BouchardEtAl_Deliberation - Large Scale Idea Management and ...

kissimmeemisologistΒιοτεχνολογία

14 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

150 εμφανίσεις

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Deliberation in Policy Design:

The FUPOL Project

Guillaume Bouchard, William Darling
,
Stephane

Clinchant
, and Arturo Mondragon

Xerox Research Centre Europe

6,
chemin

de
Maupertuis
, 38240
Meylan
, France

{firstname.lastname@xrce.xerox.com}

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Outline


Problem / Challenge


Introduction to FUPOL


Online Political Deliberation


Opportunities and Problems


Citizen Voices in FUPOL


Hot Topic Sensing


Feedback Community Platform


Example Use Case


Conclusions

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Problem / Challenge


Democracy depends on rich political debate, with
input from all sorts of citizens


Currently, debate is often restricted because


Few citizens attend political meetings


Different groups don’t speak with each other


Policy makers can’t find/access citizens’ opinions


Policy makers
want

to hear from their citizens


Ex:
Consultation
sur

l’avenir

du
Parc

Olympique

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Examples of Online Political
Opinions and Debate

Parc

Olympique

Kchang

16
oct.

2011, 11:14 AM


I live in this area and jog around the Olympic
stadium several times a week […] the best
thing that could happen with the Olympic
stadium is to open it up to commerce

B
Théroux

17
oct.

2011, 12:24
P
M


I perfectly agree with your post. Why
people go to St
-
Denis Street, St
-
Laurent or
the
Complexe

Desjardins?
Complexe

Desjardins was a creepy place
twenty
years
ago. Nobody was going there for
lunch […]

Twitter:
wind turbines

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Introduction to FUPOL


FUPOL is an EC
-
funded large scale
research project


A
imed at developing novel governance
models to engage stakeholders in
decision making / policy creation


FUPOL = the Future of Policy creation


Main goal is to enable citizens to
participate in public political debate


We will automatically collect, analyze,
and interpret opinions expressed on a
large scale from the Internet

Scenarios, Simulation

Stakeholder

Involvement


„Hot
“ Topic
sensing




www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Online Political Deliberation


It is very common today for citizens to
express their political opinions online


Users discuss policies, suggest ideas,
complain about (and sometimes praise)
problems or political decisions taken in
their city


all online


These valuable opinions are shared
disparately throughout the Internet on
blogs, political forums, Facebook, Twitter,
and elsewhere


Bringing it all together into a coherent
whole is the challenge

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Opportunities and Problems


The vast amount of citizen opinion that exists
online could lead to a revolution in participatory
politics


Democracy as it should work


There are several issues to work out


O
pinions are spread out on multiple websites
and social networks


how do we find them?


How do we discover “hot” discussion topics?


How do we encourage citizens who don’t
currently participate to start doing so?


How do we separate the ideas from the noise?


www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Citizen Voices in FUPOL


How do we solve some of these problems?


Text analysis


We are interested in allowing policy makers
to easily find and understand what citizens
are saying, and to equally as easily get
back to them to solicit more feedback

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Hot Topic Sensing (HTS)


The HTS module seeks out “hot topics” of
interest to policy makers on the Internet


E
xamines disparate sources such as
newspaper forums, political blogs,
Facebook discussions and Twitter posts
to find relevant discussion and what is
“hot”

0
10
20
30
40
50
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Land Use
Hot topic

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Feedback Community
Platform (FCP)


The FCP acts as an Idea Management System
(IMS) with two purposes:


Policy makers can efficiently analyze citizens’
opinions to help guide policy decisions


Citizens can answer questions, express opinions,
and point policy makers towards perceived
problems


One of the principal differences between the FCP
and a traditional IMS is the text analysis features


Automatic categorization of discovered ideas


Automatic summarization of citizen discussions


Sentiment analysis of citizens’ opinions

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Example Use Case


The United States Department of Agriculture
(USDA) proposed a set of administrative
regulations to govern the marketing of organic
labeled products


Led to more than 20,000 citizen comments
(mostly against)


Problem!


Reading through, categorizing, and distilling this
huge amount of data represents a huge
investment in time for busy law
-
makers


Automatic summarization is our goal


This is a proposed summary that we envision…

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


FOR

(~
3

%
)
:

General

(~

100

%
)

-

The

standards,

in

general,

appear

to

be

well

thought

out
.

-

Having

a

strictly

defined

definition

of

the

term

"Organic"

when

used

on

food

labeling

is,

in

my

opinion,

a

very

good

idea
.

-

I

am

very

much

in

favor

of

the

assurance

such

a

standard

would

give

to

the

consumer
.


AGAINST

(~
97

%
)
:

General

(~
30

%
)

-

It

goes

against

everything

that

the

"organic"

label

stands

for
.

-

The

national

organic

foods

act

is

too

weak
.

-

The

American

consumer

should

be

able

to

depend

on

the

label

"organic"

meaning

natural

from

start

to

finish
.

Genetic

engineering

/

Irradiation

(~
60

%
)

-

Any

Federal

definition

of

"organic"

must

preclude

use

of

radiation

in

processing,

sludge

as

fertilizer,

animal

by
-
products

as

feed

and

genetic

engineering
.

-

Under

NO

circumstance

do

I

want

to

have

genetically

engineered

livestock

or

irradiated

products

considered

acceptable

for

the

"organic"

foods

labeling
.

-

Labelling

foods

that

have

been

irradiated

or

genetically

engineered

as

ORGANIC

is

MISLEADING

to

the

public!

Animal

Treatment

(~
5

%
)

-

Living

conditions

for

livestock

should

also

be

addressed

in

any

proposal

that

is

made

to

deem

foods

"organic"
.

-

I

also

think

that

livestock

feed

should

be

regulated

to

prevent

the

livestock

from

being

fed

"recycled"

animal

by
-
products
.

Other

(~
5

%
)

-

I

urge

you

to

extend

the

time

allowed

for

public

feedback
.

-

If

the

proposed

National

Organic

Standard

passes

in

its

current

form,

I

feel

that

I

would

not

know

what

I

am

buying,

nor

be

able

to

trust

in

its

safety
.

Example Report

www.fupol.eu

www.facebook.com/fupol


Conclusions


We have presented the FUPOL project


Our approach involves text analysis technologies to
automatically find important topics being discussed
throughout the Internet and present them to
lawmakers in an easily digestible form


HTS finds hot topics on the Internet


FCP collates citizens’ opinions on these topics and
presents them efficiently to law makers


Future
r
esearch
d
irections


Finding relevant citizen opinion wherever it may lie


Automatically understanding the nuanced opinion to
properly be able to present it to law makers