Chapter 1 Introducing the

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10 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Chapter 1

Introducing the
Internet and Web Technologies

Chapter Objectives

After learning this chapter you will be able to:


Describe the past, present, and future of the
Internet and Web technologies.


Know various types of Web programming
languages.


Understand a variety of Web development tools
and make proper choices.


Convert text/word documents, presentation
slides, and spreadsheet files into Web pages.

Internet and Web
Technologies


A Brief History of the Internet


Internet Navigation Technologies


First Generation

FTP for listing and transferring files


Second Generation

Gopher for finding text
-
based
information only


Third Generation

HTML for writing static, multimedia Web
page


Fourth Generation

DHTML for writing dynamic, multimedia
Web pages


Fifth Generation

XML (Extensible Markup Language),
WML (Wireless Markup Language),

and WAP (Wireless
Application Protocol)

Web Languages


HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)


You can create HTML files without knowing nor
writing any HTML tags.


However, understanding it helps you develop
advanced Web pages.)


DHTML (Dynamic HTML)


a combination of HTML, scripting, and database
publishing


Script languages: VBScript, JavaScript, ….


Web Development Tools


Microsoft FrontPage 98/2000


MS Expression Web and SharePoint Designer


Netscape Communicator’s Composer
(Free download)


Sun Microsystems
StarOffice

(Free download at
www.sun.com)


Macromedia Dreamweaver
(Free 30
-
day trial at

www.macromedia.com/software/)


Adobe
Golive

(Free 30
-
day trial at

www.adobe.com/products/golive/main.html)


Allaire

Cold Fusion

(Free 30
-
day trial at

www.allaire.com/Products/coldfusion/)


Windows Notepad and Other Text Editors


Web Development Tools

Cont…



PaintShop

Pro
(Shareware, www.jasc.com)


Photoshop
(www.adobe.com)


Microsoft Photo Editor



Active Server Pages (ASP and ASPX)


Common Gateway Interface (CGI)


Java and JavaScript


Visual Basic and VBScript


C++ and C#

Tool Selection

Principle:
Spending Less for More


Buy low and sell high: an investment
approach.


Use freeware, shareware, and beta versions
of the new tools to:


develop innovative, state
-
of
-
the
-
art Web pages
and sites,


keep you on the cutting edge of the new
technologies.



Freeware sites:
www.softseek.com


Search sites:

www.google.com

Learning by Doing



Convert a Text File into HTML


Convert a Spreadsheet File into HTML


Convert a Presentation File into HTML