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Infrastructure Development Energy WASH and Shelter (IDEAS)

IDEAS is

committed to provide good quality infrastructure to target population. IDEAS program is a
series of projects, based on the foundation of field tested, best practices, and proven capabilities. The
models innovated by HANDS IDEAS are low cost, durable, soc
ially acceptable and environment friendly.


Best Practice Service Models



Model
-
1


Drinking water facilities



Provision of drinking water is critical issue specially in rural areas where women have to fetch water
from long distances. This best practice
model offers construction of water supply reservoir, laying
down of supply line, storage tanks and installing of
shallow hand pumps as per requirement of the
community.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Provide drinking water to the community at
their door step.

o

Reduce the hardship of women.

o

Improve the health of community
especially women

o

Reduce the incidences of water borne
diseases.

o

Save the labor and time of the community


Methodology:

o

The
methodology of this model include some general steps and some specific for each of its
component. The general steps include:

o

Social Mobilization process i.e. CBO formation, A/c opening and submission of need assessment
resolution

o

Prefeasibility study i.e.
village information, population, available infrastructure facilities,
property of the villagers, human resources (skill and unskilled), water level etc.

o

Submission of CBOs proposal and transfer of funds to CBOs bank account

o

Carrying out of construction
work by potential contractors approved and assigned by HANDS
operation department

o

Frequent monitoring and facilitation by HANDS technical teams.

o

The specific steps for each component of the model are concerned with technical aspects and
are referred to pro
gram brochures of each model.

o

The components of Drinking Water Facilities model includes:


1.

Under Ground Drinking Water Storage Tanks

2.

Ground Surface Drinking Water Storage Tanks

3.

Drinking Water Supply Reservoir

4.

Drinking Water Supply Line

5.

Drink
ing Water Hand Pump Shallow No. 4 & 6

6.

Water Treatment Unit (WTU)



Achievements:

During the last couple of years 50 under water storage tanks were built by HANDS IDEAS team. 50
ground surface drinking water storage tanks were also constructed. The other

drinking water facility
achievement include installment of 174 hand pumps during 2011 and overall 2364 hand pumps were
installed in previous years.


IDEAS Best Practices Model
-
2


Street Pavement Facilities


Unpaved paths/lanes/alleys in communities
specially in rural areas cause nuisance for the
dwellers. This best practice model of IDEAS
offers pavement of streets which improve the
quality of paths in specific and overall quality
of environment and life in general.


Objectives:

The objectives of
this model are to:

o


Provide paved streets in target area.

o


Provide clean and better paths in
target
area.


Methodology:

o

The general methodology is same as for Best Practice Model
-

1. The specific steps for each
component of the model are concerned with
technical aspects and are referred to program
brochures of each model.

o

The components of Street Pavement Facilities model includes:


1.

Inter locking Block Pavement

2.

Brick Pavement


Achievements:

90 street pavements were laid down in last couple of years.



Model
-
3


Sanitation


This best practice models offers provision of toilet facilities for the communities. This model is very
effective where there are no sewerage lines or
sanitary system for
disposal of human excreta.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o


Provide drainage system for waste water

o

Provide toilet facilities to the
communities

o


Promote Open Defecation Free (ODF)
environment

o


Improve health and hygienic condition

o


Impro
ve the aesthetic view of the locality

o


Reduce prevalence of diseases cause by non availability of sanitary system


Methodology:

o


The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o



The specific steps for each component of the model
are concerned with technical aspects and
are referred to program brochures of each model.

o



The components of Sanitation model includes:


1.

Covered Drain Drainage Scheme

2.

Open Drain Drainage Scheme


Achievements:

11 sanitation schemes of covered and open drains were completed in last year.


3.

Emergency/Transitional Latrine


Achievements:

782 emergency/transitional latrines were constructed in last couple of years


4.

Permanent Latrine


Achievements:

9438 permanent latrines were constructed last year.


Model
-
4


Hand Wash Facilities


Hand washing habit is very important in
prevention of many diseases which are caused by
contaminated hands and spread by oro
-

fecal
route. This can be managed by developing the
habit of washing hands with special focus on
children. It is promoted to wash h
ands after use
of toilet and before meals. At home this can be
achieved easily but in schools this is promoted by
construction of hand washing facility in the
premises of school. This best practice model of
IDEAS focus on construction of hand

washing
facil
ity as per need of the community.



Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Promote hand washing habits in community specially children.

o

Promote prevention of diseases caused by contaminated hands.

o

Improve
health and hygiene of the community


Methodology:

o

The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o


The specific technical steps of the model are referred to program brochure of this model.


Achievements:

1009 hand wash facilities were constructed last year.



Model
-
5



Low Cost Shelters


Provision of low cost shelter to families who
have either

lost shelter due to some disaster or
cannot afford to build

their houses, are
addressed through this model.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Provide low cost shelter to shelterless.

o

Provide security, safety and physical
protection of shelter to needy.

o

Address the need of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).

o

Provide standard/quality construction at affo
rdable price.


Methodology:

o

The general methodology of this model
is same as those of previous models

o


The specific steps for each component
of the model are concerned with
technical aspects and are referred to
program brochures of each model.

o


The
components of this model include:

1.

One room shelter/ low cost housing
-
model I

2.

One room shelter / low cost housing
-
model II


Achievements:

During 2011
-
2012, 47347

shelters were
successfully constructed and delivered to the
communities by HANDS
-

IDEAS program


Shelter project in District Dadu

after flood 2010.

o

Number of vulnerable households
-

3785 (22 %).

o

Among the vulnerable households:

o

52%
-

household headed by old person

o

19.6%
-

household headed by person with chronic disease

o

5.6%
-

household headed by person with disability

o

51% of the household had no permanent proper toilets. 40%
-

household had temporary toilets

o

7.2%
-

household ha
d permanent toilet facility

o

45.3%
-

household lost their crops

o

22.3%
-

lost their farming animals

o

27.6%
-

families had hand pumps for drinking water



Model
-
6


Irrigation Schemes


Irrigation schemes are very vital for our agricultural

needs
. Majority of the crops are irrigated through small canal irrigation system. This model of IDEAS
provide schemes for irrigation of agricultural land.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to :

o


Supply water for agriculture.

o


Assure better yield
from the crops.

o


Improve the economic status through better yield from the crops.


Methodology:

o

The general methodology of this model is same as previous ones.

o

The specific steps for each component of the model are concerned with technical aspects and
are

referred to program brochures of each model.


The components of this model include:


1.

Tube Wells

2.

Water Course/Channels


Achievements:

1879 irrigation schemes were completed during the last 02 years including tube wells and water
courses/channels.



Model
-
7


Household Technologies


This model of household technologies is meant
for improving the quality of life by using
simple, cost effective and user friendly
methods. The technologies included in this
model are bio sand filter for water purification

and smokeless stoves.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Treat surf
ace water and ground water
for

drinking.

o


Provide safe and clean water for
drinking.

o


Minimise the incidence and prevalence of water bourne diseases.

o


Prevent
environmental pollution and respiratory problems from smoke (specially for women
folk)


Methodology:

o

The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o

The specific steps for each component of the model

o

are

concerned with technical aspects and are referred to program brochures of each model.

o

The components of this model include:


Naadi / Bio sand Filter


Achievements:

IDEAS program successfully made and provided
217

Naadi (biosand filter) to the target
com
munities.


Smokeless stove (made from clay/ cowdung)


Achievements:

217 smokeless stoves were made in target
communities during the last couple of years.


IDEAS Best Practices Model
-
8


Disaster Risk Reduction Schemes


This model is for protection from natural
disasters and currently offers construction of
flood protection wall in the coastal areas. The
Flood Water Protection Wall (FWPW) is built in
those part of coastal area which are prone to
floods during heavy monso
on rains or cyclones


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o



Reduce or prevent the detrimental
hazards generated by flood water.

o



Control the flood water from damaging
the infrastructure and houses.

o



Protect livelihood from damages.


Methodology:

o


The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o



The specific steps for the model are referred to program brochure of this model.


Achievements:

01 protection wall was constructed for flood protection in coastal
area by the IDEAS program.






IDEAS Best Practices Model
-
9


Communication Schemes


Communication schemes not only improves

the
means of communications for the communities
but also opens new horizons for economic
development of the area and human resource.
The coastal areas are the hub of business
specially for fishing and its related activities
and the need of jetty is very a
pparent for these
areas.


2.4

Jetty Facility


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Provide an area where community people can make new boats.

o

Provide the communication facility.

o

Facilitate local businesses requiring
good communication
specially fishing
and its related activities

o

Improve the socio
-
economical status of
community.

o

Improve access for sale, purchase,
supplies etc.

Methodology:

o


The general methodology of this model
is same as those of previous models

o


The specific steps for
each component
of the model are concerned with
technical aspects and are referred to program brochures of each model.

o


The components of this model include:


1.

Jetty Facility


Achievements:

01 jetty was successfully constructed and handed
over to the community.


2.

Non
-

Metal / Concrete Cement Link Road


Achievements:

Construction of 1103 link roads was completed in
different target areas last year.


3.

Bridges/Culverts



Achievements:

149
culverts/ bridges were successfully made by the IDEAS team in target areas during last year.


IDEAS Best Practices Model
-
10


Social Sector Schemes


The social sector scheme model of IDEAS focus
on provision/construction of structures
required for social
development including
health, education facilities etc.


Objectives
:

The objectives of this model are to:

o



Provide infrastructure of facilities
(health, education etc.) which are
either not available or destroyed by
some natural calamity.

o



Facilitate continuation of services
provided through the
constructed/renovated facilities.


Methodology:

o


The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o



The specific steps for the model are referred to program brochure of this

model.

o



The components of this model include.


1.

Renovation of Public Sector School


Achievements:

1077 schools were renovated during the last 02 years of intervention.


2.

Construction of Transient Shelter School


Achievements:

150 transient shelter

schools were built by IDEAS last year.



Model
-
11


Alternate Energy Schemes


The energy is required for several daily activities
and it is either not available or there is great
shortfall. To combat this situation HANDS
-

IDEAS
has come up with best practice model of alternate
energy generation schemes on small scale.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:


o

Provide alternative solar energy for use in
communities

o

Develop and deploy village specific
electricity
generation system.

o

Introduce solar technology for low cost
power supply.


Methodology:

o

The general methodology of this model is same as those of previous models

o

The specific steps for the model are referred to program brochure of this model.

o

The components

of this model include.


1.

Solar Panels

2.

Solar Lights


Achievements:

10500 energy generation schemes were installed by IDEAS including solar panels and solar lights.



Model
-
12


Portable Ceramic Water Filter


Portable Ceramic Water Filter (Gravity Model) is developed by the team of
IDEAS. The filter is ideal for houses without water supply or with insufficient
pressure. It can also be used for camping, traveling in remote areas, Military
and Civil defense use,

No installation is required for this model.


Objectives:

The objectives of this model are to:

o

Provide safe and

o

clean drinking water to community

o

Provide water free from bacteria and harmful germs.

o

Remove all suspended matter in drinking water.




Methodology:

It is manufactured with non
-
toxic food grade plastic with plastic tape. It
consists of two containers, the containers are put one on the top of the other.
The elements are screwed in the upper container. The filter elements are put into the ho
les of the body
so that the thread points at the clean waterside. A washer is put on the thread and the elements are
fastened with the enclosed wing nuts in order to prevent (infected) filtered water from running
through. Upper container is filled with raw

water. While carrying the filter we recommend to unscrew
the filter elements and to pack them carefully one by one. T
he flow of each element is more or less one
liter per hour. The capacity of bottom container is 16 liter and upper container is 25 liter.
The gravity type
filter easily adapted to include one, two, three, or four elements, which

increases the output up to 80 liters.
The filter provides bacteria free safe drinking water by being entirely effective in trapping pathogens
which cause diseases s
uch as cholera, typhoid, amoebic and bacillary dysentery and diarrhea etc. This
filter can provide 20
-
40 liter of pure water per day


Achievements:

IDEAS provided Portable Ceramic Water Filter to 1260

families in target villages during 2011
-
2012.


Best
Practice Training Models


Model
-
13


Training on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)


Objectives:

The objectives of this training are to:

o

Establish understanding of up
-
to
-
date approaches to hygiene promotion and environmental
sanitation in schools and in
communities.

o

Learn and share experiences on current practices in hygiene and environmental sanitation in
communities.

o

Highlight the importance of integrating technical aspects with hygiene and sanitation
promotion for sustained behavior change.


Methodology:

Participatory learning techniques are used

and include short introductory presentations, interactive sessions, lectures, group work, discussion,
case studies, brain
-
storming and practical exercises.


Training Contents:

o

Construction of Site

o

Water quality

o

Best Practice Models

o

Material Handling

o

Inspection and Monitoring

o

Low cost WASH facilities

o

Hygiene improvement units

o

Innovative and WASH friendly Approaches

o

Integrated WASH Units


Training Duration:


03 days


Achievements:

02 trainings were conducted and 32 participants were trained.


Model
-
14


Masons and Community Members Training on Shelter


This model focuses on capacity building of masons and community members to build/rebuild shelters.
The training provides technical
guidance and skills to build

resilient and disaster prone shelters.


Objectives:

The objectives of this training are to:

o

Provide guidance on emergency shelter kits, items contents and specifications.

o

Define an agreed set of standard for shelter design for
humanitarian shelter assistance
programs.

o

Share and review shelter specification of various shelter models.


Methodology:

Participatory learning techniques are used

and include short introductory presentations, interactive sessions, lectures, group work, d
iscussion,
case studies,

brain
-
storming and practical exercises/exposure.


Training Contents:

o

Tarpauline and fixing of kit items

o

Use of lime for mud houses

o

Reinforcement of foundations

o

Painth, DPC and ring beam techniques

o

Construction of resilient houses

o

Shelter models designs, specifications and BOQs


Training Duration:


01 day


Achievments:

120 community members of 27 flood affected villages of Sindh were trained.



Sharing experience in humanitarian shelter projects following conflict and natural
disaster


Situation before the disaster/conflict


Village Mitha Khan Marri is located in UC Kanhar Taluka District
Sanghar. Majority of the people had mud houses due to their limited
income and poverty. They either did not have electricity or had no
proper electricity connections. The infrastructure of th
e area was not
ideal and was not in adorable condition. Schools and health facilities
were functional, majority of people worked on their agriculture crops
for income.


Situation after the disaster/conflict

After the 2011 rains and floods whole of the UC
was devastated by the
floods including village Mitha Khan Marri. Most of the crops were
destroyed by flood, the available improper electricity system totally
became non
-
functional, the houses of people which were mostly made
of mud were washed away, and pe
ople were living in miserable
conditions.


Implementation

DFID supported One Room Shelter (ORS) project helped local
communities to re
-
build their shelters. HANDS in partnership with
DFID started its intervention in the UC by providing roofing kits to the
1500 most affected families. Village Mitha Khan Marri was assessed on
top priority due to its terrible condition and after affects of flood and
rain that involved perishing livestock, extensive damage of crops and
other sources of income for poor people of

the village. HANDS
-
DFID
provided girders, ropes, plastic sheets, bamboos and solar lights to the
beneficiaries of roofing kits.



Samara, Wal Naz, Goosal and Haq Nawaz are the students of primary
school in village Mitha Khan Marri.They live in this villa
ge and have no
facility of electricity at their home. After HANDS provided them with
the solar light, now they study in the light of it in night. Prior to solar
lights, they could study in day time due to other household chores and
at night there was no li
ght . Their teacher Tal Khan, who also belonged to same village, now teaches
them in night too. Samara told that solar lights provided by HANDS
-
DFID has brought a big change in
their lives, although it may seem such a petty thing but its value is known to
the students like me who
couldn't study properly before. Teacher Tal Khan told HANDS team that to me the value of solar light is
more than anything else provided because it is helping the students in studies who are the future of our
nation.


Another
student named Wal Naz expressed her feelings of joy by saying that solar light helps her doing
her home work easily at night and it is the most precious thing to her. Similar remarks were passed by
the other students of the village. Solar light does not on
ly help in studies but it is also a great assistance
to the women of the village for doing any work in the night easily. Thus these solar lights have brought
a big and positive change in the lives of people. People can do their work easily whenever they wa
nt
and it has helped removed the darkness from their lives and will also protect them from potential
dangers of darkness like snakes or wild animal

s attack, robbery etc.