2012 / 03 / 23
Performance and Experience in Mobile
Security Guard Training
Conclusions and Discussion
Benefits of using mobile devices for mobile e
Cheaper? Easy to use?
Outdoor classroom, a new way to learn?
of mobile devices?
The affordance of alternatives may achieve similar outcome
in same situation.
What’ s the contribution of mobile devices?
Learning has been characterized in a number
Intrinsically internal and personal
, involving the generation
of new understanding and knowledge and active changes in
find their own way to make a learning situation
personalized and sensitized to them.
Learning as an active, social process
new learning environment, outdoor
Mobile learning seems to cater for certain curricular areas.
Mostly measured learning performance using
Nintendo DS console, an multimedia game
Need to be interpreted together with individual cognitive
The best learning moments?
Measuring learning experience
Less mobile learning project explicitly address how we can
present learners with appropriate learning experience.
: holistically controlled feeling where one acts with total
involvement or engagement with particular activity, with a
narrowing of focus of attention.
is intrinsic to mobile learning, the relative levels
of challenge and skill may either facilitate or block the
motivation to learn.
It is a subjective experience, not easy to see.
The learner perceives a sense of
over the learning
The learner perceives that his
attention is focused
is kept aroused during the learning
The learner finds the learning activity intrinsically
Research here focus on flow experience and whether
or not it would be a useful construct for characterizing
and measuring the subjective mobile learning
Performance, Spatial Cognition, and Flow
Mobility determines the usefulness of mobile learning
However, navigation through a physical world is a task that
consumes the majority if a person’s attention resources.
individual is good at constructing a model of the
of embedded learning content
individual is more directed to
Spatial ability should be regard as an independent variable
or not? How it could be associated with the dependent
Using the same task and mobile learning material.
Some potential variable that may interact with performance
were not fully controlled.
Separate individuals into two group with different Spatial
Though there is some different, almost all participants
are pleasure in the test.
based instruction, control group
based system, assumed to have the best performance.
Mobile learning system
53 subjects, 19~26 years, half of them are female(25/53)
Participants are assigned in a random way
Only 9 subjects are in the control group, in order to show the
power of experiment group.
based and paper
based group are not sitting at a desk
based learning group are
not allowed to physically visit
rooms, so that some environment cues might not be memorized.
The dependent variables used the rating on 12 questions
regarding the flow experience.
First provided with instructions regarding the experiment.
All the participants are
first time to take block rotation test
According to the score of test, participants are separated
into two group.
Learning session, including 23 rooms, guidance from
learning system, and some security information.
Write down the five rooms, security codes, other norms
regarding security rules, and their names on the map.
12 questions relating to flow experience were rated on a
Individual difference in spatial cognition
should be considered as an important factor
when assessing the performance benefits of
based learning performs not so well.
Contrary to the two performance measures
above, the ratings of flow experience revealed
a rather different pattern.
Mobile learning and game
based learning is better.
ew way (mobile or game)
Flow experience is a better way to measure
Analyzing user experience before learning outcomes are
Mobile learning seems to be encourage people
to have more cognitive curiosity and intrinsic
Knowledge acquisition and situated learning
The type of the task, Security Guard could
knowledge through constructing and internalizing their own
through the learning activities.
Building up knowledge by active participation
gained by through participating in a social process, and
learning is displayed by becoming more central in these
Mobile learning should be seen as situated within both
physical and psychosocial context and distributed between a
person and the tools he is using.
Do not have any direct evidence from real
learning applications that our accounts are practically
How the flow experience will scale up to handle real
Different class may not have the same result.
Need to explore other individual differences
Pursue a longitudinal study