Human Terrain System

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Overall Brief is

Human Terrain
System

"No terrain is more important than the Human Terrain.“

GEN Allen, CDR ISAF

2 MAY12

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Human Terrain System

2

Origin/Problem

Solution

Current efforts

Path Forward


Potential for working together


Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Human Terrain System

3

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Specific Capability Gaps



Insufficient
understanding of target area

culture

& its
impact on operational
decisions
; insufficient or ineffective
transfer of knowledge

to follow
-
on units


Limited Joint, Service, or Interagency capability (organization, methods, and tools) to
conduct
research, visualize, understand, and explain human terrain

(local

population)


BCTs, RCTs, and Div
-
level HQs lacked operationally relevant human terrain
knowledge base

&
social science staff experts

necessary to optimize MDMP


Commanders limited by lack of a Joint, Service, and Interagency integrated capability
(people, organization, methods, tools) to effectively
gather/consolidate, analyze,
visualize, understand, database, and share socio
-
cultural information
.

“US Forces continue to operate in Afghanistan lacking the required resident and reach
-
back
socio
-
cultural expertise, understanding, and advanced automated tools to conduct in
-
depth
collection / consolidation, visualization, and analysis of the operationally
-
relevant socio
-
cultural
factors of the battle space.” AF JUONS (unclass)

“Human terrain knowledge deficiencies exist at all command echelons…detailed knowledge of
host populations is critical in areas where US forces are being increased to conduct
counterinsurgency and stability operations in Iraq. US forces continue to operate in Iraq without
real
-
time knowledge of the drivers of the behavior within the host population. This greatly limits
Commanders’ situational awareness and creates greater risks for forces.” IZ JUONS (unclass)

4

HTS answering Joint Need

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Human Terrain System
Mission

5

HTS develops, trains, and integrates a social science based research
and analysis capability to support operationally relevant decision
-
making, to develop a knowledge base, and to enable sociocultural
understanding across the operational environment.



USMC International Affairs Officer Program (IAOP) Mission



Identify, select, and train a corps of International Affairs Marines for
future assignments on tactical, operational, and strategic
-
level
Marine Corps staffs, Joint and Combined staffs, and for duty with
interagency organizations and the Defense Attaché System in order
to improve MAGTF plans, operations, security assistance, and
intelligence efforts with cultural, language and regional expertise
.



Mission similarity:

Sociocultural and cultural, language, regional expertise

Embedded and Staff Support

Joint, Combined, Interagency


Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Enduring Capabilities
:
Army sociocultural
research & analysis capability

(FY 11
-
15 Army Base Budget (MIP) & OCO)



Recruiting unique skill sets



Training: Individual and team



Sociocultural Reachback Research Center



Project management (capability
development, lessons learned, doctrine,
engagement)



KM (data repositories and MAP
-
HT)

CMIP interface; integrate,
aggregate and archive team
products

-
Gather data in respective

geographic areas

-
Conduct sociocultural analysis
to support unit operational
decision making process

-
Aggregate
and integrate
HTT information
&
conduct
further
analysis



HTS

Admin &
logistics

support

Research
Reachback

Center

(RRC)

Contracted
indigenous,
theater
-
wide survey
capability

6


Current HTS Support to ISAF

Team
Research &
Support Requests

Project
Mngmt/
KM

TNG

Contingency Funded Capabilities
:

Human Terrain
Analysis Team

(HTAT)

Social Science
Research & Analysis

(SSRA)

UNCLASSIFIED

HTS Products
posted on: NIPR,
SIPR, SharePoint,
CENTRIX, CIDNE

Human Terrain
Team

(
HTT
)

Theater
Coordination

Element

(TCE)

Theater Support

Office

(TSO)

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

7

Human Terrain


Information and Data

Unstructured Information




Published reports, flat files



Teams disseminate to multiple
repositories



Geo
-
referenced reports



Way Ahead: Single repository
posting, Human Terrain Knowledge
Center.


Structured Data




Utilizing existing community
standards for data schemas.



Maintaining consistency with
DCGS
-
A data standards.



Data sets support logical build and
opportunity for g
eospatial and
temporal
analysis.


SIPR

HTKC

CIDNE

TiGR

INDURE

BCT
Portal

RC
-
x
Portal

ISAF
-
IJC
Portal

CX
-
I

HTKC

NIPR

HTKC


Tactical
Entity
Database

DSF COP Layers


HT/CA
Data Model

(DCGS
-
A)


Global
Graph

(DSC)

Demographics

Religion

Language

Ethnicity

Transportation

Economy

Education

Land Use

Medical/Health

Political/Ideological

Communication/Media

Significant Events

Water

NGA Human Geography Themes

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

INPROCESSING

(5 Days)

FOUNDATIONS
SKILLS

(10 Days)

Rsch

Ops

(5
Days)

INDIVIDUAL
TRACK
TRAINING

(10 days)

RESEARCH
OPS
EXERCISE

(10 days)

Pre
-

Mobilization

(
5
Days)

55
Training Days

Foundations
(10 days):
mission & organization of HTS, Army organization & values, how BCT
commanders and staffs see the world, process information, and make decisions, & team dynamics
(including practical exercises)


Research Operations
(
25
days):
the HTS Core Competency


how to design, conduct, and report
operationally relevant socio
-
cultural research as part of an HTS
team; ethics in research.


Individual Track Training
(10 days):
the individual skills and knowledge required by each respective
position.


Research Operations Exercise
(10 days):
students form into teams; learning, demonstrating, and
being assessed on the HTT collective and individual tasks.


Culture and Language
(20
sessions threaded throughout):
relevant culture and regional
language.

Culture and Language Program
(20 x 2
hour
sessions)

DEPLOY to FPLA

(9
Weeks)

then to THEATER

Graduation and
Transition
to DAC

Ceremony

HTS Core Curriculum
Overview

RESEARCH
OPERATIONS

(
25
Days)

Team Dynamics and Effectiveness

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED



Regionally focused, modular, special staff capability


Attached on orders to and in direct support of the BCT / RCT, PRT,
Division/MEF/Regional Command, & Corps/Theatre


Support Coalition Forces (Regional Command, Brigade, PRT)



Team composition:


Reserve military or DA term Civilian


Positions: Team Leader, two Social Scientists, two Research Managers



Once deployed, teams remain in place to mitigate unit transitions;
staggered individual replacement


Tour Length: Ten (10) months (can extend to 18 months)


Up to two training courses per quarter (8/year) / 26 students each class


HTS Teams

Focus on the local population

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Who conducts our mission?

Team leaders (Reserve LTC/MAJ/GG
-
14)


27 of 31 team leaders are DA term civilians (all have military
experience)


Experience level: Mid
-
grade to senior officers, senior NCOs; all
services


Social scientists (GG
-
12 / GG
-
14)


Majority have not served in the military or in government
positions


High density social science disciplines: anthropology, Int’l
conflict/Relations/Studies, psychology, communications


Research Managers (GG
-
12)



Knowledge management, collection management, requirements
management



Deployed team members


25% are female

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Human Terrain System


Support
to
ISAF (pre
-
drawdown)

RC
-
SW

RC
-
W

RC
-
N

RC
-
E

RC
-
S

11

X 4 Kabul

HTS supported allies:

X 4 Parwan

HTS Teams in AFG

TCE


1

HTAT
-

7

HTT
-

23

FAO
Opportunity?

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Afghanistan (USMC/HTS)


Similarity of Mission: Two staff members providing separate input on same
issues


Opportunity for HTS to have Joint presence to answer Joint Need.


Opportunity for FAO to support solution for a Joint Need.


Opportunity to develop/share KM/IT (How does the FAO program store and
share information?)


HTS working AHRPO effort (Army Human Research Protection Office)


Opportunity to develop/share reachback (does FAO program have a
reachback effort?)


Operational Feedback from previous and current HTS users


Afghanistan is one deployment of what could be a larger coordination effort


No cost training and deployment


HTTs are on Regt Staffs
-



Gives HTT Uniformed USMC presence for increased staff integration


Puts FAO into a “unit” conducting the same mission

12

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED


Existing Enduring Capabilities:

The Army approved specific HTS
enduring capabilities in the FY 11
-
15 Army Base Budget. These capabilities
include:


HTS Project Management (
which includes a COCOM coordination
capability
)


Reachback Research


HTS Training


Knowledge Management (including MAP
-
HT & data repositories)






TRADOC Capability

Based Assessments (CBA):


Joint Staff

Battlespace Awareness

Functional Capabilities Board

validated that HTS is an enduring capability with applications to Phase 0


Intelligence Warfighting Function Functional Solutions Analysis
(FSA)
cites HTS teams, reachback, MAP
-
HT, & data architecture as
solutions to capability gaps


Building Partner Capacity (BPC) CBA
contains multiple high priority
sociocultural capability gaps; contains multiple proposed HTS capability
solutions







HTS Enduring Capabilities


The FY 11 Army Campaign Plan assigned tasks to CG TRADOC include

“operating and sustaining the deployed Human Terrain System (HTS) teams” &

“institutionalizing the HTS capability”

13

FAO Reachback?
KM/IT? Staff Training?

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED



FY 13/14
GOAL: Enduring (POM Funded) Army Force Generation
capability coupled with COCOM support




ACP 2012: Army G2 Task: “As ARSTAFF lead, ICW G3/5/7, support
TRADOC efforts to operate and sustain the deployed…HTS teams and to
evolve the institutionalized HTS capability to address lessons learned.”


HTS Proponency Options



JKO Distance Learning:

Research Manager curriculum modules on JKO

FY 13 all curriculum modules on JKO




FY 13 OEF mission transition is being coordinated. End result: 20 teams.



FY 12 Pilot efforts at COCOMs.



Phase 0 (Shape) HTS team support to ASCCs


Path Forward

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

Cultural Knowledge Consortium

Human Terrain System

Socio
-
Cultural Operational Capabilities

TRADOC G2

Requirement
: 2011 Consolidated Intelligence Guidance,
Army Culture and Foreign Language Strategy, Army
Campaign Plan 2012

Requirement
: Joint Urgent Operational Needs Statements
(20 deployed teams), Army Campaign Plan 2012,
developing ASCC requirement

Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

JIIM

Civil and Socio
-
cultural issues have Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental and
Multinational organizations with efforts that overlap.



DOTMLPF



Reachback capabilities



Training



Knowledge Management



Deployed Teams


Human Terrain System

UNCLASSIFIED

QUESTIONS?