Revisit metaphors and themes - Architecture, Design and Planning

hurriedtinkleΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

84 εμφανίσεις

Metaphorical Design

DECO1021 Design Computing Studio

Spetember 2003

Conceptual Metaphor


“Metaphor allows conventional mental imagery from
sensorimotor domains to be used for domains of
subjective experience.” (Lakoff and Johnson, 1999, p
45)


Four

structures

of

the

cognitive

unconscious

provide

the

basis

for

understanding

how

metaphor

influences

our

ability

to

make

sense

of

subjective

experience
:


Basic

level

concepts


Semantic

frames


Spatial
-
relation

concepts


Conceptual

metaphor

Basic Level Concepts


“The highest level at which a single
mental image can represent the entire
category.”


For example, the house or the office.


We do not a have a clear image of a room
and specialist knowledge is required to
create an image of Frank Lloyd Wright
Prairie house.

Semantic Frames


A semantic frame defines relationships among whole
fields of related concepts and words that express them.


Using a consistent metaphor allows a person to draw on
their semantic frames as the basis for designing a virtual
world.


For example, when designing a virtual classroom,
appealing to the semantic frame, a person would be
able to develop a relationship between the classroom, a
lecture, a blackboard, a desk, etc.


Spatial
-
relation concepts


Spatial
-
relation concepts allow the
designer of virtual worlds to define
consistent actions on the virtual objects as
the person would expect to do with the
physical object.


A person would put things “on” a desk, go
“out” of a room, write “on” the blackboard.

Conceptual Metaphor


Conceptual metaphor allows us to
conceptualise the virtual world in terms of
time and motion in the physical world of
architecture.

Metaphor and the Internet


Information superhighway


Shopping mall


Virtual community

Metaphor and the Computer


Calculator


Programmable machine


Desktop


Metaphors for Computer Support for
Collaboration and Communication


Desktop metaphor


Extend the desktop to include CMC, eg IRC


Introduce synchronous communication tools


Place metaphor


Create a virtual place for collaborative design


Introduce persistent object modelling of people,


places, and things

TAPPED IN Virtual World

Virtual U Online Learning

Architectural Metaphor

Principles of Architecture in

Designing Virtual Worlds


Spatial Enclosure


Spatial Function


Spatial Layout


Spatial Enclosure


The sense of spatial
boundaries that contain
people and things can create
a more coherent sense of
place. These spaces do not
necessarily have physical
boundaries. The purpose of
the enclosure is to indicate
the contents of the space,
that is, what is in the space
and what is outside the
space.

Spatial Function


Architects create different
kinds of spaces for different
functions. In virtual worlds this
may be a simple as labelling a
room by its function, or more
complex in defining a variety
of activities and purposes for a
room. In designing VWs, we
can start with the easily
identified functions of
architecture, but we can go
beyond this.

Spatial Layout


Architecture is non
-
linear. Using
architectural principles in
designing VWs has an associated
non
-
linear topology, where
navigation can follow the
principles of spatial layout, or the
principles of the function of the
rooms. People can easily navigate
among rooms and buildings
without a mental map, and
therefore can navigation around a
VW without a consistent mapping
to physical space.

Spatial Enclosure


Form creating


Boundaries


Place


Awareness of others


Determine basic level concepts and
associated semantic frame

Spatial Function


Beyond form


No function in form?


New functions?


Metaphorical reference to function

Spatial Layout


Topology:
defines adjacency


Dimensions:


3D: N, S, E, W, Up, Down


1D: In, Out


ND: Functions


Time and motion:
a sense of time passing
depends on observable movement

Discussion


Relevance of architectural design to
designing virtual worlds


Principles of architectural design when
designing cyberspace


Spatial enclosure


Spatial function


Spatial layout