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IE496

Industrial Engineering
Internship

Dr. Barnes

November 20, 2006

Lecture # 11


Students handing in rough drafts


Abdella


Appelt


Cheng


outline
only


Drucker &
Trifunovski


Hanif


Jankowski



Kotarski


Lee


Liong & Kaczmarski


Nasradinaj


Skerker


Tarrien


Vaidya


Widjaja

Groups with approved ethics
projects


Group 1


both approved


Group 2


both approved


Group 3
-

?


Group 4
-

both approved


Group 5


four approved ?


Group 6


both approved


Group 7
-

?


The Future of
Engineering

Main Topics



Technological Context of
Engineering Practice



Societal, Global, and Professional
Contexts of Engineering Practice



Aspirations for the Engineer of
2020



Attributes of Engineers in 2020


Technological Context of
Engineering Practice



Technological Change



Breakthrough Technologies



Technological Challenges

Technological Change


More change from 1900 to 2000 than
from all time before



Macroscopic
→ Microscopic →




Molecular

→ Atomic → Subatomic

Breakthrough Technologies



Biotechnology



Nanotechnology



Materials Science and Photonics



Information and Communications
Technology



The Information Explosion



Logistics

Biotechnology


T
echnology

based on
biology
, especially when
used in
agriculture
,
food science
, and
medicine
.
The
UN

Convention on Biological Diversity

has
come up with one of many definitions of
biotechnology:
[1]


"Biotechnology means any technological application that
uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives
thereof, to make or modify products or processes for
specific use."



This definition is at odds with common usage in
the United States, where "biotechnology"
generally refers to
recombinant DNA

based
and/or
tissue culture

based processes that have
only been commercialized since the 1970s.

Biotechnology
-

continued


Red biotechnology

is applied to
medical

processes. Some examples are the
designing of organisms to produce
antibiotics
, and the engineering of genetic cures
through
genomic manipulation
.


White biotechnology
, also known as
grey biotechnology
, is biotechnology applied
to
industrial

processes. An example is the designing of an organism to produce a
useful chemical.


Green biotechnology

is biotechnology applied to
agricultural

processes. An
example is the designing of
transgenic plants

to grow under specific environmental
conditions or in the presence (or absence) of certain agricultural chemicals. One hope
is that green biotechnology might produce more environmentally friendly solutions
than traditional industrial agriculture. An example of this is the engineering of a plant
to express a
pesticide
, thereby eliminating the need for external application of
pesticides. An example of this would be
Bt corn
. Whether or not green biotechnology
products such as this are ultimately more environmentally friendly is a topic of
considerable debate.


Bioinformatics

is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems
using computational techniques. The field is also often referred to as computational
biology. It plays a key role in various areas, such as
functional genomics
,
structural
genomics
, and
proteomics
, and forms a key component in the biotechnology and
pharmaceutical sector.


The term
blue biotechnology

has also been used to describe the marine and
aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare.

What is Nanotechnology?



Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions
of roughly 1 to 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel
applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering and
technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and
manipulating matter at this length scale.


At the nanoscale, the physical, chemical, and biological properties of
materials differ in fundamental and valuable ways from the properties of
individual atoms and molecules or bulk matter. Nanotechnology R&D is
directed toward understanding and creating improved materials, devices,
and systems that exploit these new properties.



One area of nanotechnology R&D is medicine. Medical researchers work at

the micro
-

and nano
-
scales to develop new drug delivery methods,
therapeutics and pharmaceuticals. For a bit of perspective, the diameter of
DNA, our genetic material, is in the 2.5 nanometer range, while red blood
cells are approximately 2.5 micrometers. Additional information about
nanoscale research in medicine

is available from the National Institutes of
Health.


A nanometer is one
-
billionth of a meter; a sheet of paper is about 100,000
nanometers thick. See
The Scale of Things

for a comparative view of the
sizes of commonly known items and nanoscale particles.

Photonics

The science and technology of
generating, controlling, and
detecting
photons
, particularly in the
visible light

and near
infra
-
red

spectrum
.

Applications of Photonics


Consumer Equipment:
Barcode

scanner, printer, CD/DVD/Blu
-
ray
devices, remote control devices


Telecommunications
: Optical fiber communications


Medicine
: correction of poor eyesight, laser surgery, surgical
endoscopy, tattoo removal


Industrial
manufacturing
: the use of lasers for welding, drilling,
cutting, and various kinds of surface modification


Construction
: laser levelling, laser rangefinding, smart structures


Aviation
: photonic gyroscopes lacking any moving parts


Military
: IR sensors, command and control, navigation, search and
rescue, mine laying and detection


Entertainment
: laser shows, beam effects, holographic art


Information processing



Metrology
: time and frequency measurements,
rangefinding



Photonic computing
: clock distribution and communication
between
computers
,
circuit boards
, or within optoelectronic
integrated circuits
; in the future:
quantum computing


Technological Challenges



Physical Infrastructures in Urban
Settings



Information and Communications
Infrastructures



The Environment



Technology for an Aging Population

Societal, Global, and
Professional Contexts of
Engineering Practice



Social Context



Professional Context for Engineers of
the Future



Implications for Engineering Education


Social Context



Population and Demographics



Health and Healthcare



The Youth Bulge and Security
Implications



The Accelerating Global Economy

Professional Context for Engineers
in the Future



The Systems Perspective


Working in Teams


Complexity



Customerization



Public Policy



Public Understanding of Engineering



Building on Past Successes and
Failures

Implications for Engineering
Education



An Aging Population



The Global Economy



The Five
-

or Six
-
Year Professional Degree



Immigration and the Next Generation of
U.S. Engineering Students



Building on Past Successes and Failures


Education Research


Teamwork, Communication, and Public
Policy

Aspirations for the

Engineer of 2002



Visions of the Committee

Visions of the Committee



Our Image of the Profession



Engineering without Boundaries



Engineering a Sustainable Society
and World



Education of the Engineer of 2020

Our Image and the Profession

By 2020, we aspire to



a public that will understand and
appreciate the profound impact of the
engineering profession on socio
-
cultural
systems, the full spectrum of career
opportunities accessible through an
engineering education, and the value of an
engineering education top engineers
working successfully in non
-
engineering
jobs.

Our Image and the Profession
-

continued

We aspire to



a public that will recognize the union
of professionalism, technical
knowledge, social and historical
awareness, and traditions that serve
to make engineers competent to
address the world’s complex and
changing challenges.


Our Image and the Profession
-

continued

We aspire to



engineers in 2020 who will remain well
grounded in the basics of mathematics
and science, and who will expand their
vision of design through solid grounding in
the humanities, social sciences, and
economics. Emphasis on the creative
process will allow more effective
leadership in the development and
application of next
-
generation
technologies to problems of the future.

Engineering without Boundaries

We aspire to



an engineering profession that will rapidly
embrace the potentialities offered by
creativity, invention, and cross
-
disciplinary
fertilization to create and accommodate
new fields of endeavors, including those
that require openness to interdisciplinary
efforts with non
-
engineering disciplines
such as science, social science, and
business.

Engineering without Boundaries
-

continued

By 2020 we aspire to



engineers who will assume leadership
positions from which they can serve as
positive influences in the making of public
policy and in the administration of
government and industry.



an engineering profession that will
effectively recruit, nurture, and welcome
underrepresented groups to its ranks.

Engineering a Sustainable Society
and World

It is our aspiration that



engineers will continue to be leaders
in the movement toward use of wise,
informed, and economical
sustainable development. This
should begin in our educational
institutions and be founded in the
basic tenets of the engineering
profession and its actions.

Engineering a Sustainable Society and
World
-

continued

We aspire to a future where



engineers are prepared to adapt to
changes in global forces and trends
and to ethically assist the world in
creating a balance in the standard of
living for developing and developed
countries alike.

Education of the Engineer of 2020

It is our aspiration that



engineering educators and practicing engineers
together undertake a proactive effort to prepare
engineering education to address the technology
and societal challenges and opportunities of the
future. With appropriate thought and
consideration, and using new strategic planning
tools, we should reconstitute engineering
curricula and related educational programs to
prepare today’s engineers for the careers of the
future, with due recognition of the rapid pace of
change in the world and its intrinsic lack of
predictability.

Education of the Engineer of 2020
-

continued

Our aspiration is to



shape the engineering curriculum for
2020 so as to be responsive to the
disparate learning styles of different
student populations and attractive for all
those seeking full and well
-
rounded
education that prepares a person for a
creative and productive life and positions
of leadership.

Attributes of Engineers
in 2020



Connections between
Engineering Past, Present,
and Future

Guiding Principles



The pace of technological innovation will
continue to be rapid (most likely
accelerating)



The world in which technology will be
deployed will be intensely globally
interconnected.


The population of individuals who are
involved with or affected by technology
(e.g., designers, manufacturers,
distributors, users) will be increasingly
diverse and multidisciplinary.

Guiding Principles
-

continued



Social, cultural, political, and
economic forces will continue to
shape and affect success of
technological innovation.



The presence of technology in our
everyday lives will be seamless,
transparent, and more significant
than ever.

Connections between Engineering

Past, Present, and Future

Will



require strong analytical skills



exhibit practical ingenuity



have creativity



require good communication



need to master principles of management and
business



understand principles of leadership



possess high ethical standards and strong
professionalism



demonstrate dynamism, agility, resilience, and
flexibility



be lifelong learners

Game

Let’s make a list of what you
believe will be the top
strategic technologies for the
year 2020.

Battelle



Battelle’s Technology Forecasts



http://www.battelle.org/forecasts/de
fault.stm


Battelle’s 2020 Strategic Technologies


Genetic
-
based Medical and Health Care



High
-
power energy packages



GrinTech

(Green Integrated Technology)


Omnipresent Computing



Nanomachines



Personalized Public Transportation



Designer Foods and Crops



Intelligent Goods and Appliances



Worldwide Inexpensive and Safe Water



Super Senses


Rising Above the Gathering
Storm


Energizing and
Employing America for a Brighter
Economic Future

A report from the National
Academy of Sciences, the National
Academy of Engineering, and the
Institute of Medicine

Charge

U.S. Congress


what are the top
actions that federal policy
-
makers
could take to enhance the science
and technology enterprise so that
the United States can successfully
compete, prosper and be secure in
the global community of the 21
st

Century?

Top Actions

1.
Increase America’s talent pool by vast
improving K


12 science and
mathematics

2.
Sustain and strengthen the nation’s
traditional commitment to long
-
term
basic research

3.
Make the U.S. the most attractive setting
to study and perform research

4.
Insure that the U.S. is the premier place
in the world to innovate



Info source


The Engineer of 2020


Visions of
Engineering in the New Century
, National
Academy of Engineering, 2002.


The Battelle company, Columbus, Ohio


Rising Above the Gathering Storm
,
National Academy of Sciences, National
Academy of Engineering, and Institute of
Medicine, 2005.


Wikipedia



Your ethics assignments are due
next week



Four groups will present in our next
class


the other three the following
week.



All must submit their assignments
electronically by eob, November 27
th
.