Online learning communities

klipitiklopwarrenΛογισμικό & κατασκευή λογ/κού

7 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

116 εμφανίσεις

Online learning communities

Using Open Source resources to
develop interactive websites

Websites using Open Source software


North Chadderton School Home


www.webschool.org.uk


Community Websites


www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/


www.scibase.org/


http://www.scigallery.org/blogger/modules/news


http://www.scigallery.org/blogger/modules/news/


Databases ( for KS3 and Science Links)

These were originally developed for the ASE



www.scilinks.org.uk/


www.scishop.org





Image Galleries

www.supportscience.org/cgi
-
bin/imagefolio/imageFolio.cgi

www.webucation.org/gallery/



Virtual Learning Environment Websites

www.coolwebschool.org/moodle/

www.openschool.org.uk/support/


21st Century Support Sites


www.21stcenturyscience.org.uk/support/

www.scienceblog.org/community/index.php


Blogging User Logon


www.webschool.org.uk/cgi
-
bin/mt/mt.cgi



What is Open Source Software?

Links

Open Source Definition

Open Source Licenses

GNU General Public License

More examples of OS Software


Open source software is
software whose source code
is open to public review.

It is free to download, free to
modify, free to redistribute.

Advantages of using Open Source Software



Software evolves and improvements can happen
with far greater speed than proprietary software.


Bugs can be fixed, improvements and new
developments can be made available to all..


Freely available, with a global support community.


Free to obtain, modify and redistribute


High quality, stable, secure software available to all


Wonderful gifts for the educational community!




Open Source Software in Education




Total cost of ownership is reduced,


Freedom from being tied to particular products


Lower costs for home
-
school communities


Customise to fit your needs.


Can be used on older computer systems.


Allows productivity to increase for small outlay


Saves money for cash
-
strapped schools


Flexibility and adaptability to with changing needs




Examples of Open Source Software?



Apache

webserver


Squirrelmail

webmail system


sendmail
, the most widely used email transport
software


Python

programming language


PHP

programming language


Abiword

word processor


Linux
:
the most used Unix
-
like operating system


Postnuke

Content Management System


Moodle

Virtual Learning Environment

A free Open Source alternative to

MS Office….


OpenOffice


www.openoffice.org


Import documents from other applications.

A superb productivity suite



Open Source Software in Education

Online Learning using Open Source Software



Blogging!

Media Gallery!

Content Management Systems

Virtual Learning
Environment

Discussion Boards

Open Source: A Global Phenomenon

The Open Source community
is a global phenomenon.

The product evolves and
develops constantly.

The source code is open to all

Everyone benefits
!

PostNuke: A Content Management System

A Global Community using


Media Gallery

Downloads

Topics

Search




Developing a community




Focus on a global matters




image gallery on a range of subjects




A large download area.




Strong focus on Open Source resources











A Global Community using





Topics emphasise the global focus











www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/

A Global Community using




Over 100 articles.



Strong focus on science matters










www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/

A Global Community using





Over 100 articles.



Strong focus on science matters










www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/

A Global Community using


All configuration of the
website is done online.



Each part of the website is
controlled by using a mouse
+ browser



Access to any part of the
website is controlled by the
administrator(s)



Users can have a range of
access/control of these
facilities.

A Global Community using


Keep an online diary


24/7 access : update anytime


Share thoughts/views with
others


Upload your files


Allow others to share
resources


Opportunities for collaborative
projects


A frequent, chronological publication of personal thoughts and Web links
.”

Examples on www.webschool.org.uk


Blog it! using

Blog it using


A frequent, chronological publication of personal thoughts and Web links
.”

Online Galleries using



Image Gallery 2


Image Gallery 3



These image galleries have
been developed for use for
teachers and students. They
can be used freely, for non
-
profit, educational applications.



http://www.webschool.org.uk



Online Galleries using

Images can be downloaded
and used as posters….

Online Galleries using

Add categories and
subcategories….

Online Galleries using

Administration is done
online.


New images/files can be
uploaded directly


Video/Sound and other
multimedia files can be
uploaded

KS4 Science Support

Support Zone for 21
st

Century Science

Articles, links, images, downloads

Direct newsfeeds on latest developments
in science

Focus on the topics of study.

Virtual Learning Environments

Open Source Software

Some Publication Issues


Issues



Security


Monitoring


Copyright


Open Access


Privacy


Accessibility



A Solution ?


Use a
Virtual Learning Environment



Accessed only by your students


Controlled by teachers


Access to individual or group work


Promotes individual and group activities


Incorporates the school’s AUP


Coolwebschool’s Support Zone

Openschool’s Support Zone

What is a Virtual Learning Environment?



An online vehicle for
teaching and learning


Controlled access to curriculum teaching and
learning ‘modules’



Modules can be separately assessed and recorded



Tracking of student activity and achievement



Activities to facilitate, guide and monitor learning



Access to learning resources and assessments



Communication between the learners and
teachers/facilitators, and between peer groups



Links to administrative systems


Virtual Learning Environments

Buy a VLE :




Digital Brain



Blackboard



WebCT




VTLE

(RM)



BT Learning Centre



Learning Gateway
(MS)






Free VLE’s




ATutor



Moodle



Claroline



COSE




Proceed with caution…




What are our strengths?



What do we need?



What can a VLE offer?



What is available?



What are the teaching and learning opportunities?



Do they match our requirements?



What flexibility is provided?



What other issues need to be considered?



Do your homework first!

Information and Guidance?




FERL
:
Further Education Resources for Learning.



An Internet based information service for lecturers and other practitioners in Further Education colleges
funded by the FEFC and managed by BECTa.”


Links to guidance/help pages:


Why have a VLE?


Evaluating Learning Platforms


Purchasing a VLE
Staff Development

Piloting a VLE

Mainstreaming a VLE

Administration

Case Studies

How to Get it all Wrong

List of Case Studies







Information and Guidance?




JISC

: J
oint Information Systems Committee.


“An independent advisory body that works with further and higher education by providing
strategic guidance, advice and opportunities use to use ICT to support learning,
teaching, research and administration.”


Useful documents


MLEs and VLEs explained




What is Moodle?



A software package




designed to help educators create quality online courses.




A course management system (CMS)




or Learning Management Systems (LMS) or Virtual Learning Environment (VLE).



Supports
social constructionist pedagogy



Open Source

software



FREE to
download it
,
use it
,
modify it

and distribute it

(
GNU General Public License
).



Supports a range of platforms


Unix, Linux, Windows, Mac OS X, Netware and any other system that supports
PHP
, including most webhost
providers.



Data is stored in a single database
:


such as
MySQL

and
PostgreSQL
. Can also be used with Oracle, Access, Interbase, ODBC and others….



Available in
34 languages

Who created Moodle?

Martin Dougiamas created
Moodle


Martin is Australian, living in Perth.

Moodle started out as a hobby for Martin,

and grew into the subject of his PhD thesis:


"
The use of Open Source software to support a social

constructionist epistemology of teaching and learning

within Internet
-
based communities of reflective inquiry
",


Moodle is now being used in many schools,

universities and other educational

communities.

Martin Dougiamas


More Information is available from


Using Learning Communities to
Create an Open Source Course
Management System


Moodle’s Home


Who uses Moodle?

There are almost 700 sites which have registered,

in over 67 countries! (January 2004)


Albania | Argentina | Australia | Austria | Belgium | Bolivia | Brazil |

Canada | Chile | China | Colombia | Costa Rica | Croatia (Hrvatska) |

Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Dominican Republic | Ecuador

Finland | France | Germany | Greece | Guatemala | Honduras | Hong

Kong | Hungary | Iceland | India | Indonesia | Iran (Islamic Republic of)

| Ireland | Italy | Japan | Korea; Republic of | Lithuania | Malaysia |

Mexico | Morocco | Nepal | Netherlands | New Zealand | Nicaragua |

Norway | Pakistan | Peru | Philippines | Poland | Portugal | Romania |

Russian Federation | Saudi Arabia | Singapore | Slovakia (Slovak

Republic) | South Africa | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Taiwan |

Thailand | Trinidad and Tobago | Turkey | Ukraine | United Arab

Emirates | United Kingdom | United States of America | Uruguay |

Venezuela

……………………..


Download

your Moodle now!


Who uses Moodle?

North Chadderton School


Coolwebschool’s Moodle

Openschool’s Moodle

Supporting 21
st

Century Science

Teacher to Facilitator?


Moodle supports a change of role from ‘teacher’ to a ‘facilitator’ :



A change from ‘source of knowledge' to being an influencer and role model
of class culture,



Facilitator connects with students by


-

addresses individual learning needs,

-

moderating discussions and activities

-

collectively leads students towards the learning goals of the class.



The future developments of Moodle provide more support for this approach

The Philosophy ?


Social constructionist pedagogy




A social group in which the focus is on both
group and individual activities :


Constructing

Collaborating


Creating

Sharing

Moodle: Course structure



Weekly format


Each week consists of activities.

Some might have deadlines,

others might be open.



Topics format


Presented and organised into topics.

A topic is not restricted to any time limit.



Social format


All activities are presented and organised
into a single forum. Could also be used as
noticeboards


Moodle: Modules


Assignment


Attendance


Chat


Choice


Dialogue


Exercise


Forum


Glossary


Journal



Quiz


Resource


Survey


WebQuest


Webwork


Workshop


Modules available for Moodle

More
details

Moodle: Site Management



An administrator



Control of the site is by an administrator user defined during setup



Plug
-
in "themes"



The administrator can customise the site colours, fonts, layout etc to suit
local needs



Plug
-
in activity modules



These can be added to existing Moodle installations



Plug
-
in language packs



Currently there are language packs for over
34 languages
. These can be
edited using a built
-
in web
-
based editor.

Moodle: Course Management (1)



A teacher administrator

has full control over all settings for a course,
including restricting other teachers



Choice of course formats

such as by week, by topic or a discussion
-
focused social format



Flexible array of course activities





Forums, Journals, Quizzes, Resources, Choices, Surveys, Assignments,
Chats, Workshops



Display recent changes

to the course since the last login can be displayed
on the course home page



Easy editing of text

for resources, forum postings, journal entries using an
embedded WYSIWYG HTML editor

Moodle: Course Management (2)



Grades

for Forums, Journals, Quizzes and Assignments can be viewed on
one page (and downloaded as a spreadsheet file)



User logging and tracking



full activity reports for each student are available
with graphs and details about each module. Also a detailed review of each
student’s involvement including postings, journal entries etc



Mail integration



copies of forum posts, teacher feedback etc can be mailed
in HTML or plain text.



Custom scales



teachers can define their own scales to be used for grading
forums, assignments and journals



Courses can be packaged





as a single zip file using the Backup function. These can be restored on any
Moodle server.



Moodle: Assignment Module


Can be specified
with a due date and a maximum grade.




Students can upload assignments



They are date
-
stamped. Different file formats are allowed



Late assignments are allowed


The amount of lateness is shown clearly to the teacher



Whole
-
class assessment


Grades and comments provided for each assignment, on one page in one form.

Viewable by assigned teachers



Teacher feedback


This is appended to the assignment page for each student. Notification is sent by e
-
mail



Resubmission

of assignments


This can be allowed by teachers after grading (for re
-
grading)

Moodle: Forum Module


Different types of forums are available,


teacher
-
only,

course news,

open
-
to
-
all,

one
-
thread
-
per
-
user.




All postings have the authors photo attached.



Discussions can be viewed

as nested, flat, threaded, oldest or newest first



Every registered user can join,

or the teacher can force subscription for all



The teacher can choose not to allow replies



Discussion threads can be easily moved between
forums



Attached images are shown inline


Moodle:Quiz Module



Multiple
-
choice questions :


single or multiple answers



Short Answer questions ~


words or phrases



True
-
False questions



Matching questions



Random questions



Numerical questions (with allowable ranges)



Embedded
-
answer questions (cloze style)



Embedded descriptive text and graphics


Administration Panels

Moodle: Assignment Module



Assignments can be specified with a due date and a maximum grade.



Students can upload their assignments (any file format) to the server

-

they are date
-
stamped.



Late assignments are allowed, but the amount of lateness is shown clearly to the
teacher



For each particular assignment, the whole class can be assessed (grade and comment)
on one page in one form.


Moodle: Assignment Module

.




Assignments can be viewed online, or
downloaded



Teacher can attach feedback comments



Notification is sent out by e
-
mail



Resubmission can be granted for
assignments, for re
-
grading








Installing Moodle

Fantastico!

http://www.webschool.org.uk/science/powerpoint/moodleinstall.ppt

Installation: requirements

1.
Choose a hosting company which provides a
MySQL

(open source
database) and
PHP

(embedded scripting language)


2.

Make sure they offer
Fantastico
.


3.
No special technical knowledge is required for the installation of
Moodle


4.
It is all controlled using 'point and click' operations.



5.
Once installed, you can build your own Virtual Learning
Environment, to suit the needs of your school.



Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

1. Logon to the Control Panel


Use the
username

and
password


supplied with Welcome Mail!


Fantastico! is usually installed on Linux hosting accounts with CPanel

bse33ugo

**************

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

Select Fantastico! From the Control Panel

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

supportme

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

Installing Moodle : Using Fantastico

Installing Moodle : License Information

Agree to the terms of the GPL License……

Installing Moodle : Version Information

Current version of Moodle is displayed…..

Installing Moodle : Release Notes

Notes about the current version

No input required here…

…. just continue with the installation

Installing Moodle : Database Tables

Installing Moodle : Database Upgrade

Installing Moodle :Configuration

Specify the configuration variables

A few are shown here….

The default settings usually work !

They can be changed at any time

by the Administrator

Installing Moodle : Site Format

Configure the site format presented to visitors

Installing Moodle : Admin. Profile

Set the User Profile for the Administrator

A few items are shown here….

They can be changed at any time

Moodle : Ready to go!

Moodle has been installed and configured
. Courses can now be added….

Need more information?

These presentations are available at the Download Zone at


http://www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/


Or, Download direct


http://www.webschool.org.uk/science/gomoodlefinal.ppt
(available now)



http://www.webschool.org.uk/science/gopublish.ppt

(from 10/1/04)


Massive collection of Open Source software for web applications:


http://www.hotscripts.com



Content management Software for websites:


PHPNuke
http://phpnuke.org/

PostNuke
http://www.postnuke.com







Websites using Open Source software


North Chadderton School Home


www.webschool.org.uk


Community Websites


www.mywebschool.org/postnuke/


www.scibase.org/


http://www.scigallery.org/blogger/modules/news


http://www.scigallery.org/blogger/modules/news/


Databases ( for KS3 and Science Links)

These were originally developed for the ASE



www.scilinks.org.uk/


www.scishop.org





Image Galleries

www.supportscience.org/cgi
-
bin/imagefolio/imageFolio.cgi

www.webucation.org/gallery/



Virtual Learning Environment Websites

www.coolwebschool.org/moodle/

www.openschool.org.uk/support/


21st Century Support Sites


www.21stcenturyscience.org.uk/support/

www.scienceblog.org/community/index.php


Blogging User Logon


www.webschool.org.uk/cgi
-
bin/mt/mt.cgi