Biome-BGC based Ecosystem Service Indicators

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3 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μέρες)

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B
io
V
e
l

Biome
-
BGC based Ecosystem Service Indicators

Miklós Kertész

BioVeL, OpenNESS

Centre for Ecological Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


Provisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


P
rovisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Society:
decision making

Science, IT:

ecosystem

modeling

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l


Society:
decision


making

Science, IT:


ecosystem


modeling



Conflict

manage
-

ment

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem



models

Output

parameters

Ecosystem
service

indicators

e
-
Services

communication, knowledge management

s
-
Services

communication, problem solving

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


P
rovisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

The concept of
ecosystem services (ES)
provides a powerful way of examining the
interaction between ecosystems and human well
-
being
.

OpenNESS

has been designed to deliver innovative and practical ways of applying the
concepts of Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services in land, water and urban management
in Europe and to examine how they link to, and support, wider EU economic, social and
environmental policy initiatives.


To work
collaboratively with stakeholders
in each case study to
identify the problems
they face in operationalising the Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services concepts in their
specific policy and decision
-
making context;



To
apply and refine the methods
and models to the case studies to
test their relevance
and usefulness

in an iterative manner; and,



To
characterise any common lessons

that can be learnt on the operational potential of
the ES and NC concepts
across the multi
-
scale case studies
.

Aim

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
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26 case with different cultural conditions

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
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Global drivers
Climate change
EU agricultural policy/ WTO
s
Regional drivers
Geomorphology
Regional climate change
National GDP
Government regulation
Disturbance regime
Pulse
Extreme droughts
Pressure
Warming
Lower groundwater
table
Expansion of old
-
fields
Expansion of tree
plantations
Ecosystem structure
Proportion of land cover
types
Connectivity
Species richness
Ecosystem fuction
Water budget
Energy budget
Organic matter and
nutrient dynamics
Ecosystem services
Food
Timber
Fresh water
Water regulation
Regulation of biodiversity
Cultural heritage
Human
b
ehaviour
Migration
Water
use
and
drainage
Extensive afforestation
Land abandonment
T
ourism
Human
o
utcome
Demographic
change
Nature c
onservation
policy
Economic
al
restructuring
Change
in
property
system
Society
-


environment

relations

in Kiskunság,

Central

Hungary

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Global drivers
Climate change
EU agricultural policy/ WTO
s
Regional drivers
Geomorphology
Regional climate change
National GDP
Government regulation
Disturbance regime
Pulse
Extreme droughts
Pressure
Warming
Lower groundwater
table
Expansion of old
-
fields
Expansion of tree
plantations
Ecosystem structure
Proportion of land cover
types
Connectivity
Species richness
Ecosystem fuction
Water budget
Energy budget
Organic matter and
nutrient dynamics
Ecosystem services
Food
Timber
Fresh water
Water regulation
Regulation of biodiversity
Cultural heritage
Human
b
ehaviour
Migration
Water
use
and
drainage
Extensive afforestation
Land abandonment
T
ourism
Human
o
utcome
Demographic
change
Nature c
onservation
policy
Economic
al
restructuring
Change
in
property
system
Society
-


environment

relations

in Kiskunság,

Central

Hungary

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l


Discussion with the stakeholders on their demand

Steps of the Kiskunság case studies


Modeling the effect of past, present and planned land use
management on ecosystem service indicators


Evaluation of optional changes in ecosystem services
applying community involvement


Participation in communication and conflict management


Providing recommendations related to management options
and changes in regulation

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l


Discussion with the stakeholders on their demand

Steps of the Kiskunság case studies


Modeling the effect of past, present and planned land use
management on ecosystem service indicators


Evaluation of optional changes in ecosystem services
applying community involvement


Participation in communication and conflict management


Providing recommendations related to management options
and changes in regulation

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


P
rovisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l


Society:
decision


making

Science, IT:


ecosystem


modeling



Conflict

manage
-

ment

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem



models

Output

parameters

Ecosystem
service

indicators

e
-
Services

communication, knowledge management

s
-
Services

communication, problem solving

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l


Society:
decision


making

Science, IT:


ecosystem


modeling



Conflict

manage
-

ment

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem



models

Output

parameters

Ecosystem
service

indicators

e
-
Services

communication, knowledge management

s
-
Services

communication, problem solving

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES
)

C
ICES
V4.3 at the ‘three digit level’

B
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V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES
)

B
io
V
e
l


Society:
decision


making

Science, IT:


ecosystem


modeling



Conflict

manage
-

ment

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem



models

Output

parameters

Ecosystem
service

indicators

e
-
Services

communication, knowledge management

s
-
Services

communication, problem solving

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Biome
-
BGC 4.1.1 MPI











Daily
/
Annual

Variable type

ID

TYPE

VARIABLE

NAME

UNIT

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

0

metv

metv.prcp

(0)

precipitation

cm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

3

metv

metv.tavg (3)

daily average temperature

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

6

metv

metv.tsoil (6)

daily soil temperature, avg, top 10 cm

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

15

metv

metv.par (15)

photosynthetically active radiation

W/m
2

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

18

metv

metv.co2 (18)

atmospheric concentration of CO2

ppm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

19

metv

metv.dayl (19)

daylength

s

DAILY

water state variables

20

ws

ws.soilw (20)

water stored in soil

kgH
2
O/m
2

DAILY

water flux variables

38

wf

wf.canopyw_evap (38)

evaporation from canopy

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

40

wf

wf.snoww_subl (40)

sublimation from snowpack

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

42

wf

wf.soilw_evap (42)

evaporation from soil

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

43

wf

wf.soilw_trans

(43)

transpiration

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

44

wf

wf.soil.outflow

(44)

outflow

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

carbon state variables

50

cs

cs.leafc

(50)

leaf C

kgC
/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

53

cs

cs.frootc

(53)

fine root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

56

cs

cs.livestemc (56)

live stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

59

cs

cs.deadstemc (59)

dead stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

62

cs

cs.livecrootc (62)

live coarse root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

65

cs

cs.deadcrootc
(65)

dead coarse root C

kgC
/m
2

B
io
V
e
l


Society:
decision


making

Science, IT:


ecosystem


modeling



Conflict

manage
-

ment

Ecosystem
services

Ecosystem



models

Output

parameters

Ecosystem
service

indicators

e
-
Services

communication, knowledge management

s
-
Services

communication, problem solving

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Biome
-
BGC 4.1.1 MPI











Daily
/
Annual

Variable type

ID

TYPE

VARIABLE

NAME

UNIT

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

0

metv

metv.prcp

(0)

precipitation

cm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

3

metv

metv.tavg (3)

daily average temperature

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

6

metv

metv.tsoil (6)

daily soil temperature, avg, top 10 cm

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

15

metv

metv.par (15)

photosynthetically active radiation

W/m
2

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

18

metv

metv.co2 (18)

atmospheric concentration of CO2

ppm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

19

metv

metv.dayl (19)

daylength

s

DAILY

water state variables

20

ws

ws.soilw (20)

water stored in soil

kgH
2
O/m
2

DAILY

water flux variables

38

wf

wf.canopyw_evap (38)

evaporation from canopy

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

40

wf

wf.snoww_subl (40)

sublimation from snowpack

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

42

wf

wf.soilw_evap (42)

evaporation from soil

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

43

wf

wf.soilw_trans

(43)

transpiration

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

44

wf

wf.soil.outflow

(44)

outflow

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

carbon state variables

50

cs

cs.leafc

(50)

leaf C

kgC
/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

53

cs

cs.frootc

(53)

fine root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

56

cs

cs.livestemc (56)

live stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

59

cs

cs.deadstemc (59)

dead stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

62

cs

cs.livecrootc (62)

live coarse root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

65

cs

cs.deadcrootc
(65)

dead coarse root C

kgC
/m
2

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

SUGGESTED OUTPUT VARIABLES TO COMPOSE FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICE INDICATORS

Biome
-
BGC 4.1.1 MPI











Daily
/
Annual

Variable type

ID

TYPE

VARIABLE

NAME

UNIT

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

0

metv

metv.prcp

(0)

precipitation

cm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

3

metv

metv.tavg (3)

daily average temperature

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

6

metv

metv.tsoil (6)

daily soil temperature, avg, top 10 cm

o
C

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

15

metv

metv.par (15)

photosynthetically active radiation

W/m
2

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

18

metv

metv.co2 (18)

atmospheric concentration of CO2

ppm

DAILY

daily meteorological variables

19

metv

metv.dayl (19)

daylength

s

DAILY

water state variables

20

ws

ws.soilw (20)

water stored in soil

kgH
2
O/m
2

DAILY

water flux variables

38

wf

wf.canopyw_evap (38)

evaporation from canopy

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

40

wf

wf.snoww_subl (40)

sublimation from snowpack

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

42

wf

wf.soilw_evap (42)

evaporation from soil

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

43

wf

wf.soilw_trans

(43)

transpiration

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

water flux variables

44

wf

wf.soil.outflow

(44)

outflow

kgH
2
O/m
2
/d

DAILY

carbon state variables

50

cs

cs.leafc

(50)

leaf C

kgC
/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

53

cs

cs.frootc

(53)

fine root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

56

cs

cs.livestemc (56)

live stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

59

cs

cs.deadstemc (59)

dead stem C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

62

cs

cs.livecrootc (62)

live coarse root C

kgC/m
2

DAILY

carbon state variables

65

cs

cs.deadcrootc
(65)

dead coarse root C

kgC
/m
2

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

CICES
Ecosystem

services

E
cosystem

service

indicators

Section

Division

Group

Provisioning

Materials

Biomass
/
Fibre

WOOD

Energy

Biomass

Provisioning

Materials

Biomass

ANPP

Regulation

Maintenance

Climate

regulation

Provisioning

Material

Water

AET

Regulation

Mediation

Liquid

flows

Regulation

Maintenance

Water

conditions

Regulation

Maintenance

Climate

regulation

B
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e
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Time frame:


Yearly

data


Average of 1961
-
199
0
, average of
30
yr

periods


Biome
-
BGC

output



Ecosystem

Services

Indicators



Yearly sums and/or yearly maxima

of
parameters


Sums
,
differences

of
ratios

of

parameters


Standard
deviation

of
parameters

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


P
rovisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Ecosystem

service
indicator

(ESI)

BIOME
-
BGC

paramer
(s)

Calculation

WOOD

Annual

wood

increment

kgC
/m
2

Annual

outputs
:

lifestemc

deadstemc

IF WOODY/NONWOODY = 1

WoodC
(
yr
) =
livestemc
[
yr
]

+
deadstemc
[
yr
]

AnnWoodC
(
yr
) =
WoodC
(
yr
)


WoodC
(y
r
-
1)

GRASS

Yearly

maximum of
grasss

production

kgC
/m
2

Daily output:

leafc

IF WOODY/NONWOODY = 0

GRASS_mx
(
yr
) =
MAX
(
leafc
[
yr
])

GRASS_mx_yearday
(
yr
)

=
yearday
[
GRASS_mx
(
yr
)]

CROP

Yearly

production

kgC
/m
2

Daily output:

leafc

IF WOODY/NONWOODY = 0

GRASS_mx
(
yr
) =
MAX
(
leafc
[
yr
])

GRASS_mx_yearday
(
yr
)

=
yearday
[
GRASS_mx
(
yr
)]

B
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V
e
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Outline


Ecosystem

services

and
models


OpenNESS
case

studies


Ecosystem

service
indicators

and
Biome
-
BGC

parameters


P
rovisioning

services


Regulating

services

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Ecosystem

service
indicator

(ESI)

BIOME
-
BGC

paramer
(s)

Calculation

ANPP

Annual

net
primary

production

kgC
/m
2
/
yr

Daily output
:

daily
_
npp


AnnNPP
(
yr
) = SUM(
daily
_
npp
[yearday1 …
yearday365])

TACS

Total
average

carbon

stock

kgC
/m
2

Annual

output:

totalc

TACS_AvgPrior30
(
yr
) = AVERAGE (
totalc
[yr
-
29




AET

Annual

evapotranspiration

kgH
2
O/m
2
/
yr

Annual

output
s
:

canopyw
_
evap

snoww
_
subl

soilw
_
evap

soilw
_
trans

AnnET
(
yr
) =
canopyw
_
evap
[
yr
]

+
snoww
_
subl
[
yr
]

+
soilw
_
evap
[
yr
]

+
soilw
_
trans
[
yr
]

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Ecosystem

service
indicator

(ESI)

BIOME
-
BGC

paramer
(s)

Calculation

DECOMP

Litter and CWD annual
decomposition rate

kgC
/m
2
/
yr

Annual

output
:

litr1c_
to
_soil1c
litr2c_
to
_soil2c
litr3c_
to
_soil3c

AnnDECOMP
(
year
) = litr1c_
to
_soil1c
[
yr
]

+
litr2c_
to
_soil2c
[
yr
]

+ litr3c_
to
_soil3c
[
yr
]

HUMIF

Humification

in

the

soil

kgC
/m
2
/
yr

Annual

output:

soil3c_
to
_soil4c

HUMIF_AvgPrior30
(
yr
) = AVERAGE
(soil3c_
to
_soil4c[yr
-
29 …
yr
])

LIVEBIO

Live biomass:

proxy for
cleansing

potential

kgC
/m
2

Daily

output
s
:

leafc

frootc

livestemc

livecrootc

Ann
LIVEBIO
(
yr
) =
leafc
[
yr
] +
frootc
[
yr
] +
livestemc
[
yr
] +
llivecrootc
[
yr
]

B
io
V
e
l

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Ecosystem

service
indicator

(ESI)

BIOME
-
BGC

paramer
(s)

Calculation

DESDWO

Damping of Ecosystem
Daily Water Outflow

Daily
outputs
:

prcp

soilw
_
outflow

PRCP_
DailyStd
(
yr
) = STD (
prcp
[yearday1 …
yearday365])


OF_DailyStd
(
yr
) = STD
(
soilw_outflow
[yearday1 … yearday365])

DESDWO
(
yr
) =
PRCP_DailyStd
(
yr
) /

OF_DailyStd
(
yr
)

SOILPROT

Living and dead biomass
protecting the soil
against erosion

kgC
/m
2

Daily output:

leafc


frootc

livecrootc

deadcrootc

cwdc

litr1c (?)

litr2c

litr3c

litr4c

ProtBiomass
(
daily
) =
leafc

+
frootc

+
livecrootc

+
deadcrootc

+
cwdc

+ litr1c + litr2c + litr3c +
litr4c

ProtBiomass_mn
(
yr
) =
MIN(
ProtBiomass
(daily)

ProtBiomass_mn_yearday
(
yr
)

=
yearday
(
ProtBiomass_mn
(
yr
)
)

B
io
V
e
l

Next

steps


Creating input parameter sets and test runs


Cross validation of critical output parameters


Preliminary

e
valuation of ecosystem services
indicators


Application ecosystem service indicators in case
studies

Ecosystem functioning & valuation web services and
workflows



6
-
7
June

2013, Budapest

Thank

you

for

your

attention