The Roaring 20's

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23 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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The Roaring 20’s


Period of time between
1920
-
1929, when life in
American was
improving for most.


How was transportation improving?


Cars became more affordable due to the assembly line.


Henry Ford developed the
assembly line
-


a system of chains,
conveyor belts , and slides that moved parts from one worker
to another. This is an example of
lower
-
cost production.


A more affordable
automobile also
provided:


Greater mobility


More jobs


The ability to
move to the
suburbs and
commute to work




The growth of
transportation
helped other
industries:

1.
Gas

2.
Oil

3.
Steel

4.
Road
construction
.



Development of the Airplane


On December 17, 1903,
at Kitty Hawk, North
Carolina, the Wright
Flyer became the first
powered, heavier
-
than
-
air machine to achieve
controlled, sustained
flight with a pilot
aboard. Created by
Orville and Wilbur
Wright.

What types of communication changes
were taking place?


Increased availability of
phones


Development of radio.


Guglielmo Marconi
experimented with radio
waves to create wireless
communication


David Sarnoff
helped
develop the broadcast
industry.

Entertainment


Development of movies


In 1928 there were
20,000 movie theatres
across America


Nickelodeons were
theatres where movies
cost $.05 each


In 1928, Mickey Mouse
was developed


Electrification


Labor
-
saving products
(e.g., washing
machines, electric
stoves, water pumps)


Electrification


Electric lighting


Improved
communication


Entertainment
(e.g., radio)


Debate over Alcohol


Prohibition, which was
still going on in the
1920’s, banned the
manufacture, sale, and
transportation of
Alcohol.


More than 500,000
people arrested for
breaking the Prohibition
law



Citizens blamed alcohol
for society’s problems:


Family problems


Crime


Poverty




In 1919 they won their
fight with the passage
of the
18
th

Amendment
.


Banned the
manufacture, sale, and
transportation of
alcohol.



In 1933 the
21
st

Amendment
was
passed, making alcohol
legal again.


Bootleggers

smuggled
illegal alcohol in and
promoted organized
crime.


Speakeasies
were
secret illegal clubs that
served alcoholic
beverages

Art


Georgia O’Keefe
-

An
artist known for urban
scenes and later,
paintings of the
Southwest.



Literature


F. Scott Fitzgerald
-
A
novelist who wrote
about the Jazz age of
the 1920’s



Literature


John Steinbeck

-

A
novelist who
portrayed the
strength of poor
migrant workers
during the 1930’s



Music


Aaron Copland
and

George Gershwin


-
composers who wrote
uniquely American
music




The Great Migration North and West


Jobs for African Americans in the South were
scarce and low paying.


African Americans faced discrimination and
violence in the South.


African Americans moved to northern cities in
search of better employment opportunities.


African Americans also faced discrimination
and violence in the North.

The

Harlem Renaissance


Harlem

-

is a
neighborhood in the
New York City
borough of
Manhattan, long
known as a major
African American
cultural and business
center.




Renaissance

-

A
revival of intellectual
or artistic
achievement and
vigor




Harlem Renaissance


African American
artists, writers, and
musicians based in
Harlem revealed the
freshness and variety
of African American
culture






Jacob Lawrence

-

Painter who chronicled the
experiences of the Great Migration North
through art


Literature


Langston Hughes

-
Poet
who combined the
experiences of African
and American cultural
roots


Music


Duke Ellington
and

Louis Armstrong

-

Jazz
composers



Bessie Smith

-

Blues
singer