Emerging Computer Applications

jabgoldfishΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

19 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

68 εμφανίσεις

Emerging Computer Applications
2007

50
th

Anniversary

of the

British Computer Society

Emerging Computer Applications
2007

40
th

Anniversary

of the

Sussex Branch of the

British Computer Society

Thanks to our Sponsors


Sponsoring Students:


University of Brighton


Professor David Arnold


J. P. Morgan



Sponsoring Everybody as Conference Host:


University of Sussex


Informatics Department :
Professor John Carroll



Introduction



A brief framework for
the conference theme

50 years on who would have
guessed?


The original title


Things that have emerged from ideas to practical
applications


50 years ago electronic computers were technically a
practical proposition


40 years ago saw the beginning of the spread of
computing from specialist to more general usage. The
realisation that a new Technology for Information
processing was emerging

50 years on who would have
guessed?


The original title


Exciting things that have emerged from early ideas into
practical applications


50 years ago electronic computers were technically a
practical proposition


40 years ago saw the beginning of the spread of
computing from specialist to more general usage. The
realisation that a new Technology for Information
processing was emerging

50 years on who would have
guessed?


The original title


Things that have emerged from ideas to practical
applications


50 years ago electronic computers were technically a
practical proposition


40 years ago saw the beginning of the spread of
computing from specialist to a more general usage.
The realisation that a new Technology for Information
processing was emerging

50 years on who would have
guessed?


The original title


Things that have emerged from ideas to practical
applications


50 years ago electronic computers were technically a
practical proposition


40 years ago saw the beginning of the spread of
computing from specialist to a more general usage.
The realisation that a new Technology for Information
processing was emerging

An Information Processing or
Modelling Classification Space

Representing Information

Languages, Mathematics,
Graphics, Scale and
Analogue Models

Design and Production Using
Models in the Design
Process Applying both A and
B to producing new products
and services

The Scientific Method
Empirical Studies to Find the
best models to represent the
physical world

A

C

B

(1967)

Information or Data Processing?


Processing Information
by Manipulating its
Representation



Automatic Symbolic
Data Processing



New Technology

Representation Levels


Image Data

v
Language Data



Requires Human Intervention or
Artificial Intelligence



Man
-

Machine Systems


Computer Aided Systems


Autonomous Systems


Information Flow System

Environment

Physical

Machine

Actuators

&

Robots

People

Natural Language

Organisation

Computer

System

Measure

Control

Perception

Action

Language

Graphics

Remote

Sensing

Machine

Vision

Symbolic
Data

Command
Data

Analogue
Data

Motion

Introducing a new technology changes patterns of work

The task is to maintain flows of information

Information System Hierarchy


Programmable Hardware

+ Language translators & Operating Systems
w


Computer Systems

+ Communication & Parallel Processing
w


Networked & Distributed Systems

+ Remote Sensing & Automatic Data Capture & Storage
w


Information Systems

+ Feedback & Control
w


Management & Control Systems

+ Mobility & Articulated Motion
w


Robots & Autonomous Systems

+ Manufacture & Repair
w


Self
-
Replicating Autonomous Systems

Causes of Change


The Nature of Information Storage


Text and Graphics to Digital



New Modes of Communication


Interactive Interfaces


Conversational & Animated Graphics, Machine Vision


Speech Synthesis and Recognition



Digital Convergence


Economic forces maximising data availability and use

Evolution of
Communication


Eyes
1

Ears

Vision

1

Hearing


Graphics & Text

2

Spoken Language

&

Music

Computer Aided
Design

Computer
Graphics

Geometric
Modelling

Sculpture

Cave painting

Hieroglyphics & Cuneiform

Roman Alphabet & Numerals

Murals

Printing

Musical Notation

Arabic Numerals

Natural Languages

Singing

Dance

Television

Photography

Algebra

Radio

Classical Music

& Opera

Telephone

Gramophone

Painting

Drawing

Geometry

Technical Drawing

Engraving

Computer Languages

Musical
Instruments

Interactive Computer Graphics

Image
Processing

Computer Vision

Camera

TV Camera

Abacus

NC tools &
Laser
Lithography

Natural
Language
Recognition

Model Based Three Dimensional Television

Robots

Mobile
Telephone

Video Telephone

Signing

Grammars

CAT, MRI
and PET
scanners

VISION

HEARING

SYMBOLIC

Spatial Models


Spatial models
underpin visual
modes of
communication



Spatial Models
also underpin a
large number of
applications


CAD

CAM

CAE


Pilot Training
Simulators



Environmental

Planning &
Monitoring

Geographical

Information
Systems

Medical
Epidemiological

Studies

CAT

MRI

PET

Scanners


CAL

Education

Applications


e
-
Books

Publishing



TV

Games

Entertainment

Cinema

Real

and Virtual
Environment
Modelling


This Morning’s Programme


Dr Andrew Fitzgibbon (Microsoft)


sends his apology


e
-
mail yesterday he cannot make it: for family reasons


Dr Joss Knight



Natural Motion in Animation



Prof Paul Gough



Intelligent Space Instruments


Dr Nick Collins



Experiments in Music

This Afternoon’s Programme


Dr John Torry



Heart Sounds


Dr Des Watson



3D Body Scanning


Prof Dave Arnold



History Heritage



Prof Nigel Shadbolt



BCS presidential keynote address