University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy UIC Core ...

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University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Experience of Changing
Pharmacy Education to a Six
-
year
Curriculum (PharmD) in the
United States

Matthias C. Lu, Ph.D.

Professor of Medicinal Chemistry

Assistant Head for Curricular Affairs


UIC 1995 Excellence in Teaching Award

UIC 2001 Teaching Recognition Program Award

Golden Apple Awards from 2000, 2001, 2003 & 2005 Classes

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Objectives


Introduction


Discuss AACP 2004 Task Force’s report on “Best
Evidence Pharmacy Education”


Discuss Current ACPE "PharmD
-
Standards 2000" and the
Proposed New Standards for 2010 and Beyond.



Discuss Curricular Philosophy and Approaches to
Curricular Development at UIC.


Brief Discussion of the Old 1
-
4 & 2
-
3 BS Programs, the
Add
-
ON PharmD and the Non
-
integrated PharmD
Curriculum


Conclusion
.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Introduction


Approximately 170,000 licensed pharmacists in
the US



43,000 pharmacists work in
community/ambulatory pharmacies



18,000 employed in hospital pharmacies



1,200 employed in manufacturing or wholesale
businesses



Balance in other areas (academia, industry,
governments, managed care, etc)


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Trends in US Pharmacy Practice


Many changes in the health care system



Vast expansion of opportunities in the profession



Robotics and technology have changed the
pharmacist’s role


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Today’s Pharmacist



Product Oriented

Patient Oriented

Competes on expertise……………not on products!


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Today’s Pharmacist


Product Oriented


Product knowledge
-

factual
basis



Legal guardian/Dispenser of
drug supply



Professionally isolated


Patient
-
centered therapeutics
knowledge



Manager/Coordinator of drug
therapy processes



Collaborative, Team
-
oriented
practice; system involved
performance


Patient Oriented

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Pharmacy Education in the
United States


The Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree is the highest
level of professional education in pharmacy and has been
approved by the American Council on Pharmaceutical
Education (ACPE) as the sole entry
-
level degree for the
pharmacy profession.


The PharmD curriculum is designed to produce a
scientifically and technically competent pharmacist who
can apply his/her education in such a manner as to provide
maximum health care services to patients.


The PharmD degree program requires at least 2
-
years of
specific pre
-
professional (undergraduate) coursework
followed by 4
-
academic years (or 3
-
calendar years) of
professional study.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

AACP Report on Best Evidence
Pharmacy Education (July 2004)


The Task Force on
Best Evidence Pharmacy Education

at
the 2004 Annual Meeting of AACP has identified eight
specific areas that pertinent for pharmacy educators.

1.
Integrated Courses

2.
Distance Education

3.
Early Clinical Experiences

4.
Clinical Relevance

5.
Communication Skills

6.
Professionalism

7.
Student Learning and Retention

8.
Faculty Development

The Task Force also recommends that these topics be the
focus of the Teacher’s Seminar at the 2005 Annual Meeting

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Curricular Goals & Objectives in
the US Pharmacy Education is…


Emphasizing a patient
-
centered course of study



Developing our graduates into a reflective practitioners
that are able to


Anticipate change


Evaluate and modify current practices



Providing students with a core of :


Knowledge


Skills


Abilities


Attitudes


Values


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Curriculum in Pharmacy

The program prepares students to:



Enter into the practice of pharmacy to serve society as
ethical and caring professionals


Apply knowledge of drugs and drug therapy to solve
problems and make decisions on behalf of their patients


Educate, communicate, and collaborate with patients,
colleagues, and other health professionals


Learn

professional practice is a lifelong learning
experience


Practice pharmacy in traditional and nontraditional settings


Assume a leadership role in the future direction of the
profession.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Curriculum in Pharmacy

The organized program of study should provide
students with opportunities for selection of courses
and professional experiences in keeping with their
particular interest and goals.



The need for lifelong learning should be reflected as an
integral theme of the curriculum.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

ACPE PharmD “Standards 2000” :
The Development Process


Intiated in 1989


Open hearing, multiple drafts


“Standards 2000” adopted June, 1997


Implementation Procedure ratified in August, 1997


Effective date of July, 2000


Revision of “Standards 2000” begins in July, 2004


Open hearing begin in July 2005 at the AACP Annual
Meeting in Cincinnati, Ohio


ACPE : Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education

(
http://www.acpe
-
accredit.org/)

AACP: American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

(
http://www.aacp.org/)

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

ACPE “Standards 2000” for
Professional Programs

A total of eight areas consist of 30 criteria and 71
guidelines



Mission, Planning, and Assessment


Organization and Administration


Curriculum


Students


Faculty


Library and Learning Resources


Physical and Practice Facilities


Financial Resources


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Professional Competencies and Outcome
Expectations (from Standards 2000)

Professional competencies

that should be achieved through the
College or School of Pharmacy’s curriculum in pharmacy are an
ability to:


evaluate drug orders or prescriptions, accurately and safely
compound drugs in appropriate dosage forms, and packaging
dispensed dosage forms


manage systems for storage, preparation, and dispensing of
medicines, and supervise technical personnel who may be involved
in such processes


manage and administer of pharmacy and pharmacy practice


apply computer skills and technological advancements to practice


communicate with health care professionals and patients regarding
rational drug therapy, wellness, and health promotion


designed, implement, monitor, evaluate, and modify or recommend
modifications in drug therapy to insure effective, safe, and
economical patient care



University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Professional Competencies and
Outcome Expectations Continued



identify, assess, and solve medication related problems, and
provide clinical judgment as to the continuing effectiveness
of individualized therapeutic plans and intended therapeutic
outcomes


evaluate patients and order medications and/or laboratory
tests in accordance with establish standards practice


evaluate patient problems and triage patients to other health
professionals as appropriate


administer medications


monitor and counsel patients regarding the purposes, uses,
and effects of their medications and related therapy


understand relevant diet, nutrition, and non
-
drug therapies

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Professional Competencies and
Outcome Expectations Continued


recommend, counsel, and monitor patient use of
nonprescription drugs;


providing emergency first care


retrieve, evaluate, and manage professional information in
literature


use clinical data to optimize therapeutic drug regimens


collaborate with other health professionals


evaluate and document interventions and pharmaceutical
care outcomes


Outcome expectations for student performance in the professional
competencies stated above should be set forth and measured by the
College or School. The process of measuring outcome expectations
should include student self assessments of performance in the stated
professional competencies.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Areas and Content of the
Curriculum in “Standards 2000”


Biomedical Sciences


Pharmaceutical Sciences


Behavioral, social, and administrative sciences


Pharmacy practice


Professional experience



University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Biomedical Sciences


Includes content in anatomy, physiology,
pathophysiology, microbiology, immunology,
biochemistry, molecular biology, and
biostatistics

Pharmaceutical Sciences


Includes content in medicinal chemistry,
pharmacognosy, pharmacology, toxicology, and
pharmaceutics which encompasses physical/chemical
principles of dosage forms and drug delivery systems,
biopharmaceutics, and pharmacokinetics

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Behavioral, social, and

administrative sciences

Behavioral, social, and administrative pharmacy sciences
should provide the basis for understanding and influencing
human behavior in health and disease, in the management
process of pharmacy, and in pharmacy's interrelationships
with health care systems.



Health care economics


Pharmacoeconomics


Practice management


Communications applicable to pharmacy


The history of pharmacy


Ethical foundations to practice


Social and behavioral applications


Laws pertaining to practice


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Core Curriculum in the

Pharmacy Practice


Prescription processing


Compounding and preparation of dosage forms, including
parenteral products, drug distribution and drug
administration


Epidemiology, pediatrics, geriatrics, gerontology,
nutrition, health promotion and disease prevention


Physical assessment


Emergency first
-
care


Clinical laboratory medicine and Clinical
pharmacokinetics


Patient evaluation and ordering medications


Pharmacotherapeutics and disease
-

state management


Outcomes documentation


Self care/non
-
prescription drugs


Drug information and literature evaluation


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC


Core Curriculum



Professional Experiences

The professional experience should be of adequate intensity, breadth,
and duration so as to support achievement of stated competencies as
demonstrated by assessment of outcome expectations.



The core professional experiences should includes:



Introductory pharmacy practice experiences should be acquired
throughout the curriculum



Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences should provide active
participation and in
-
depth experience to acquire skills and
judgement in a variety of practice settings


The duration of the Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences should
ordinarily be the equivalent of one academic year.




University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Core Curriculum



Optional Practice Experiences


Differentiated Practices (long term care, home health care,
hospice)


Specialized Practices (nuclear pharmacy,
pharmacotherapy, nutrition support)


Outpatient Health Care Settings (community health
clinics, satellite settings)


Medical Specialties (outpatient or inpatient)


Nontraditional Experiences (industry, wholesale,
management, teaching)


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Pre
-
pharmacy

Curriculum Requirements


General Education
-

Oral and written Communication
Skills; Social Sciences; Behavior Sciences; Humanities;
Computer Literacy and information technology


Basic Physical and Biological Sciences and Mathematics
-

Mathematics including Calculus; General and Organic
Chemistry; Physics; Cell Biology and Microbiology


Biomedical Sciences
-

Anatomy; Physiology;
Biochemistry /Molecular Biology; Immunology;
Biostatistics


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Current Accreditation Issues for
Professional Degree Programs


New delivery methods, distance education


Outcomes assessment


New applications, focused visits


Resources


Faculty, finance, and space


Enrollment increases; new campuses


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Transition to new standards

for 2010


To assure that the College or School’s curriculum provides a thorough
foundation in the sciences and prepares graduates with the competencies to
enter and contribute to the profession of pharmacy throughout their career.


To assure that pharmaceutical sciences are integrated part of the curriculum
and taught by faculty in the science departments


To assure that clerkship experiences are optimal with appropriate ratio of
clinical practioners and students in each module


To assure there are appropriate mechanism for outcome assessment to
measure and evaluate and improve student learning.


To assure that students receive proper education to deliver patient
-
centered
care as members of an inter
-
professional team, emphasizing evidence
-
based
pratice, quality improvement approaches and informatics.

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Professional Competencies in
“Standard 2010”


The College or School should ensure that graduates are
competent to:


patient
-
center care


provide population
-
based care


manage human physical, medical, informational, and
technological resources


manage medication use systems


assure the availability of effective quality health and
disease prevention services and health policy

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Outcome Expectations in
“Standard 2010”


The graduate must be able to:


communicate and collaborate with prescribers, patients,
care givers, policy makers, etc to engender a team
approach to patient care


Retrieve, analyze, and interpret the professional, lay,
and scientific literature to provide drug information to
patients, their families, and other health care providers


carry out duties in accordance with legal, ethical,
social, economic, and professional guidelines


maintain professional competence by identifying and
analyzing emerging issues, products, and services

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

THE UIC
CURRICULUM

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Pre
-
pharmacy Requirements


Written and Speech Communications


8 hours

General Biology, with laboratory




8 hours

General Chemistry, with laboratory


8 hours

Organic Chemistry, with laboratory



8 hours

Physics, with laboratory





8 hours

Calculus (integral and differential)




3 hours

Human Anatomy (all organ systems)


4 hours


General Education




9
-
13 hours


including the following: Social or Behavioral Sciences 3 hours,
Economics 3 hours, Humanities 3 hours, Electives 0
-
4 hours





TOTAL

60 hours


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

First Year Curriculum

Fall Semester








Hours

PHAR 331
-
Fundamentals of Drug Action I






5

PhyB 301
-
Human Physiology and Pathophysiology I





5

PHAR 321
-
Drug Delivery Systems I






3

PHAR 341
-

Roles, Environments, and Communications




4





TOTAL



17


Spring Semester







Hours

PHAR 332
-
Fundamentals of Drug Action II






4

PhyB 302
-
Human Physiology and Pathophysiology II





5

PHAR 322
-
Drug Delivery Systems II





3

PHAR 400
-
Pharmacokinetics






3

PHAR 342
-
Experiential I






1

Electives*








0
-
2






TOTAL


16
-
18

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Second Year Curriculum

Fall Semester






Hours



PHAR 333
-

Fundamentals of Drug Action III



4


PHAR 323
-
Drug Delivery Systems III




3


PHAR 401
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics I


3


PHAR 402
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics II


4


PHAR 352
-
Experiential II






2


Electives*






0
-
1






TOTAL


16
-
17



Spring Semester





Hours



PHAR 324
-
Contemporary Pharmacy Practice



3


PHAR 343
-
Pharmacy Systems Management




2


PHAR 355
-
Drug Information and Statistics






4


PHAR 403
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics III


3


PHAR 404
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics IV


3


PHAR 344
-
Social and Behavioral Pharmacy





2


Electives*






0
-
1






TOTAL


17
-
18

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Third Year Curriculum

Fall Semester







Hours


PHAR 405
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics V


3

PHAR 406
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics VI


3

PHAR 345
-
Pharmacy Law





3

PHAR 346
-
Pharmacy Services and Reimbursement



2

PHAR 353
-
Experiential III





3

Electives*







2
-
5







TOTAL

15
-
18


Spring Semester







Hours


PHAR 407
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics VII


4

PHAR 408
-
Principles of Drug Action and Therapeutics VIII


3

PHAR 354
-
Experiential IV





2

PHAR 365
-
Non
-
Prescription Pharmaceuticals and Herbal Medicinal

3

PHAR 356
-
Principles of Pharmacoeconomics and Drug



Treatment Outcomes




2

Electives*







2
-
4







TOTAL

16
-
18

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Fourth Year Clerkships

7 Clerkships

(each 6 weeks, 4 credit hours)
TOTAL 28 Hours

4

-

Required

Clerkships:



Ambulatory Care



Hospital



Community Practice


Medicine


3

-

Elective

Clerkships


chosen from the following list
:



Administrative



Geriatric



Advanced Ambulatory Care


Home Health



Advanced Community Practice

Kinetics



Advanced Medicine


Nutrition



Advanced Specialty


Pediatric



Critical Care



Psychiatry



Drug Information



Surgery


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Advanced Specialty Clerkship


The students who are interested in pursuing a academic
teaching and/or research careers are encouraged to take
this six weeks elective clerkship rotation with select
faculty mentors.


The students also to combine two elective rotations into
a research rotations to gain research experience for
their combined Pharm D /PhD degree programs which
were approved and started in the fall of 2004.

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

History of the UIC College of
Pharmacy Curricular Revision

UIC College of Pharmacy is the third oldest college of pharmacy with a
continuous charter in the US, and the oldest academic unit of the
University of Illinois.




In 1932, it offered a four year course: one year of college education + 3 year
professional program leading to a Bachelor of Science degree.


In 1960, the five year course: one year of college education + 4 year
professional program was introduced.


In 1972, the specialization tracts was introduced along with taking students for
a 2 + 3 options.


In 1980, an advance professional degree program (Add
-
on PharmD, 1+3+3)
was introduced for a limited number of selected students and pharmacists.


In 1984, curriculum changed to a six years program (2 years pre
-
pharmacy +
four years professional program. Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree
introduced as the only professional degree awarded.


In 1986, the Continuation Curriculum Option nontraditional PharmD pathway
introduced for practicing pharmacists.

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Curricular Development at UIC


The Doctor of Pharmacy degree program was instituted as the entry
-
level
degree at the UIC College of Pharmacy in 1984 (it took 10 years of planning).


A pioneering, nationally available, nontraditional curricular pathway for
baccalaureate pharmacists was also introduced in 1986 (This pathway was
phased out in the fall of 2002).


As a result of the 1996 American Council of Pharmaceutical Education
(ACPE) evaluation’s report, a new revised Pharm.D. curriculum was instituted
with the entering class in the fall 1997 and was phased in over three years. In
2001, we graduated the first class under this new curriculum.


A series of team leader
-
course coordinator meetings were held during the
summer of 2000 and recommendations for curricular revisions were developed.


The re
-
sequencing of the courses were approved by the faculty in December
2000 which took effect in fall 2001.


The College’s Curriculum Committee (EPC) begins to assess our terminal
competencies with the practice
-
based outcomes in 2004.


We are re
-
examine the pre
-
pharmacy courses and also how to improve the
pathophysiology courses in the P
-
1 professional curriculum.

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Continuing Curriculum Option
(Nontraditional Pharm D Pathway)

This program was originally designed to allow practicing
pharmacists who would like to obtain their PharmD through
distance education for all their didactic courses. Since 1986 more
than 300 practicing pharmacists had received their PharmD
degree from UIC through this nontraditional pathway.


"At the College of Pharmacy faculty meeting in November 2001, it
was decided that the Continuing Curriculum Option (CCO) will
be phased out. The last students were accepted and admitted for
the Spring 2002 semester."


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

CCO’s Curriculum

ADVANCES IN PHARMACY (1 credit)



Covers new advances in pharmacy, with emphasis on their application to
pharmaceutical care.


BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR PHARMACISTS (2 credits)



Introduction to recombinant DNA, monoclonal antibodies, immunoassays, gene
therapy, and biotechnology therapeutic agents. Emphasizes application to pharmacy.


PATHOPHYSIOLOGY (3 credits)



Emphasis on etiology, pathogenesis, and pathophysiology of diseases of the human
organ systems.



CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS (2 credits)



Applications of the concepts and techniques of pharmacokinetics to the rational
design of individual dosage regimens in patients with various disease states which
may affect the absorption and disposition of drugs

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

CCO’s Curriculum continued


PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS l, ll, lll (4,4,3 credits)



Drug therapy of common disease states based on pathophysiology
and concepts of drug action. Emphasis on rational drug product
selection and use of monitoring parameters.


I.
Fluids, electrolytes, nutrition, cardiology, nephrology, GI,
endocrine, and pulmonary disease states

II.
Neurology, psychiatry, immunology

III.
Rheumatology, hematology, oncology, ophthalmology,
dermatology, pediatrics, and geriatrics



PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT (1 credit)


A study of the basic physical assessment techniques necessary to
determine patient response to drug therapy.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

CCO’s Curriculum continued


PHARMACOECONOMICS (2 credits)



Basics and applications of drug treatment outcomes and
pharmacoeconomic concepts in pharmaceutical care.




DRUG INFORMATION AND STATISTICS (2 credits)



Overview of drug information resources and statistics used in health
care research, including systematic approaches to critical evaluation of
the literature and effective communication of information.




REQUIRED CLERKSHIPS




AMBULATORY CARE CLERKSHIP (4 credits)


Clinical pharmacy experience in patient interviewing, patient
monitoring, and drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on disease
states and their treatment in ambulatory patients.



University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

CCO’s Curriculum continued


MEDICINE CLERKSHIP (4 credits)



Clinical pharmacy experience in patient interviewing, patient
monitoring, and drug therapy. Emphasis will be placed on disease
states and their treatment in general medicine patients.




CLERKSHIP ELECTIVES (3 electives/4 credits each)



Choose from the following clerkships: Advanced Medicine, Advanced
Specialty (association work, community, government, managed care
and pharmaceutical industry), Critical Care, Drug Information,
Geriatric, Nutrition, Pediatrics, Pharmacokinetics, Psychiatry, and
Surgery


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Traditional Non
-
integrated PharmD
Curriculum (1984
-
1996 on the semester system)

Core Courses in Pharmacy Administration:


Role and Environments, 2 credits


Statistical Methods, 3 credits


Behavior Pharmacy, 4 credits


Pharmacy Law, 3 credits


Core Courses in Pharmacodynamics:


Pathophysiology I & II, 5 credits each.


Pharmacology I & II, 5 credits each


Pharmacokinetics, 3 credits


Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 2 credits


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Traditional Non
-
integrated
Pharm D Curriculum Continued ..

Core Courses in Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy:


Medicinal Chemistry I (organic medicinal chemistry, 4
credits


Medicinal Chemistry II (Biochemistry), 4 credits


Bioanalytical Chemistry, 3 credits


Chemical Aspects of Drug Action I & II, (5 & 4 credits,
respectively)

Core Courses in Pharmacy Practice:


Drug Information, 2 credits


Pharmacotherapeutics I, II, & III, 4 credits each

Required Clerkships:



Intro (4), Ambulatory Care (5), Community (5), Hospital
(5) & Medicine (5), total 24 credits.

Elective Clerkships:

Two out of 14 choices


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Add
-
on Pharm D Curriculum
(1980’s)


Admission to this program was selective based upon
applicant’s academic record, motivation, emotional
maturity, communication skills, and potential for leadership
in professional service and education.


Student enrolled in the BS program at the UIC College of
Pharmacy will be eligible to enter this program at the
beginning of the fourth professional year at the College of
Pharmacy. Admission were also available for qualified
individuals holding a BS degree in Pharmacy from an
accredited college.


Preference were given to applicants residing in Illinois or
who plan to practice in State of Illinois.


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Add
-
on Pharm D Curriculum

Fourth Professional Year:


Drug Therapy II, 4 credits*


Pharmacy Law, 4 credits*


Prescription Practice & Lab, 4 credits*


Pharmacy in the Health Care System, 4 credits*


Clinical Pharmacy Practice, 5 credits*


Drug Information & Literature Evaluation, 3 credits


Disease States and Drug Therapy I & II, 10 credits


Pharmacy in the Health Care system II, 3 credits


Clinical Pharmacy Clerkship I, 12 credits


Electives, 9 credits*

Total 61 credits hours in a quarter system


* Indicates courses required in the BS Pharmacy degree Program in
Pharmacy


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Add
-
on Pharm D Curriculum

Fifth Professor Year


Disease State and Drug Therapy III
-
V, 15 credits


Drug Toxicity, 4 credits


Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 3 credits


Current Topics in Clinical Pharmacy I & II, 8 credits


Clinical Pharmacy clerkships II

V, 24 credits (6 credit
hours for each rotation)


Electives, 9 credits

Total 63 credits hours in a quarter system


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

The Add
-
on Pharm D Curriculum

Sixth Professional Year:



Seminar in Clinical Pharmacy, 3 credits


Clinical Pharmacy Clerkships VI
-
IX, 24 credits (6 hrs
each)


Clinical Pharmacy Clerkship X, 12 credits


Electives, 9 credits

Total 48 credit hours in a quarter system


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

CONCLUSION


There is NO “one size fit all” PharmD Curriculum. Each
Pharmacy School is unique in its mission in Pharmacy
Education and therefore each school should determine what
their visions and missions before making any curricular
changes.


The faculty “buy in” from each school is one of the most
important component of any such revision. They are the
one that determine the outcome of the new curriculum.


There are many barriers for curricular changes needed to be
overcome (e.g., faculty shortage, P & T issues, research vs.
teaching, etc.)


Curricular changes should BE done progressively and NOT
by a quantum leap. So, take it slow!


University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

UIC College of Pharmacy

(built in 1954 & 1968 (the lab addition)

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

UIC College of Pharmacy

in 1859 in Downtown Chicago

University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

UIC

Any Questions ?