Chapter 1 Guided Reading Questions ch ... - Enumclaw

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A.P. Human Geography

Chapter 1

Guided Reading Notes


Chapter 1
:
Geography, It’ s Nature & Perspectives; Rubenstein, 2
-



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43, 476

482



#1
Introduction, 2

5


1.

Explain the relationship
between globalization and local diversity.


2.

What is the difference betwe
en human geography and physical
geography?


3.
Define each of the following and explain how each can be used by
geographers:

a.

map





b.


place




c.

region




d.

scale




e.

space




f.

connections


#2
Maps, 5

9, 476

482

Answer the
multiple choice questions
.


#3
Contemporary Tools, 9

13

Define each of the following and explain how each can be used by
geographers:

1.

GPS

2.

remote sensing

3.

township and range

4.

GIS


#4
Place: Unique Location of a Feature, 13

17

Answer the
multiple choice questions
.


#5
Regions: Areas of Unique Characteristics, 17

20

1.

What is meant by “cultural landscape”?



2.


Define each of the following and provide an example from where you
live: formal region, functional

region, and vernacular region.







#6 Spat
ial Association, 20

28

1.

You are researching cancer mortality. You look at a map and
observe that cancer rates are higher in the eastern half of the
United States than the western half. You conclude that people who
live in the east are likely to develop cancer. How does Rubenstein’s
example of map scale refute this logic?




2.

Define each of the following in sentences: culture, cultural ecology,
environmental determinism.


#7
Scale: From Local to Global, 28

31

1.

Define:
globalization and transnational corporation, distribution

2.

How do time zones allow banking

to operate worldwide, 24 hour

per day?

3.

According to Rubenstein, what are some American products
available to people all around the world?

4.

Why could the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, be considered
an act of resistence to globalization?



#8
Space, 28

35

1.

Define
:

concentration, density, and pattern

2.

Give one example of where each of the following groups might
cl
uster: men, women, homosexuals.



#9
Connections Between Places, 35

39

1.

Define each of the following: space
-
time compression, distance
decay, diffusion, hearth.

2.

Define relocation diffusion and explain how the euro is an example
of it.

3.

Define hierarchical diffusion and explain how hip hop and rap music
are examples of it.

4.

Define contagious diffusion and explain how the spread of ideas
through the World Wide Web is an example of it.

5.

Define stimulus diffusion and explain how the sale of IBM
-
compatible computers is an example of it.









AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

CHAPTER 1, SECTIO
N 1b

MAPS


Directions:
Choose the best answer.


1. The science of making maps is

a. demography.

b. cartography.

c. topography.

d. geomorphology.

e. meteorology.


2. The first person to use the word geography was

a. Aristotle.

b. Eratosthenes.

c. Strabo.

d.

Thales of Miletus.

e. Thucydides.


3. Scale is

a. the system used by geographers to transfer locations from a globe to a map.

b. the extent of spread of a phenomenon over a given area.

c. the difference in elevation between two points in an area.

d. the
relationship between the length of an object on a map and that feature on the

landscape.

e. the ratio of the largest to smallest areas on a map.


4. 1:24,000 is an example of what kind of scale?

a. bar line

b. metric scale

c. graphic scale

d. written scale

e. fractional scale


5. If the scale of a map is 1:24,000, then 1 inch on the map represents ________ FEET on

Earth's surface.

a. 1

b. 2,000

c. 2,400

d. 24,000

e. 240,000


6. Which map would have the smallest scale?

a. world

b. continent

c. state

d. city

e. county


7. A system for transferring locations from a globe to a flat map is

a. distribution.

b. interruption.

c. rendition

d. scale.

e. projection.


8. Distortion is especially severe on

a. globes.

b. small
-
scale maps.

c. large
-
scale maps.

d. topograph
ic maps.

e. all maps.


9. The U.S. Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the country into a system of

a. townships.

b. ranges.

c. sections.

d. quarter sections.

e. all of the above


10. Which of the following map projections shows the continents most accu
rately?

a. gnomonic

b. homosoline equal
-
area

c. Mercator

d. planar

e. Robinson


11. Which of the following map projections shows the oceans most accurately?

a. gnomonic

b. homosoline equal
-
area

c. Mercator

d. planar

e. Robinson















AP HUMAN
GEOGRAPHY

CHAPTER 1, SECTION 2a

PLACE: UNIQUE LOCATION OF A FEATURE


Directions:
Choose the best answer.


1. The name given to a portion of Earth’s surface is known as

a. location.

b. site.

c. situation.

d. toponym.

e. jargon.


2. Situation identifies a pl
ace by its

a. location relative to other objects.

b. mathematical location on Earth's surface.

c. nominal location.

d. unique physical characteristics.

e. primary dimensions.


3. Site identifies a place by its

a. location relative to other objects.

b.
mathematical location on Earth’s surface.

c. nominal location.

d. unique physical characteristics.

e. primary dimensions.


4. New York City’s ________ is approximately 100 miles northeast of Philadelphia and 100

miles southwest of Boston.

a. location

b. si
te

c. situation

d. toponym

e. jurisidiction


5. Which is true?

a. Every meridian is actually a circle rather than a line.

b. Every meridian is the same length and has the same beginning and end.

c. Every parallel begins and ends at the poles.

d. Every para
llel is the same length.

e. Every meridian is distorted by magnetic declination.


6. A ship’s position is given as 0 degrees latitude and 27 degrees west longitude. W e can

conclude from this information that the ship is located

a. on the equator.

b. at
the North or South Pole.

c. on the Prime Meridian.

d. astride the International Date Line.

e. equidistant between the Prime Meridian and the International Date Line.

7. The hulk of a ship lies on the ocean floor at 41º46'N and 50º14'W. These coordinates

te
ll us that the ship is located in the

a. Straits of Magellan.

b. Indian Ocean.

c. North Sea.

d. Pacific Ocean.

e. Atlantic Ocean.


8. Santa Fe, New Mexico is in the Mountain Time Zone, whereas Tampa, Florida, is in the

Eastern Time Zone. If it is 1 A.M., M
onday, in Tampa, what time is it in Santa Fe?

a. 3 A.M. Sunday

b. 11 P.M. Sunday

c. 3 A.M. Monday

d. 11 P.M. Monday

e. 10 P.M. Sunday


9. A business executive calls from New York (which is located at 75ºW) at 6 P.M. on

Tuesday to Sydney, Australia (which
is located at 150ºE). W hat time is it in Sydney?

a. 9 A.M. Tuesday

b. 9 P.M. Tuesday

c. 9 A.M. Wednesday

d. 9 P.M. Wednesday

e. 6 P.M. Tuesday


10. Greenwich Mean Time is measured from

a. 0 degrees latitude.

b. 0 degrees longitude.

c. 90 degrees latitude.

d. 180 degrees longitude.

e. 90 degrees longitude.


11. The International Date Line is measured approximately from

a. 0 degrees latitude.

b. 0 degrees longitude.

c. 90 degrees latitude.

d. 180 degrees longitude.

e. 90 degrees longitude.