Food - Amazon S3

jamaicanabsorbingΒιοτεχνολογία

5 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 5 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

195 εμφανίσεις

Agriculture

Biotechnology is being applied to
microbes, plants, and animals to
produce useful products or to improve
species.


Genetic Engineering

Human manipulation of an organism's
genome using modern DNA
technology.

Allows plant and animal breeders to
incorporate genes for desirable traits
from any species into an unrelated
species


Application

Improved crop plants with resistance to
disease or insects

Pharmaceuticals made from plants and
animals

More nutritious food and animal feeds


tools to clean up soils and water

Diagnostic tools for animal and plant
diseases

Industrial products such as fuels and
plastics made from plants and trees.


Plants

Crops

Crops with built
-
in insect or virus resistance

Crops with built
-
in tolerance to herbicides

Crops with built
-
in tolerance to marginal
conditions (temperature, pH, salinity, etc.)

Ornamental horticultural products with
improved color and other qualities

Fiber plants with built
-
in color or fiber qualities


Plants

Pharmaceuticals

Plants that produce edible vaccines and
other pharmaceuticals

Food

Food products with improved taste and
nutritional qualities

Food with improved handling and
processing qualities


Plants

Industrial

Plants that produce plastics, fuels, and
other products

Plants for environmental cleanup

Other

Pesticides made from naturally
-
occurring
microorganisms and insects

Diagnostic kits for improved on
-
site
diagnosis of plant disease


Animals

Breeding

Animals with built
-
in disease resistance

Animals cloned to produce exact copies
of desired stock

Animals bred to produce increased
yields of meat, eggs & milk


Animals

Food

Engineered hormones reintroduced
into cows to increase milk production

Engineered hormones reintroduced
into pigs to produce leaner meat

Farm
-
raised fish using growth
hormones that result in earlier market
-
ready fish


Animals

Animal Health

Microorganisms introduced into animal
feeds for beneficial purposes

Accurate sensitive diagnostics to assist
in disease detection, pregnancy
detection


Animals

Pharmaceuticals

Animals engineered to produce human
proteins for drugs, including insulin,
human plasminogen activator, and
vaccines.

Animals engineered to produce organs
suitable for transplantation into humans


Environment

Engineered plants and
microorganisms to break down
contaminated soils and water

Animal waste management by natural
means, using plants and
microorganisms


Food

Enzymes that aid in production of
food products

Techniques that detect the presence
of food spoilage organisms