Airport Surface Wireless

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Federal Aviation

Administration

Airport Surface Wireless
Communications
System Update

Presented to: ACP WG
-
M

By: Brent Phillips/FAA


Systems Engineering and Safety Office

Date: Nov 16, 2009

Glenn Research Center

Cleveland, Ohio

2

Federal Aviation

Administration

Outline of Topics


FY05
-
07 Background


AP17: Future Communications Study


WRC
-
07 New Spectrum Allocations for A/G Comms



FY08
-
09 Activities


NextGen Planning with FAA and Eurocontrol coordination


NAS Enterprise Architecture Communications Roadmap


Project Level Agreement: Future Communications


C
-
band Airport Surface Wireless Communications




FY10+ Activities


New RTCA Special Committee SC
-
223


Pending AP:30 Future Communications Infrastructure



Research Program Status


Mobile and Fixed Applications


Test Bed and Hardware Implementation


Next Steps

2

ICAO Endorsed Common FCS
Technology Recommendations

United States

Europe

Airport

Oceanic/Remote

Continental

Oceanic/Remote

Airport

Continental


P34/TIA
-
902

LDL

B
-
AMC

AMACS

P34/TIA
-
902

LDL

B
-
AMC

AMACS

Inmarsat SBB

Inmarsat SBB

Custom Satellite

Custom Satellite

IEEE 802.16e

Custom Satellite

Common Shortlist

IEEE 802.16e

[ICAO ACP R
1] Develop a new system based on the IEEE 802.16e
standard operating in the C
-
band and supporting the airport surface
environment.

A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Airport Surface Communications


Highest concentration of users in NAS


Air traffic control, airport operations, airline operations, safety


Mobile and fixed assets


Mobile access to SWIM

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

C
-
band Datalink Recommendations


Develop airport surface system based on IEEE 802.16e standard


[A1.1]
Identify the portions of the IEEE standard best suited for
airport surface wireless communications,
identify and develop any
missing functionality and propose an aviation specific standard to
appropriate standardisation bodies;


[A1.2]
Evaluate and validate the performance
of the aviation specific
standard to support wireless mobile communications networks
operating in the relevant airport surface environments through trials
and test bed development;


[A1.3]
Propose a channelization
methodology
for allocation of safety
and regularity of flight services in

the band
to accommodate a range
of airport classes, configurations
and operational requirements;



[A0.4] Complete business analysis in relation to the FCI components
and implementation from the perspective of the ground infrastructure
and the airlines.

A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

2007 World Radiocommunications


Conference Decision


The WRC
-
07 approved adding an AM(R)S allocation for 5091
-
5150 MHz to the International Table of Frequency Allocations


Removed prior limitation in so
-
called MLS Extension Band for
“support of navigation/surveillance functions”


AM(R)S designation for safety and regularity of flight applications


No interference allowed with other occupants in the band: non
-
GEO
satellite feeder links and aeronautical telemetry


Protected allocation enables ICAO to develop international standards
for airport mobile (i.e., wheels in contact) surface wireless
communications networks that include fixed assets


Ideal for airport surface wireless network with short range (~10 km or less
sector coverage) and high data throughput (10s of Mb/s)


The WRC
-
11 will consider adding an AM(R)S allocation in the
5000
-
5030 MHz band

A I R T R A F F I C O R G A N I Z A T I O N

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

NextGen Implementation Plan 2009

7


Contributed to FAA planning and content of NextGen
Implementation Plan


Improve Collaborative Air Traffic Management


New ATM Requirements: Future Communications


FY09 Milestones


Concepts of use, preliminary requirements, and
architecture for C
-
band airport surface wireless
communication system


Test bed infrastructure to enable validation of
aviation profile of IEEE 802.16e standard

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

NextGen Implementation Plan 2009

8

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

PLA and SAA Tasks


Governing FAA Project Level Agreement


G1M 02
-
02_SysDev_09PLA signed on 27 February 2009


Space Act Agreement (SAA3
-
978 Mod 1)


Defined GRC’s responsibilities signed on 6 May 2009


FAA FY09 Funding


~$700k in May 2009; ~$1.4M in September 2009


ITT Task Order Task 7


L
-
band and C
-
band ConUse, Requirements

Architecture, Prototypes, Test Bed Upgrade


GRC Tasks


FAA Planning and RTCA Support


C
-
band Interference Assessment and

Channelization Methodology


Wireless Network Security Assessment


NASA
-
CLE Test Bed Management

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

C
-
Band/L
-
Band Research Budget

BLI

FY09

FY10

FY11

FY12

FY13

FY14

1A09E

C
-
Band

$1.810M

$0.815M

$0.500M*

$0.500M*

$0M

$0M

L
-
Band

$0.375M

$0.200M

$0.200M*

$0.200M*

$0M

$0M

SatCom*

N/A

N/A

$0.250M*

$0.500M*

TBD

TBD

Totals

$2.185M

$1.015M

$0.950M*

$1.200M*

TBD

TBD

* Proposed elements of research plan for AP
-
30 “Future Comms Infrastructure


11

Federal Aviation

Administration

REDAC Workshop July 14, 2009

Supporting

Activities

Telecom

CY

2008

2009

2010

2013

2014

2012

2011

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

FID

74

FTI
-
2

Communications Roadmap (1 of 4)

ASTI

FID

129

Airport Wireless

Communications

System (R&D Effort)

NMR

215

214

X.25 Service
Discontinued; Users
transferred to FTI IP

SWIM

Core Services

130

SWIM

RTCA 802.16e Aviation

Standard Development

Note: Fixed User Ground Communications as a component


of a Mobile User Communications Network

Airport Wireless

Communication

System

X

X

X

X

X

X

216

SWIM Segmt. 3

SWIM Segmt. 2


SWIM Segmt.1

FTI
-
1

ANICS

LDRCL

RCL

BWM

DMN

NADIN PSN

NADIN MSN

102

491

IID

497

CRD

217

IARD

496

FID

498

12

Federal Aviation

Administration

REDAC Workshop July 14, 2009

C
-
Band Research Description


FY09
-
10


Develop ConUse, requirements, and architecture for the C
-
Band
airport surface wireless communications system


Conduct supporting system analyses (e.g. high
-
level safety,
interference, wireless security, risk assessment)



Develop detailed system designs based on IEEE 802.16 standards


Establish an operational capability in NextGen CNS Test Bed to
characterize the performance and conduct services demos/trials


Develop test and demo plans and execute those plans to establish
baseline performance as point of departure for proposed aeronautical
services modifications


Develop initial recommendations for joint RTCA/EUROCAE
standards activities and provide support to new RTCA SC, and
propose methods to validate standards in follow
-
on tasks


Provide subtask related support to FAA
-
EUROCONTROL and ICAO
working group meetings as required

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

RTCA SC for AeroMAX


RTCA Program Management Council approved new
Special Committee to develop an airport surface
wireless communications standard


Established RTCA SC
-
223 in July 2009


Engaged industry participation from their perspectives:


Honeywell (Co
-
Lead) and Rockwell Collins, avionics providers


ITT (Co
-
Lead) and Sensis, service providers


Boeing, aircraft manufacturer


Drafted Terms of Reference basing the proposed aviation
standard on a profile of the IEEE 802.16e WiMAX standard


Plan to coordinate with EUROCAE WG
-
82


Kickoff meeting planned for 2
-
3 November 2009 in DC


13

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Pending Action Plan 30: FCI


AP
-
30 Future Communications Infrastructure


On 30 July 2009, the FAA
-
Eurocontrol Coordinating
Committee (CCOM) approved the AP
-
30


“Eurocontrol/Jacky Pouzet and FAA/Brent Phillips to develop a
work programme for the agreed new Action Plan to cover
Communication Infrastructure that will focus on WiMAX at
terminal areas. TOR and AWP2010 to be proposed at CCOM 11.”


Conduct the research and technology development for the FCI
based on the ICAO endorsed findings and recommendations
of AP
-
17: Future Communications Study (FCS)


FAA/Steve Bradford endorsed NASA’s co
-
signatory role on
AP
-
30 as on AP
-
17


FAA
-
NASA to focus on airport surface AeroWiMAX


FAA to allow Eurocontrol to lead on L
-
band enroute


NASA
-
funded research on SatCom FCI for FAA is preferred

14

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov


Why Airport Surface Wireless Communications?


Existing airport communications infrastructure lacks flexibility and
underground cabling is expensive to deploy


Aging infrastructure, costly to maintain, vulnerable


Existing cabling infrastructure not available at all airports


Limited comms integration, lack of network connectivity




Current NAS modernization and anticipated “NextGen” Air Traffic
System increase demands for CNS information sharing stakeholders


ASDE
-
X sensors, runway incursion prevention, weather & wake sensors…


Controllers, pilots, airlines, ramp, de
-
icing, service & emergency dispatch…




Wireless mobile airport surface communications network benefits:


Reliable, secure integration of voice/video/data at all airport locations


Enables “SWIM” networked integration of data sources and users


Allows flexible, expandable, affordable deployment at airports of all sizes


Reduces VHF spectrum congestion

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov


Cable Cuts During Runway Refurbishment

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

C
-
Band Airport Surface Communications
and NASA GRC CNS Testbed Plans


17

Potential Airport Surface Communications Network
Applications

ASR

ASR

ASR

RTR/RCAG

RTR/RCAG

RTR/RCAG

Vehicle

Vehicle

ADS

-

B

Station

ADS

-

B

Station

ADS

-

B

Station

ADS

-

B

Station

ADS

-

B

Station

ADS

-

B

Station

Security

Vehicle

Vehicle

ASR

VOR

Wireless Cable

Asset Tracking

Data Services

LCGS

Virtual

ATCT

Core

WiMax

ATCT

Vendor
Network

WAN

Core

WiMax

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Potential Mobile Applications


ATC Comm with any aircraft (A/C
-
to
-
fixed, A/C
-
to
-
A/C) anywhere


ATC comm with any vehicle in the airport movement area (runway and
taxiways, but not ramp area where airlines control)


Tower datalink system (TDLS) for flight clearances


Loading FMS via CMU with 4D trajectories and modifications


Aeronautical information services updates and graphical weather


AOC and non
-
ATS voice and data between airlines and pilot


Surface management, gate control, de
-
icing state


GPS and AIS updates (e.g., moving maps for taxi routes)


Mobile SWIM


A/C access/send information (e.g. tactical Wx); Other vehicles, receive only


Fire, safety, snow removal, de
-
icing (in movement area)


Airport operations security; security video from cockpit and cabin


Hazards advisories and NOTAMS


National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Potential Fixed Applications


Sensor data collection/dissemination for situational awareness


MLAT/ASDE
-
X


ADS
-
B


Airport Surface Radar (ASR) data


Network enabled Weather Data (ASOS, LLWAS, TDWR,
ITWS, icing conditions)


Cable/Telco replacement/augmentation


Backup/primary alternative to wired connections


Extend cable loop infrastructure to remote surface assets


Temporary connection of fixed assets during
surface construction or service restoration


National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

CPE and Backhaul Radio Antenna Pointing

Installation Completed

9
-
10
-
09

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Alvarion BreezeMax Extreme C
-
Band BTS ODUs

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Alvarion BreezeMax Extreme C
-
Band Subscriber Station
ODU

.


National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

BTS, GPS and Backhaul ODUs at B4

BTS 1
-
1 ODU

BTS 1
-
2 ODU

GPS ODU

GPS ODU

11 GHz Backhaul ODU

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Subscriber Station ODU and Enclosure on B4 Roof

Subscriber

Station ODU

SS Electronics

Enclosure

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

C
-
Band Research Description


FY10


Conduct supporting system analyses [e.g. high
-
level safety and
risk assessment (ITT) and interference and wireless security
(NASA)]



Develop test and demo plans and execute those plans in the
NASA CNS Test Bed to establish baseline AirMAX network and
channel performance as point of departure for proposed
aeronautical services modifications to the IEEE 802.16e
standards


Develop AirMAX network and system designs based on the
proposed aviation profile of the IEEE 802.16e standards


Develop recommended channelization methodology and channel
plans for 5091
-
5150 MHz allocation


Develop recommendations to joint RTCA/EUROCAE standards
committees and provide support to RTCA SC
-
223, and validate
standards in the NASA
-
CLE CNS Test Bed

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

www.nasa.gov

Thank You

26