Affiliated with B
The Limit College
f Engineering & Technology
SCHEME OF STUDIES OF B. TECH (PASS)
Name of subject
Advance Survey and
Highways, railways, airports and bridge
Soil mechanics and foundation engineering
Theory of structure
Concrete technology and R.C.C.
112 COMMUNICATION SKILL
To understand the importance and basic concepts of communication.
To enhance the listening skills and to become active listener.
To enhance the
reading skills and to become active listener.
To improve the writing skills in general.
This course is based upon lectures, group discussion, case studies and practice
Introduction to communication
Importance, theories, barriers, components
The seven C’s for effective communication.
Blocks, thinking and feeling
Active reading techniques
Skimming, general reading and careful reading
uction to writing skills
Drafting and editing
Emphasis and connection
Grammar and vocabulary
Technical and business vocabulary
Constructing formal sentences
1, Murphy H.
A Hildebrandt H. W and Thomas J. Effective business
communication Hill (Latest Edition)
B. Math 112 Mathematics
To review the knowledge and
the skill acquired in diploma
To understand the concept and use of different equat
methods to solve differential equations.
To understand the concept of complex numbers and their application.
The course aims at the learning of different mathematics skills and their
application in solving technical
Trigonometry: plane trigonometry, solution of triangles, trigonometric
Algebra: Revision of the solution of quadratic equations, reducible to the
quadratic forms. Cube root unity. Relation between roots and coefficient of
quadratic equation. The discriminant, nature of roots, writing equation from
the roots. Simultaneous quadratic equation, cubic equation, graphic method,
partial fraction, revision of A.P and G.P, definition of H.P, Arithmetic,
geometric and harmonic means,
mixed progression, approximation with the
help of binomial theorem.
Function: Exponential and logarithmic function,
hyperbolic functions, relation between circular and hyperbolic functions.
Determinants and matrices: Determinants, s
imple properties and their
application to solution of system of equations, algebra of matrices and their
application to solution of system of equations.
Complex numbers: Argand diagram, operation with complex numbers, and
their geometrical interpretations,
demoiver’s theorem (Proof for rational
index only), trigonometric and hyperbolic functions of complex variables.
Coordinate geometry: Revision of the equation of straight line, angle between
two straight lines, distance of a point from straight line, equa
parabola and ellipse, hyperbola, definition equations, asymptotes, si
properties of the parabola ellipse, and hyperbola, solid geometry of line, plane
: Function limit, different coefficients, differen
simple algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and hyperbolic
functions, rule of differentiation, partial differentiation,
machlaurin theoriem, and the deduction of binomial exponential and
logarithmic series and expansio
of sinx cosx.
calculus: Integration as inverse of differentiation, fundamental
formulae of integration, general rules, integration by substitution and by
parts, use of partial fraction,
integration, double integration.
Application of ca
lculus: Slope of curve maxima and minima, small increments
and errors, length of an
, area under curve, areas of surfaces and volume
of solids of revolution, theorem of pappus and gulidinus, centroid, velocity,
momentum, a rotating body,
moment of inertia, theorem of
parallel and perpendicular axes, mean and root mean square values, curvature
and radius of curvature.
Differential equations: First order and first degree, linear equation of second
order with constant coefficients, operator,
complementary function and
Vector: Addition and subtraction of vectors, scalar and vector products,
and integration of vectors.
and analytic geometry by Thomas latest edition.
Modern algebra and t
rigonometry by S.M. Yousaf.
113 advance surveying and advance cons
To develop and understanding of surveying and leveling theory and
To produce an ability to translate survey information for design and
To develop a skill in the use of survey instruments.
The course provides an overview of surveying and leveling practice and
demonstrates an understanding of area control by theodolite and compass. It
explains the methods of establishi
ng the contours of an area by field exercise. It
includes exercises in setting out and controlling complex construction works.
Survey instruments: Study and use of conventional surveying instruments and
Triangulation and traversing:
n, base line measurement,
s, adjustment, plotting and detailing of triangulation/
schemes, total station GPS.
rdinary level leveling, precise leveling, profile
leveling, errors and
connection in leveling, plo
tting longitudinal and cross section of leveling.
: System of tachometry, application of
Setting out curves: Setting out curves (horizontal, vertical, transitional),
demarcation of bui
, sewer lines, rout lines, tu
Base line measurement: Importance, methods, and equipment for base line.
Hydrographic surveying: Introduction to hydrographic surveying, sounding
Advance construction: Fo
ndation for walls a
nd piers. Load bearing walls in brick
and masonry construction, composite walls, cavity construction, concrete framed
structures, panel walls and external finishes. Reinforced concrete, material in roof
and floor construction and floor finishes. Internal w
alls and partitions, surface of
walls and ceiling. Fire resistant construction. Tunnels and coffer dams
construction. Formwork for shells. Use of Gabion walls.
Prismatic compass traversing
Plotting and figures
for closing error.
Plane table traversing, picking up details by radiation and intersection
Solution of three point problem by field operation.
Contouring and contour plotting.
Measurement of horizontal angle by
Measurement of ver
Height of inaccessible point by field operation and computation.
Theodolite traversing and triangulation.
Setting out curves by instrument and linear off set method.
Base line measurement.
and geodetic surveying Vol. I and Vol. II by David Clark.
Surveying and leveling Part I and Part II by T.P. Kanetkar
by A Bannister and S. Raymond.
BCH 123 HIGHWAYS, RAILWAYS, AIRPORTS
AND BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION
To develop and understa
nding of the fundamentals of Highway geometry
and to apply it in the design of highways and Railways.
To produce an ability to use the survey works in the development of layout
of highways and railways.
This course introduce the road standard
s and specifies geometric design of highway
elements. It provides recommendation for the layout of junctions and roundabouts.
NHA, AASHTO and road Note 31, recommendation for the design of roads
sectional elements of roads such as lane widths, shoulder width,
median width, edge clearance, ROW (Right of Way) requirements, sigh
Road lay out parameters
Road camber, gradient and super elevation.
Vertical and horizontal alignment.
Geometric aspects of highways, design of transportation layout of circular,
transitional and vertical curves.
Channelization and islands, parking spaces, roundabouts, junctions and
intersections, pedestrian facilities.
Drainage and Protection:
road drainage, camber and grade for highway surface
drainage and proper sub
grade for sub
surface drainage, drainage structures
of the required capacity for cross drainage.
Track structure, railwa
y alignment and grades, cross section of railway tracks
, points and crossing, level crossing, stations and type of
stations, different yards and sheds, interlocking.
Introduction, factor affecting site selection and layout of air
port with respect
of geographical, aeronautical, political and economical conditions wheel load
of different aircrafts, introduction to pavements and typical cross sections,
introduction to layout of airport building.
Investing site se
lecting, surveying the area, preparation of survey plan,
hydraulics of stream crossing, fixing discharge of stream, fixing the waterway
of the bridge, determination of depth of scour (Lacy’s formula) and
foundation, free board and other criteria, width
roadway, kerbs, traffic
lanes, load and live loads, floor of girder bridge, T
beam bridges, arch bridges,
ers and abutments, joints.
of roads and railway in cutting and fillings.
Exercise in drawing layouts of intersections and
Drawing sheet showing plans and profiles of a roads.
Drawing sheet showing general layout of airport building.
Details of different rail fastening.
Exercise for provision of containment, transition curves and
by C. H. Ogelsby.
Railways, bridges and tunnels by S.K. Sharma
engineering by Rangwala
Roads, railways, bridges and tunnels by Deshpande.
Bridge calculation and design by D.H. Hill.
Bch 133 Soil Mechanics and
To develop a basic understanding of the composition, classification, structure
and properties of soil.
To obtain knowledge of application of Soil Mechanics in Civil
To acquire the laboratory skills required fo
r testing and to determine soil
Soil classification methods, fundamental soil properties and standard laboratory
in the course contents. The course contains Site Exploration
and Standard practices.
the basis of foundation and
: Definition of soil mechanics, importance of soil mechanics in
design of civil engineering projects, principle properties of soil
moisture content, density specific grav
ity, void ratio, porosity, degree of
saturation and volumetric and weight relationships. Numerical relating to
Index properties of soil: Specific gravity, sieve analysis and hydrometer
analysis (Grain size distribution), consistency of soi
l and atterberg limits.
Identification and classification of soil: Field classification tests of soil (dry
strength, dilatancy test, plasticity test, dispersion test.) Classification of soil,
purpose of soil classification, grain size, textural, PRA, UNIFI
Compaction: Definition of compaction, moisture
of compaction, standard and modified proctor compaction tests,
determination of field dry
and compaction control in the field, factors
Permeability: Definition of permeability, darey’s law, relation
seepage velocity and average velocity, factors affecting permeability,
determination of co
efficient of permeability by laboratory and field methods
and numerical relating to
Soil exploration: Soil exploration, methods of exploration and sampling.
Shear strength: Elementary introduction to shear strength of soil and diagram.
Determination of shear strength by shear box and unconfined compression
tests. Introduction to
Earth pressure: Active and passive earth pressure, Raukine’s theory of earth
Stresses in soil: Effective stress, pore water pressure, total stresses, stress
from surface loads, and stress influence charts/diagrams and their uses.
, selection and types of foundation and
depth of foundation.
Determination of moisture content of given soil sample.
specific gravity of given soil sample.
ctor’s compaction and modified compaction test.
Determination of liquid limit.
Determination of plastic limit.
Determination of field dry
by core cutter method.
Determination of field dry density by sand replacement method.
tal of soil mechanics by D.W Taylor.
Soil mechanics by A.R Jumikis.
Soil Mechanics by M.J. Smith.
by T.W Lambe
Soil Mechaics by Dr. B.C. Punmia.
BCH 143 THEORY OF STRUCTURE
To develop the understanding of the
behavior of determinate structures with
reference to beams and frames.
To develop the concepts of mechanics
deformed bodies. To calculate
internal forces and deformation and to establish the intensity of each as a
function of applied loads.
The course presents an understanding of the behavior of various forms of structure
including deflection in beams and deformation in different structures.
loads, beams, supports, and reactions. The construction of shearin
moment diagrams for determinate beams under different
Deflection of beams
Concepts of elastic curve and curvature diagram of the linearly elastic
prismatic beam under different loading. Deflection of beams using double
on and moment area method.
Stability and determinacy of structures:
Equation of equilibrium, support reactions and concept of free body diagram
of a cut section of a structure. Static stability of rigid frames and pin jointed
structures. Analysis of determ
inate beams trusses and frames.
equilibrium and energy methods. Strain energy due to
direct stresses, shear, bending and suddenly applied load. Principle of strain
energy. Virtual work and
mination of elastic
deformation in structures.
Influence line diagram:
Concept of influence line diagrams for statically determinate structures and its
application to simple structures to calculate maximum reaction, shear force
and bending moments for movi
ng loads. Influence line diagram for different
members of framed structure.
The theory of struts, laterally loaded struts, eccentric struts, eccentric loading,
and empirical formulas.
Solution of typical frames by statically and
Drawing B.M and S.F Diagrams for traveling loads.
Practical examples in drawing influence lines.
Solution of some problems regarding struts.
Making of joints by welding and riveting.
of Material by Benham and Warnock.
Strength of material by F.L. Singer.
Theory of structure by Timoshenko and D.H. Young.
BCH 153 CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY & R.C.C
To develop an understanding of the composition and
of plain and
To understand various methods of proportioning of
materials for a
required concrete quality.
To analyze the problems of
, pouring, bleeding of concrete.
To understand methods of curing and compac
tion and factor affecting
strength of concrete.
To know the benefits of testing of concrete and to understand the procedure
of quality control.
To get introduction of the design of simple beams for flexure and shear.
The subject contains the
of plain and reinforced concrete,
the design of concrete mix and the factors affecting it. The basic reinforced design
and placement of reinforcement in structures are explained. Constructional details
lso presented related with design.
Cement and its varieties, storage of cement, sampling and tests of cement,
sampling of water, function of water, workability of concrete, importance of
water cement ratio.
Coarse and fine, sand
gravel, broken stone, shingle, kanker, broken bricks slab,
coke breeze, coal and ashes, impurities of
aggregates, tests of impurities
Measurement and proportioning of concrete
Mixing of concrete
mixing, tilting drum type and a closed drum type
Curing and compaction:
Compaction and curing of concrete, factors affecting strength of concrete.
reinforced concrete and its behavior under working and
ultimate loads. Basis of reinforced concrete design. Analysis and design of RC
beams and columns for flexure, shear, axial load, and anchorage by ultimate
of one way a
nd two way slabs and their
stressing and post tensioning of concrete members, stress
condition of pre
stressed concrete before and after
loading, advantage of pre
stressed and post tensioning as compared to
cast and in
Organic impurities and water absorption of aggregates.
Determination of specific gravity and bulk density of aggregates.
Casting specimens for varying w/c ratio and bulk densities, slump test and
Effects of water cement ratio on
of concrete (compressive
tests on cubes cast as above)
Preparation tests specimens from hand mixed, machine mixed, and hand
Compression test on specimens cast as above and m
Exercise in cutting and
of steel for R.C.C.
Comparison of cube and cylinder
Casting of beams specimens and testing of 4, 6, 8 inch cubes and 6 inch
and casting RCC columns.
Modulus of rupture te
st on beam specimen cast.
Visual observation of test to destruction for the RCC columns and deriving
Properties of concrete by A.M.
Design of concrete by Winter and Nilson.
R.C Designers handbooks by Charles E
stressed concrete by B.W. Abeles.
ساپ کیٹ یب ےئارب ناتسکاپ ہعلاطم و تایملاسا
Common course for
Civil, Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical &
تنس و باتک۔
تایصوصخ یک ںوتروس یندم و یکم
ربمن تایآ :ناقرفلا ۃروس :نآرق
)حیرشت و ہمجرت(
تایآ :ہدئاملا ۃروس
)حیرشت و ہمجرت(
تیمہا یک یگزیکاپ ںیم ملاسا ،مارح و للاح لئاسم
فراعت اک ثیداحا ماسقا :تنس
ربمن ثیداحا :یرون
)حیرشت و ہمجرت(
ملاسا نید ۔
ۃوکز فراصم ۃوکز باصن ،ۃوکز تیضرف و ۃوکز
تارمث و دئاوف
دئاوف یترشاعم روا یناحور ،یلام ،یتراجت ،کسانم روا تاماکحا تیضرف :جح
تریس و خیرات ۔
ترجہ ات تثعب ،تلااح ےک
یعاد و غلبم ۔
لمعدر اک دیحوت توعد ۔
تفلاخم یک شیرق ۔
ہشبح ترجہ ۔
ہنیدم ترجہ ۔
رادقا یقلاخا یک ملاسا ۔
فاصوا یداینب ےک ےرشاعم یملاسا
ربص ،رکش ،یوقت ،قدص ،ہلضاف قلاخا
ولہپ یخیرات اک ناتسکاپ ہیرظن ۔
،ھڑگ یلع ،ںیششوک یمیلعت
،ےرادا یمیلعت رگید روا ملاسا تیامح نمجنا ،ہودن ،دنبوید
رواشپ جلاک ہیملاسا ،ہسردم ھدنس
تاباختنا ہناگادج ،ناملسم روا تایملاسا ینیئآ :دہجودج یسایس ۔
:ناتسکاپ کیرحت ۔
ءاقترا اک ےیئرظن یموق ود :تیموق ملسم ۔
اہلئسم اک یدازآ یک ناتسودنہ ۔
دابآ ہلآ ہبطخ اک
ہیرظن اک سرگناک ء
ناتسکاپ دادرارق ۔