ina-sdi for flood management - GGIM

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22 Φεβ 2014 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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INA
-
SDI FOR FLOOD
MANAGEMENT

INDONESIA

INDONESIAN SDI:

CASE STUDY FLOOD DISASTER MANAGEMENT


The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005
-
2015 urges all countries to prepare an
integrated disaster risk reduction
mechanism that is supported by a proper
institutional basis and adequate
resources.


The need for a concerted effort in disaster
risk reduction requires a shared
understanding and commitment by all
relevant stakeholders particularly decision
makers.


As a country invested with disaster
-
prone
areas, Indonesia stands to gain much
from the presence of such an Action Plan.

SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE

FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT


In 2011, the Parliament of Republic of
Indone
si
a passed Law No. 4 year 2011
about Geospatial Information
which
guides
elements of government and citizens in
providing, using, and accessing to basic
map and thematic maps.


Under
GI Law
, BIG responsible to give
leadership to implement
basic principles of
GI
management
, which consist of:
enforcement of a

single geospatial
reference
; t
o ensured
availability, easy to
accessed

and

accountability
; t
o promote

cooperation, coordination, integration,
s
ynchronization
; and it’s
use
for
national
developments and people's daily life.


DISASTERS IN INDONESIA INCREASE BY THE YEAR

BNPB counted within 2003
-
2005,1,429 disaster
incidences with hydro
-
meteorological disasters
comprising the bulk at 53.3 percent. Of this figure, floods
occur most often (34.1percent), followed by landslides
at 16 percent.

To support national program in
five
HFA priorities for action identified
for 2005
-
2015
,

Ina
-
SDI aims to able to
:

1.
Ensure geospatial availability based
on collaboration and sinergy;

2.
Provide GI for identifying, assessing
and monitoring disaster risks and
enhance early warning;

3.
Utilize GI for developing knowledge,
innovation and education to build a
culture of safety and resilience at all
levels;

4.
Integrate GI in reducing risk factors;
and

5.
P
repare
GI
needed for strengthening
disaster preparedness for effective
response at all levels.

FLOOD

DISASTER
REOCCUR ANNUALLY IN
INDONESIA
, SO DOES GEO
-
COLLABORATION

Flood management needs geo
-
collaboration among stakeholders and authorities
(sectorals, upstream, middle stream, and downstream) for disaster management


Indonesia’s growing population

and need for space to accommodate

life support activities has indirectly

contributed to floods.


Logging has been resorted to address the demand for space, to increase
sedimentation into rivers which in turn produce uncontrolled runoff and high
groundwater saturation.


Floods generally occur in Indonesia’s
western region, which features a
heavier rainfall than the eastern
region.


From a morphologic point of view,
floods happen on account of the
country’s highly varied landscape and
its many rivers.


JAKARTA FLOOD: INA
-
SDI AS DESCRIPTIVE FACT
FINDING TOOLS

A high rate of population growth is causing pressure on the environment Jakarta
increasingly heavier.


In the past four decades, an
increasing number of city dwellers,
has led the ongoing rapid water
infiltration reduced drastically
due to
convert
ion from green areas to
residential and industrial areas.


Open land replaced by houses and
buildings, and the remainder was
covered by asphalt road or parking
lot that impenetrable
by

water.


Unabsorbed
rainwater turns into
runoff that flows into the river, which
then flows into the sea according to
the capacity of existing rivers to
accommodate the water.



JAKARTA FLOOD: INA
-
SDI AS DESCRIPTIVE FACT
FINDING TOOLS


In controlling floods, the basic principles used by the Jakarta administration is
to ensure
water flowing into river through the Jakarta suburbs and straight into the sea.


The aim is that water coming from upstream does not enter the central areas of Jakarta,
but flowed directly into the sea through the West Flood Canal and Cengkareng Drain in
the West and in the East by the East Flood Canal and Cakung Drain.

JAKARTA FLOOD: INA
-
SDI AS DESCRIPTIVE FACT
FINDING TOOLS

A high rate of population growth is causing pressure on the environment Jakarta
increasingly heavier.


In the past four decades, an
increasing number of city dwellers,
has led the ongoing rapid water
infiltration reduced drastically
due to
convert
ion from green areas to
residential and industrial areas.


Open land replaced by houses and
buildings, and the remainder was
covered by asphalt road or parking
lot that impenetrable
by

water.


Unabsorbed
rainwater turns into
runoff that flows into the river, which
then flows into the sea according to
the capacity of existing rivers to
accommodate the water.



JAKARTA FLOOD: INA
-
SDI AS DESCRIPTIVE FACT
FINDING TOOLS

Floods in Jakarta can never be separated from the human factors that live in this region.
Therefore, the city administration used two approaches
in
flood control, the approach of
structural and non
-
structural

with the helps from GI and Ina
-
SDI.


The water from the puddles will be collected
in reservoirs and dikes and pumped into the
channels of the controller, and then flowed
into the West Flood Canal or the East Flood
Canal that flows into the sea.


Jakarta Provincial Government also preserve
lakes to be a temporary water reservoir.


Efforts to control flooding in Jakarta is not
only conducted solely through the
development of infrastructure such as
channels, reservoirs and canals, but also
through behavioral change approach people
living in Jakarta.




SUMMARY


Geospatial information is a proper visualization tool and has been used for centuries to
improve our understanding of the world around us,
it
has always been a key factor in
disaster
management
;


Catastropic

incident will trigger other events that affect the wider spread begins with a
contiguous
surrounding
area
, which Ina
-
SDI fitted for disaster management or any
collaborative event management;

Before

After

SUMMARY


F
ive

potential programs

for
disaster risk reduction Ina
-
SDI
based mainly on Hyogo
Framework for Action:

1.
to advocate the implementation in the global and regional scale, strategic partnerships
and stakeholder survey for disaster mapping, and its management to support
improved knowledge for mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR);

2.
to promote standardization, interoperability and harmonization of geospatial
information as related to the implementation of hazard risk management tools,
development methodologies, and implementation in all phases of disaster
management;

3.
to facilitate similar regional, international program, and UN programs, to integrate DRR
in national poverty reduction strategies and national agenda such as: provision of GI
for early recovery and post
-
disaster mapping such damage, loss and needs
assessment and strengthening the planning and implementation of national capacity,
provision of geospatial information; and

4.
to build
a synergy opportunities of Participatory Mapping as one of the strengths of
social networking communities like other global media (twitter and face book),can not
be dammed, but still open to be directed by Ina
-
SDI in the form of supervision, and QC
and QA.

COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS WITH SDI

Before

After

Contact information

Dr. Yusuf S. Djajadihardja, M.Sc

Jalan Raya Jakarta
-
Bogor KM 46,

Cibinong 16911, Jawa Barat

INDONESIA