covers general MIC issues
bearing on the UN's strategic positioning, value
-
added, and effectiveness in MICs. These include
the need to:



Ensure that the weight of emphasis is on
supporting the achievement of the MDGs and
beyond (given the new global challenges and
their impacts), rather than making the cost of
operating in MICs a


determinant factor.




4

Coffey report
(continued 2)


Use the opportunity of the upcoming UNDAFs to
strategically


position the UN through "out of the box"
business models and more coherent and coordinated
joint
programme

processes
-

building on
DaO

principles
and lessons learned from other MICs;


Promote a coherent and coordinated approach to the UN
agencies role in MICs
-

communicate a common
position to the host Government as well as to potential
partners;


Explore South
-
South cooperation and use the available
resources in the region to drive the development
processes


5

Coffey report


Algeria case study


3 scenarios :


exit;


business as usual;


transformation




Exit scenario


political justification?


Business as usual
-

Will depend on several
factors among it cost sharing, security, etc…


6

Coffey report


Algeria case study

Transformative role


More upstream, knowledge
-
based programming



UN’s role as custodian of global norms and
standards and its global experience with best
practice



Knowledge management and policy advocacy

7

Comparative organizational analysis



Five (5) models are delineated for purposes of
discussion:



Model 1.
Regional representatives serving several
countries; regional operations; no permanent staff
at country level: will reduce operations costs and
lower security risk BUT less access to stakeholders;
less visibility


8

Organizational analysis :


Models 2 and 3


Model 2.
Knowledge hub


continued development
activities plus exchange of country experiences
-

strong focus on knowledge management


only
support staff; low profile security target



Model 3
. Programme / project based presence only
with no country office in Algeria: individual project
managers report to country managers at regional
level


9

Organizational analysis:


Models 4 and 5


Model 4.
One Algeria UN office led by RC with
small joint UN core group of advisors/ policy
specialists (i.e. not country reps)


only one modest
CO (provided by Government). Permits national
coordination; influencing


greater security risk and
higher operating budget


Model 5.
Full country office presence in UN house
with UN country reps


high operating costs ; higher
security risk


close to business as usual

10

SG REPORT:

Development cooperation with
MICs

While the report was on the GA agenda couple of
week ago no discussion took place


no countries
came forward with comments


Summary


‘More efforts for individual countries in areas
such as poverty, health, education and climate
change”


Greater efforts needed to draw on the lessons
learned from the “delivering as one” initiative and
other attempts to achieve system wide coherence

11


The importance of MICs in achieving development for all/
MDGs calls for continued engagement of the UN in
development cooperation


Development cooperation needs to be strengthened
through closer alignment with national strategies and
specific needs of MICS


More specific policy framework for MICs required:
coherent set of principles; close cooperation among
agencies in policy analysis and normative work


Priority to poverty eradication , improvement in
governance , reduction in economic and social equality;
greater diversification; climate change
adaptation/mitigation


12

SG REPORT:

Conclusions

and Recommendations

Major Achievements in
Development Cooperation with
MICs


UNS regarded as provider of policy and technical
advice


Politically neutral development partner


as such has
a defining role in bringing stakeholders together
towards shared development goals


Advocating and promoting global norms and
standards and inclusive development


Focus on elimination of disparities and capacity
development issues, promotion of equity and social
inclusion and responding to human rights violations


UN is an important facilitator providing space for all
voices

13

Major Achievements
(continued)


In response to the survey : governance,
discrimination and social rights are considered
to be the greatest priorities of the UN in MICs in
terms of policy advice and capacity development


Advocacy is considered the most successful form
of engagement in MICS


Drawing upon its global network enables the UN
to provide a well founded second opinion and to
provide best practices on managing development
challenges

14

Gaps and constraints identified in the
SG’s report


Harmonizing the operational policies and
procedures of the UN could reduce transaction costs
, reduce duplication and increase efficiency and
capacity


Potential to enhance joint
programmes

and to
increase and strengthen coordination within UNCTs


UN needs to function as a cohesive unit with a well
defined leadership and management structure and a
joint pool of resources distributed according to clear
objectives

15

Gaps and constraints
(continued)


UNDAF must be closely aligned to the country’s
development priorities


No well defined agenda that guides UN substantive
programme

content in MICs


Greater focus on advocacy and upstream policy
advice with a view to developing capacity for
Governments


Lack of and difficulty in mobilizing resources
constitutes a principal constraint for the UN in MICs


Responsiveness to the specific needs of MICs
requires that adequate operational systems remain
in place

16

Gaps and constraints (continued 2)


Highest quality advice on short notice


Moving to a more upstream intervention model requires:
greater selectivity of
programme

priorities; greater
emphasis on joint
programmes


Change in organizational set up, systems and staffing
-
emphasis on advocacy and coordination requires policy
experts


May lead to organizational framework where local level
experts are increasingly complemented by regional based
policy advisers and expertise of non resident agencies


Still recognizes value that GVTs place on the physical
presence of the UN as a link to the international
community

17

Shared recommendations from the two
reports


The SG report
emphasises

cohesive UN focused
on high end policy advice


It insists on continual operational presence both
for practical and political reasons, but also
greater operational cohesiveness


The Coffey model 4 would appear to most clearly
reflect the thrust of the SG’s report

18

Key strategic issues for discussion:


What UN role is feasible in Algeria


Challenge Security Issue


Sustainability


Opportunities

19

What UN role?


What sort of presence do we want in Algeria?


What is our “niche” in Algeria?


Can we provide Algeria
-
based high
-
level policy
expertise given budgetary constraints?


Note that already UNDP in its support to the
common system provides extensive operational
support to almost 20 non
-
resident agencies


What support should the Algeria UNCT expect
from the RDT?


20

Challenges

21


Security issue and its impact

(on operational issues and CO costs)


Relations

with G
overnment on security
-

the Algerian
Government is highly interested in the security phase
reduction


Costs of doing business (Premises, etc.) are proving expensive
in relation to levels of
programme

delivery


What degree of risk are we ready to take to be able to deliver
the type of
programmes

relevant to Algeria?


Yet we are in a difficult position
-

SG report recognizes the
value of physical presence


Can we together with DSS TRU refine our integration of
security into programming so that we can arrive at acceptable
risk?

22

Sustainability issues related to
Algeria Country Offices


Sustainability of Operations and substantive
sustainability


Financial sustainability given the financial crisis
and the expected decline in agency budgets,
limited donor financing


Staffing issues in the general context of MICs
and high demand for senior policy advice,
including support to the RC; where will we find
and how will we finance the team of policy
advisers needed?





23

Sustainability (continued)


Cost sharing


Issue of
DaO

versus project approach


Any change in UN presence would need to be
negotiated in revised SBAA’s

24

Opportunities


25


Upstream assistance with high level expertise
both at operational and strategic levels :


Economic diversification such as financial
system reform, industrial development
support, international standard etc ..…


Environment & Climate change


Joint program (
eg
. Gender, Migration..)


Governance &Justice (Parliament, minor
under 18)


Risks & Humanitarian response (mines, flood,
earthquake,
Sahraoui

refugees….)


26


Employment : youth at macro level, institutional
building, social protection, etc ….


Health: reproductive, maternal and infantile
mortality, nutrition, micronutrient, HIV/AIDS,
etc…..


Partnership : civil society, NGO, south/south
corporation, etc …..


Government’s determination to implement all
ratified conventions (norms &standards)
eg
:
AIEA, UNEP, WIPO….


Leadership role in Africa (environment, security,
etc….)


27

THE WAY FORWARD


UNCT internal retreat for UNDAF MTR


An Official MTR with government


Resumption of UN House initiative ( 20 M
Dollars and 8000
sqm
/land)



28

Thank you


29