Systems Analysis & Design
point for each correct answer
____________________ translates the logical design of an information
system into a physical structure
that includes hardware, software, network support, and processing methods.
Many companies engage in a process called ____________________, the objective of which is to
establish a company
wide strategy for using IT res
A main advantage of ERP is that it describes a specific hardware and software ____________________
that ensures connectivity and easy integration of future systems, including in
house software and
Many companies are
extending ERP systems to suppliers and customers in a process called
____________________, in which a customer order can cause a production planning system to schedule
a work order, which in turn triggers a call for certain parts from suppliers.
formation system includes ____________________, which are programs that handle the input,
manage the processing logic, and provide the required output.
A(n) ____________________ architecture follows Internet design protocols and enables a company to
ntegrate new applications into its e
A new system might have to interface with one or more ____________________, which are older
systems that typically run on mainframe computers.
If a system must operate online, 24 hours a day
and seven days a week (typically known as
____________________), provision must be made for backup and speedy recovery in the event of system
In addition to centralized data processing, early systems performed all data input and output at a
location, often called a(n) ____________________.
When an individual user works in ____________________ mode, the workstation performs all the
functions of a server by storing, accessing, and processing data as well as providing a user interf
Most companies resolved the problems of stand
alone computing by joining clients into a(n)
____________________ that allows sharing of data and hardware resources.
A(n) ____________________ spans long distances and can connect LANs that ar
e continents apart.
When a user accesses data on a LAN or WAN, the network is ____________________ because the user
sees the data as if it were stored on his or her own workstation.
wide systems that connect one or more LANs or WANs are