Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) – Wireless ...

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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INTEGRATED PUBLIC ALERT AND WARNING
SYSTEM

EVOLUTION OF EMERGENCY ALERTING

Originally called the “Key
Station System,” the
CONtrol

of
ELectromagnetic

RADiation

(CONELRAD) was established
in August 1951.

Participating stations tuned to
640 & 1240 kHz AM and
initiated a special sequence
and procedure designed to
warn citizens.

IPAWS modernizes and
integrates the nation’s alert and
warning infrastructure.

Integrates new and existing
public alert and warning systems
and technologies

Provides authorities a broader
range of message options and
multiple communications
pathways

Increases capability to alert and
warn communities of all hazards
impacting public safety
.

EBS was initiated to address the
nation through audible alerts. It
did not allow for targeted
messaging.

System upgraded in 1976 to
provide for better and more
accurate handling of alert
receptions.

Originally designed to provide the
President with an expeditious
method of communicating with
the American Public, it was
expanded for use during
peacetime at state and local
levels.

EAS jointly coordinated by the
FCC, FEMA and NWS.

Designed for President to speak
to American people within 10
minutes.

EAS messages composed of 4
parts:


Digitally encoded header


Attention Signal


Audio Announcement


Digitally encoded end
-
of
-
message marker

CONELRAD

EBS

EAS

IPAWS

1951
-

1963

1963
-

1997

1997
-

2006

2006

WASHINGTON STATE EXAMPLE


MYSTATE USA

WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERTS (WEA)

WEA: WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERTS



Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) is the industry branding name of the new
Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS)


CMAS required by Federal Warning, Alert, and Response Network (“WARN”) Act,
passed in 2006


WEA alert types: Presidential, imminent threat to life and property,
AMBER
alerts


WEAs
are free messages / warnings


alerts sent directly to your cell phone.


WEAs are only 90 characters in length.


WEAs will be sent by Federal, State,
Local Government,
NWS, National Center for
Missing & Exploited Children (*AMBER Alerts)


WEAs are geographically targeted. If you are in an area under an alert
AND
you
have a WEA capable device, you should receive the alert regardless of your cell
phones area code.

CURRENT CHALLENGES/WHERE WE ARE AT

State Emergency Communications Committee will address WEA in addition to EAS

Challenges:


Plans, policies, procedures for the use of WEA must be developed at the federal,
state, and local levels and integrated vertically.


Technical issues with the IPAWS OPEN aggregator, the wireless carriers and the
phone manufacturers need to be resolved.


Training and public information needs to be developed and provided for alerting
authorities, wireless device vendors, and the general public.


These challenges must be overcome before people choose to opt out because
WEA is perceived to be more of nuisance than a help.


PANEL MEMBERS


Darrell Ruby, Region 9 Coordinator/Spokane DEM, facilitator


Clay Freinwald, State Emergency Communications Committee Chair, state
governance body


Carri Gordon, AMBER Committee, state governance body


Ted Buehner, NOAA, national alerting authority


Roy Benavente, Emergency Management Division, state alerting authority


Amy Gillespie, Pierce County, local alerting authority


TBD, MyStateUSA, alert origination service provider


Brian Daly, AT&T, wireless carrier