1 - 北京师范大学精品课程

imminentpoppedΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

23 Φεβ 2014 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

65 εμφανίσεις

China Geography



Professor

Wang Jing’ai


Tel

㘲㈰㤰㈴

H
);
㔸㠰㜴㔴
-
ㄶ㌲3

O



E
-
浡楬:
獱煀扮甮敤甮据

School of Geography , Beijing Normal University


1.
Course Orientation


2.
Course Target


3.
Course Content


4.Teaching Design


5.Reference List










Introduction

1.
Course Orientation

Quality Oriented
Education



High Normal School
Geography



Geography Subject


1.1 Status of
China Geography
in Geography
Subjects


Cognition (1)


Dichotomy in Traditional Geography
:


Physical Geography & Human Geography


Systematic Geography & Regional Geography

Topical Geography & Integrated Geography

General Physical Geography

Physical Geography

Integrated Geography

Regional Physical Geography

China Physical Geography

Paleogeography

Topical Geography

Geography

Human Geography

Regional Human Geography

China Human Geography

Systematic Human Geography

“China Geography” belongs to Regional Geography with synthesis characteristics.


∙∙∙

∙∙∙

China

Geography

Cognition (2)

Basic Geography


Application
Geography


Region

Geosciences



Resource & Environment Science

“China Geography” combines Geosciences and Resource &
Environment with basic and application characteristics.

Geography Science is an intersecting subject on natural science
and social science.


Dichotomy in Modern Geography (Qian Xuesen)

:


China

Geography


Cognition

(
3
)

Social
-
Human science

Socio
-
Cultural
Geography and
Branch


Regional
Geography


Physical
Geography
and Branch


Economic
Geography
and Branch

Biogeography


Tec
-
economy




“China Geography” is an intersecting subject on
Nature,Society(Human) and Economy(Technology),with
high integration.


Trichotomy

in

Modern

Geography

(Yang

Wuyang

et,al
.
)

China

Geography

Three Key Words in Regional Geography





Region

䍯湣C灴楯n





Synthesis

䵥瑨Md





PRED

剥杩潮o氠卵獴S楮i扬攠
Development



Terms about Region



Place


Area


Region


Space


Location


Unit


Globe


World

Scale

Relation

Physics

Multi
-
Dimension and 3s Technology of Region


Three Dimensional Space

䙲潭 獰桥物s慬a獵牦s捥c瑯 晬慴 ⡭(瀠
灲潪散瑩e温n畳楮朠汯湧楴畤攠
\

污瑩瑵摥d 慬瑩瑵摥d瑯 楤敮瑩晹i汯捡l楯渮



Attribute Radius

䥤敮e楦礠瑨攠r敧楯渠w楴栠獯浥s来g杲g灨p挠捨慲慣瑥牳c


Corresponding to some patches in the map

M


†† ††††
䑥D敲浩湥n瑨攠湡瑵re



䕮敲杹g䑩晦敲敮瑩慴a潮



Orientation
-
Delimitation

G偓


Multi
-
Dimensional Geographic Characters

G䥓

O癥牬慹楮朠獯捩慬a慮搠
湡瑵牡氠楮景牭慴r潮



Temporal Dimension

D楦晥f敮t T敭灯牡氠䑩浥湳楯渠慮搠剥獯汵瑩潮


Status in Geography Teaching of Middle School


Geography 7 to 9 grade

Globe and Map

Local Geography

World Geography

China Geography

1.2
Status of
China Geography

in
National
Quality
-
oriented Education

Full
-
Time

Compulsory


Education

of Ministry of Education

Geographical Curriculum

Criterion


2001


Earthman

G敯杲慰g楣

䕮癩牯湭敮E(剥R潵牣e

慮d

䕮癩牯湭敮E)

††


坯W汤

m慮

啮i癥牳慬

L慮杵慧a

乵N扥爬乯瑥ⱅt敭敮t

Symbol,English

Number,Figure,

Computer

language




Chinaman

䍨楮敳i

䍨C牡r瑥物t瑩捳

䍨楮敳i

䍨C牡r瑥牳t

䍨in敳e

䡩獴H特

,
䍨楮i

䝥潧牡灨r
,
䍨楮敳e

䱡眬

䍨楮敳i

䍵汴畲l


††

Human

偳P捨c汯杹

兵慬Q瑹ⱂ潤y

兵慬Q瑹





Status in
National Quality
-
oriented Education

Understanding of Citizen Quality


Understanding of Future Professional Quality

Scientist

Functionary

Entrepreneur

Educationist

Technology Forum

Special Class

Teachers Forum

Commercial Sea

Forum

Management Forum

China Geography ∙Resources∙Environment

剥R楯湡汩穡t楯測n䥮瑥I牡瑩潮

China Geography

乡瑩潮慬N䍯C摩瑩潮d

Brainman


Courses in Specialty


剥煵楲敤


潦⁇ 潧牡r桹
Department

ㄹ㔲
-
ㄹ㤵




Traditional

Regional

Geography

Course

4

灡牴p





Chinese

Physical

Geography

World

Physical

Geography



Chinese

Economic

Geography

World

Economic

Geography





1.3 Status of
China Geography

in High Normal
School Geography



Geography Teaching Instruction Committee of Ministry of Education in
1995


R敧楯ia氠䝥Gg牡灨礠楳it桥h
捯r攠捯畲ue

of g敯g牡灨礠畮摥牧牡摵慴a
t敡捨楮g


䍨楮愠

䝥潧牡灨r

䍨楮敳i 偨P獩s慬a
Geography

Chinese Economic
Geography

Integrate


Department of the Resource & Environmental
Science

剥煵楲id
)(
ㄹ㤵
-
㈰〱









Basic Speciality Course of Department of the Resource &
Environmental Science

㈰〱
-
㈰〳




Basic Speciality Course of Department of School of
Geography

㈰〴



Geography, Resource & Environmental Science, GIS

r敱畩e敤




More than 70 percent of theses including doctor,master and
bachelor,saved by this department data room,research on
China Geography



晲潭 ㄹ㠲⁴漠ㄹ㤶



Basic Foundation and Domain of Choosing Title of Writing Thesis

China

Geography

2.
Course Target



Target of Knowledge:



Understand: the location of China and its meaning


Master: the features and structure of geographical environment

of China


Understand: the basic process of formation and evolution of

geographical environment


Know: the regional division of China


Analyze: the relationship of PRED of typical regions



偯灵污l楯測剥獯畲捥ⱅ湶楲潮浥湴 慮搠卵獴慩湡扬攠䑥癥n潰浥湴



Target of Ability and Skill:



The ability of differentiating remote sensing images;


The ability of analyzing maps;


The ability of analyzing regions interactively;


The ability of finding regional problems;


The ability of regional innovative thoughts and describing regional geography.



Target of Attitude and Emotion:




Teacher



A superior teacher demonstrates


Persist on developing good points to avoid shortcomings



Student



Earnest, Honesty, Observe the laws of the course


Increase the passion for our homeland, care about the existence and

development of our country and hometown



Diligence,

Practical
-
mended,
Innovation



Research Object

䕡牴栠卵牦慣攠䱡祥爠
inside China Boundary




Main
Assignment






Illuminate the characters, mechanism and differentia of
Structure of China
geography


Understand national conditions

扵楬搠異⁣潮捥灴c潦 獵獴慩湡扬攠
development

Settle the foundation of geography education and regional geography of
China

3.1 Research Object and Assignment


3.Course Content



Indicate “Region+Integration+Sustainable Development”


Three

keys



From

dualism

to

monism
:
Chinese

physical

geography,Chinese

human/economic

geography

Chinese

physical

geography

+

Chinese

human/economic

geography

Integration

of

facing

to

PRED



Regional

difference

of

China

geography
:

physical

zones

differentia

human
-
land

system



Content
:
Chinese

physical

geography,Chinese

human/economic

geography


Population,resource,environment

and

development

3.2
Guiding Thought for Content Design


3.3 Planning of Course Content



章结构


China in the
world


Part 1 China Geography Location and
Territory (Foundation)

Chinese Landscape Optical
Models


Map Grid

Latitude and Longitude

Coordinates

Governance

Area Network

Part 2 China Geography Structure


Geography
Structure Basis



Geography
Landscape

Pattern


Physiognomy


Climate


Land Cover

Physiognomy Structure



Upheaval of
Tibetan Plateau


Hydro


Thermal Structure


Water System
Structure


Vegetation Soil
Structure

Biology Structure

Population Density,Agriculture,Politics,Industrialization and
Urbanilization

Differentiate of Three
Natural Zones



Physical Structure


Geography Structure of Three Zones

Human
Activity

Hu Population Line

Differentia

Population Distribution Pattern

Transportation Pattern

Land Use Structure of Big Agriculture

Urban Cluster(Industrial Structure)

Landscape Optical Models

of China Typical Regions

Homework 1

CAI

Homework 2

Map

RS

Field Investigation

Part 2

China Geographic Process

䕭灨E獩s


36 hundred
million year

67 mil.year

170ten thousand year

North

China


Plate


Rudiment of

Physiognomy

Modern

Physiognomy

The ancients

appearance

Three

natural zones

6000 year

Natural environment

evolvement process

Process of Agriculture

1949 year

1736 year

A.D.

now

future

Industrialization

urbanization process


Evolvement of

Agricultural Regions


Land degradation and

ecological construction

Natural environment

evolvement process with


human activity

urbanization process

Change of population,grain

and farming land

Spatial temporal change of natural disasters

Economic region evolvement

Assessment of urbanization process

Natural and human environment

evolvement process


Human and natural environment

evolvement process

Part 3

Regional Sustainable Development and Integrated Analysis of China

䅰灬楣慴楯a


Regional Division of China Geography

Regional

PRED

Environmental Protection


in Resource Development

Resource Development


in Environmental Protection

Regional

Geography

characters

Contrast of

Geography Regions

Promote the Beneficial

and Abolish the Harmful

Land Consolidation

and Regional Development

Typical Regions

4.Teaching Design and Require of
China
Geography

Course


4.1 Teaching Model


Teaching step
:multi
-
resources information
--
teachers and students two
-
way to feedback


Including

prelection, CAI,scientific report, network


interview,written examination,practice,homework,discussion

Lecture in classroom

teaching mainly

敬散ero湩挠獯晴ware


†† † † † † † † † † † † †
䍁䤠C獳楳瑩湧


獣楥湴楦楣sr数e牴

Discussion

improvisatory Discussion


problems or homework discussion


thematic argument

Homework Model

make thematic map,collect television information


small article with problems

4.2 Studying Model




Inject teaching content into research project,adopt
“cooperation
-
discussion” teaching method,develop
research study mainly.



Teaching content at province level,adopt “pearl
-
necklace”
teaching method,develop independent study mainly.



Persist “elicitation” in the course of teaching ,adopt
“guide
-

instruct
-
teach” teaching method,develop
exploration study.

4.3 Requirement


Class attending

first to second class on Wednesday;


first to second class on Friday.


Not late for feedback, not absent.

Homework

deliver homework within two weeks, expired or not.

Discussion

every person no less than one core lecture


practice

not absent.


Achievement Assessment

integrated
assessment of structural achievement


u s u a l

a s s e s s m e n t

ac c o u n t i n g

f o r

30
%





mid
-
term

楮i敲癩敷

數慭

慣捯畮瑩tg

景r

20
%



f i n a l

r e s u l t s

a c c o u n t i n g

f o r

50
%



Student Organization



2 students who recommend themselves
curriculum deputy



group

㜠獴畤敮瑳 敶敲礠y牯異


1 students leader every group


5.Suggestion of Main References


5.1 References Structure of
China Geography

Course


5.2 Course Teaching Materials




Geography of China


Chief
-
editor:Zhao Ji and Chen Chuankang

Part 1 Preface Theory





1
.
Location

and

Territory



2
.
Physical

Structure



3
.
Coast

and

Coastal

Water



4
.
Population

and

Economic

Development



5
.
Traditional

Cultural

and

Modern

Spatial

Process



6
.
Disaster

and

Environment



7
.
Landscape

and

Planning



8
.
Land

Renovation

and

Regional

Development

Strategy



Wang Jing’ai, Zhao Ji,


Electronic Teaching plan


on China Geography,


Higher Education Press,2004


Content Structure

1.Location and Territory



2.Physical Structure


3. Coast and Coastal Water


4.Population and

Economic Development

5.Traditional Cultural and

Modern Spatial Process

6.Disaster and Environment

7.Landscape and Planning

8.Land Renovation and

Regional Development Strategy


Part 2 Regional Analysis


9.Northeast China

10.Northern China

11.Shanxi,Shannxi and Inner Mongolia Areas

12.
The Middle and Lower Reaches along Yangtze River

13.Southeast China

14.Northwest China

15.Southwest China

16.Qinghai Tibet Areas

Content Structure

8

Geography Integrated Areas

10.Northern China

9.Northeast China

11.Shanxi,Shannxi and

Inner Mongolia Areas

12.
The Middle and Lower

Reaches along Yangtze River

13.Southeast China

14.Northwest China

15.Southwest China

16.Qinghai Tibet Areas

Environmental and

Resource Conditions

Economic Development

Characteristics

Problems in Developing

Regional Development

Orientation


5.3 Core Teaching Materials


Zhao Ji, Chen Chuankang,
China Geography

(Textbook Series for 21st Century),
Higher Education Press, 1999


Zhao Ji, Zhang Chao,
Multiple Media Teaching Software in Physical Geography of
China (3 disks)
,

Higher Education Electronic and Audio and Video Press, Higher
Education Press, 2000.


Wang Jing’ai, Zhao Ji,
Electronic Teaching Plan on China Geography
, Higher
Education Press, Higher Education Electronic and Audio and Video Press , 2000


5.4 Related Journals


Acta

Geographica

Sinica


Geographical

Research


Scientia

Geographica

Sinica


Journal

of

Natural

Resources


Chinese

National

Geography


Chinese

Population

Resource

and

Environment



China

Geography

Renmin

University

of

China

Copy

Journal



5.5 Main Website



National
-
provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions
-

local or Development


Zone, the regional website at all levels providing teaching platform.



PPT Download Website

晴瀺⼯㈱〮㌱⸶㠮ㄷp


湡浥

獴畤敮琠††††††敹ew潲摳

獴畤敮u

5.6 Read Related Biography and Treatise of Chinese

Geographers




Understanding of Chinese geographers growth


Academic perspective to China Geography


Contribution to the developing of China Geography