ENGINEERING MECHANICS 7 Hrs / Week

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1031 –
ENGINEERING MECHANICS
7Hrs/Week
14 Weeks 98 Hours
UNIT 1
– SIMPLE STRESSES AND STRAIN
18 Hours
1.1
Introduction:

(2 Hours)
Importance of study of Engineering Mechanics / Strength of materials. Mechanical

properties of materials – Elasticity, Plasticity, Hardness, Toughness, Brittleness, Ductility,

Creep, Fatigue.
1.2
Stress and strain:
(4 Hours)
Force-definition-Types of forces acting on a structural member-Definition of tension,

compression, shear; Stress-strain-definition-Different types of stresses-tensile, compressive

and shear stresses; Different types of strains – tensile, compressive and shear strains;

Longitudinal and lateral strains-Poisson’s Ratio- Numerical problems on stress and strain.
1.3
Moduli of Elasticity / Elastic constants:

(5 Hours)
Elasticity –Elastic limit- Hooke’s law - Young’s modulus of Elasticity -Rigidity

modulus-Volumetric strain - Bulk modulus - Definition-Relation between three Moduli-

derivation-Young’s modulus for selected engineering materials–Numerical problems.
1.4
Application of stress and strain in engineering field:
(3 Hours)
Deformation of prismatic bars subjected to uniaxial load- Deformation of stepped bars-

Deformation of prismatic bars due to self weight- Numerical problems.
1.5
Behaviour of ductile and brittle material:
(2 Hours)
Load extension curve of ductile and brittle material
– Limit of proportionality, Elastic

limit, Yield stress, Ultimate stress, Breaking stress, Factor of safety, Significance of

percentage of elongation and reduction in area-Numerical problems.
Unit test /Revision/ Tutorial
(2 Hours)
UNIT 2
– SHEAR FORCE AND BENDING MOMENT
(18

Hours)
2.1 Introduction:
(2 Hours)
Definition of a beam and reaction - Support conditions and diagrammatic

representation - Types of beams based on support conditions - Diagrammatic representation

of beams - Static equilibrium equations – Determinate and indeterminate beams.
1
2.2 Loads:
(2 Hours)
Transverse loads-Types (Concentrated, uniformly distributed and varying loads)-

Diagrammatic representation of beams with different loads.
2.3 Shear Force and Bending Moment:
(12 Hours)
Definition - Conventional signs used for S.F and B.M - S.F and B.M of determinate

beams - S.F and B.M diagrams
-Significance of point of contra flexure-Relation between

intensity of load S.F and B.M. - Numerical problems on S.F and B.M.(Determinate beams

with concentrated loads and udl only)

Unit test /Revision/ Tutorial
(2 Hours)
UNIT 3
– GEOMETRICAL PROPERTIES OF SECTIONS
18 Hours
3.1.Centroid:
(4 Hours)
Geometrical properties-Definition of Centeroid and centre of gravity - Centroid of

regular geometrical figures-Centroid of symmetric, asymmetric, and anti symmetric practical

sections-Built up structural sections-Numerical problems.
3.2. Moment of Inertia:
(12 Hours)
Definition and notation of Moment of inertia, Polar moment of inertia, Radius of

gyration, section modulus and polar modulus, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems; M.I.

of regular geometrical plane sections (rectangular, triangular and circular sections) – M.I

about centriodal axis-MI about base, Radius of gyration- Section modulus- Polar moment of

inertia – Polar modulus- Numerical problems. MI of symmetric, asymmetric, antisymetric

and built up sections –Numerical problems.
Unit test /Revision/ Tutorial

(2 Hours)
UNIT4
– STRESS IN BEAMS AND SHAFTS
18 Hours
4.1 Stresses in Beams due to bending:
(9 Hours)
Introduction-Bending stress-Neutral axis-Theory of simple bending-Assumption-

Moment of resistance -Bending stress distribution - Curvature of beam - Derivation of

flexure equation M / I = E / R =
σ
b
/ y – Position of N.A and centroidal axis-Stiffness

equation- Flexural Rigidity-Definition and significance-Strength equation- Section modulus-

Definition and significance- Numerical problems.
4.2 Stress in shafts due to torsion:
(7 Hours)
Introduction-Couple-Torque (or) Torsion (or) Twisting moment-Assumptions-Shear

stress distribution in circular section due to torsion-Derivation of torsion equation T / J =
τ
/

R = N
θ
/
l
– Strength and stiffness of shafts –Torsional rigidity-Torsional modulus- Power

transmitted by a shaft – Comparative analysis of hollow and solid shafts – Numerical

Problems.
Unit test /Revision/ Tutorial
(2 Hours)
2
UNIT 5
– PIN JOINTED FRAMES
20 Hours
5.1 Introduction:
(2 Hours)
Frame / truss- definition-Determinate and indeterminate frames-Classification of

frames- Perfect and imperfect frames-Deficient and redundant frames-Formulation of a

perfect frame-Common types of trusses-Support conditions-Resolution of a force-
Designation of a force-Nature of forces in a frame-Analysis-Assumptions- Methods of

analysis-
5.2 Analytical Method:
(8 Hours)
Types of analysis-Method of joints versus method of sections-Analysis of simple

cantilever and simply supported determinate trusses with nodal concentrated vertical loads-
Numerical problems by method of joints only for vertical loads - Identification of zero force

members of a determinate truss.
5.3 Graphical Method:
(8 Hours)

Introduction-Space diagram-Bow’s notation-Resultant force- Equilibrant force Vector

diagram-Determination of forces in a cantilever / simply supported determinate truss with

vertical load only.

Unit test /Revision/ Tutorial
(2 Hours)
Test & Revision
6 Hours
REFERENCE BOOKS
Mechanics of Structures Vol. I, 17
th
Edition - S.B.Junnarkor
Elements of Applied Mechanics
- V.Natarajan
Text Book of Graphics Statics - Dr.N.V.Arunachalam
Analysis of Structures Volume - I - Vazirani & Ratwani
Strength of materials - S.Ramamirtham
Elements of Strength of materials
- Timoshenko and Young adopted
To MKS system by kapila and

Agnihotri
Strength of materials - R.S.Khurmi
Strength of materials - Warnock
Solution of problems in strength of materials – S.A Urry
Strength of materials - B.S.Basvarajarajaiah
Elements of Theory of structures - R.L.Jindal
Engineering Mechanics
-A.K.Tayal
Engineering Mechanics
-K.L.Kumar
Theory and problems of Engineering
-Mclean and Nelson
mechanics
Schema’s out line series, McGraw-Hill
Engineering Mechanics Tamil version
- Dr.A. Elangovan Anna University
3
1032 - CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS AND PRACTICE
6 Hours/week
14 weeks
84

Hours
A. Construction Materials
Unit 1
15

Hours
1.1 Introduction:
Importance of study of materials of construction – Classification of materials –

Based on their use – Physical properties of materials – Density, Bulk density, Specific

gravity, porosity, water absorption, permeability, chemical resistance, fire resistance,

weathering resistance, thermal capacity, Durability.(Definitions only)
1.2 Rocks and Stones:
Rocks – Classification of Rocks – Geological, Physical and chemical

classification – Uses of stone – Requirements of good building stone – Characteristics of

stones – Granite, sand stone, lime stone and marble – Selection of stones for different

uses – Artificial stones.
1.3 Bricks:
Definition – Brick earth – Composition of good brick earth- Manufacturing

process – Classification of bricks – Properties of bricks – Special types of bricks and their

uses - Compressive strength of bricks – grade of bricks as per BIS.
1.4 Tiles:
Definition – Different types of tile – Floor, roof & Drain tiles – Specifications &

Size.
1.5 Lime:
Importance of lime in construction – Classification of lime – Fat, hydraulic &

poor lime – Modern usage of lime as cem.
1.6 Cement
Definition – Composition of ordinary Portland cement – Functions of cement

ingredients – Different types of cements – BIS. Specification for physical and chemical

properties – Grades of cement (33, 43 and 53) – General uses of cement – Admixtures –

Definition – Uses.
1.7 Timber and wood based products.
4
Environmental awareness – Effects of deforestation – Minimum use of timber in

construction – Types of timber – Teak, Sal, Rosewood, Mango and Jack – Defects in

timber – Seasoning of timber – Objectives – Wood based products – Veeners, ply woods,

fiberboard, laminated boards and Straw boards.
Unit 2
14

Hours
2.1
Mortor:
Definition – Properties and uses of mortor – Types of mortor – Cement & Lime,

mortor – Preparation of cement mortor.
2.2
Concrete:
Definition – Constituents of concrete and their requirements – use of concrete –

Types of concrete. Lime concrete, Cement Concrete and light weight Concrete –

preparation of cement concrete – by Hand mixing, Machine Mixing and Ready mix

concrete – Compaction of Concrete – Methods – Curing of Concrete – Methods.
2.3
Paints and Varnishes:
Definition – Functions of paint – Types of paints oil, Enamel, Emulsion, Aluminium,

Bituminous, Cement & Plastic paints – Process of painting – Preparation of surface &

application – New woodwork, steel structure and wall surface – Defects in painting and

remedies – Varnishes – Definition – Characteristics of a good varnish – Ingredients of

varnish – Types of varnish – Oil, turpentine, Sprit & Water varnish – Preparation of surface

and application of varnish – Malament finish for varnished surfaces.
2.4
Glass:
Definition – Constituents of glass – Classification of glass – Functions and utility –

Types of glass – sizes and thickness – uses in buildings.
2.5
Metals and Plastics :
Types of metals used in construction – Cast Iron, Steel, Mild steel and Aluminum,

Plastics – Characteristics & Uses of plastics – Types – Thermo plastics & Thermosetting

plastics - Various products – plastic pipes, doors, windows, water tanks – Sizes, capacity and

uses – Advantages of plastics – Asbestos – Uses of asbestos.
5
B. Construction Practice
Unit 3
17

Hours
3.1. Introduction
Sub structure – super structure – load bearing structure – framed structure
3.2 Foundation
Definition – objectives of foundation – Bearing capacity of soil – Definition –

maximum/ultimate and safe bearing capacity of soil – Factors affecting bearing capacity

–Requirements of a good foundation – Types of foundation – Shallow foundation –

Spread foundation, Isolated column footing, combined footing, continuous footing, Raft

foundation – Deep foundation – Pile – Type of piles – Bearing pile, Friction pile,

undereamed pile – Causes of failure of foundation – Remedial measures.
3.3 Stone masonry
Definition – Common terms used – Natural bed, Sill, corbel, course, cornice,

coping, weathering, throat, spalls, quoins, string course, lacing course, through stone,

plinth, jambs – Dressing of stones – Type of dressing – Hammer, pitched, chisel,

punched & furrowed dressing
.
Classification of stone masonry – Rubble masonry – Coursed, un coursed &

Random rubble masonry – Ashlarmasonry – Type – Ashlar fine, chamfered and facing –

6
Points to be considered in the construction of stone masonry – Tools used - Trowel,

square, sprit level, plumb bob, chisel, line & pins, spall hammer, punch, pitching tool.
3.4 Brick masonry
Definition – Common terms used – Header, stretcher, bed joint, lap, per pends,

closer, king, queen & beveled, bat – permissible loads in brick masonry.
Bond – Types – Header, Stretcher, English, Flemish, and Raking & Garden wall

bond – Points to be considered in the construction of brick masonry – cavity bond

masonry.
3.5 Partitions
Definitions – Types – Brick, Concrete, glass, Aluminum frame with Glass,

timber, straw board, wood wool, Asbestos Cement board and plastic board partitions.
3.6 Damp Proofing
Definition – Causes of dampness – Effects of dampness – Materials used for

damp proofing (D.P.C) – Methods of prevention of dampness at basement.
Unit 4
17

Hours
4.1 Wood Joinery

Lengthening joints – Widening joints, Angle joints – Bearing joints.
4.2
Doors, Windows and ventilators
Standard sizes of doors and windows – Location of doors and windows –

Different materials used - Doors - Component parts – Types – Framed and panelled –

glazed, flush, louvered, collapsible, rolling shutter and sliding doors – Windows – Types

– Casement, Glazed, Bay, Corner, Circular and dormer Windows – Ventilators Definition

– Purpose – Types – Mosquito proof – Ventilator combined with window / Doors.
7
4.3
Arches and Lintels
Arches – Definition – Technical terms used – Types of arch based on material –

Based on shape – Flat, Segmental, semicircular and Elliptical arch - Lintels – Definition

– types of lintels based on materials – Brick, Steel & RCC lintels – Construction features.
4.4
Stairs
Definition – Terms used – Location of stair – Types – Straight, Dog legged, Open

well, bifurcated and spiral stairs – Moving stairs (Escalators) – Lift.
4.5
Floors and flooring
Floors
Definition – Types – Timber; Composite and RCC floors.
Flooring

Definition – materials used - choice of flooring - Types – Mosaic flooring –

Terrazzo flooring – Tiled flooring – Granite - Marble - Pre cast concrete flooring, Plastic

& PVC tile flooring.
4.6
Roof
Definition – Technical terms used – Flat roof – RCC roof - shell roof - Pitched

roof – Types – Lean to roof - Coupled roof - Couple closed roof – Kingpost truss &

Queen post truss – Roof coverings – Manglore tiles - AC Sheets – PVC Sheets.
Unit 5
18

Hours
5.1 Pointing
8
Objectives – Mortor for pointing – Methods of pointing – Types of pointing –

Flush, recessed, weathered, keyed (or) grooved pointing
5.2 Plastering
Definitions – Objectives - Cement mortors for Plastering – Methods of Plastering

– Cement Plastering with two coats only – Defects in Plastering.
5.3 External & Internal finishes
Types – sand faced – Pebbledash – Acoustic Plastering – Marble Chips –

Wallpapers – Weathering course – Brick Jelly Concrete preparation – laying and

finishing with clay tiles.
5.4 Scaffolding, Shoring and Under Pinning
Scaffolding - Definition – Component parts - Types – Single, double & Steel

scaffolding. Shoring - Definition –Types –Raking, flying and dead shores –

Underpinning – types – Pit Method – Pile Method.
5.5 Whitewashing, Colour washing & Distempering
Whitewashing - Preparation of surface – Application of whitewash – Colour

washing – Distempering – Preparation of surfaces – Application of distemper.
5.6 Termite proofing
Definition – methods of termite proofing.
5.7 Form work
Definition – Materials used – Form work for column, RC beams and RC slab.
Revision & Test

3

Hours
Reference:
1.
Engineering Materials by S.C.Rangwala
2.
Civil Engineering Materials by Aggarwal & Arora
3.
Materials of construction by D.N.Ghose
4.
Engineering materials by N.K.R.Moorthy
5.
Building Construction by S.P.Arora & S.P.Bindra
6.
Building Construction by Gurucharan singh
7.
Building Construction by S.K.Sharma & B.K.Kaul
8.
Building Construction by S.C.Rangwala
9.
Building Construction by Sushilkumar
10.
Building Construction Vol I & II by Mitchel
1033 - SURVEYING
9
7 Hours / Week
14 Weeks
98

Hours
Unit 1
Introduction and Chain Survey
19

Hours
1.1
Introduction :
Definition – object of surveys – Division of Surveying – Plane and geodetic Survey –

Classification of Surveys.
1.2
Chain Surveying
Instruments used for chaining – chain – types – Ranging – Direct and indirect ranging –

terms used in chain Survey - Station – base line – check line – tie line – off sets – definitions –

types – procedure of taking off set – conventional signs – Tasks to be carried out by field party –

Errors in chaining – Types – Correction - Problem.
1.3
Compass Surveying
Angular measurements – necessity – instruments used – prismatic compass – construction –

functions – working – bearing – types of meridians whole circle – reduced – fore and back

bearing – local attraction causes – detection and rectification – problems – dip and declination –

definition –- compass traverse – Determination of included angle problem.
1.4
Plane Table Surveying
Advantages – Instruments used in plane tabling – Principle of Plane Table Survey – Methods

of Plane table Surveying – Radiation – inter section methods only.
Unit 2
Levelling
18

Hours
Levelling- Definitions – Level - parts – Functions - Accessories – types of levels Tilting level -

Dumpy level – Quick Setting Level – Automatic and lazer level – levelling staff - types – terms

used – level surface – Vertical and Horizontal Surface – datum – reduced level – line of

collimation – Axis of Telescope – Bubble tube – Back Sight – Fore Sight – inter Sight – height

of instrument – station - change point – Bench mark – focussing – parallax – temporary

adjustment of level – reduction of level – methods – height of collimation rise and fall –

problems – L.S and C.S curvature and Refraction – effects – correction (No Problem) –

Reciprocal levelling – problem.
10
Unit 3
3.1. Theodolite
20

Hours
Type of Theodolite

– transit and non Transit theodolite – vernier and micro meter theodolite –

Electronic modern theodolite (Description only) – component Parts of theodolite – functions –

technical terms used in theodolite survey – temporary adjustment – fundamental lines – relation

between them – measurement of Horizontal angle and vertical angle – latitude and departure –

consecutive coordinates – independent coordinate – computation of area of closed traverse

problem – omitted measurements – problem.
3.2 Trignomertical Levelling
Finding elevation of objects – base accessible – base in accessible – single plane & double Plane

methods - simple problems
Unit 4
Tacheometry

16

Hours
Scope – system of tacheometry – stadia and tangential systems – principles – fixed hair method

– distance and elevation formulae - analatic lens (no proof) – advantages and use – simple

problems – distomats (Description only) – determination of Constants of Tachometer –

Tacheometric Traverse – errors in Tacheometric work – problems.
Unit 5
Contouring and Curves
16

Hours
5.1. Contouring
Definition – Contour – Contouring – characteristics of Contour - Methods of Contouring – direct

and indirect methods – Tacheometric Contouring – inter polation of Contour – Contour Gradient

– uses of Contour plan – simple problem of calculation of volume of water in reservoirs
5.2. Curves
Types of curves – designation of curves – elements of simple circular curve- setting out simple

circular curves by
1.
Offsets from long chords

Description only
2.
Offsets from Tangents
11
3.
Rankine’s Method of deflection angles – simple Problem
Revision & Test
9

Hours
Reference Books
Surveying & Levelling Part 1 & 2 by EP.Kanetkar
Survey & Field Work Part 1 & 2 by B.C.Pumia
Text Book of Surveying by Hussian & Nagaraj
Fundamentals of Surveying by S.K.Roy
Surveying and Leveling by N.N.Basak
Surveying Vol1 & 2 by S.K.Duggal
`1034. CIVIL ENGINEERING DRAWING I
12
6
Hours/Week
14
Weeks
84

Hours
I. INTRODUCTION
6

Hours
Terms used in drawing as per NBC, Municipal bye-Law-List of documents to be

submitted for building plan approval – Open Space requirements as per NBC – FAR and

FSI for different buildings and Zones.
Drawing Instruments and their uses – Scales – Selection of Scales - French curves -

Stencils, Scribers, Amonia Printing machines, scanners and Plotters – Abbreviations used in

Civil Engineering Drawing.
II. DRAWING AND DETAILING


12

hours
1.
Standard symbols used in Civil Engineering Drawing.
2.
Elevation of
(a)
Fully Panelled double leaf door.
(b)
Fully Panelled single leaf door
(c)
Flush door
(d)
Fully Panelled window with grill
(e)
Partly glazed and partly panelled window
(f)
Lean – to – roof
(g)
King post roof truss
(h)
Steel roof truss
(i)
Rain water Harvesting – Recharging into the ground
i)
Shallow well method
ii)
Percolation pit method
III. BUILDING DRAWINGS



57

hours
Preparation of plan, section and elevation of buildings with specification for the given line

drawing using suitable scale:
1.
Reading room with R.C.C flat roof
13
2.
House with single bed room and attached bathroom with R.C.C. flat roof.
3.
A residential building with two bed rooms with R.C.C.flat roof
4.
A house with single bed and hall with partly tiled and partly R.C.C. flat roof.
5.
Two roomed house with fully tiled roof with gable ends
6.
A House with fully tiled roof with hips and valleys
7.
Single storeyed Bungalow with two beds, single hall and stair case with partly flat and

partly slopped R.C.C. roof
8.
Library building with R.C.C flat roof
9.
A Restaurant building with R.C.C flat roof
10.
Single storeyed School building with R.C.C flat roof
11.
Small workshop with northlight steel roof truss upto 10m Span over R.C.C, Columns.
(with non load bearing walls)
12.
A Primary health center for rural area with R.C.C roof
Note
:
Floor finish – with clay tiles / cement mortar / mosaic tiles/ Marble slabs/ Granite

slabs-partly or fully.
Revision & Test
9
hours
Rference books
1.
National Building code
2.
TamilNadu District Municipal building rules and by-laws
3.
Civil Engineering Drawing and house planning – by B.P.Verma
4.
Elements building drawings and design – by R.S.Deshpande and N.K.Karandikar
5.
Design of Houses – by J.S.Yadav
6.
A Guide to Civil Engg. Drawing – by V.R.Thothathri
Scheme of Examination
Part A
-
20 marks
(From I and II)
Part B
-
80 marks
(From III)
Total
100 marks
14
1035
-MATERIAL TESTING LAB PRACTICE I
3 Hours / Week
14 Weeks
42 Hours
1. Study of UTM, Torsion testing machine, Hardness tester, Compression testing machine
Part – A
1.
Tension test on m.s. bars (Round, Square, Rectangular cross section)
2.
Deflection test on steel beam
3.
Deflection test on wooden beam
4.
Consistency test on cement
5.
Initial / final setting time of cement
6.
Torsion test on M.S. bar
Part – B
1.
Double shear test on m.s bar
2.
Rock well / Brinell’s Hardness test on m.s , Aluminium & Brass
3.
Compression test on wooden cube.
4.
Impact Test on M.S. Specimen
5.
Fineness test on cement
6.
Compression test on bricks
7.
Water absorption test on bricks
8.
Determination of flexural strength of tiles
In the examination the students have to be given either one experiment in Part - A
or two experiments in Part - B
15
-

SURVEYING PRACTICE I

6 Hours / Week
14 Weeks
84 Hours
1. Chain Survey
(18 Hours)
1.1
Study of Chain, tape and accessories used for chain survey.
1.2
Unfolding Spreading, Reading and folding of chain
1.3
Chaining and ranging a line.
1.4
Determination of area of a plot (one chain line and at least two offsets on either side of

chain line)
1.5
Chain survey traverse around a building and plot the existing building.
2. Compass Survey
(33 Hours)
2.1
Study of prismatic compass setting up over a station and observe bearing
2.2
Closed traverse and finding the included angles – Minimum 5 Points.
2.3
Determination of distance between two points when their bases accessible.
2.4
Determination of distance between two points when their bases are inaccessible.
3. Levelling
(33 Hours)
3.1 Study of levelling instrument temporary adjustment taking readings and booking
3.2 Fly levelling – Reduction by Height of Collimation – Minimum 6 Points with two change

points
3.3 Fly levelling – Reduction by Rise and fall – Minimum 6 Points with two change points.
3.4 Fly levelling – with inverted reading.
3.5 Check levelling and reduction of R.Ls of given points
Note
:
1.
In examination leveling is compulsory
(40 marks)
2.
One Exercise by lot either in chain survey or compass survey
(30 Marks)
16