OECD's International Window on Education and Learning

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI)


OECD’s International
Window on Education and
Learning




David Istance


Banff, October 2011


EDUCATION AT
OECD

Education at OECD


The Organisation for Economic Cooperation
and Development set up in early 1960s,
education always on the agenda


for different
reasons



Late 1960s


creation of CERI and education
integrated into ‘human policies’ Directorate
with employment and social policy (not
science and technology)



2002, separate Directorate for Education

Different Sections, Differing Focus


Education and training policy


Statistics and indicators


Research and innovation


Management of resources


Educational buildings, HE
management


Non
-
member countries

EDU themes


Early Childhood


Schooling


Transitions beyond initial education


Higher education


Lifelong learning and adults


Outcomes, benefits and returns


Equity and equality of opportunity


Innovation and knowledge management



The main trend


development of
international comparative data


Thirst for comparisons



Reflection
-

and motor
-

of globalisation of
education



What can’t be measured is less important?
(Lifelong learning)



But international comparisons also offer
powerful positive arguments


Some recent titles


Education at a Glance, annual


PISA 2006 main and thematic reports, PISA 2009 6 volumes


Starting Strong


Teachers Matter


Improving School Leadership


Are the New Millennium Learners Making the Grade?


Connected Minds


Education for Jobs


Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society


Higher Education to 2030


Recognising Non
-
formal and Informal Learning


Improving Health and Social Cohesion through Education


No More Failures


Teacher Education for Diversity


Evidence in Education: Linking Research to Policy


The Nature of Learning: Using Research to Inspire Practice


Trends Shaping Education 2010

SOME KEY TRENDS

Many more people with higher education

Percentage of population with higher education, in age groups 25
-
34 and
55
-
64


0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Korea
Canada
Russian Federation
Japan
New Zealand
Norway
Ireland
Denmark
Israel
Belgium
Australia
United States
Sweden
France
Netherlands
Spain
Luxembourg
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Finland
Estonia
OECD Average
Chile
Iceland
Poland
Slovenia
Greece
Hungary
Germany
Portugal
Italy
Mexico
Austria
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Turkey
Brazil
55
-
64
25
-
34
From “bottom
-
heavy” to “top
-
heavy” age structures

Millions

per

5
-
year age group in developed world regions, 1950
and

forecast 2050

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
0
-
4
5
-
9
10
-
14
15
-
19
20
-
24
25
-
29
30
-
34
35
-
39
40
-
44
45
-
49
50
-
54
55
-
59
60
-
64
65
-
69
70
-
74
75
-
79
80
-
84
85
-
89
90
-
94
95
-
99
100+
2050
1950
The “old
-
age dependency ratio” set to double by 2050

Population aged 65

years and over per 100

persons aged 15
-
64

years,
1950,

2000 and

2050


0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Japan
Korea
Italy
Germany
Portugal
Spain
Greece
Slovenia
Austria
Poland
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
France
Belgium
OECD Average
Iceland
Switzerland
Finland
Hungary
Netherlands
Canada
Ireland
Sweden
Australia
Denmark
Norway
New Zealand
Russian

China
United Kingdom
Mexico
United States
Luxembourg
Turkey
India
1950
2000
2050
The widening gap between richer and
poorer regions

GDP per

capita by region, 1980
-
2008


0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
35000
40000
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
OECD
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
East Asia & Pacific
South Asia
Sub
-
Saharan Africa

Relative poverty increasing

Percentage of people with an income less than 50% of the median
income, in the mid
-
1980s, mid
-
1990s and mid

2000s


0
5
10
15
20
25
Mexico
Turkey
United States
Ireland
Japan
Spain
Portugal
Greece
Australia
Canada
Italy
Germany
New Zealand
OECD average
Belgium
Austria
United Kingdom
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Finland
France
Hungary
Norway
Denmark
Sweden
Czech Republic
Mid
-
1980s
Mid
-
1990s
Mid
-
2000s
Marriages and Divorces

Annual number of marriages and divorces per 1

000

population,
1970
-
2006


0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1970
1975
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
Marriage rate OECD Average
Divorce rate OECD Average
Growing access to home computers

Households with access to a computer at home (including desktops,
portables and handhelds), in 2000, 2005 and

2008

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Iceland
Netherlands
Sweden
Japan
Norway
Denmark
Luxembourg
Germany
Korea
Canada
United Kingdom
Switzerland
Austria
Finland
Australia
Ireland
France
Spain
Slovak Republic
United States
Poland
Hungary
Italy
Czech Republic
Portugal
Greece
Mexico
Turkey
2000
2005
2008
Imposing challenges


The learning challenge


knowledge and
capacity to live in changing 21
st

century world



The importance of socialisation into shared
culture and robust personal values…if
anything accentuated in light of trends



The resource challenge


for many reasons



Lifelong learning


the implementation
challenge


3. THINKING ABOUT THE
FUTURE

The OECD Schooling Scenarios

1. INERTIA AND INTERESTS MAINTAIN THE STATUS QUO


Bureaucratic School Systems Continue“

Scenario


2. MOST SCHOOLS REMODELLED AS DYNAMIC LEARNING AND
SOCIAL CENTRES (“Re
-
schooling”)

"Schools as Focused Learning Organisations“

Scenario

"
Schools as Core Social Centres
“ Scenario



3. SCHOOL SYSTEMS DISBAND OR DISINTEGRATE (“De
-
schooling”)

“Radical Extension of the Learning Market”
Scenario

“Learning Networks and the Network Society”

Scenario

“Teacher Exodus and System Meltdown” S
cenario



Original source:
What Schools for the Future?,
OECD, 2001

Different scenarios, different ages and stages


A healthy degree of bureaucracy?



The foundations


re
-
schooling



Building on the foundation


re
-
schooling
and de
-
schooling



Initial systems and lifelong learning




THANK YOU!



david.istance@oecd.org